Searched for: subject:"Oral%5C+drug%5C+administration"
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Olthof, M.R. (author), Brink, E.J. (author), Katan, M.B. (author), Verhoef, P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: A high homocysteine concentration is a potential risk factor for cardiovascular disease that can be reduced through betaine supplementation. Choline is the precursor for betaine, but the effects of choline supplementation on plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) concentrations in healthy humans are unknown. Objective: The objective was to...
article 2005
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van Ommen, B. (author), de Bie, A.T.H.J. (author), Bär, A. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The absorption, disposition, metabolism, and excretion of uniformly 14C-labeled α-cyclodextrin (14C-α-CD) was examined in four separate experiments with Wistar rats. In Experiment 1, 14C-α-CD (25μCi, 50mg/kg bw) was administered intravenously to four male and four female conventional rats. In Experiment 2, 14C-α-CD (25μCi, 200mg/kg bw) was given...
article 2004
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Spotti, M. (author), Maas, R.F.M. (author), de Nijs, C.M. (author), Fink-Gremmels, J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The effects of the mycotoxin fumonisin B1 (FB1) on the hepatic cytochrome P450 system were investigated in male rats dosed daily by oral gavage with 3 mg FB1 per kg body weight for 9 consecutive days. FB1 treatment resulted in a reduced weight gain. At the same time, CYP2E activity was increased, which is considered to mark the metabolic changes...
article 2000
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de Walle, H.E.K. (author), van der Pal, K.M. (author), van den Berg, L.T.W. (author), Jeeninga, W. (author), Schouten, J.S.A.G. (author), de Rover, C.M. (author), Buitendijk, S.E. (author), Cornel, M.C. (author), TNO Arbeid (author)
Chemicals/CAS: Folic Acid, 59-30-3
article 1999
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Izeboud, C.A. (author), Monshouwer, M. (author), van Miert, A.S.J.P.A.M. (author), Witkamp, R.F. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Objective and Design: To investigate the suppressive effects of the β-agonist clenbuterol on the release of TNF-α and IL-6 in a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-model of inflammation, both in vitro and in vivo. Material and Subjects: Human U-937 cell line (monocyte-derived macrophages), and male Wistar rats (200-250 g). Treatment: U-937 macrophages were...
article 1999
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Cashman, J.R. (author), Xiong, Y. (author), Lin, J. (author), Verhagen, H. (author), van Poppel, G. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Larsen-Su, S. (author), Williams, D.E. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The effect of consumption of glucosinolate-containing Brussels sprouts on flavin-containing monooxygenase functional activity in humans was investigated in 10 healthy, male, non-smoking volunteers. After a 3-week run-in period, 5 volunteers continued on a glucosinolate-free diet for 3 weeks (control group), and 5 others consumed 300 g of cooked...
article 1999
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Bruder, M.C. (author), Spanhaak, S. (author), Bruijntjes, J.P. (author), Michielsen, C.P.P.C. (author), Vos, J.G. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
In order to study the intestinal mucosal immune cells, with emphasis on single T lymphocytcs, an inventory was made of single and organized lymphocytes in the epithelium and lamina propria of the small intestines of untreated Wistar, Fischer 344, and Lewis rats. The single and organized lymphocytes were examined microscopically. In addition, the...
article 1999
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Knebel, N.G. (author), Grieb, S. (author), Winkler, M. (author), Locher, M. (author), van der Vlis, E. (author), Verheij, E.R. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
An HPLC assay with tandem mass spectrometric detection in the positive-ion Turbo-Ion-Spray((TM)) (TISP) mode for the fast and sensitive determination of perifosine ((I), D-21266) in human plasma was developed, utilising the structural analogue, miltefosine ((II), D-18506), as internal standard. Automated solid-phase extraction of diluted plasma...
article 1999
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Turnbull, D. (author), Whittaker, M.H. (author), Frankos, V.H. (author), Jonker, D. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Plant sterols and their saturated derivatives, known as stanols, reduce serum cholesterol when consumed in amounts of approximately 2 g per day. Stanol fatty acid esters have been developed as a highly fat-soluble form that may lower cholesterol more effectively than stanols. Stanol esters occur naturally in human diets, but at levels far below...
article 1999
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Maassen, C.B.M. (author), Laman, J.D. (author), Heijne den Bak-Glashouwer, M.J. (author), Tielen, F.J. (author), van Holten-Neelen, J.C.P.A. (author), Hoogteijling, L. (author), Antonissen, C. (author), Leer, R.J. (author), Pouwels, P.H. (author), Boersma, W.J.A. (author), Shaw, D.M. (author)
Lactobacillus strains possess properties that make them attractive candidates as vehicles for oral administration of therapeutics. In this report we describe the construction and analysis of recombinant Lactobacillus casei applicable in oral vaccination against an infectious disease (tetanus) and in oral tolerance induction for intervention in...
