Searched for: subject:"Oligosaccharides"
(1 - 20 of 39)

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Ladirat, S.E. (author), Schols, H.A. (author), Nauta, A. (author), Schoterman, M.H.C. (author), Schuren, F.H.J. (author), Gruppen, H. (author)
In order to elaborate on the impact of amoxicillin treatment on the in vitro fermentation of specific structures of galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS), GOS was fractionated based on its degree of polymerization (DP) and the fermentation of individual DPs was studied. Different DP fractions of GOS and different isomeric structure within a DP fraction...
article 2014
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Leijdekkers, A.G.M. (author), Aguirre, M. (author), Venema, K. (author), Bosch, G. (author), Gruppen, H. (author), Schols, H.A. (author)
The in vitro fermentation characteristics of different classes of sugar beet pectic oligosaccharides (SBPOS) were studied using human and pig fecal inocula. The SBPOS consisted mainly of partially acetylated rhamnogalacturonan oligosaccharides and partially methyl-esterified/acetylated homogalacturonan oligosaccharides. Some SBPOS contained an...
article 2014
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Aguirre, M. (author), Jonkers, D.M.A.E. (author), Troost, F.J. (author), Roeselers, G. (author), Venema, K. (author)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of galacto-oligosaccharides, lactulose, apple fiber and sugar beet pectin on the composition and activity of human colonic microbiota of lean and obese healthy subjects using an in vitro model of the proximal colon: TIM-2. Substrate fermentation was assessed by measuring the production of short...
article 2014
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Ladirat, S.E. (author), Schoterman, M.H.C. (author), Rahaoui, H. (author), Mars, M. (author), Schuren, F.H.J. (author), Gruppen, H. (author), Nauta, A. (author), Schols, H.A. (author)
In the present double-blind, randomised, parallel intervention study, the effects of the intake of galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) on the gut microbiota of twelve healthy adult subjects (aged 18-45 years with a normal BMI (18-25 kg/m2)) receiving amoxicillin (AMX) treatment were determined. All the subjects were treated with AMX (375 mg; three...
article 2014
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Reimer, R.A. (author), Maathuis, A.J.H. (author), Venema, K. (author), Lyon, M.R. (author), Gahler, R.J. (author), Wood, S. (author)
Many of the health benefits associated with dietary fiber are attributed to their fermentation by microbiota and production of short chain fatty acids (SCFA). The aim of this study was to investigate the fermentability of the functional fiber PolyGlyopleX® (PGX®) in vitro. A validated dynamic, computer-controlled in vitro system simulating the...
article 2014
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Blatchford, P. (author), Ansell, J. (author), de Godoy, M.R.C. (author), Fahey, G. (author), Garcia-Mazcorro, J.F. (author), Gibson, G.R. (author), Goh, Y.J. (author), Hotchkiss, A.T. (author), Hutkins, R. (author), LaCroix, C. (author), Rastall, R.A. (author), Reimer, R.A. (author), Schoterman, M. (author), Van Sinderen, D. (author), Venema, K. (author), Whelan, K. (author)
In October 2012, a group of scientists met at the 10th Meeting of the International Scientific Association of Probiotics and Prebiotics (ISAPP) in Cork, Ireland to discuss issues surrounding prebiotics and their development. This article summarises outputs from the meeting. Various prebiotic definitions were discussed and how the concept has...
article 2013
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Klaassens, E.S. (author), Boesten, R.J. (author), Haarman, M. (author), Knol, J. (author), Schuren, F.H. (author), Vaughan, E.E. (author), de Vos, W.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Although their exact function remains enigmatic, bifidobacteria are among the first colonizers of the newborn infant gut and further develop into abundant communities, notably in response to diet. Therefore, the transcriptional responses of bifidobacteria in rapidly processed fecal samples from young infants that were fed either breast milk or a...
article 2009
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van den Heuvel, E.G.H.M. (author), Muijs, T. (author), Brouns, F. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Consumption of fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) has been shown to improve mineral absorption in the short term, but no long-term effects were studied in girls with a low calcium intake. Therefore, we hypothesized that short- and long-term consumption of short-chain FOS (sc-FOS) improves calcium and magnesium absorption in girls with a low habitual...
article 2009
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Hamer, H.M. (author), Jonkers, D.M.A.E. (author), Loof, A. (author), van Houtvin, S.A.L.W. (author), Troost, F.J. (author), Venema, K. (author), Kodde, A. (author), Koek, G.H. (author), Schipper, R.G. (author), van Heerde, W.L. (author), Brummer, R.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: The mucus layer is an important dynamic component of the epithelial barrier. It contains mucin glycoproteins and other compounds secreted by the intestinal epithelium, such as secretory IgA. However, a standardized in vivo sampling technique of mucus in humans is not yet available. Aim: To assess the validity and feasibility of mucin...
