Searched for: subject:"Protein%5C+Binding"
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Smit, E. (author), Pouwels, P.H. (author)
The N-terminal repeat (SAC1) of the S-protein of Lactobacillus acidophilus bound efficiently and specifically to cell wall fragments (CWFs) when fused to green fluorescent protein, whereas the C-terminal repeat (SAC2) did not. Treatment of CWFs with hydrofluoric acid, but not phenol, prevented binding. Apparently, SAC1 is necessary and...
article 2002
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Smit, E. (author), Jager, D. (author), Martinez, B. (author), Tielen, F.J. (author), Pouwels, P.H. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The structure of the crystallisation domain, SAN, of the S A-protein of Lactobacillus acidophilus ATCC 4356 was analysed by insertion and deletion mutagenesis, and by proteolytic treatment. Mutant S A-protein synthesised in Escherichia coli with 7-13 amino acid insertions near the N terminus or within regions of sequence variation in SAN (amino...
article 2002
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Kosters, H.A. (author), Broersen, K. (author), de Groot, J. (author), Simons, J.W.F.A. (author), Wierenga, P. (author), de Jongh, H.H.J. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Processing of ovalbumin may result in proteins that differ more than 23°C in denaturation temperature while the structural fold is not significantly affected. This is achieved by 1) conversion of positive residues into negative ones (succinylation); 2) elimination of negative charges (methylation); 3) reducing the proteins hydrophobic exposure ...
article 2003
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Arand, M. (author), Hallberg, B.M. (author), Zou, J. (author), Bergfors, T. (author), Oesch, F. (author), van der Werf, M.J. (author), de Bont, J.A.M. (author), Jones, T.A. (author), Mowbray, S.L. (author)
Epoxide hydrolases are essential for the processing of epoxide-containing compounds in detoxification or metabolism. The classic epoxide hydrolases have an α/β hydrolase fold and act via a two-step reaction mechanism including an enzyme-substrate intermediate. We report here the structure of the limonene-1,2-epoxide hydrolase from Rhodococcus...
article 2003
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Walker, J.B. (author), Hughes, B. (author), James, I. (author), Haddock, P. (author), Kluft, C. (author), Bajzar, L. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Two competitive inhibitors of TAFIa (activated thrombin-activable fibrinolysis inhibitor), 2-guanidinoethyl-mercaptosuccinic acid and potato tuber carboxypeptidase inhibitor, variably affect fibrinolysis of clotted human plasma. Depending on their concentration, the inhibitors shortened, prolonged, or had no effect on lysis in vitro. The...
article 2003
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Nguyen, M.T. (author), Beck, J. (author), Lue, H. (author), Fünfzig, H. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Koolwijk, P. (author), Kapurniotu, A. (author), Bernhagen, J. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a cytokine that participates in the host inflammatory response. A Cys-Xaa-Xaa-Cys (CXXC)-based thiol-protein oxidoreductase activity of MIF is associated with certain biological functions. Peptides spanning the CXXC region of thiol-protein oxidoreductases retain some biochemical properties of the...
article 2003
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Kleemann, R. (author), Gervois, P.P. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), Staels, B. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
C-reactive protein (CRP) is a major acute-phase protein in humans. Elevated plasma CRP levels are a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. CRP is predominantly expressed in hepatocytes and is induced by interleukin-1 (IL-1) and IL-6 under inflammatory situations, such as the acute phase. Fibrates are hypolipidemic drugs that act through the...
article 2003
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Arkbåge, K. (author), Verwei, M. (author), Havenaar, R. (author), Witthöft, C. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Milk products are only moderate sources of folate. Nevertheless, they are of interest due to their content of folate-binding proteins (FBP), which in some studies have been reported to increase folate bioavailability. The effect of FBP on folate bioavailability has been widely discussed. The aim of this study was to investigate the...
article 2003
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O'Connor, D.H. (author), Mothe, B.R. (author), Weinfurter, J.T. (author), Fuenger, S. (author), Rehrauer, W.M. (author), Jing, P. (author), Rudersdorf, R.R. (author), Liebl, M.E. (author), Krebs, K. (author), Vasquez, J. (author), Dodds, E. (author), Loffredo, J. (author), Martin, S. (author), McDermott, A.B. (author), Allen, T.M. (author), Wang, C. (author), Doxiadis, G.G. (author), Montefiori, D.C. (author), Hughes, A. (author), Burton, D.R. (author), Allison, D.B. (author), Wolinsky, S.M. (author), Bontrop, R. (author), Picker, L.J. (author), Watkins, D.I. (author)
Certain major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC-I) alleles are associated with delayed disease progression in individuals infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and in macaques infected with simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV). However, little is known about the influence of these MHC alleles on acute-phase cellular immune...