article 1999
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van den Heuvel, E.G.H.M. (author), Muys, T. (author), van Dokkum, W. (author), Schaafsma, G. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Background: In rats, nondigestible oligosaccharides stimulate calcium absorption. Recently, this effect was also found in human subjects. Objective: The objective of the study was to investigate whether consumption of 15 g oligofructose/d stimulates calcium absorption in male adolescents. Design: Twelve healthy, male adolescents aged 14-16 y...
article 1999
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van Vlijmen, B.J.M. (author), Pearce, N.J. (author), Bergö, M. (author), Staels, B. (author), Yates, J.W. (author), Gribble, A.D. (author), Bond, B.C. (author), Hofker, M.H. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Groot, P.H.E. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Apolipoprotein (APO) E*3-Leiden mice with impaired chylomicron and VLDL (very low density lipoprotein) remnant metabolism display hyperlipidaemia and atherosclerosis. In the present study, these mice were used for testing the hypolipidaemic effect of two marketed agents, lovastatin (CAS 75330-75-5) and gemfibrozil (CAS 25812-30-0) as well as a...
article 1998
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Clary, J.J. (author), Feron, V.J. (author), van Velthuijsen, J.A. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Lactate eaters have an oral LD50 greater than 2000 mg/kg and the inhalation LC50 is generally above 5000 mg/m3 and they may be potential eye and skin irritants, but not skin sensitizers. No evidence of teratogenicity or maternal toxicity was observed in an inhalation (2-ethylhexyl-L-lactate) or dermal study (ethyl-L-lactate). Subacute inhalation...
article 1998
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de Bie, A.T.H.J. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Bär, A. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The absorption, disposition, metabolism, and excretion of 14C-labeled γ-cyclodextrin ([14C]γ-CD) was examined in four separate experiments with Wistar rats. In experiment 1, [14C]γ-CD (25 μCi, 600 mg/kg body wt) was administered intravenously to four male and four female conventional rats. In experiment 2, [14C]γ- CD (25 μCi, 1000 mg/kg body wt)...
article 1998
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Til, H.P. (author), Bär, A. (author)
The oral toxicity of γ-cyclodextrin (γ- CD) was examined in a 13-week feeding study in which four groups of four male and four female Beagle dogs received γ-CD in the diet at concentrations of 0 (control), 5, 10, or 20%. No treatment-related changes were noted in behavior or appearance of the dogs and no mortalities occurred. Transient diarrhea...
article 1998
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Ronday, H.K. (author), TeKoppele, J.M. (author), Greenwald, R.A. (author), Moak, S.A. (author), de Roos, J.A.D.M. (author), Dijkmans, B.A.C. (author), Breedveld, F.C. (author), Verheijen, J.H. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
The plasminogen activation system is one of the enzyme systems held responsible for bone and cartilage degradation in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In this study, we evaluated the effect of tranexamic acid (TEA), an inhibitor of plasminogen activation, on urinary collagen cross-link excretion and radiological joint damage in rat adjuvant arthritis ...
article 1998
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Woutersen, R.A. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO TNO Voeding (author)
Acrylonitrile is a monomer used extensively as a raw material in the manufacturing of acrylic fibers, plastics, synthetic rubbers, and acrylamide. It has been classified as a probable human carcinogen according to the results of numerous chronic rat bioassays. The present report summarizes the toxicity data on acrylonitrile and reviews available...
article 1998
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Waalkens-Berendsen, D.H. (author), Smits-van Prooije, A.E. (author), Bär, A. (author)
In a standard embryotoxicity/teratogenicity study, γ-cyclodextrin (γ-CD) was administered to groups of 16, artificially inseminated New Zealand White rabbits at dietary concentrations of 0, 5, 10, or 20%. A comparison group received a diet containing 20% lactose. Treatment started on day 0 of gestation and ended on day 29 when the animals were...
article 1998
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van den Berg, H. (author), van Vliet, T. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The effects of lutein and lycopene on β-carotene absorption and cleavage were investigated in 12 male subjects. Responses of carotenoids and retinyl palmitate in the triacylglycerol-rich lipoprotein (TRL) fraction after a separate 15-mg β-carotene dose were compared with those after a dose of 15 mg β-carotene combined with 15 mg lycopene or...
article 1998
document
Lina, B.A.R. (author), Bär, A. (author)
The toxicity of γ-cyclodextrin (γ-CD), a cyclic polymer of eight α-1,4-linked glucopyranosyl units with potential applications as a food ingredient, was examined in a 2-week pilot study followed by a 13-week oral toxicity study in Wistar rats. In the 2-week study, the test substance was administered to groups of 5 male rats at dietary levels of...
article 1998
Searched for: subject:"Oral%5C+drug%5C+administration"
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