Searched for: subject:"Nutrition%5C+Physiology"
(1 - 20 of 39)

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Krone, T. (author), Boessen, R. (author), Bijlsma, S. (author), van Stokkum, R. (author), Clabbers, N.D.S. (author), Pasman, W.J. (author)
Background. N-of-1 designs gain popularity in nutritional research because of the improving technological possibilities, practical applicability and promise of increased accuracy and sensitivity, especially in the field of personalized nutrition. This move asks for a search of applicable statistical methods. Objective. To demonstrate the...
article 2020
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Koppes, L.L.J. (author), Boon, N. (author), Nooyens, A.C.J. (author), van Mechelen, W. (author), Saris, W.H.M. (author)
The distribution of the four macronutrients is associated with energy intake and body fatness according to short-term interventions. The present study involves macronutrient distribution in relation to energy intake and body fatness over a period of 23 years in individuals who have ad libitum access to food. Eight follow-up measurements have...
article 2009
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Boere-Boonekamp, M.M. (author), L'Hoir, M.P. (author), Beltman, M. (author), Bruil, J. (author), Dijkstra, N. (author), Engelberts, A.C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective. Description of unhealthy behaviour and views regarding nutrition, physical exercise and education in families with young children, in relation to specific groups with a high risk of overweight. Design. Cross-sectional study. Method. In wellbaby clinics for infants and toddlers in various sites in the Netherlands 534 parents were...
article 2008
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Martens, M.K. (author), van Assema, P. (author), Paulussen, T.G.W.M. (author), van Breukelen, G. (author), Brug, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the behavioural effects of a school-based healthful diet promotion intervention implemented in lower vocational schools. Design: A cluster-randomised pre-test-post-test experimental design was used, and data were collected by means of written questionnaires. Setting: Students of 18 Dutch lower...
article 2008
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Fairweather-Tait, S. (author), Freidig, A. (author), Kardinaal, A. (author), Scalbert, A. (author), Wopereis, S. (author)
Micronutrients are involved in specific biochemical pathways and have dedicated functions in the body, but they are also interconnected in complex metabolic networks, such as oxidative-reductive and inflammatory pathways and hormonal regulation, in which the overarching function is to optimise health. Post-genomic technologies, in particular...
article 2008
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Lumey, L.H. (author), Stein, A.D. (author), Kahn, H.S. (author), van der Pal-de Bruin, K.M. (author), Blauw, G.J. (author), Zybert, P.A. (author), Susser, E.S. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
article 2007
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Slimani, N. (author), Deharveng, G. (author), Unwin, I. (author), Southgate, D.A.T. (author), Vignat, J. (author), Skeie, G. (author), Salvini, S. (author), Parpinel, M. (author), Møller, A. (author), Ireland, J. (author), Becker, W. (author), Farran, A. (author), Westenbrink, S. (author), Vasilopoulou, E. (author), Unwin, J. (author), Borgejordet, Å. (author), Rohrmann, S. (author), Church, S. (author), Gnagnarella, P. (author), Casagrande, C. (author), van Bakel, M. (author), Niravong, M. (author), Boutron-Ruault, M.C. (author), Stripp, C. (author), Tjønneland, A. (author), Trichopoulou, A. (author), Georga, K. (author), Nilsson, S. (author), Mattisson, I. (author), Ray, J. (author), Boeing, H. (author), Ocké, M. (author), Peeters, P.H.M. (author), Jakszyn, P. (author), Amiano, P. (author), Engeset, D. (author), Lund, E. (author), Santucci de Magistris, M. (author), Sacerdote, C. (author), Welch, A. (author), Bingham, S. (author), Subar, A.F. (author), Riboli, E. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: This paper describes the ad hoc methodological concepts and procedures developed to improve the comparability of Nutrient databases (NDBs) across the 10 European countries participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). This was required because there is currently no European reference NDB...
