Searched for: subject%3A%22Particulate%255C%2Bemissions%22
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Ligterink, N.E. (author), Kadijk, G. (author), Elstgeest, M. (author), van Mensch, P. (author)
With a lifetime of 15 years and more, many vehicles on the European roads no longer have to satisfy durability and in-service conformity requirements. If new cars satisfy stringent on-road emission standard, the risk of significant increase in emissions due to aging, malfunctions, poor maintenance and tampering will be substantial. Even a few...
conference paper 2019
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Koivisto, A.J. (author), Kling, K.I. (author), Fonseca, A.S. (author), Brostrøm Bluhme, A. (author), Moreman, M. (author), Yu, M. (author), Costa, A.L. (author), Giovanni, B. (author), Ortelli, S. (author), Fransman, W. (author), Vogel, U. (author), Jensen, K.A. (author)
Nanoscale TiO2 (nTiO2) is manufactured in high volumes and is of potential concern in occupational health. Here, we measured workers exposure levels while ceramic honeycombs were dip coated with liquid photoactive nanoparticle suspension and dried with an air blade. The measured nTiO2 concentration levels were used to assess process specific...
article 2018
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Fonseca, A.S. (author), Kuijpers, E. (author), Kling, K.I. (author), Levin, M. (author), Koivisto, A.J. (author), Nielsen, S.H. (author), Fransman, W. (author), Fedutik, Y. (author), Jensen, K.A. (author), Koponen, I.K. (author)
Fume hoods are one of the most common types of equipment applied to reduce the potential of particle exposure in laboratory environments. A number of previous studies have shown particle release during work with nanomaterials under fume hoods. Here, we assessed laboratory workers’ inhalation exposure during synthesis and handling of CuO, TiO2...
article 2018
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Deziel, N.C. (author), Nuckols, J.R. (author), Jones, R.R. (author), Graubard, B.I. (author), de Roos, A.J. (author), Pronk, A. (author), Gourley, C. (author), Colt, J.S. (author), Ward, M.H. (author)
Proximity to facilities emitting polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDD/F) has been associated with increased risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). There is limited information about whether proximity to industrial sources leads to indoor PCDD/F contamination of homes. We measured carpet dust concentrations (pg/g...
article 2017
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Smokers, R.T.M. (author), Verbeek, M. (author), van Zyl, S. (author)
This paper analyses what post 2020 targets may be necessary for the European CO2 legislation for passenger cars in order to reach the overall sectoral goal of 60% reduction of transport's greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 relative to 1990, as defined in the European Commission's White Paper. The required target levels are found to depend strongly...
conference paper 2013
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Granier, C. (author), Bessagnet, B. (author), Bond, T. (author), D'Angiola, A. (author), van der Gon, H.D. (author), Frost, G.J. (author), Heil, A. (author), Kaiser, J.W. (author), Kinne, S. (author), Klimont, Z. (author), Kloster, S. (author), Lamarque, J.-F. (author), Liousse, C. (author), Masui, T. (author), Meleux, F. (author), Mieville, A. (author), Ohara, T. (author), Raut, J.-C. (author), Riahi, K. (author), Schultz, M.G. (author), Smith, S.J. (author), Thompson, A. (author), van Aardenne, J. (author), van der Werf, G.R. (author), van Vuuren, D.P. (author)
Several different inventories of global and regional anthropogenic and biomass burning emissions are assessed for the 1980-2010 period. The species considered in this study are carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide and black carbon. The inventories considered include the ACCMIP historical emissions developed in support of the...
article 2011
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Keuken, M. (author), van der Denier Gon, H. (author), van der Valk, K. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
From research on PM<sub>2.5</sub> and PM<sub>10</sub> in 2007/2008 in the Netherlands, it was concluded that the coarse fraction (PM<sub>2.5-10</sub>) attributed 60% and 50% respectively, to the urban-regional and street-urban increments of PM<sub>10</sub>. Contrary to Scandinavian and Mediterranean countries which exhibit significant seasonal...
article 2010
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Koornneef, J. (author), van Harmelen, T. (author), van Horssen, A. (author), van Gijlswijk, R. (author), Ramirez, A. (author), Faaij, A. (author), Turkenburg, W. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
The focus of this research is to develop a first assessment of the impacts of the implementation of CO2 capture technologies in the Dutch power sector on the transboundary air pollution (SO2,NOX,NH3,NMV OC,PM10 and PM2.5) levels in 2020. Results show that for the power sector SO2 emissions will be very low for scenarios that include large scale...
article 2009
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TNO Automotive (author), Foster, D.L. (author), Kessels, J.T.B.A. (author), Aneke, N.P.I. (author), Rojer, C. (author)
TNO Automotive is developing an Integrated Powertrain Control (IPC) concept for powertrain controls that focuses on integration of the engine, aftertreatment and parallel hybrid electric system. One of the first steps is the focus on hybrid assisted Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) regeneration. For inner-city distribution trucks the legislation...
