Searched for: subject:"Norway"
(1 - 20 of 32)

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Michaud, P.A. (author), Visser, A. (author), Vervoort, J.P.M. (author), Kocken, P. (author), Reijneveld, S.A. (author), Blair, M. (author), Rigby, M. (author), Weber, M. (author), Jansen, D. (author)
Background and objectives Adolescent sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) are of particular relevance given their potential short-term or long-term health consequences. This study evaluates recommendations and policies regarding access to care in this area in 31 European countries (European Union (EU) plus Iceland, Norway and...
article 2020
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Deuten, S. (author), Gómez Vilchez, J.J. (author), Thiel, C. (author)
Past and future electric vehicle sales shares in the Netherlands and Norway are analysed with the Powertrain Technology Transition Market Agent Model. This system dynamics model was expanded to include the leading Norwegian car market and updated with recent data on policy incentives. Three model validation tests are discussed: the reproduction...
article 2020
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Zeitlin, J. (author), Alexander, S. (author), Barros, H. (author), Blondel, B. (author), Delnord, M. (author), Durox, M. (author), Gissler, M. (author), Hindori-Mohangoo, A.D. (author), Hocquette, A. (author), Szamotulska, K. (author), Macfarlane, A. (author)
In November 2018, the Euro-Peristat collaboration published a new European Perinatal Health Report based on national-level indicators of mothers’ and babies’ health in 2015 in current EU member states and Iceland, Norway, and Switzerland, a total of 31 countries with over five million births.1 Euro-Peristat’s indicator set includes ten core and...
article 2019
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Lam, F.P. (author), Kvadsheim, P.H. (author), Isojunno, S. (author), Wensveen, P.J. (author), van IJsselmuide, S. (author), Siemensma, M. (author), Dekeling, R. (author), Miller, P.J.O. (author)
There has been a significant increase of underwater anthropogenic noise in recent decades, leading to increased background noise levels and more frequent exposure of marine animals to high intensity impulse sounds such as seismic signals and naval sonar. Modern long range anti-submarine warfare surveillance sonars transmit very powerful sound...
report 2018
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Lam, F.P. (author), Kvadsheim, P.H. (author), Isojunno, S. (author), van IJsselmuide, S. (author), Wensveen, P.J. (author), Hansen, R.R. (author), Siemensma, M. (author), Sivle, L.D. (author), Kleivane, L. (author), López, L.M.M. (author), Benti, B. (author), Dekeling, R. (author), Miller, P.J.O. (author)
Modern long range anti-submarine warfare sonars transmit powerful sound pulses which might have a negative impact on marine mammals. Behavioral response studies (BRS) conducted by research groups in the US (the AUTEC project 2006-2009 (Tyack et al. 2011) and the SOCAL project 2010-2016 (Southall et al. 2012)) and in Norway (the Sea Mammals and...
report 2018
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Nijland, T.G. (author), Harlov, D.E. (author), Andersen, T. (author)
The Proterozoic Bamble Sector, South Norway, is one of the world’s classic amphibolite- to granulitefacies transition zones. It is characterized by a well-developed isograd sequence, with isolated ‘granulite-facies islands’ in the amphibolite-facies portion of the transition zone. The area is notable for the discovery of CO2-dominated fluid...
article 2014
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Genberg, J. (author), Denier van der Gon, H.A.C. (author), Simpson, D. (author), Swietlicki, E. (author), Areskoug, H. (author), Beddows, D. (author), Ceburnis, D. (author), Fiebig, M. (author), Hansson, H.C. (author), Harrison, R.M. (author), Jennings, S.G. (author), Saarikoski, S. (author), Spindler, G. (author), Visschedijk, A.J.H. (author), Wiedensohler, A. (author), Yttri, K.E. (author), Bergström, R. (author)
The atmospheric concentration of elemental carbon (EC) in Europe during the six-year period 2005-2010 has been simulated with the EMEP MSC-W model. The model bias compared to EC measurements was less than 20% for most of the examined sites. The model results suggest that fossil fuel combustion is the dominant source of EC in most of Europe but...
