Searched for: subject:"Perception"
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Liu, Y. (author), Toet, A. (author), Krone, T. (author), van Stokkum, R. (author), Eijsman, S. (author), van Erp, J.B.F. (author)
The affective appraisal of odors is known to depend on their intensity (I), familiarity (F), detection threshold (T), and on the baseline affective state of the observer. However, the exact nature of these relations is still largely unknown. We therefore performed an observer experiment in which participants (N = 52) smelled 40 different odors ...
article 2020
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Ding, D. (author), Neerincx, M.A. (author), Brinkman, W.P. (author)
Introduction: Inner voice is estimated to occur at least a quarter of people’s conscious waking life. Much research work asserts that inner voice plays various important roles in cognitive functions, such as self-regulation, self-reflection, and so on. Virtual cognitions are a stream of simulated thoughts people can hear while emerged in a...
article 2018
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Botschuijver, S. (author), Roeselers, G. (author), Levin, E. (author), Jonkers, D.M. (author), Welting, O. (author), Heinsbroek, S.E.M. (author), de Weerd, H.H. (author), Boekhout, T. (author), Fornai, M. (author), Masclee, A.A. (author), Schuren, F.H.J. (author), de Jonge, W.J. (author), Seppen, J. (author), van den Wijngaard, R.M. (author)
Background & Aims Visceral hypersensitivity is one feature of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Bacterial dysbiosis might be involved in the activation of nociceptive sensory pathways, but there have been few studies of the role of the mycobiome (the fungal microbiome) in the development of IBS. We analyzed intestinal mycobiomes of patients with...
article 2017
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Remoundou, K. (author), Brennan, M. (author), Sacchettini, G. (author), Panzone, L. (author), Butler-Ellis, M.C. (author), Capri, E. (author), Charistou, A. (author), Chaideftou, E. (author), Gerritsen-Ebben, M.G. (author), Machera, K. (author), Spanoghe, P. (author), Glass, R. (author), Marchis, A. (author), Doanngoc, K. (author), Hart, A. (author), Frewer, L.J. (author)
The EU Directive on the sustainable use of pesticides (EU128/2009/EC) requires European Member States to develop training activities targeting occupational exposure to pesticides, and communication material aimed at residents and bystanders. Risk perceptions, knowledge and attitudes associated with passive and occupational exposure to pesticide...
article 2015
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Hiemstra-van Mastrigt, S. (author), Kamp, I. (author), van Veen, S.A.T. (author), Vink, P. (author), Bosch, T. (author)
New technologies have led to an increasingly sedentary lifestyle. Sedentary behaviour is characterised by physical inactivity and is associated with several health risks. This excessive sitting does not only take place in the office or at home, but also during daily commute. Therefore, BMW AG developed an active seating system for the back seat...
article 2015
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Koelewijn, T. (author), Bronkhorst, A. (author), Theeuwes, J. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
There is debate in the crossmodal cueing literature as to whether capture of visual attention by means of sound is a fully automatic process. Recent studies show that when visual attention is endogenously focused sound still captures attention. The current study investigated whether there is interaction between exogenous auditory and visual...
article 2009
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Zekveld, A.A. (author), Kramer, S.E. (author), Kessens, J.M. (author), Vlaming, M.S.M.G. (author), Houtgast, T. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
This study examined the subjective benefit obtained from automatically generated captions during telephone-speech comprehension in the presence of babble noise. Short stories were presented by telephone either with or without captions that were generated offline by an automatic speech recognition (ASR) system. To simulate online ASR, the word...
article 2009
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van der Burg, E. (author), Olivers, C.N.L. (author), Bronkhorst, A.W. (author), Theeuwes, J. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Participants performed an attentional blink (AB) task including digits as targets and letters as distractors within the visual and auditory domains. Prior to the rapid serial visual presentation, a visual or auditory prime was presented in the form of a digit that was identical to the second target (T2) on 50% of the trials. In addition to the ...
article 2008
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Baston, H. (author), Rijnders, M. (author), Green, J. (author), Buitendijk, S. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
In 2003 research was conducted in England (n=738) to further our understanding of factors that relate to women's longer-term appraisal of their birth experience. Women's appraisals are likely to be influenced by the culture in which they give birth and the predominant norms at that time. To explore this further, the study was replicated in the...