article 2003
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Broersen, K. (author), Voragen, A.G.J. (author), Hamer, R.J. (author), de Jongh, H.H.J. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
In this article we show how various degrees of glycosylation can be used to control the thermal stability of proteins. The primary amines of β-lactoglobulin were glycosylated with glucose or fructose within a range of non-denaturing reaction parameters. The modified fractions were characterized and analyzed for structural stability and...
article 2004
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Kralj, S. (author), van Geel-Schutten, G.H. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Lactobacillus reuteri strain 121 uses sucrose for synthesis of a unique, soluble glucan ('reuteran') with mainly α-(1→4) glucosidic linkages. The gene (gtfA) encoding this glucansucrase enzyme had previously been characterized. Here, a detailed biochemical and molecular analysis of the GTFA enzyme is presented. This is believed to be the first...
article 2004
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Verwei, M. (author), Arkbåge, K. (author), Mocking, H. (author), Havenaar, R. (author), Groten, J. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Despite its low natural folate concentration, milk is responsible for 10-15% of the daily folate intake in countries with a high dairy consumption. Milk products can be considered as a potential matrix for folate fortification, e.g., with synthetic folic acid, to enhance the daily intake of folate. In untreated milk, the natural folate, 5...
article 2004
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Rijken, D.C. (author), Barrett-Bergshoeff, M.M. (author), Jie, A.F.H. (author), Criscuoli, M. (author), Sakharov, D.V. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Amediplase (K2tu-PA) is a hybrid plasminogen activator, consisting of the kringle 2 domain of alteplase and the protease domain of urokinase. The objective of this study was to determine the in vitro clot penetration of amediplase in relation to its fibrin binding and to compare the properties with those of alteplase. The clot lysis activity of...
article 2004
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Smulders, C.J.G.M. (author), Bueters, T.J.H. (author), Vailati, S. (author), van Kleef, R.G.D.M. (author), Vijvergberg, H.P.M. (author)
Chronic and acute exposure to organophosphate (OP) pesticides may lead to persistent neurological and neurobehavioral effects, which cannot be explained by acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibition alone. It is suggested that other brain proteins are involved. Effects of commonly used organophosphate pesticides on rat neuronal α4β2 nicotinic...
article 2004
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Nieuwenhuizen, W.F. (author), Dekker, H.L. (author), Gröneveld, T. (author), de Koster, C.G. (author), de Jong, G.A.H. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Bovine β-lactoglobulin (BLG) is a major component in whey and its physical properties are important for the texture of many dairy-based foods. Modification of proteins with transglutaminase from Streptoverticillium mobaraense (MTGase) can be used to alter their physical properties. MTGase-mediated modification of native BLG was until now,...
article 2004
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Verschuur, M. (author), de Jong, M. (author), Felida, L. (author), de Maat, M.P.M. (author), Vos, H.L. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
An elevated plasma fibrinogen level is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Therefore, an understanding of the regulation of fibrinogen expression is important. Inflammation and genetic variation of the fibrinogen β gene regulate plasma fibrinogen levels, and there are indications that inflammation and genetic variation...
article 2005
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de Jong, R.J. (author), Verwei, M. (author), West, C.E. (author), van Vliet, T. (author), Siebelink, E. (author), van den Berg, H. (author), Castenmiller, J.J.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate whether milk fortified with folic acid enhances the folate status of humans and whether the presence of folate-binding proteins (FBP) in pasteurised milk affects the bioavailability of folic acid from fortified milk. In untreated and pasteurised milk, folate occurs bound to FBP, while FBP is ...
article 2005
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Berbée, J.F.P. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
An increasing body of evidence demonstrates a close interplay between lipoprotein metabolism and sepsis. Sepsis results in an increase of plasma triglycerides within VLDL as a consequence of an enhanced hepatic VLDL production and/or inhibited peripheral and hepatic VLDL clearance. In contrast, sepsis decreases plasma cholesterol within LDL and...
article 2005
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Joosten, V. (author), Roelofs, M.S. (author), van den Dries, N. (author), Goosen, T. (author), Verrips, C.T. (author), van den Hondel, C.A.M.J.J. (author), Lokman, B.C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The Arthromyces ramosus peroxidase gene (arp) was genetically fused to either the 5′- or 3′-terminal ends of the gene encoding llama variable heavy chain antibody fragment VHH R9, resulting in the fusion expression cassettes ARP-R9 or R9-ARP. Aspergillus awamori transformants were obtained which produced up to 30 mg l-1 fusion protein in the...
article 2005
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Verwei, M. (author), van den Berg, H. (author), Havenaar, R. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Milk products are a potential matrix for fortification with synthetic folic acid or natural 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (5-CH 3-H4folate) to enhance the daily folate intake. In milk, folate occurs bound to folatebinding proteins (FBP). Our previous studies with an in vitro gastrointestinal model showed that 70% of the initial FBP...
article 2005
Searched for: subject:"Protein%5C+Binding"
(41 - 60 of 74)

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