conference paper 2009
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Beerkens, R.G.C. (author), van Limpt, J.A.C. (author), TNO Industrie en Techniek (author)
The mechanism of nitrogen oxide (NOx) formation in combustion chambers of glass furnaces is briefly described. The most important parameters governing the NOx emissions of glass furnaces are discussed. Elimination or minimisation of conditions that cause the formation of nitrogen oxides in regenerative furnaces have been tested in industrial...
article 2008
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Hulskotte, J.H.J. (author), van der Gon, H.A.C.D. (author), Visschedijk, A.J.H. (author), Schaap, M. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
In this article we show that brake wear from road traffic vehicles is an important source of atmospheric (participate) copper concentrations in Europe. Consequently, brake wear also contributes significantly to deposition fluxes of copper to surface waters. We estimated the copper emission due to brake wear to be 2.4 kiloton per year. For...
conference paper 2007
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Denier van der Gon, H.A.C. (author), Hulskotte, J.H.J. (author), Visschedijk, A.J.H. (author), Schaap, M. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
Comparisons of measured and model-predicted atmospheric copper concentrations show a severe underestimation of the observed concentrations by the models. This underestimation may be (partly) due to underestimated emissions of copper to air. Since the phase out of asbestos brake lining material, the composition of brake lining material has...
article 2007
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Smit, R. (author), Smokers, R.T.M. (author), Rabé, E.L.M. (author)
The objective of VERSIT+ LD is to predict traffic stream emissions for light-duty vehicles in any particular traffic situation. With respect to hot running emissions, VERSIT+ LD consists of a set of statistical models for detailed vehicle categories that have been constructed using multiple linear regression analysis. The aim is to find...
article 2007
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Vautard, R. (author), Builtjes, P.H.J. (author), Thunis, P. (author), Cuvelier, C. (author), Bedogni, M. (author), Bessagnet, B. (author), Honoré, C. (author), Moussiopoulos, N. (author), Pirovano, G. (author), Schaap, M. (author), Stern, R. (author), Tarrason, L. (author), Wind, P. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
The CityDelta project Cuvelier et al. [2006. CityDelta: a model intercomparison study to explore the impact of emission reductions in European cities in 2010. Atmospheric Environment] is designed to evaluate the air quality response of several emission abatement scenarios for 2010 at the scale of the European continent, and specifically in the...
article 2007
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Pulles, M.P.J. (author), Kok, H. (author), Quass, U. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
This study uses an improved emission inventory model to assess the uncertainties in emissions of dioxins and furans associated with both knowledge on the exact technologies and processes used, and with the uncertainties of both activity data and emission factors. The annual total emissions for the year 2000 in 13 countries in central and eastern...
article 2006
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Rijkeboer, R.C. (author), Bremmers, D.A.C.M. (author), Samaras, Z. (author), Ntziachristos, L. (author), TNO Industrie en Techniek (author)
Although interest in particulate emissions has increased considerably during recent years, the subject of particulate matter (PM) emissions from small two-stroke engines used in road vehicles is still largely unexplored. This paper presents the results of an investigation, which examined the typical emission level and the typical characteristics...
article 2005
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van Mierlo, J. (author), Maggetto, G. (author), van de Burgwal, H.C. (author), Gense, N.L.J. (author), TNO Wegtransportmiddelen (author)
This paper describes the influence on vehicle emissions and energy consumption of different vehicle parameters and driving style as well as of traffic measures taken in order to increase transport safety or to reduce traffic jams. This should allow the Flemish Regional Government to perform more realistic modelling of the impact of transport on...
article 2004
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Hertel, O. (author), Ambelas Skjøth, C. (author), Frohn, L.M. (author), Vignati, E. (author), Frydendall, J. (author), de Leeuw, G. (author), Schwarz, U. (author), Reis, S. (author), TNO Fysisch en Elektronisch Laboratorium (author)
The atmospheric chemistry and deposition model has been applied for calculation of nitrogen and sulphur depositions to the entire North Sea area for the year 1999. The total atmospheric nitrogen and sulphur depositions to the North Sea area were determined to 709 kton (kt) N and 551 kt S, respectively. Since the North Sea area was calculated to...
article 2002
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Guicherit, R. (author), Roemer, M. (author), TNO Milieu, Energie en Procesinnovatie (author)
Anthropogenic emissions of chemical reactive trace gases have substantially altered the composition of the troposphere. These perturbations have caused tropospheric O3 increases, in particular in the Northern Hemisphere. It remains, however, difficult to accurately establish O3 trends throughout the troposphere because the number of sites where...
article 2000
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Janssen, L.H.J.M. (author), Buringh, E. (author), van der Meulen, A. (author), van den Hout, K.D. (author), Instituut voor Milieu- en Energietechnologie TNO (author)
Eight rules based on measurements, model calculations, additional deductions and expert judgement have been devised for use in estimating the distribution and sources of various fractions of PM10 in the Netherlands. As some of the underlying assumptions to these rules are debatable, they can be best characterized as 'rules of thumb'. A brief...
article 1999
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