Searched for: subject:"Perception"
(1 - 20 of 28)

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de Winkel, K.N. (author), Clément, G. (author), Groen, E.L. (author), Werkhoven, P.J. (author)
Although the mechanisms of neural adaptation to weightlessness and re-adaptation to Earth-gravity have received a lot of attention since the first human space flight, there is as yet little knowledge about how spatial orientation is affected by partial gravity, such as lunar gravity of 0.16. g or Martian gravity of 0.38. g. Up to now twelve...
article 2012
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Koelewijn, T. (author), Bronkhorst, A. (author), Theeuwes, J. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
There is debate in the crossmodal cueing literature as to whether capture of visual attention by means of sound is a fully automatic process. Recent studies show that when visual attention is endogenously focused sound still captures attention. The current study investigated whether there is interaction between exogenous auditory and visual...
article 2009
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van der Burg, E. (author), Olivers, C.N.L. (author), Bronkhorst, A.W. (author), Theeuwes, J. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
The majority of studies investigating interactions between vision and touch have typically explored single events, presenting one object at a time. The present study investigates how tactile-visual interactions affect competition between multiple visual objects in more dynamic cluttered environments. Participants searched for a horizontal or...
article 2009
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Vogel, I. (author), Brug, J. (author), Hosli, E.J. (author), van der Ploeg, C.P.B. (author), Raat, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: To explore adolescents' behaviors and opinions about exposure to loud music from MP3 players. Study design: We conducted a qualitative analysis of focus-group discussions with adolescents aged 12 to 18 years from 2 large secondary schools (1 urban and 1 rural) for pre-vocational and pre-university education. The semi-structured...
article 2008
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Nooij, S.A.E. (author), Bos, J.E. (author), Groen, E.L. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Prolonged exposure to hypergravity in a human centrifuge can lead to post-rotary spatial disorientation and motion sickness. These symptoms are mainly provoked by tilting head movements and resemble the Space Adaptation Syndrome. We hypothesized that the occurrence of these post-rotary effects might be related to changes in the velocity storage ...
article 2008
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Alferdinck, J.W.A.M. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
During night-time driving hazardous objects often appear at mesopic light levels, which are typically measured using light meters with a spectral sensitivity that is only valid for photopic light levels. In order to develop suitable mesopic models a target detection experiment was performed in a driving simulator. While subjects drove along a...
article 2006
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McKee, R.H. (author), Lammers, J.H.C.M. (author), Hoogendijk, E.M.G. (author), Emmen, H.H. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Barsotti, D.A. (author), Owen, D.E. (author), Kulig, B.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
As a preliminary step to evaluating the acute neurobehavioral effects of hydrocarbon solvents and to establish a working model for extrapolating animal test data to humans, joint neurobehavioral/toxicokinetic studies were conducted which involved administering ethanol to rats and volunteers. The specific objectives of the present studies were to...
article 2006
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Lammers, J.H.C.M. (author), Meuling, W.J.A. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Freidig, A.P. (author), Bessems, J.G.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The health risks of inhalation exposure to volatile organic solvents may not only depend on the total external dose, but also on the pattern of exposure. It has been suggested that exposure to regularly occurring peak concentrations may have a stronger impact on the brain than constant exposure at the same average level. Recent animal...
article 2005
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Bos, J.E. (author), van Erp, J.B.F. (author), Groen, E.L. (author), van Veen, H.J. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
This paper shows that tactile stimulation can override vestibular information regarding spinning sensations and eye movements. However, we conclude that the current data do not support the hypothesis that tactile stimulation controls eye movements directly. To this end, twenty-four subjects were passively disoriented by an abrupt stop after an...
article 2005
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Vreugdenhil, H.J.I. (author), Emmen, H.H. (author), Mulder, P.G.H. (author), Weisglas-Kuperus, N. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
PCBs are known for their neurotoxic properties, especially on the developing brain. To increase insight into the neurotoxic effects of PCB exposure, the authors studied the effects of perinatal exposure to environmental levels of these compounds on different neuropsychological domains. In 9-year-old children of the Rotterdam PCB-dioxin cohort,...
