Searched for: subject%3A%22Peanut%22
(21 - 40 of 55)

Pages

document
van Bilsen, J.H.M. (author), Ronsmans, S. (author), Crevel, R.W.R. (author), Rona, R.J. (author), Przyrembel, H. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author), Contor, L. (author), Houben, G.F. (author)
Identification of allergenic foods of public health importance should be based on well-defined criteria. Björkstén et al. (2008) proposed that the criteria should assess the evidence for an IgE mechanism, the reaction, the potency and the severity of the effect of the food and its prevalence. This study evaluated the application of the proposed...
article 2011
document
TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Koppelman, S.J. (author), Hefle, S.L. (author), Taylor, S.L. (author), de Jong, G.A.H. (author)
Scope: There are differences in stability to pepsin between the major allergens in peanut; however, data are from different reports using different digestion models. This study provides a comprehensive comparison of the digestibility of the major peanut allergens.Methods and results: Peanut allergens Ara h 1, Ara h 2, Ara h 3 and Ara h 6 were...
article 2010
document
Peeters, K.A.B.M. (author), Koppelman, S.J. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author), Lebens, A. (author), Bruijnzeel-Koomen, C.A.F.M. (author), Hefle, S.L. (author), Taylor, S.L. (author), van Hoffen, E. (author), Knulst, A.C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: The use of lupine in food has been increasing during the last decade and allergic reactions to lupine have been reported, especially in peanut-allergic patients. The frequency and the degree of cross-reactivity to other legumes are not known. The aim of the study was to investigate the frequency of sensitization to lupine, and in...
article 2009
document
Madsen, C.B. (author), Hattersley, S. (author), Buck, J. (author), Gendel, S.M. (author), Houben, G.F. (author), Hourihane, J.OB. (author), Mackie, A. (author), Mills, E.N.C. (author), Nørhede, P. (author), Taylor, S.L. (author), Crevel, R.W.R. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A workshop was organised to investigate whether risk assessment strategies and methodologies used in classical/conventional toxicology may be used for risk assessment of allergenic foods, to discuss the advantages and limitations of different approaches and to determine the research needed to move the area forward. Three possible approaches to...
article 2009
document
Ladics, G.S. (author), van Bilsen, J.H.M. (author), Brouwer, H.M.H. (author), Vogel, L. (author), Vieths, S. (author), Knippels, L.M.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), KvL (author)
Specific IgE sera screening studies are employed to investigate protein cross-reactivity. Such nonfunctional immunochemical methods cannot measure the biological activity of proteins. Therefore, an assay using RBL cells transfected with human FcεRI was developed. Our objective was to evaluate the degranulation of three cell-lines expressing...
article 2008
document
de Jonge, J.D. (author), Ezendam, J. (author), Knippels, L.M.J. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author), Pieters, R. (author), van Loveren, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Probiotics are claimed to beneficially affect the immune system and their involvement in allergy prevention is being investigated extensively. However, the efficacy of probiotics in allergy prevention remains controversial. We investigated whether the probiotic Lactobacillus casei Shirota (LcS) could modulate the food allergic response against...
article 2008
document
van Boxtel, E.L. (author), van den Broek, L.A.M. (author), Koppelman, S.J. (author), Gruppen, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Legumin proteins Ara h 3 from peanuts and glycinin from soybeans are increasingly described as important allergens. The stability of an allergen's IgE binding capacity towards heating and digestion is considered an important characteristic for food allergens. We investigated the effects of heating and digestion on the IgE binding of Ara h 3 and...
article 2008
document
van Boxtel, E.L. (author), van den Broek, L.A.M. (author), Koppelman, S.J. (author), Vincken, J.-P. (author), Gruppen, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Mildly extracted peanut allergen Ara h 1 was previously reported to occur as an oligomeric complex. In this paper we describe how the protein in this oligomeric complex interacts noncovalently with phenolic compounds of the proanthocyanidin type. These interactions are being disrupted during anion exchange chromatography, resulting in the...
article 2007
document
Spanjersberg, M.Q.I. (author), Kruizinga, A.G. (author), Rennen, M.A.J. (author), Houben, G.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
In order to assess the risk of unintended exposure to food allergens, traditional deterministic risk assessment is usually applied, leading to inconsequential conclusions as 'an allergic reaction cannot be excluded'. TNO therefore developed a quantitative risk assessment model for allergens based on probabilistic techniques resulting in a more...
article 2007
document
Peeters, K.A.B.M. (author), Nordlee, J.A. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author), Chen, L. (author), Goodman, R.E. (author), Bruijnzeel-Koomen, C.A.F.M. (author), Hefle, S.L. (author), Taylor, S.L. (author), Knulst, A.C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Reports of lupine allergy are increasing as its use in food products increases. Lupine allergy might be the consequence of cross-reactivity after sensitization to peanut or other legumes or de novo sensitization. Lupine allergens have not been completely characterized. Objectives: We sought to identify allergens associated with...
article 2007
document
