Searched for: subject:"Perception"
(1 - 20 of 24)

Pages

document
Landman, H.M. (author), Groen, E.L. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Bronkhorst, A.W. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
Objective: A conceptual model is proposed in order to explain pilot performance in surprising and startling situations. Background: Today’s debate around loss of control following in-flight events and the implementation of upset prevention and recovery training has highlighted the importance of pilots’ ability to deal with unexpected events....
article 2017
document
Werkhoven, P.J. (author), van Erp, J.B.F. (author)
This chapter discusses mechanisms of multimodal perception in the context of multimodal simulators and virtual worlds. We review some notable findings from psychophysical experiments with a focus on what we call touch-inclusive multimodal perception—that is, the sensory integration of the tactile system with other sensory systems such as vision...
bookPart 2013
document
de Winkel, K.N. (author), Clément, G. (author), Groen, E.L. (author), Werkhoven, P.J. (author)
Although the mechanisms of neural adaptation to weightlessness and re-adaptation to Earth-gravity have received a lot of attention since the first human space flight, there is as yet little knowledge about how spatial orientation is affected by partial gravity, such as lunar gravity of 0.16. g or Martian gravity of 0.38. g. Up to now twelve...
article 2012
document
Hommes, S. (author), Vinke-de Kruijf, J. (author), Otter, H.S. (author), Bouma, G. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
Water resources management issues tend to affect a variety of uses and users. Therefore, they often exhibit complex and unstructured problems. The complex, unstructured nature of these problems originates from uncertain knowledge and from the existence of divergent perceptions among various actors. Consequently, dealing with these problems is...
article 2009
document
Vogel, I. (author), Brug, J. (author), Hosli, E.J. (author), van der Ploeg, C.P.B. (author), Raat, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: To explore adolescents' behaviors and opinions about exposure to loud music from MP3 players. Study design: We conducted a qualitative analysis of focus-group discussions with adolescents aged 12 to 18 years from 2 large secondary schools (1 urban and 1 rural) for pre-vocational and pre-university education. The semi-structured...
article 2008
document
Salem, S. (author), Jacobs, E. (author), Moore, R. (author), Hogervorst, M.A. (author), Bijl, P. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Perception tests establish the effects of spatially band-limited noise and blur on human observer performance. Previously, Bijl showed that the contrast threshold of a target image with spatially band-limited noise is a function of noise spatial frequency. He used the method of adjustment to find the contrast thresholds for each noise frequency...
conference paper 2008
document
Lammers, J.H.C.M. (author), Meuling, W.J.A. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Freidig, A.P. (author), Bessems, J.G.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The health risks of inhalation exposure to volatile organic solvents may not only depend on the total external dose, but also on the pattern of exposure. It has been suggested that exposure to regularly occurring peak concentrations may have a stronger impact on the brain than constant exposure at the same average level. Recent animal...
article 2005
document
de Wijk, R.A. (author), Prinz, J.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Instrumentally measured in vitro friction in semi-solid foods was related to oral texture sensations. Increased fat content resulted in lower sensations of roughness, higher sensations of creaminess, and lower friction, suggesting that lubrication is the mechanism by which fat affects oral texture in low fat foods. Starch breakdown by salivary...
article 2005
document
Groen, E.L. (author), Bles, W. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
We examined to what extent body tilt may augment the perception of visually simulated linear self acceleration. Fourteen subjects judged visual motion profiles of fore-aft motion at four different frequencies between 0.04-0.33 Hz, and at three different acceleration amplitudes (0.44, 0.88 and 1.76 m/s2). Simultaneously, subjects were tilted...
article 2004
document
de Wijk, R.A. (author), Prinz, J.F. (author), Engelen, L. (author), Weenen, H. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The role of salivary α-amylase in odour, flavour, and oral texture sensations was investigated in two studies in which the activity of salivary amylase present in the mouth of human subjects was either increased by presenting custards with added α-amylase or decreased by presenting custards with added acarbose, an amylase inhibitor. For starch...
article 2004
document
Miedema, H.M.E. (author), Vos, H. (author), Instituut voor Ruimtelijke Organisatie TNO (author)
This article integrates findings from the literature and new results regarding noise sensitivity. The new results are based on analyses of 28 combined datasets (N=23 038), and separate analyses of a large aircraft noise study (N=10939). Three topics regarding noise sensitivity are discussed, namely, its relationship with noise exposure, its...
article 2003
document
Engelen, L. (author), de Wijk, R.A. (author), Prinz, J.F. (author), Janssen, A.M. (author), Weenen, H. (author), Bosman, F. (author)
This study examined the effect of oral and product temperature on the perception of texture and flavor attributes. A trained panel assessed 21 texture and flavor attributes in one high-fat and one low-fat product of two semi-solids: custard dessert and mayonnaise. The products were evaluated at 10, 22 or 35°C in combination with oral...
article 2003
document
van Linden, S. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
In a natural environment, many events have perceptual consequences in more than one modality. For example, when we hear someone speaking, there is not only auditory information about what is said, but also visual information about where the sound comes from, and phonetic information that can be lipread. It is known that our perceptual system...
doctoral thesis 2003
document
van Wijngaarden, S.J. (author), Steeneken, H.J.M. (author), Houtgast, T. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
article 2002
document
van Erp, J.B.F. (author), Oving, A.B. (author)
For multiple DOF systems, it is important to detemine how accurately operators can control each DOF, and what the influence of the perceptual, information processing and psychomotor components on performance is. Sixteen right-handed male students participated in 2 experiments: one involving positioning and one involving tracking with 3...
article 2002
document
Delleman, N.J. (author), Dul, J. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
At a traditional sewing machine workstation professional operators worked at ten different combined adjustments of table height, desk slope, and pedal position. Working posture and workers’ perceptions were measured. Two recommendations were formulated in order to minimize the load on the musculoskeletal system during operation, i.e. (1) the...
article 2002
document
van Wijngaarden, S.J. (author), Steeneken, H.J.M. (author), Houtgast, T. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
When listening to languages learned at a later age, speech intelligibility is generally lower than when listening to one's native language. The main purpose of this study is to quantify speech intelligibility in noise for specific populations of non-native listeners, only broadly addressing the underlying perceptual and linguistic processing. An...
article 2002
document
de Graaf, B. (author), Bles, W. (author), Bos, J.E. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
In an experiment with seventeen subjects interactions of visual roll motion stimuli and vestibular body tilt stimuli were examined in determining the subjective vertical. Interindi-vidual differences in weighting the visual information were observed, but in general visual and vestibular responses added in setting the vertical. Despite the...
article 1998
document
Theeuwes, J. (author), Atchley, P. (author), Kramer, A.F. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
Four experiments investigated whether directing attention to a particular plane in depth enables observers to filter out information from another depth plane. Observers viewed stereoscopic displays and searched for a red line segment among green line segments. The results showed that directing attention to a particular depth plane cannot prevent...
article 1998
document
Theeuwes, J. (author)
Three visual-search experiments tested whether the preattentive parallel stage can selectively guide the attentive stage to a particular known-to-be-relevant target feature. Subjects searched multielement displays for a salient green circle that had a unique form when surrounded by green nontarget squares or had a unique color when surrounded by...
article 1992
Searched for: subject:"Perception"
(1 - 20 of 24)

Pages