article 2008
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Zekveld, A.A. (author), Kramer, S.E. (author), Kessens, J.M. (author), Vlaming, M.S.M.G. (author), Houtgast, T. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the benefit that listeners obtain from visually presented output from an automatic speech recognition (ASR) system during listening to speech in noise. DESIGN: Auditory-alone and audiovisual speech reception thresholds (SRTs) were measured. The SRT is defined as the speech-to-noise ratio at which...
article 2008
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de Wijk, R.A. (author), Zijlstra, N. (author), Mars, M. (author), de Graaf, C. (author), Prinz, J.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Two studies investigated the effect of a food's viscosity on bite size, bite effort and food intake using a standardized protocol in which subjects sipped through a straw every 20 s for a period of 15 min from one of two products, a chocolate-flavored dairy drink and a chocolate-flavored dairy semi-solid, matched for energy density. In the first...
article 2008
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van Erp, J.B.F. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Vibrotactile mobility systems present spatial information such as the direction of a waypoint through a localized vibration on the torso. Using these systems requires the ability to determine the absolute location of the stimulus. Because data are available only on the ability to determine the relative location of stimuli on the torso, we...
article 2008
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Nooij, S.A.E. (author), Bos, J.E. (author), Groen, E.L. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Prolonged exposure to hypergravity in a human centrifuge can lead to post-rotary spatial disorientation and motion sickness. These symptoms are mainly provoked by tilting head movements and resemble the Space Adaptation Syndrome. We hypothesized that the occurrence of these post-rotary effects might be related to changes in the velocity storage ...
article 2008
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Toet, A. (author), Jansen, S.E.M. (author), Delleman, N.J. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Effects of field-of-view restrictions on the speed and accuracy of participants performing a real-world manoeuvring task through an obstacled environment were investigated. Although field-of-view restrictions are known to affect human behaviour and to degrade performance for a range of different tasks, the relationship between human manoeuvring...
article 2007
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van der Burg, E. (author), Olivers, C.N.L. (author), Bronkhorst, A.W. (author), Koelewijn, T. (author), Theeuwes, J. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
The second of two targets is often missed when presented shortly after the first target—a phenomenon referred to as the attentional blink (AB). Whereas the AB is a robust phenomenon within sensory modalities, the evidence for cross-modal ABs is rather mixed. Here, we test the possibility that the absence of an auditory–visual AB for visual...
article 2007
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Engelen, L. (author), van den Keybus, P.A.M. (author), de Wijk, R.A. (author), Veerman, E.C.I. (author), Amerongen, A.V.N. (author), Bosman, F. (author), Prinz, J.F. (author), van der Bilt, A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Saliva is expected to be of significance for the perception of food stimuli in the mouth. Mixing the food with saliva, including breakdown and dilution, is considered to be of large importance for semi-solids as these products are masticated without chewing. It is known that there are large variations in composition of saliva originating from...
article 2007
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de Korte, E.M. (author), van Lingen, P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A comparative, experimental study with repeated measures has been conducted to evaluate the effect of the use of speech recognition on working postures, productivity and the perception of user friendliness. Fifteen subjects performed a standardised task, first with keyboard and mouse and, after a six week training period, with speech recognition...
article 2006
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Alferdinck, J.W.A.M. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
During night-time driving hazardous objects often appear at mesopic light levels, which are typically measured using light meters with a spectral sensitivity that is only valid for photopic light levels. In order to develop suitable mesopic models a target detection experiment was performed in a driving simulator. While subjects drove along a...
article 2006
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Kocken, P.L. (author), van Dorst, A.G. (author), Schaalma, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A study into the relevance of cultural factors in predicting condom-use intentions among Antillean migrants in the Netherlands is described in this article. The association between the intention to use condoms with a new sexual partner and a perceived taboo on discussing sex, beliefs about sex education and machismo beliefs on gender and power...
article 2006
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McKee, R.H. (author), Lammers, J.H.C.M. (author), Hoogendijk, E.M.G. (author), Emmen, H.H. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Barsotti, D.A. (author), Owen, D.E. (author), Kulig, B.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
As a preliminary step to evaluating the acute neurobehavioral effects of hydrocarbon solvents and to establish a working model for extrapolating animal test data to humans, joint neurobehavioral/toxicokinetic studies were conducted which involved administering ethanol to rats and volunteers. The specific objectives of the present studies were to...
article 2006
Searched for: subject:"Perception"
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