de Jonge, J.D. (author), Knippels, L.M.J. (author), Ezendam, J. (author), Odink, J. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author), van Loveren, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
This report describes the further development of a peanut allergy model in Brown Norway (BN) rats and in particular the importance of allergen-free breeding of the laboratory animals for the allergen to be used. For this purpose BN rats were bred for 3 generations on soy- and peanut-free feed since it is known that the legumes peanut and soy are...
article 2007
document
Flinterman, A.E. (author), van Hoffen, E. (author), den Hartog Jager, C.F. (author), Koppelman, S. (author), Pasmans, S.G. (author), Hoekstra, M.O. (author), Bruijnzeel-Koomen, C.A. (author), Knulst, A.C. (author), Knol, E.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: In peanut-allergic adults, IgE is mainly directed to Ara h1 and Ara h2. More recently, a role for Ara h6 has been suggested. In contrast to adults, IgE in children can fluctuate over time. Therefore, children may have a more dynamic reactivity to peanut. Objective: To examine the IgE reactivity to major peanut allergens in peanut...
article 2007
document
van Wijk, F. (author), Nierkens, S. (author), de Jong, W. (author), Wehrens, E.J.M. (author), Boon, L. (author), van Kooten, P. (author), Knippels, L.M.J. (author), Pieters, R. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Dendritic cells are believed to play an essential role in regulating the balance between immunogenic and tolerogenic responses to mucosal Ags by controlling T cell differentiation and activation via costimulatory and coinhibitory signals. The CD28/CTLA-4-CD80/CD86 signaling pathway appears to be one of the most important regulators of T cell...
article 2007
document
de Jonge, J.D. (author), Ezendam, J. (author), Knippels, L.M.J. (author), Odink, J. (author), Pourier, M.S. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author), Pieters, R. (author), van Loveren, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Other factors than the allergen itself may be of importance in the development of food allergy. This report describes the influence of the immunosuppressive compound bis(tributyltin)oxide (TBTO), present in the food chain, on the development of food allergy to peanut or ovalbumin in Brown Norway (BN) rats. To study these effects BN rats were...
article 2007
document
Peeters, K.A.B.M. (author), Koppelman, S.J. (author), van Hoffen, E. (author), van der Tas, C.W.H. (author), den Hartog Jager, C.F. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author), Hefle, S.L. (author), Bruijnzeel-Koomen, C.A.F.M. (author), Knol, E.F. (author), Knulst, A.C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Recognition of specific peanut allergens or the diversity of IgE binding to peanut allergens may play a role in the elicitation of severe allergic reactions. Objective: To investigate whether sensitization to individual allergens Ara h 1, Ara h 2, Ara h 3 and Ara h 6 is correlated with clinical severity. Methods: The reactivity of...
article 2007
document
van Wijk, F. (author), Wehrens, E.J.M. (author), Nierkens, S. (author), Boon, L. (author), Kasran, A. (author), Pieters, R. (author), Knippels, L.M.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Naturally occurring CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) play a critical role in the maintenance of self-tolerance and it has been suggested that these Tregs may also be involved in preventing allergic disease. Objective: The precise role of CD4+CD25+ T cells in the regulation of allergic responses to mucosal antigens remains to be...
article 2007
document
van Wijk, F. (author), Knippels, L. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Immediately after birth the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract, which represents the greatest body surface area exposed to the outside environment, is confronted with a large variety of foreign antigens. The immune system of the intestine now has to meet the task of discriminating between pathogens and harmless antigens, such as food proteins...
article 2007
document
van Boxtel, E.L. (author), van Beers, M.M.C. (author), Koppelman, S.J. (author), van den Broek, L.A.M. (author), Gruppen, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Ara h 1, a major peanut allergen, is known as a stable trimeric protein. Nevertheless, upon purification of native Ara h 1 from peanuts using only size exclusion chromatography, the allergen appeared to exist in an oligomeric structure, rather than as a trimeric structure. The oligomeric structure was independent of the salt concentration...
article 2006
document
Koppelman, S.J. (author), de Jong, G.A.H. (author), de Laaper-Ertmann, M. (author), Peeters, K.A.B.M. (author), Knulst, A.C. (author), Hefle, S.L. (author), Knol, E.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: IgE-binding peanut proteins smaller than 15 kDa were previously identified as potential allergens in the majority of our peanut allergic population. Objective: To characterize the novel allergen in order to determine whether it was similar to one of the thus far identified recombinant peanut allergens (Ara h 1-7). Methods: An IgE...
article 2005
document
van Wijk, F. (author), Nierkens, S. (author), Hassing, I. (author), Feijen, M. (author), Koppelman, S.J. (author), de Jong, G.A.H. (author), Pieters, R. (author), Knippels, L.M.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
There is little knowledge about the factors that determine the allergenicity of food proteins. One aspect that remains to be elucidated is the effect of the food matrix on immune responses to food proteins. To study the intrinsic immunogenicity of allergens and the influence of the food matrix, purified peanut allergens (Ara h 1, Ara h 2, Ara h...
article 2005
Searched for: subject%3A%22Peanut%22
(21 - 40 of 55)

Pages