Searched for: subject:"Polysaccharides"
(1 - 20 of 42)

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Darizu Munialo, C. (author), van der Linden, E. (author), Ako, K. (author), Nieuwland, M. (author), van As, H. (author), de Jongh, H.H.J. (author)
The addition of polysaccharides to proteins during gel formation can alter the mechanical and textural properties of the resultant gels. However, the effect of addition of different polymers on mechanical properties of whey protein (WP) gels including their ability to elastically store energy, often measured in terms of the recoverable energy ...
article 2016
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Ramasamy, U.S. (author), Venema, K. (author), Gruppen, H. (author), Schols, H.A. (author)
The aim of this study was to monitor cell wall polysaccharide (CWPs) utilization during fermentation by the human colonic microbiota in the TNO in vitro model of the colon (TIM-2). Chicory root pulp (CRP) and treated (ensiled) CRP (ECRP) containing four times more soluble pectin than CRP, were fermented in the model. After the adaptation phase...
article 2014
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Meunier, L. (author), Garthoff, J.A. (author), Schaafsma, A. (author), Krul, L. (author), Schrijver, J. (author), van Goudoever, J.B. (author), Speijers, G. (author), Vandenplas, Y. (author)
Locust bean gum (LBG) is a galactomannan polysaccharide used as thickener in infant formulas with the therapeutic aim to treat uncomplicated gastroesophageal reflux (GER). Since its use in young infants below 12. weeks of age is not explicitly covered by the current scientific concept of the derivation of health based guidance values, the...
article 2014
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Reimer, R.A. (author), Maathuis, A.J.H. (author), Venema, K. (author), Lyon, M.R. (author), Gahler, R.J. (author), Wood, S. (author)
Many of the health benefits associated with dietary fiber are attributed to their fermentation by microbiota and production of short chain fatty acids (SCFA). The aim of this study was to investigate the fermentability of the functional fiber PolyGlyopleX® (PGX®) in vitro. A validated dynamic, computer-controlled in vitro system simulating the...
article 2014
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van den Abbeele, P. (author), Venema, K. (author), van de Wiele, T. (author), Verstraete, W. (author), Possemiers, S. (author)
Different in vitro models have been developed to assess how food compounds affect the human gut microbiota. Using two such models (SHIME(R) and TIM-2), we compared how long-chain arabinoxylan (LC-AX), a wheat-derived potentially prebiotic fiber, and inulin (IN), a well-established prebiotic compound, modulate SCFA production and bifidobacteria...
article 2013
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Nocker, A. (author), Fernández, P.S. (author), Montijn, R. (author), Schuren, F. (author)
The effect of desiccation on the viability of microorganisms is a question of great interest for a variety of public health questions and industrial applications. Although viability is traditionally assessed by plate counts, cultivation-independent methods are increasingly applied with the aim to gain more insight into why cells might not form...
article 2012
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van Vliet, T. (author), van Aken, G.A. (author), de Jongh, H.H.J. (author), Hamer, R.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Recently, considerable attention has been given to the understanding of texture attributes that cannot directly be related to physical properties of food, such as creamy, crumbly and watery. The perception of these attributes is strongly related to the way the food is processed during food intake, mastication, swallowing of it and during the...
article 2009
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van Leeuwen, S.S. (author), Kralj, S. (author), Eeuwema, W. (author), Gerwig, G.J. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), Kamerling, J.P. (author)
Mutagenesis of specific amino acid residues of the glucansucrase (GTF180) enzyme from Lactobacillus reuteri strain 180 yielded 12 mutant enzymes that produced modified exopolysaccharides (mEPSs) from sucrose. Ethanol-precipitated and purified mEPSs were subjected to linkage analysis, Smith degradation analysis, and 1D/2D <sup>1</sup>H NMR...
article 2009
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Klaassens, E.S. (author), Boesten, R.J. (author), Haarman, M. (author), Knol, J. (author), Schuren, F.H. (author), Vaughan, E.E. (author), de Vos, W.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Although their exact function remains enigmatic, bifidobacteria are among the first colonizers of the newborn infant gut and further develop into abundant communities, notably in response to diet. Therefore, the transcriptional responses of bifidobacteria in rapidly processed fecal samples from young infants that were fed either breast milk or a...
article 2009
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van Groenestijn, J.W. (author), Geelhoed, J.S. (author), Goorissen, H.P. (author), Meesters, K.P.M. (author), Stams, A.J.M. (author), Claassen, P.A.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Non-axenic operation of a 400 L trickle bed reactor inoculated with the thermophile Caldicellulosiruptor saccharolyticus, yielded 2.8 molH 2mol hexose converted. The reactor was fed with a complex medium with sucrose as the main substrate, continuously flushed with nitrogen gas, and operated at 73°C. The volumetric productivity was 22 mmolH2(L...
