Searched for: subject%3A%22Proteoglycans%22
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Chen, C.-T. (author), Burton-Wurster, N. (author), Lust, G. (author), Bank, R.A. (author), Tekoppele, J.M. (author)
The first objective of this study was to determine if the cumulative effects of impact or smoothly arising compression would damage the matrix of articular cartilage. Canine cartilage explants were subjected to repeated impacts or to smoothly arising compressions of as much as 20 MPa at 0.3 Hz for as long as 120 minutes. An increase in the water...
article 1999
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de Beer, F. (author), Hendriks, W.L. (author), van Vark, L.C. (author), Kamerling, S.W.A. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), Hofker, M.H. (author), Smelt, A.H.M. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Gaubius instituut TNO (author)
The binding of β-VLDL to heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPG) has been reported to be stimulated by both apoE and lipoprotein lipase (LPL). In the present study we investigated the effect of the isoform and the amount of apoE per particle, as well as the role of LPL on the binding of β-VLDL to HSPG. Therefore, we isolated β-VLDL from transgenic...
article 1999
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de Groot, J. (author), Verzijl, N. (author), Bank, R.A. (author), Lafeber, F.P.J.G. (author), Bijlsma, J.W.J. (author), TeKoppele, J.M. (author)
Objective. To examine the effect of nonenzymatic glycation of cartilage extracellular matrix on the synthetic activity of chondrocytes. Methods. The proteoglycan-synthesis rate (35SO42- incorporation) and levels of advanced nonenzymatic glycation (determined by high-performance liquid chromatography measurement of pentosidine) were evaluated in...
article 1999
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TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author), Roosendaal, G. (author), TeKoppele, J.M. (author), Vianen, M.E. (author), van den Berg, H.M. (author), Lafeber, F.P.J.G. (author), Bijlsma, J.W.J. (author)
Objective. To investigate the direct and indirect (via synovial inflammation) effects of intraarticular bleeding on cartilage in vivo. Methods. Right knees of 14 beagle dogs were injected with autologous blood on days 0 and 2. Cartilage matrix proteoglycan turnover, collagen damage, and synovial inflammation of these knees, including the...
article 1999
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Basser, P.J. (author), Schneiderman, R. (author), Bank, R.A. (author), Wachtel, E. (author), Maroudas, A. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
We have used an isotropic osmotic stress technique to assess the swelling pressures of human articular cartilage over a wide range of hydrations in order to determine from these measurements, for the first time, the tensile stress in the collagen network, P(c), as a function of hydration. Osmotic stress was applied by means of calibrated...
article 1998
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Beekman, B. (author), Verzijl, N. (author), de Roos, J.A.D.M. (author), TeKoppele, J.M. (author), Instituut voor Verouderings- en Vaatziekten Onderzoek TNO (author)
Objective: To determine the role of interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in the degradation of proteoglycans and collagen by articular chondrocytes. Design: Chondrocytes were cultured in alginate beads for 2 weeks to produce extracellular matrix, followed by the addition of IL-1β for 1 or 2 days. Breakdown of extracellular matrix (with and without activation...
article 1998
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de Man, F.H.A.F. (author), de Beer, F. (author), van der Laarse, A. (author), Smelt, A.H.M. (author), Leuven, J.A.G. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is bound to heparan sulphate proteoglycans (HSPG) at the luminal surface of endothelium. It is the key enzyme involved in the hydrolysis of very low density lipoproteins (VLDL). Prior to lipolysis by LPL, the lipoproteins are considered to interact with vessel wall HSPG. Apolipoprotein (apo) E is thought to mediate this...
article 1998
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van Valburg, A.A. (author), Wenting, M.J.G. (author), Beekman, B. (author), TeKoppele, J.M. (author), Lafeber, F.P.G.J. (author), Bijlsma, J.W.J. (author)
article 1997
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Beekman, B. (author), Verzijl, N. (author), Bank, R.A. (author), Von Der Mark, K. (author), TeKoppele, J.M. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
The extracellular matrix synthesized by articular chondrocytes cultured in alginate beads was investigated. Collagen levels increased sigmoidally with time and remained constant after 2 weeks of culture. The presence of cartilage-specific type II collagen was confirmed immunohistochemically. Predominantly type H collagen was present in the...
article 1997
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Gaubius Instituut TNO (author), Jong, M.C. (author), Dahlmans, V.E.H. (author), Hofker, M.H. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author)
In the present study it was investigated whether apolipoprotein (apoE) can inhibit the lipoprotein lipase (LPL)-mediated hydrolysis of very-low-density-lipoprotein (VLDL) triacylglycerols (TAGs). Previous studies have suggested such an inhibitory role for apoE by using as a substrate for LPL either plasma VLDL or artificial TAG emulsions. To...
article 1997
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Gaubius Instituut TNO (author), de Man, F.H.A.F. (author), de Beer, F. (author), van der Laarse, A. (author), Smelt, A.H.M. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author)
An in vitro assay to study lipolysis of very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) by heparan sulfate proteoglycan (HSPG-bound lipoprotein lipase (LPL) was developed. Optimal conditions for VLDL lipolysis by HSPG-bound LPL were obtained by incubating plastic wells with 0.5 ug HSPG and 1.5 ug LPL, subsequently. Control experiments with heparinase...
article 1997
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Meulenbelt, I. (author), Bijkerk, C. (author), de Wildt, S.C.M. (author), Miedema, H.S. (author), Valkenburg, H.A. (author), Breedveld, F.C. (author), Pols, H.A.P. (author), TeKoppele, J.M. (author), Sloos, V.F.G. (author), Hofman, A. (author), Slagboom, P.E. (author), van Duijn, C.M. (author)
Objective. To investigate whether radiographically evident osteoarthritis (ROA) in 55-65-year-old men and women is associated with specific alleles or genotypes of the cartilage matrix protein (CRTM) and cartilage link protein (CRTL1) genes. Methods. Cases were selected from a population-based study on the presence of ROA of the knee or hip....
article 1997
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Gaubius Instituut TNO (author), Mulder, M. (author), Lombardi, P. (author), Jansen, H. (author), van Berkel, T.J.C. (author), Frants, R.R. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author)
It has previously been shown that lipoprotein lipase (LPL) enhances the binding of low density lipoproteins (LDL) and very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) to HepG2 cells and fibroblasts, up to 80-fold. This increase in binding is LDL receptor-independent and is due to a bridging of LPL between extracellular heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPG)...
article 1993
Searched for: subject%3A%22Proteoglycans%22
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