Searched for: subject:"Nutritional%5C+Requirements"
(1 - 18 of 18)
document
Sybesma, W. (author), Kort, R. (author), Lee, Y.K. (author)
We describe factors promoting the exploration of locally sourced probiotics, targeting local populations to balance human needs and market opportunities. This would be particularly beneficial for people in developing countries, who generally lack access to affordable probiotics and are often exposed to poor hygiene conditions, toxic compounds,...
article 2015
document
Hendriksen, M.A.H. (author), Verkaik-Kloosterman, J. (author), Noort, M.W. (author), van Raaij, J.M.A. (author)
Background/objectives: Sodium intake in the Netherlands is substantially above the recommended intake of 2400 mg/day. This study aimed to estimate the effect of two sodium reduction strategies, that is, modification of the composition of industrially processed foods toward the technologically feasible minimum level or alteration of consumers’...
article 2015
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van Ommen, B. (author), Fairweather-Tait, S. (author), Freidig, A. (author), Kardinaal, A. (author), Scalbert, A. (author), Wopereis, S. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Micronutrients are involved in specific biochemical pathways and have dedicated functions in the body, but they are also interconnected in complex metabolic networks, such as oxidative-reductive and inflammatory pathways and hormonal regulation, in which the overarching function is to optimise health. Post-genomic technologies, in particular...
article 2008
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Ashwell, M. (author), Lambert, J.P. (author), Alles, M.S. (author), Branca, F. (author), Bucchini, L. (author), Brzozowska, A. (author), de Groot, L.C.P.G.M. (author), Dhonukshe-Rutten, R.A.M. (author), Dwyer, J.T. (author), Fairweather-Tait, S. (author), Koletzko, B. (author), Pavlovic, M. (author), Raats, M.M. (author), Serra-Majem, L. (author), Smith, R. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Veer, P.V. (author), Von Rosen, J. (author), Pijls, L.T.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: There is considerable variation in the recommended micronutrient intakes used by countries within Europe, partly due to different methodologies and concepts used to determine requirements and different approaches used to express the recommendations. As populations become more mobile and multi-national, and more traditional foods...
article 2008
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Joost, H.G. (author), Gibney, M.J. (author), Cashman, K.D. (author), Görman, U. (author), Hesketh, J.E. (author), Mueller, M. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Williams, C.M. (author), Mathers, J.C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Personalised, genotype-based nutrition is a concept that links genotyping with specific nutritional advice in order to improve the prevention of nutrition-associated, chronic diseases. This review describes the current scientific basis of the concept and discusses its problems. There is convincing evidence that variant genes may indeed determine...
article 2007
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Schaafsma, G. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Loss of muscle mass as a consequence of changes in protein metabolism during periods of catabolic stress is a serious complication in a variety of conditions. These conditions are weight loss programs, sarcopenia in the elderly and several clinical states. It appears from many studies that improved protein nutrition by ingestion of high-quality...
article 2006
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Hoeksma, M. (author), van Rijn, M. (author), Verkerk, P.H. (author), Bosch, A.M. (author), Mulder, M.F. (author), de Klerk, J.B.C. (author), de Koning, T.J. (author), Rubio-Gozalbo, E. (author), de Vries, M. (author), Sauer, P.J.J. (author), van Spronsen, F.J. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
In a previous study, Dutch children with phenylketonuria (PKU) were found to be slightly shorter than their healthy counterparts. In the literature, it has been hypothesized that a higher protein intake is necessary to optimize growth in PKU patients. The study aimed to investigate whether protein intake (total, natural and protein substitute)...
article 2005
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Brussaard, J.H. (author), van den Berg, H. (author), Hermus, R.J.J. (author), Walter, P. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Objective: To discuss the approach of the US Food and Nutrition Board (FNB) to daily nutrient requirements and its relevance for Europe. Setting: A workshop for experts from academia and regulatory bodies, together with members from the FNB Dietary Reference Intakes Subcommittee on Upper Reference Levels of Intake, and from the B-vitamins Expert...
article 1999
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van den Berg, H. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Chemicals/CAS: Homocysteine, 454-28-4; Proteins; Pyridoxic Acid, 82-82-6; Pyridoxine, 65-23-6
article 1999
document
Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), Ando, S. (author), Charles, P. (author), Charzewska, J. (author), Rotily, M. (author), Väänänen, K. (author), van Erp-Baart, A.M.J. (author), Heikkinen, J. (author), Thomsen, J. (author), Maggiolini, M. (author), Deloraine, A. (author), Chabros, E. (author), Juvin, R. (author), Schaafsma, G. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The objective of this study was to investigate the association between dietary calcium intake and radial bone density among young women, over the whole range of intake and at different levels of calcium intake. The study design was a cross-sectional, observational multicenter investigation in six European countries. One thousand one hundred and...
article 1999
document
Hermus, R.J.J. (author), Severs, A.H. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
-Consumers increasingly use vitamin supplements. Also, since June 1996, foodstuffs enriched with vitamins are available on the Dutch market. -These sources of extra vitamins may be useful for groups at risk for marginal vitamin deficiencies. -These risk groups include the chronically ill (e.g. diabetics), people using medicaments, older people...
article 1999
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van Dokkum, W. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
bookPart 1998
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Schutte, J.B. (author), Smink, W. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
A study was conducted to determine the requirement for lysine of a White Leghorn strain of hens with a body weight of approximately 1,600 g. Before starting the experiment, apparent fecal digestibility of amino acids of the basal diet was determined in an in vivo digestibility trial with six individually housed hens. The basal diet used was...
article 1998
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van den Berg, H. (author), Hulshof, K.F.A.M. (author), Deslypere, J.P. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Objective. To determine how much vitamin A is consumed through liver and liver products by non-pregnant and pregnant women aged 16-50 years, and to determine the implications for the use of multivitamin products. Design. Secondary analysis on data from representative database Dutch National Food Consumption Survey. Method. Data were obtained...
article 1996
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van Dokkum, W. (author), van Boxtel, L.B.J. (author), van Dijk, M.J. (author), Boer, L.C. (author), van der Beek, E.J. (author), TNO Voeding TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
Background: The increased threat of nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) weapons underlines the need of protective clothing and gas masks, but this may impair performance. Thus, attention should be focused on the nutritional requirements. Hypothesis: Optimal performance is guaranteed if the supply of water and energy is adequate. Methods: Two...
article 1996
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Bloem, M.W. (author), Wedel, M. (author), van Agtmaal, E.J. (author), Speek, A.J. (author), Saowakontha, S. (author), Schreurs, W.H.P. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
A group of 134 school children aged 3-9 y, with signs of conjunctival xerosis, from the rural area of Sakorn Nakhon province of Northeast Thailand were selected for a controlled study on the short-term effect (2 wk) of a single, oral high dose of vitamin A on iron metabolism. After collection of the baseline data, children within villages were...
article 1990
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van der Beek, E.J. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO (author)
The inter-relationship of food and physical performance, food is considered as a conglomerate of nutrients and man is depicted as a kind of organic pudding. This 'machine' concept of human performance in combination with the mysticism surrounding vitamins, has led to the faddish belief that additional vitamins are necessary to improve physical...
article 1985
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conference paper 1975
Searched for: subject:"Nutritional%5C+Requirements"
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