article 2009
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van den Heuvel, E.G.H.M. (author), Muijs, T. (author), Brouns, F. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Consumption of fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) has been shown to improve mineral absorption in the short term, but no long-term effects were studied in girls with a low calcium intake. Therefore, we hypothesized that short- and long-term consumption of short-chain FOS (sc-FOS) improves calcium and magnesium absorption in girls with a low habitual...
article 2009
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Goosen, C. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The purified exo-inulinase enzyme of Aspergillus niger N402 (AngInuE; heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli) displayed a sucrose:inulin (S/I) hydrolysis ratio of 2.3, characteristic for a typical exo-inulinase. The enzyme also had significant transfructosylating activity with increasing sucrose concentrations, producing various...
article 2008
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Ganzevles, R.A. (author), Fokkink, R. (author), van Vliet, T. (author), Cohen Stuart, M.A. (author), de Jongh, H.H.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Based on earlier reported surface rheological behaviour two factors appeared to be important for the functional behaviour of mixed protein/polysaccharide adsorbed layers at air/water interfaces: (1) protein/polysaccharide mixing ratio and (2) formation history of the layers. In this study complexes of β-lactoglobulin (positively charged at pH 4...
article 2008
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Zinoviadou, K.G. (author), Janssen, A.M. (author), de Jongh, H.H.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Predictability of the perception of foods thickened by polysaccharides is only poor. Therefore, the effect of saliva on the lubrication properties of 2 types of neutral polysaccharides, cross-linked starch and locust bean gum, was studied. Despite the similar bulk rheological behavior of the 2 polysaccharides, the starch solution exhibited a...
article 2008
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Ganzevles, R.A. (author), Kosters, H. (author), van Vliet, T. (author), Stuart, M.A.C. (author), de Jongh, H.H.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Because the formation of protein/polysaccharide complexes is dominated by electrostatic interaction, polysaccharide charge density is expected to play a major role in the adsorption behavior of the complexes. In this study, pullulan (a non-charged polysaccharide) carboxylated to four different charge densities (fraction of carboxylated subunits:...
article 2007
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Barends, T.R.M. (author), Bultema, J.B. (author), Kaper, T. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), Dijkstra, B.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Amylomaltases are glycosyl hydrolases belonging to glycoside hydrolase family 77 that are capable of the synthesis of large cyclic glucans and the disproportionation of oligosaccharides. Using protein crystallography, we have generated a flip book movie of the amylomaltase catalytic cycle in atomic detail. The structures include a covalent...
article 2007
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Ganzevles, R.A. (author), Zinoviadou, K. (author), van Vliet, T. (author), Stuart, M.A.C. (author), de Jongh, H.H.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
There is a large interest in mixed protein/polysaccharide layers at air-water and oil-water interfaces because of their ability to stabilize foams and emulsions. Mixed protein/polysaccharide adsorbed layers at air-water interfaces can be prepared either by adsorption of soluble protein/ polysaccharide complexes or by sequential adsorption of...
article 2006
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Gaspari, M. (author), Verhoeckx, K.C.M. (author), Verheij, E.R. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
LC-MS-based proteomics requires methods with high peak capacity and a high degree of automation, integrated with data-handling tools able to cope with the massive data produced and able to quantitatively compare them. This paper describes an off-line two-dimensional (2D) LC-MS method and its integration with software tools for data preprocessing...
article 2006
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Fässler, C. (author), Arrigoni, E. (author), Venema, K. (author), Hafner, V. (author), Brouns, F. (author), Amadò, R. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Resistant starch (RS) is known for potential health benefits in the human colon. To investigate these positive effects it is important to be able to predict the amount, and the structure of starch reaching the large intestine. Aim of the study: The aim of this study was to compare two different in vitro models simulating the...
article 2006
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Pasman, W. (author), Wils, D. (author), Saniez, M.H. (author), Kardinaal, A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven TNO Voeding (author)
Objective: To determine the gastrointestinal (GI) tolerance of NUTRIOSE®FB in men. Design: A randomized, placebo-contro lled, parallel, double-blind study. Setting: The metabolic ward of TNO Quality of Life. Subjects: Forty-eight subjects started the study: 16 men participated in one of the three treatments. Subjects consumed either 22.5 g of...
article 2006
Searched for: subject:"Polysaccharides"
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