Searched for: subject:"Roads%5C+and%5C+streets"
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Paardekooper, J.P. (author), Comi, M. (author), Grappiolo, C. (author), Snijders, R. (author), van Vught, W. (author), Beekelaar, R. (author)
An increasing number of tasks is being taken over from the human driver as automated driving technology is developed. Accidents have been reported in situations where the automated driving technology was not able to function according to specifications. As data-driven Artificial Intelligence (AI) systems are becoming more ubiquitous in automated...
conference paper 2021
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Madadi, B. (author), van Nes, R. (author), Snelder, M. (author), van Arem, B. (author)
This study focuses on network configurations to accommodate automated vehicles (AVs) on road networks during the transition period to full automation. The literature suggests that dedicated infrastructure for AVs and enhanced infrastructure for mixed traffic (i.e., AVs on the same lanes with conventional vehicles) are the main alternatives so...
article 2021
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Madadi, B. (author), van Nes, R. (author), Snelder, M. (author), van Arem, B. (author)
This paper presents a bi-level model to optimize automated-vehicle-friendly subnetworks in urban road networks and an efficient algorithm to solve the model, which is relevant for the transition period with vehicles of different automation levels. We formulate the problem as a network design problem, define solution requirements, present an...
article 2019
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Luiten, B. (author), Bohms, M. (author), Alsem, D. (author), O’Keeffe, A. (author)
From September 2016 to August 2018 a CEDR (Conference of European Directors of Roads) research has been conducted by the consortium INTERLINK into asset information management for European Roads life-cycle management using Linked Data. This research aims to improve interoperability between the European National Road Authorities (NRAs) and their...
conference paper 2019
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Lu, Z. (author), Zhang, B. (author), Feldhütter, A. (author), Happee, R. (author), Martens, M. (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author)
In conditionally automated driving, drivers do not have to monitor the road, whereas in partially automated driving, drivers have to monitor the road permanently. We evaluated a dynamic allocation of monitoring tasks to human and automation by providing a monitoring request (MR) before a possible take-over request (TOR), with the aim to better...
article 2019
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Wang, W. (author), Chen, Y. (author), Chen, Y. (author), Zhang, F. (author)
Early detection of congestion is essential to traffic management. Conventional loop or microwave detectors provide flow and speed information but involve significant delays and they offer sparse coverage. To improve this situation, other data sources must be used. This paper investigates the potential use of floating car data (FCD) and ETC ...
conference paper 2018
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Groeneweg, J. (author), ter Mors, E. (author), van Leeuwen, E. (author), Komen, S. (author)
conference paper 2018
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Malone, K. (author), Silla, A. (author), Johanssen, C. (author), Bell, D. (author)
Introduction: This paper describes the modification and development of methodologies to assess the impacts of Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) applications for Vulnerable Road users (VRUs) in the domains of safety, mobility and comfort. This effort was carried out in the context of the VRUITS project whose aim was to produce results at the EU...
article 2017
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Giezen, C. (author), Mookhoek, S.D. (author), Schelland, M. (author), Paffen, P. (author), Bouman, F.G.M. (author), van Dommelen, A.E. (author), Erkens, S.M.J.G. (author), Hofman, R. (author), Villani, M.M. (author), Bennis, T.A. (author)
conference paper 2017
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Dey, D. (author), Martens, M.H. (author), Eggen, J.H. (author), Terken, J.M.B. (author)
In this paper, we present the preliminary results of a study that aims to investigate the role of an approaching vehicle's behavior and outer appearance in determining pedestrians' decisions while crossing a street. Concerning appearance, some vehicles are designed to look more assertive than others, and it is believed that vehicle appearance...
conference paper 2017
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Scholliers, J. (author), van Sambeek, M. (author), Moerman, K. (author)
Introduction: This paper describes the development of an architecture for the integration of Vulnerable Road Users (VRUs), i.e. pedestrians, cyclists and powered two-wheelers (PTWs) in Cooperative ITS (C-ITS) systems, and the requirements for VRU devices. Methods: This paper starts with a literature overview on research related to safety...
