Searched for: subject:"Protein%5C+Binding"
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Kralj, S. (author), van Geel-Schutten, G.H. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Lactobacillus reuteri strain 121 uses sucrose for synthesis of a unique, soluble glucan ('reuteran') with mainly α-(1→4) glucosidic linkages. The gene (gtfA) encoding this glucansucrase enzyme had previously been characterized. Here, a detailed biochemical and molecular analysis of the GTFA enzyme is presented. This is believed to be the first...
article 2004
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Verwei, M. (author), Arkbåge, K. (author), Mocking, H. (author), Havenaar, R. (author), Groten, J. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Despite its low natural folate concentration, milk is responsible for 10-15% of the daily folate intake in countries with a high dairy consumption. Milk products can be considered as a potential matrix for folate fortification, e.g., with synthetic folic acid, to enhance the daily intake of folate. In untreated milk, the natural folate, 5...
article 2004
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Rijken, D.C. (author), Barrett-Bergshoeff, M.M. (author), Jie, A.F.H. (author), Criscuoli, M. (author), Sakharov, D.V. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Amediplase (K2tu-PA) is a hybrid plasminogen activator, consisting of the kringle 2 domain of alteplase and the protease domain of urokinase. The objective of this study was to determine the in vitro clot penetration of amediplase in relation to its fibrin binding and to compare the properties with those of alteplase. The clot lysis activity of...
article 2004
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Smulders, C.J.G.M. (author), Bueters, T.J.H. (author), Vailati, S. (author), van Kleef, R.G.D.M. (author), Vijvergberg, H.P.M. (author)
Chronic and acute exposure to organophosphate (OP) pesticides may lead to persistent neurological and neurobehavioral effects, which cannot be explained by acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibition alone. It is suggested that other brain proteins are involved. Effects of commonly used organophosphate pesticides on rat neuronal α4β2 nicotinic...
article 2004
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Nieuwenhuizen, W.F. (author), Dekker, H.L. (author), Gröneveld, T. (author), de Koster, C.G. (author), de Jong, G.A.H. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Bovine β-lactoglobulin (BLG) is a major component in whey and its physical properties are important for the texture of many dairy-based foods. Modification of proteins with transglutaminase from Streptoverticillium mobaraense (MTGase) can be used to alter their physical properties. MTGase-mediated modification of native BLG was until now,...
article 2004
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Kosters, H.A. (author), Broersen, K. (author), de Groot, J. (author), Simons, J.W.F.A. (author), Wierenga, P. (author), de Jongh, H.H.J. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Processing of ovalbumin may result in proteins that differ more than 23°C in denaturation temperature while the structural fold is not significantly affected. This is achieved by 1) conversion of positive residues into negative ones (succinylation); 2) elimination of negative charges (methylation); 3) reducing the proteins hydrophobic exposure ...
article 2003
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Arand, M. (author), Hallberg, B.M. (author), Zou, J. (author), Bergfors, T. (author), Oesch, F. (author), van der Werf, M.J. (author), de Bont, J.A.M. (author), Jones, T.A. (author), Mowbray, S.L. (author)
Epoxide hydrolases are essential for the processing of epoxide-containing compounds in detoxification or metabolism. The classic epoxide hydrolases have an α/β hydrolase fold and act via a two-step reaction mechanism including an enzyme-substrate intermediate. We report here the structure of the limonene-1,2-epoxide hydrolase from Rhodococcus...
article 2003
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Walker, J.B. (author), Hughes, B. (author), James, I. (author), Haddock, P. (author), Kluft, C. (author), Bajzar, L. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Two competitive inhibitors of TAFIa (activated thrombin-activable fibrinolysis inhibitor), 2-guanidinoethyl-mercaptosuccinic acid and potato tuber carboxypeptidase inhibitor, variably affect fibrinolysis of clotted human plasma. Depending on their concentration, the inhibitors shortened, prolonged, or had no effect on lysis in vitro. The...
article 2003
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Nguyen, M.T. (author), Beck, J. (author), Lue, H. (author), Fünfzig, H. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Koolwijk, P. (author), Kapurniotu, A. (author), Bernhagen, J. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a cytokine that participates in the host inflammatory response. A Cys-Xaa-Xaa-Cys (CXXC)-based thiol-protein oxidoreductase activity of MIF is associated with certain biological functions. Peptides spanning the CXXC region of thiol-protein oxidoreductases retain some biochemical properties of the...
article 2003
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Kleemann, R. (author), Gervois, P.P. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), Staels, B. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
C-reactive protein (CRP) is a major acute-phase protein in humans. Elevated plasma CRP levels are a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. CRP is predominantly expressed in hepatocytes and is induced by interleukin-1 (IL-1) and IL-6 under inflammatory situations, such as the acute phase. Fibrates are hypolipidemic drugs that act through the...
article 2003
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Arkbåge, K. (author), Verwei, M. (author), Havenaar, R. (author), Witthöft, C. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Milk products are only moderate sources of folate. Nevertheless, they are of interest due to their content of folate-binding proteins (FBP), which in some studies have been reported to increase folate bioavailability. The effect of FBP on folate bioavailability has been widely discussed. The aim of this study was to investigate the...
