Searched for: subject:"Rattus"
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Nohynek, G.J. (author), Skare, J.A. (author), Meuling, W.J.A. (author), Wehmeyer, K.R. (author), de Bie, A.T.H.J. (author), Vaes, W.H.J. (author), Dufour, E.K. (author), Fautz, R. (author), Steiling, W. (author), Bramante, M. (author), Toutain, H. (author)
Systemic exposure was measured in humans after hair dyeing with oxidative hair dyes containing 2.0% (A) or 1.0% (B) [14C]-p-phenylenediamine (PPD). Hair was dyed, rinsed, dried, clipped and shaved; blood and urine samples were collected for 48 hours after application. [14C] was measured in all materials, rinsing water, hair, plasma, urine and...
article 2015
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Schiffelers, M.J.W.A. (author), Blaauboer, B.J. (author), Bakker, W.E. (author), Hendriksen, C.F.M. (author), Krul, C. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO (author)
The two-generation study (OECD TG 416) is the standard requirement within REACH to test reproductive toxicity effects of chemicals with production volumes >100. tonnes. This test is criticized in terms of scientific relevance and animal welfare. The Extended One Generation Reproductive Toxicity Study (EOGRTS), incorporated into the OECD test...
article 2015
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Louisse, J. (author), Bosgra, S. (author), Blaauboer, B.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Verwei, M. (author)
The use of laboratory animals for toxicity testing in chemical safety assessment meets increasing ethical, economic and legislative constraints. The development, validation and application of reliable alternatives for in vivo toxicity testing are therefore urgently needed. In order to use toxicity data obtained from in vitro assays for risk...
article 2015
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Tonk, E.C.M. (author), de Groot, D.M.G. (author), Wolterbeek, A.P.M. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author), Waalkens-Berendsen, I.D.H. (author), Piersma, A.H. (author), van Loveren, H. (author)
The susceptibility of developing immune system to chemical disruption warrants the assessment of immune parameters in reproductive and developmental testing protocols. In this study, a wide range of immune endpoints was included in an extended one-generation reproduction toxicity study (EOGRTS) design to determine the relative sensitivity of...
article 2013
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Joosen, M.J.A. (author), van der Schans, M.J. (author), van Dijk, C.G.M. (author), Kuijpers, W.C. (author), Wortelboer, H.M. (author), van Helden, H.P.M. (author)
One of the shortcomings of current treatment of nerve agent poisoning is that oximes hardly penetrate the blood-brain barrier (BBB), whereas nerve agents easily do. Increasing the concentration of oximes in the brain, would therefore provide an attractive approach to improve medical countermeasures. An explanation for limited penetration might...
article 2011
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Baumans, V. (author), van Loo, P.L.P. (author), Pham, T.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Rats and mice are the most commonly used species as laboratory animal models of diseases in biomedical research. Environmental factors such as cage size, number of cage mates and cage structure such as environmental enrichment can affect the physiology and behavioural development of laboratory animals and their well-being throughout their lives....
article 2010
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Treijtel, N. (author), Eijkeren, J.C.H.v. (author), Nijmeijer, S. (author), van der Greef de - Sandt, I.C.J. (author), Freidig, A.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The metabolism and active transport of ritonavir and saquinavir were studied using sandwich-cultured rat hepatoyctes and rat liver microsomes. For ritonavir four comparable metabolites were observed in the sandwich-culture and in microsomes. For saquinavir eight metabolites were observed in sandwich-culture and 14 different metabolites in...
article 2009
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Joosen, M.J.A. (author), Jousma, E. (author), van den Boom, T.M. (author), Kuijpers, W.C. (author), Smit, A.B. (author), Lucassen, P.J. (author), van Helden, H.P.M. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
To date, treatment of organophosphate (OP) poisoning shows several shortcomings, and OP-victims might suffer from lasting cognitive deficits and sleep–wake disturbances. In the present study, long-term effects of soman poisoning on learning ability, memory and neurogenesis were investigated in rats, treated with the anticholinergic atropine and...
article 2009
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Kienhuis, A.S. (author), van de Poll, M.C.G. (author), de Jong, C.H.C. (author), Gottschalk, R. (author), van Herwijnen, M. (author), Boorsma, A. (author), Kleinjans, J.C.S. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), van Delft, J.H.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A compound for which marked species differences have been reported in laboratory animals and humans is coumarin. In rats, metabolites of coumarin are highly toxic, whereas in humans, the compound is mainly metabolized to non-toxic metabolites. In the present study, a toxicogenomics-based parallelogram approach was used to compare effects of...
article 2009
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Kienhuis, A.S. (author), van de Poll, M.C.G. (author), Wortelboer, H. (author), van Herwijnen, M. (author), Gottschalk, R. (author), de Jong, C.H.C. (author), Boorsma, A. (author), Paules, R.S. (author), Kleinjans, J.C.S. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), van Delft, J.H.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The frequent use of rodent hepatic in vitro systems in pharmacological and toxicological investigations challenges extrapolation of in vitro results to the situation in vivo and interspecies extrapolation from rodents to humans. The toxicogenomics approach may aid in evaluating relevance of these model systems for human risk assessment by direct...