article 2009
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Goosen, C. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The purified exo-inulinase enzyme of Aspergillus niger N402 (AngInuE; heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli) displayed a sucrose:inulin (S/I) hydrolysis ratio of 2.3, characteristic for a typical exo-inulinase. The enzyme also had significant transfructosylating activity with increasing sucrose concentrations, producing various...
article 2008
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Steeneken, P.A.M. (author), Tas, A.C. (author), Woortman, A.J.J. (author), Sanders, P. (author), Mijland, P.J.H.C. (author), de Weijs, L.G.R. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The effect of the granule structure on the methylation of starch was investigated by comparing the substitution patterns of potato starch methylated in granular suspension and in solution to DS 0.3. Substitution patterns were analyzed by successive digestion with α-amylase and amyloglucosidase, fractionation of the resulting malto...
article 2008
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Kaper, T. (author), Leemhuis, H. (author), Uitdehaag, J.C.M. (author), van der Veen, B.A. (author), Dijkstra, B.W. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Glycoside hydrolase family 77 (GH77) belongs to the α-amylase superfamily (Clan H) together with GH13 and GH70. GH77 enzymes are amylomaltases or 4-α-glucanotransferases, involved in maltose metabolism in microorganisms and in starch biosynthesis in plants. Here we characterized the amylomaltase from the hyperthermophilic bacterium Thermus...
article 2007
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van der Kaaij, R.M. (author), Yuan, X.L. (author), Franken, A. (author), Ram, A.F.J. (author), Punt, P.J. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
In the genome sequence of Aspergillus niger CBS 513.88, three genes were identified with high similarity to fungal α-amylases. The protein sequences derived from these genes were different in two ways from all described fungal α-amylases: they were predicted to be glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchored, and some highly conserved amino acids of...
article 2007
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Barends, T.R.M. (author), Bultema, J.B. (author), Kaper, T. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), Dijkstra, B.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Amylomaltases are glycosyl hydrolases belonging to glycoside hydrolase family 77 that are capable of the synthesis of large cyclic glucans and the disproportionation of oligosaccharides. Using protein crystallography, we have generated a flip book movie of the amylomaltase catalytic cycle in atomic detail. The structures include a covalent...
article 2007
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van Hijum, S.A.F.T. (author), Kralj, S. (author), Ozimek, L.K. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), van Geel-Schutten, G.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) employ sucrase-type enzymes to convert sucrose into homopolysaccharides consisting of either glucosyl units (glucans) or fructosyl units (fructans). The enzymes involved are labeled glucansucrases (GS) and fructansucrases (FS), respectively. The available molecular, biochemical, and structural information on sucrase...
article 2006
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Ozimek, L.K. (author), Kralj, S. (author), Kaper, T. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven TNO Voeding (author)
Bacterial fructansucrase enzymes belong to glycoside hydrolase family 68 and catalyze transglycosylation reactions with sucrose, resulting in the synthesis of fructooligosaccharides and/or a fructan polymer. Significant differences in fructansucrase enzyme product specificities can be observed, i.e. in the type of polymer (levan or inulin)...
article 2006
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Kralj, S. (author), van Geel-Schutten, G.H. (author), Faber, E.J. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Glucansucrase or glucosyltransferase (GTF) enzymes of lactic acid bacteria display high sequence similarity but catalyze synthesis of different α-glucans (e.g., dextran, mutan, alternan, and reuteran) from sucrose. The variations in glucosidic linkage specificity observed in products of different glucansucrase enzymes appear to be based on...
article 2005
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Kaper, T. (author), Talik, B. (author), Ettema, T.J. (author), Bos, H. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Amylomaltases are 4-α-glucanotransferases (EC 2.4.1.25) of glycoside hydrolase family 77 that transfer α-1,4-linked glucans to another acceptor, which can be the 4-OH group of an α-1,4-linked glucan or glucose. The amylomaltase-encoding gene (PAE1209) from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrobaculum aerophilum IM2 was cloned and expressed in...
article 2005
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Venema, K. (author), Vermunt, S.H.F. (author), Brink, E.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
D-Tagatose is partly absorbed in the stomach and small intestine. Most of it is fermented by the large intestinal microbiota. The effect of D-tagatose on the composition of the microbiota and production of short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) was studied in vivo and in vitro. Gastrointestinal (GI) complaints were also studied. The in vivo study was...
article 2005
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Kralj, S. (author), van Geel-Schutten, G.H. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Lactobacillus reuteri strain 121 uses sucrose for synthesis of a unique, soluble glucan ('reuteran') with mainly α-(1→4) glucosidic linkages. The gene (gtfA) encoding this glucansucrase enzyme had previously been characterized. Here, a detailed biochemical and molecular analysis of the GTFA enzyme is presented. This is believed to be the first...
article 2004
Searched for: subject:"Oligosaccharides"
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