Searched for: subject%3A%22Problem%255C%2Bsolving%22
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Waardenburg, M. (author), Groenleer, M. (author), de Jong, J. (author), Keijser, B.M.J. (author)
The literature suggests that collaborative governance efforts typically face three types of challenges: substantive problem-solving challenges, collaborative process challenges and multi-relational accountability challenges. In this article, we investigate how these challenges manifest themselves in practice and explore potential ways in which...
article 2020
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Aliman, N.M. (author), Kester, L. (author), Werkhoven, P. (author), Yampolskiy, R. (author)
conference paper 2019
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Veerman, B. (author), Phillipson, F. (author)
conference paper 2019
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Adhikari, A. (author), Tax, D.M.J. (author), Satta, R. (author), Faeth, M. (author)
Explainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI) is an emergent research field which tries to cope with the lack of transparency of AI systems, by providing human understandable explanations for the underlying Machine Learning models. This work presents a new explanation extraction method called LEAFAGE. Explanations are provided both in terms of...
conference paper 2019
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Mohammadi, M. (author), Tan, Y.H. (author), Hofman, W. (author), Mousavi, S.H. (author)
The l1-regularized least square problem has been considered in diverse fields. However, finding its solution is exacting as its objective function is not differentiable. In this paper, we propose a new one-layer neural network to find the optimal solution of the l1-regularized least squares problem. To solve the problem, we first convert it into...
article 2018
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de Jong-Lenters, M. (author), Duijster, D. (author), Bruist, M.A. (author), Thijssen, J. (author), de Ruiter, C. (author)
The aim of this case-control study was to explore the relationship between parenting practices, parent-child interaction and childhood dental caries, using a sample of 5-8-year old children from the Netherlands. Cases were defined as children with four or more decayed, missing or filled teeth and controls were caries free. Cases (n=28) and...
article 2014
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van Genugten, G.L. (author), van Empelen, E.P. (author), Boon, B. (author), Borsboom, G. (author), Visscher, T. (author), Oenema, A. (author)
article 2013
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Geraedts, A.S. (author), Kleiboer, A.M. (author), Wiezer, N.M. (author), van Mechelen, W. (author), Cuijpers, P. (author)
Background: Depressive disorders are highly prevalent in the working population and are associated with excessive costs for both society and companies. Effective treatment for employees with depressive symptoms in occupational health care is limited. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of an...
article 2013
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Kamphuis, W. (author), Gaillard, A.W.K. (author), Vogelaar, A.L.W. (author)
Teams have become the norm for operating in dangerous and complex situations. To investigate how physical threat affects team performance, 27 threeperson teams engaged in a complex planning and problem-solving task, either under physical threat or under normal conditions. Threat consisted of the possibility that during task performance the...
article 2011
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Weiss, M. (author)
The problem of evaluating the performance of an uncertain guidance loop system is considered, when the uncertainty is described in terms of an integral quadratic constraint. The idea of the approach proposed in this paper is to determine the set of all possible state vector values at the end of the flight that are compatible with the model...
conference paper 2010
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Vink, P. (author), Imada, A.S. (author), Zink, K.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A participatory approach could be used to implement work place or organizational improvements. However, the question is which participants should be involved and how. In this paper the theoretical involvement in different steps of a linear stepwise approach is described and compared with the latest projects of 300 practitioners. From a...
article 2008
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Brink, C.v.d. (author), Zaadnoordijk, W.J. (author), Burgers, S. (author), Griffioen, J. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
Groundwater quality management relies more and more on models in recent years. These models are used to predict the risk of groundwater contamination for various land uses. This paper presents an assessment of uncertainties and sensitivities to input parameters for a regional model. The model had been set up to improve and facilitate the...
article 2008
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), van Rhenen, W. (author), Schaufeli, W.B. (author), van Dijk, F.J.H. (author), Blonk, R.W.B. (author)
Objectives: The aim of this study is to examine the role of coping styles in sickness absence. In line with findings that contrast the reactive-passive focused strategies, problem-solving strategies are generally associated with positive results in terms of well-being and overall health outcomes; our hypothesis is that such strategies are...
article 2008
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de Korte, E. (author), Kuijt-Evers, L. (author), Vink, P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A pilot experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of visual or auditory distraction in an office environment on productivity, concentration and emotion. Ten subjects performed a simple, standardized computer task in five conditions (undisturbed, 3 variations of auditory distraction and visual distraction). Results showed no effects of...
conference paper 2007
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van Maanen, P.P. (author), Klos, T. (author), van Dongen, C.J. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
This paper involves a human-agent system in which there is an operator charged with a pattern recognition task, using an automated decision aid. The objective is to make this human-agent system operate as effectively as possible. Effectiveness is gained by an increase of appropriate reliance on the operator and the aid. We studied whether it is...
conference paper 2007
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van Dam, E.R. (author), Kooij, R.E. (author), TNO Informatie- en Communicatietechnologie (author)
The spectral radius of a graph (i.e., the largest eigenvalue of its corresponding adjacency matrix) plays an important role in modeling virus propagation in networks. In fact, the smaller the spectral radius, the larger the robustness of a network against the spread of viruses. Among all connected graphs on n nodes the path Pn has minimal...
article 2007
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van der Vecht, B. (author), Meyer, A.P. (author), Neef, R.M. (author), Dignum, F. (author), Meyer, J.J.C. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Autonomy is a crucial and powerful feature of agents and it is the subject of much research in the agent field. Controlling the autonomy of agents is a way to coordinate the behavior of groups of agents. Our approach is to look at it as a design problem for agents. We analyze the autonomy of an agent as a gradual property that is related to the...
bookPart 2007
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Grootjen, M. (author), Neerincx, M.A. (author), van Weert, J.C.M. (author), Truong, K.P. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Application of more and more automation in process control shifts the operator’s task from manual to supervisory control. Increasing system autonomy, complexity and information fluctuations make it extremely difficult to develop static support concepts that cover all critical situations after implementing the system. Therefore, support systems...
conference paper 2007
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Roijers, F. (author), Mandjes, M. (author), van den Berg, J.L. (author), TNO Informatie- en Communicatietechnologie (author)
A c-congestion period of an m/m/ ∞-queue is a period during which the number of customers in the system is continuously above level c. Interesting quantities related to a c-congestion period are, besides its duration Dc, the total area Ac above c, and the number of arrived customers Nc. In the literature Laplace transforms for these quantities...
article 2007
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Bosse, T. (author), van Doesburg, W. (author), van Maanen, P.P. (author), Treur, J. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
This paper discusses the use of cognitive models as augmented metacognition on task allocation for tasks requiring visual attention. In the domain of naval warfare, the complex and dynamic nature of the environment makes that one has to deal with a large number of tasks in parallel. Therefore, humans are often supported by software agents that...
conference paper 2007
Searched for: subject%3A%22Problem%255C%2Bsolving%22
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