article 2007
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Joost, H.G. (author), Gibney, M.J. (author), Cashman, K.D. (author), Görman, U. (author), Hesketh, J.E. (author), Mueller, M. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Williams, C.M. (author), Mathers, J.C. (author)
Personalised, genotype-based nutrition is a concept that links genotyping with specific nutritional advice in order to improve the prevention of nutrition-associated, chronic diseases. This review describes the current scientific basis of the concept and discusses its problems. There is convincing evidence that variant genes may indeed determine...
article 2007
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Rist, L. (author), Mueller, A. (author), Barthel, C. (author), Snijders, B. (author), Jansen, M. (author), Simões-Wüst, A.P. (author), Huber, M. (author), Kummeling, I. (author), von Mandach, U. (author), Steinhart, H. (author), Thijs, C. (author)
The aim of the present study was to find out whether the incorporation of organic dairy and meat products in the maternal diet affects the contents of the conjugated linoleic acid isomers (CLA) and trans-vaccenic acid (TVA) in human breast milk. To this purpose, milk samples from 312 breastfeeding mothers participating in the KOALA Birth Cohort...
article 2007
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Wiefferink, C.H. (author), Peters, L. (author), Hoekstra, F. (author), Ten Dam, G. (author), Buijs, G.J. (author), Paulussen, T.G.W.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Characterizing school health promotion is its category-by-category approach, in which each separate health-related behavior is addressed independently. Such an approach creates a risk that extra-curricular activities become overloaded, and that teaching staff are distracted by continuous innovations. Within the health promotion sector there are...
article 2006
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Stein, A.D. (author), Zybert, P.A. (author), van der Pal-de Bruin, K.M. (author), Lumey, L.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
We compared blood pressure of individuals (mean age 59 y) born in western Holland between January 1945 and March 1946 (mothers exposed to the Dutch Famine before or during gestation; n = 359) to blood pressure of unexposed individuals born before or conceived after the famine (n = 299) or same-sex siblings of subjects in series 1 or 2 (n = 313)....
article 2006
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Lina, B.A.R. (author), Wolterbeek, A.P.M. (author), Suwa, Y. (author), Fujikawa, S. (author), Ishikura, Y. (author), Tsuda, S. (author), Dohnalek, M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), such as arachidonic acid (ARA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are natural constituents found in human milk, fish oil or egg yolk. Until recently, infant formulas, though providing the essential fatty acid precursors for these PUFAs, did not contain preformed ARA or DHA. In this study the safety of SUNTGA40S...
article 2006
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Corthésy-Theulaz, I. (author), den Dunnen, J.T. (author), Ferré, P. (author), Geurts, J.M.W. (author), Müller, M. (author), van Belzen, N. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The interaction between the human body and nutrition is an extremely complex process involving multi-organ physiology with molecular mechanisms on all levels of regulation (genes, gene expression, proteins, metabolites). Only with the recent technology push have nutritional scientists been able to address this complexity. Both the challenges and...
article 2005
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Verheijden, M.W. (author), Bakx, J.C. (author), van Weel, C. (author), van Staveren, W.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
This paper was based on collaborative research efforts from Wageningen University and the University Medical Centre St Radboud in The Netherlands and describes the rationale for web-based nutrition counselling applications in general practice as well as some of the frequently used models and theories (predominantly the Stages of Change Model)....
article 2005
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Schaafsma, G. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Protein Digestibility-Corrected Amino Score (PDCAAS) is discussed. PDCAAS is now widely used as a routine assay for protein quality evaluation, replacing the more traditional biological methods [e.g., measurement of the Protein Efficiency Ratio (PER) in rats]. PDCAAS is based on comparison of the essential amino acid content of a test protein...
article 2005
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Verheijden, M.W. (author), Kok, F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Community-based interventions have increasingly received attention since researchers and public health professionals have come to acknowledge the importance of an environment that makes the healthy choice the easy choice. All stakeholders including the target community are involved to achieve changes in legislation, in people's social and...