article 2017
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Silla, A. (author), Rämä, P. (author), Leden, L. (author), van Noort, M. (author), de Kruijff, J. (author), Bell, D. (author), Morris, A. (author), Hancox, G. (author), Scholliers, J. (author)
This paper presents the results of a safety impact assessment, providing quantitative estimates of the safety impacts of ten intelligent transport systems (ITS) which were designed to improve safety, mobility and comfort of vulnerable road users (VRUs). The evaluation method originally developed to assess safety impacts of ITS for cars was now...
article 2017
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van Leeuwen, P. (author), Landman, R. (author), Buning, L. (author), Heffelaar, T. (author), Hogema, J. (author), van Hemert, J.M. (author), de Winter, J. (author), Happee, R. (author)
Driver distraction is a leading cause of crashes. The introduction of in-vehicle technology in the last decades has added support to the driving task. However, in-vehicle technologies and handheld electronic devices may also be a threat to driver safety due to information overload and distraction. Adaptive in-vehicle information systems may be a...
conference paper 2017
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Mans, D. (author), Giannelos, I. (author), van Breemen, R. (author), Rood, M. (author), Silla, A. (author), Rämä, P. (author), Scholliers, J. (author), Perez, O.M. (author), Malone, K. (author)
Introduction: This paper presents some of the work conducted in FP7 VRUITS project to draw a set of general recommendations for actions at the EU level aiming to enhance the deployment of ITS systems directed to improve the safety, mobility and comfort of vulnerable road users. Method: The work started by identifying potential barriers, as well...
article 2017
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Abspoel, L.M. (author), Wessels, J.F.M. (author), Turk, M. (author), Bailey, H. (author), Hannah, A. (author), O'Connor, A. (author), Leahy, C. (author)
Quality control during the construction process is one of the determining factors that governs the service life of an asphalt road. In CONSISTEND a predictive tool is developed that objectively determines the effect of quality control during the construction processes on the life span of surface courses of asphalt roads. The tool predicts the...
conference paper 2017
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van Aalst, W.L.C. (author), Derksen, G.B. (author), Schackmann, P.P.M. (author), Zwier, E. (author), Bouman, F.G.M. (author), Paffen, P. (author)
conference paper 2016
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van der Rots, R. (author), Berkhoff, A.P. (author)
This paper describes numerical and experimental results of beamforming algorithms for generation of directional sound. The intended application is a sound source for cars with the objective to warn vulnerable road users while minimising noise pollution. Nowadays, sensors exist which are able to reveal the position of the vulnerable road users,...
article 2015
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Balau, A.E. (author), Kooijman, D. (author), Vazquez Rodarte, I. (author), Ligterink, N. (author)
This paper presents a methodology and tool that stochastically generates drive cycles based on measured data, with the purpose of testing and benchmarking light duty vehicles in a simulation environment or on a test-bench. The WLTP database, containing real world driving measurements, was used as input data. Consequently cycles that contain...
article 2015
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Risto, M. (author), Martens, M.H. (author)
Driving simulators have become an established tool in driver behaviour research by offering a controllable, safe and cost-effective alternative to real world driving. A challenge for using driving simulators as a research tool has been to elicit driving behaviour that equals real world driving. With respect to driver headways few studies have...
article 2014
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Karanasiou, A. (author), Amato, F. (author), Moreno, T. (author), Lumbreras, J. (author), Borge, R. (author), Linares, C. (author), Boldo, E. (author), Alastuey, A. (author), Querol, X. (author)
Although previous studies report on the effect of street washing on ambient particulate matter levels, there is a lack of studies investigating the results of street washing on the emission strength of road dust. A sampling campaign was conducted in Madrid urban area during July 2009 where road dust samples were collected in two sites, namely...
article 2014
Searched for: subject:"Roads%5C+and%5C+streets"
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