article 2003
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O'Connor, D.H. (author), Mothe, B.R. (author), Weinfurter, J.T. (author), Fuenger, S. (author), Rehrauer, W.M. (author), Jing, P. (author), Rudersdorf, R.R. (author), Liebl, M.E. (author), Krebs, K. (author), Vasquez, J. (author), Dodds, E. (author), Loffredo, J. (author), Martin, S. (author), McDermott, A.B. (author), Allen, T.M. (author), Wang, C. (author), Doxiadis, G.G. (author), Montefiori, D.C. (author), Hughes, A. (author), Burton, D.R. (author), Allison, D.B. (author), Wolinsky, S.M. (author), Bontrop, R. (author), Picker, L.J. (author), Watkins, D.I. (author)
Certain major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC-I) alleles are associated with delayed disease progression in individuals infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and in macaques infected with simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV). However, little is known about the influence of these MHC alleles on acute-phase cellular immune...
article 2003
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Noort, D. (author), Hulst, A.G. (author), Jansen, R. (author), Prins Maurits Laboratorium TNO (author)
Covalent binding of various clinically important nitrogen mustards to the cysteine-34 residue of human serum albumin, in vitro and in vivo, is demonstrated. A rapid method for detection of these adducts is presented, based on liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry analysis of the adducted tripeptide Cys*-Pro-Phe after digestion of the...
article 2002
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van der Schans, G.P. (author), Noort, D. (author), Mars-Groenendijk, R.H. (author), Fidder, A. (author), Chau, L.F. (author), de Jong, L.P.A. (author), Benschop, H.P. (author), Prins Maurits Laboratorium TNO (author)
As part of a program to develop methods for diagnosis of exposure to chemical warfare agents, we developed immunochemical methods for detection of adducts of sulfur mustard to keratin in human skin. Three partial sequences of keratins containing glutamine or asparagine adducted with a 2-hydroxyethylthioethyl group at the ω-amide function were...
article 2002
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Noort, D. (author), Benschop, H.P. (author), Black, R.M. (author), Prins Maurits Laboratorium TNO (author)
In this report an overview of the methods currently available for detection of exposure to a number of chemical warfare agents (CWA), i.e., sulfur mustard, lewisite and nerve agents, is presented. Such methods can be applied for various purposes, e.g., diagnosis and dosimetry of exposure of casualties, confirmation of nonexposure, verification...
article 2002
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Smit, E. (author), Pouwels, P.H. (author)
The N-terminal repeat (SAC1) of the S-protein of Lactobacillus acidophilus bound efficiently and specifically to cell wall fragments (CWFs) when fused to green fluorescent protein, whereas the C-terminal repeat (SAC2) did not. Treatment of CWFs with hydrofluoric acid, but not phenol, prevented binding. Apparently, SAC1 is necessary and...
article 2002
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Smit, E. (author), Jager, D. (author), Martinez, B. (author), Tielen, F.J. (author), Pouwels, P.H. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The structure of the crystallisation domain, SAN, of the S A-protein of Lactobacillus acidophilus ATCC 4356 was analysed by insertion and deletion mutagenesis, and by proteolytic treatment. Mutant S A-protein synthesised in Escherichia coli with 7-13 amino acid insertions near the N terminus or within regions of sequence variation in SAN (amino...
article 2002
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Smit, E. (author), Oling, F. (author), Demel, R. (author), Martinez, B. (author), Pouwels, P.H. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Lactobacillus acidophilus, like many other bacteria, harbors a surface layer consisting of a protein (SA-protein) of 43 kDa. SA-protein could be readily extracted and crystallized in vitro into large crystalline patches on lipid monolayers with a net negative charge but not on lipids with a net neutral charge. Reconstruction of the S-layer from...
article 2001
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Noort, D. (author), Hulst, A.G. (author), Fidder, A. (author), van Gurp, R.A. (author), de Jong, L.P.A. (author), Benschop, H.P. (author), Prins Maurits Laboratorium TNO (author)
The development of procedures for retrospective detection and quantitation of exposure to phosgene, based on adducts to hemoglobin and albumin, is described. Upon incubation of human blood with [14C]phosgene (0-750 μM), a significant part of radioactivity (0-13%) became associated with globin and albumin. Upon Pronase digestion of globin, one of...
article 2000
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Albertini, R.J. (author), Anderson, D. (author), Douglas, G.R. (author), Hagmar, L. (author), Hemminki, K. (author), Merlo, F. (author), Natarajan, A.T. (author), Norppa, H. (author), Shuker, D.E.G. (author), Tice, R. (author), Waters, M.D. (author), Aitio, A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven TNO Bibra (author)
The purpose of these guidelines is to provide concise guidance on the planning, performing and interpretation of studies to monitor groups or individuals exposed to genotoxic agents. Most human carcinogens are genotoxic but not all genotoxic agents have been shown to be carcinogenic in humans. Although the main interest in these studies is due...
article 2000
Searched for: subject:"Protein%5C+Binding"
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