article 2004
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Groen, E.L. (author), Bles, W. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
We examined to what extent body tilt may augment the perception of visually simulated linear self acceleration. Fourteen subjects judged visual motion profiles of fore-aft motion at four different frequencies between 0.04-0.33 Hz, and at three different acceleration amplitudes (0.44, 0.88 and 1.76 m/s2). Simultaneously, subjects were tilted...
article 2004
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van Wijngaarden, S.J. (author), Bronkhorst, A.W. (author), Houtgast, T. (author), Steeneken, H.J.M. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
While the Speech Transmission Index ~STI! is widely applied for prediction of speech intelligibility in room acoustics and telecommunication engineering, it is unclear how to interpret STI values when non-native talkers or listeners are involved. Based on subjectively measured psychometric functions for sentence intelligibility in noise, for...
article 2004
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de Wijk, R.A. (author), Prinz, J.F. (author), Engelen, L. (author), Weenen, H. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The role of salivary α-amylase in odour, flavour, and oral texture sensations was investigated in two studies in which the activity of salivary amylase present in the mouth of human subjects was either increased by presenting custards with added α-amylase or decreased by presenting custards with added acarbose, an amylase inhibitor. For starch...
article 2004
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van Asperen, J. (author), Rijcken, W.R.P. (author), Lammers, J.H.C.M. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The toxicity of inhalatory exposure to organic solvents may not only be related to the total external dose, but also to the pattern of exposure. In this study physiologically based toxicokinetic (PBTK) modelling has been used to study the impact of the exposure scenario on the toxicokinetics and the behavioural effects of the model solvent...
article 2003
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Miedema, H.M.E. (author), Vos, H. (author), Instituut voor Ruimtelijke Organisatie TNO (author)
This article integrates findings from the literature and new results regarding noise sensitivity. The new results are based on analyses of 28 combined datasets (N=23 038), and separate analyses of a large aircraft noise study (N=10939). Three topics regarding noise sensitivity are discussed, namely, its relationship with noise exposure, its...
article 2003
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Engelen, L. (author), de Wijk, R.A. (author), Prinz, J.F. (author), Janssen, A.M. (author), van der Bilt, A. (author), Weenen, H. (author), Bosman, F. (author)
The effect of adding saliva or a saliva-related fluid (α-amylase solution and water) to custard prior to ingestion on the sensory ratings of odour, flavour and lip-tooth-, mouth- and after-feel sensations was investigated. Saliva had previously been collected from the subjects and each subject received his/her own saliva. Sixteen subjects from a...
article 2003
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van Wijngaarden, S.J. (author), Steeneken, H.J.M. (author), Houtgast, T. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
When listening to languages learned at a later age, speech intelligibility is generally lower than when listening to one's native language. The main purpose of this study is to quantify speech intelligibility in noise for specific populations of non-native listeners, only broadly addressing the underlying perceptual and linguistic processing. An...
article 2002
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Bos, J.E. (author), Bles, W. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
In an attempt to predict the amount of motion sickness given any kind of motion stimulus, we describe a model using explicit knowledge of the vestibular system. First, the generally accepted conflict theory is restated in terms of a conflict between a vertical as perceived by the sense organs like the vestibular system, and the subjective...
article 1998
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Wertheim, A.H. (author), Bos, J.E. (author), Bles, W. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
The purpose of the present study was to test the traditional assumption that sea sickness is uniquely provoked by heave motion characteristics, pitch and roll movements being ineffective. In an experi-ment with a ship motion simulator subjects were exposed to pitch, and roll motions in combination with rather weak heave motions that have no...
article 1998
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de Graaf, B. (author), Bles, W. (author), Bos, J.E. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
In an experiment with seventeen subjects interactions of visual roll motion stimuli and vestibular body tilt stimuli were examined in determining the subjective vertical. Interindi-vidual differences in weighting the visual information were observed, but in general visual and vestibular responses added in setting the vertical. Despite the...
article 1998
Searched for: subject:"Perception"
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