article 2009
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Ponstein-Simarro Doorten, A.Y. (author), van de Wiel, J.A.G. (author), Jonker, D. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Tensguard™ is a milk protein hydrolysate containing the lactotripeptide IPP. It is derived from cow's milk, which is present in the human diet and has a safe history of consumption. The final Tensguard™ product, a supplement or a functional food ingredient, is intended for use by people who want to follow a healthy diet and lifestyle in order to...
article 2009
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Wang, J. (author), Reijmers, T. (author), Chen, L. (author), van der Heijden, R. (author), Wang, M. (author), Peng, S. (author), Hankemeier, T. (author), Xu, G. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A metabolomics-based systems toxicology approach was used to profile the urinary metabolites for the toxicity related processes and pathogenesis induced by doxorubicin (DOX) to rats. Endogenous metabolite profiles were obtained with ultra performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS) for rats receiving different single dosages of...
article 2009
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Jeurissen, S.M.F. (author), Punt, A. (author), Delatour, T. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The effects of a basil extract on the sulfation and concomitant DNA adduct formation of the proximate carcinogen 1′-hydroxyestragole were studied using rat and human liver S9 homogenates and the human hepatoma cell line HepG2. Basil was chosen since it contains the procarcinogen estragole that can be metabolized to 1′-hydroxyestragole by...
article 2008
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Noort, D. (author), Fidder, A. (author), Degenhardt-Langelaan, C.E.A.M. (author), Hulst, A.G. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
The persistence in rats of sulfur mustard adducts to albumin and hemoglobin was studied in vivo after exposure (intravenously; 0.3 mg/kg; approximately 0.1 LD50) of rats to sulfur mustard. The albumin adduct (S-HETE)Cys-Pro-Tyr was detectable up to 7 days after the exposure, while the adduct to the N-terminal valine in hemoglobin was still...
article 2008
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Staal, Y.C.M. (author), Pushparajah, D.S. (author), van Herwijnen, M.H.M. (author), Gottschalk, R.W.H. (author), Maas, L.M. (author), Ioannides, C. (author), van Schooten, F.J. (author), van Delft, J.H.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Although exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) occurs mostly through mixtures, hazard and risk assessment are mostly based on the effects caused by individual compounds. The objective of the current study was to investigate whether interactions between PAHs occur, focusing on gene expression (as measured by cDNA microarrays) and...
article 2008
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Ladics, G.S. (author), van Bilsen, J.H.M. (author), Brouwer, H.M.H. (author), Vogel, L. (author), Vieths, S. (author), Knippels, L.M.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), KvL (author)
Specific IgE sera screening studies are employed to investigate protein cross-reactivity. Such nonfunctional immunochemical methods cannot measure the biological activity of proteins. Therefore, an assay using RBL cells transfected with human FcεRI was developed. Our objective was to evaluate the degranulation of three cell-lines expressing...
article 2008
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Janssen, G.B. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author), Knippels, L.M.J. (author), van Zijverden, M. (author), Spanhaak, S. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
This paper describes studies performed with ERA-63 a low molecular weight pharmaceutical with intended immunomodulatory effects. Since this compound was also known to have estrogenic activity a non-conventional approach was taken in order to differentiate between estrogenic and non-estrogenic-induced immunomodulatory effects. EE was included not...
article 2008
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Arts, J.H.E. (author), Schijf, M.A. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Irritant-induced inflammation of the airways may aggravate respiratory allergy induced by chemical respiratory allergens. Therefore, the effect of airway irritation by synthetic amorphous silica (SAS) on respiratory allergy to trimellitic anhydride (TMA) was studied. Brown Norway (BN) rats were topically sensitized on day 0 and on day 7,...
article 2008
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de Jonge, J.D. (author), Ezendam, J. (author), Knippels, L.M.J. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author), Pieters, R. (author), van Loveren, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Probiotics are claimed to beneficially affect the immune system and their involvement in allergy prevention is being investigated extensively. However, the efficacy of probiotics in allergy prevention remains controversial. We investigated whether the probiotic Lactobacillus casei Shirota (LcS) could modulate the food allergic response against...
article 2008
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Kuper, C.F. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), Boorsma, A. (author), Schijf, M.A. (author), Prinsen, M. (author), Bruijntjes, J.P. (author), Bloksma, N. (author), Arts, J.H.E. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
All LMW respiratory allergens known to date can also induce skin allergy in test animals. The question here was if in turn skin allergens can induce allergy in the respiratory tract. Respiratory allergy was tested in Th2-prone Brown Norway (BN) rats by dermal sensitization with the contact allergen dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB; 1%, day 0; 0.5%,...
article 2008
Searched for: subject:"Rattus"
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