article 2005
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Koster, F.R.T. (author), Verheijden, M.W. (author), Baartmans, J.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Every year 7000 people die from obesity and another 13 000 people die by wrong diets in The Netherlands. Part of this problem can be solved when the communication between general practitioners (GPs) and patients about nutrition and diets improves. There are four activities that can contribute greatly to the communication between GPs and their...
article 2005
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Kaput, J. (author), Ordovas, J.M. (author), Ferguson, L. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Rodriguez, R.L. (author), Allen, L. (author), Ames, B.N. (author), Dawson, K. (author), German, B. (author), Krauss, R. (author), Malyj, W. (author), Archer, M.C. (author), Barnes, S. (author), Bortholomew, A. (author), Birk, R. (author), van Bladeren, P. (author), Bradford, K.J. (author), Brown, K.H. (author), Caetano, R. (author), Castle, D. (author), Chadwick, R. (author), Clarke, S. (author), Clemént, K. (author), Cooney, C.A. (author), Corella, D. (author), da Cruz, I.B.M. (author), Daniel, H. (author), Duster, T. (author), Ebbesson, S.O.E. (author), Elliott, R. (author), Fairweather-Tait, S. (author), Felton, J. (author), Fenech, M. (author), Finley, J.W. (author), Fogg-Johnson, N. (author), Gill-Garrison, R. (author), Gibney, M.J. (author), Gillies, P.J. (author), Gustafsson, J.A. (author), Hartman IV, J.L. (author), He, L. (author), Hwang, J.K. (author), Jais, J.P. (author), Jang, Y. (author), Joost, H. (author), Junien, C. (author), Kanter, M. (author), Kibbe, W.A. (author), Koletzko, B. (author), Korf, B.R. (author), Kornman, K. (author), Krempin, D.W. (author), Langin, D. (author), Lauren, D.R. (author), Lee, J.H. (author), Leveille, G.A. (author), Lin, S.J. (author), Mathers, J. (author), Mayne, M. (author), McNabb, W. (author), Milner, J.A. (author), Morgan, P. (author), Muller, M. (author), Nikolsky, Y. (author), van der Ouderaa, F. (author), Park, T. (author), Pensel, N. (author), Perez-Jimenez, F. (author), Poutanen, K. (author), Roberts, M. (author), Saris, W.H.M. (author), Schuster, G. (author), Shelling, A.N. (author), Simopoulos, A.P. (author), Southon, S. (author), Shyong Tai, E. (author), Towne, B. (author), Trayhurn, P. (author), Uauy, R. (author), Visek, W.J. (author), Warden, C. (author), Weiss, R. (author), Wiencke, J. (author), Winkler, J. (author), Wolff, G.L. (author), Zhao-Wilson, X. (author), Zucker, J.D. (author)
Nutrigenomics is the study of how constituents of the diet interact with genes, and their products, to alter phenotype and, conversely, how genes and their products metabolise these constituents into nutrients, antinutrients, and bioactive compounds. Results from molecular and genetic epidemiological studies indicate that dietary unbalance can...
article 2005
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven TNO Voeding (author), Garosi, P. (author), de Filippo, C. (author), van Erk, M. (author), Rocca-Serra, P. (author), Sansone, S.A. (author), Elliott, R. (author)
Microarrays represent a powerful tool for studies of diet-gene interactions. Their use is, however, associated with a number of technical challenges and potential pitfalls. The cost of microarrays continues to drop but is still comparatively high. This, coupled with the complex logistical issues associated with performing nutritional microarray...
article 2005
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Bemelmans, W.J.E. (author), Broer, J. (author), Hulshof, K.F.A.M. (author), Siero, F.W. (author), May, J.F. (author), Meyboom-de Jong, B. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Background: Treatment of persons at high risk for coronary heart disease (CHD) should include nutritional counselling, but little is known about the effects of different types of education. Methods: In a quasi-experimental study design the effects of a nutritional education programme (1st year: three group sessions by a dietitian; 2nd year: one...
article 2004
Searched for: subject:"Nutrition%5C+Physiology"
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