article 2013
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Zeitlin, J. (author), Szamotulska, K. (author), Drewniak, N. (author), Mohangoo, A.D. (author), Chalmers, J. (author), Sakkeus, L. (author), Irgens, L. (author), Gatt, M. (author), Gissler, M. (author), Blondel, B. (author)
Objective To investigate time trends in preterm birth in Europe by multiplicity, gestational age, and onset of delivery. Design Analysis of aggregate data from routine sources. Setting Nineteen European countries. Population Live births in 1996, 2000, 2004, and 2008. Methods Annual risk ratios of preterm birth in each country were estimated with...
article 2013
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Kuningas, S. (author), Kvadsheim, P.H. (author), Lam, F.P.A. (author), Miller, P.J.O. (author)
In this study, retrospective data on naval sonar activity and prey abundance were correlated with killer whale sightings within a fjord basin in northern Norway. In addition, passive acoustic and visual marine mammal surveys were conducted before, during, and after a specific navy exercise in 2006. Herring abundance was the main factor affecting...
article 2013
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Arts, J.H.E. (author), Jacobs, E.J. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Irritant-induced inflammation of the airways may aggravate respiratory allergy induced by chemical respiratory allergens. Therefore, it was studied whether airway irritation by sulfur dioxide (SO<sub>2</sub>) would enhance respiratory allergic reactions to trimellitic anhydride (TMA), using a rat model. Brown Norway (BN) rats were topically...
article 2010
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Kuper, C.F. (author), Heijne, W.H. (author), Dansen, M. (author), Verhoeckx, K.C. (author), Boorsma, A. (author), Radonjic, M. (author), Bruijntjes, J. (author), Stierum, R. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Arts, J.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
To contribute to the hazard identification of low molecular weight (LMW) respiratory allergens, respiratory allergy induced by trimellitic anhydride (TMA) was characterized by whole genome analysis of lung tissue and blood proteomics in Brown Norway rats. Dermal sensitization (50% and 25% w/v) with TMA and an inhalation challenge of 15 mg/m(3)...
article 2008
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Arts, J.H.E. (author), Schijf, M.A. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Irritant-induced inflammation of the airways may aggravate respiratory allergy induced by chemical respiratory allergens. Therefore, the effect of airway irritation by synthetic amorphous silica (SAS) on respiratory allergy to trimellitic anhydride (TMA) was studied. Brown Norway (BN) rats were topically sensitized on day 0 and on day 7,...
article 2008
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de Jonge, J.D. (author), Ezendam, J. (author), Knippels, L.M.J. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author), Pieters, R. (author), van Loveren, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Probiotics are claimed to beneficially affect the immune system and their involvement in allergy prevention is being investigated extensively. However, the efficacy of probiotics in allergy prevention remains controversial. We investigated whether the probiotic Lactobacillus casei Shirota (LcS) could modulate the food allergic response against...
article 2008
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Kuper, C.F. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), Boorsma, A. (author), Schijf, M.A. (author), Prinsen, M. (author), Bruijntjes, J.P. (author), Bloksma, N. (author), Arts, J.H.E. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
All LMW respiratory allergens known to date can also induce skin allergy in test animals. The question here was if in turn skin allergens can induce allergy in the respiratory tract. Respiratory allergy was tested in Th2-prone Brown Norway (BN) rats by dermal sensitization with the contact allergen dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB; 1%, day 0; 0.5%,...
article 2008
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de Boer, W.E.L. (author), Donceel, P. (author), Brage, S. (author), Rus, M. (author), Willems, J.H.B.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background. Decisions on disability pensions are based, among others, on medical reports. The way these medical assessments are performed is largely unclear. The aim of the study was to determine which grounds are used by social insurance physicians (SIPs) in these assessments and to determine if the identification of these grounds can help...
article 2008
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Arts, R. (author), Chadwick, A. (author), Eiken, O. (author), Thibeau, S. (author), Nooner, S. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
article 2008
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de Jonge, J.D. (author), Knippels, L.M.J. (author), Ezendam, J. (author), Odink, J. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author), van Loveren, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
This report describes the further development of a peanut allergy model in Brown Norway (BN) rats and in particular the importance of allergen-free breeding of the laboratory animals for the allergen to be used. For this purpose BN rats were bred for 3 generations on soy- and peanut-free feed since it is known that the legumes peanut and soy are...
article 2007
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de Jonge, J.D. (author), Ezendam, J. (author), Knippels, L.M.J. (author), Odink, J. (author), Pourier, M.S. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author), Pieters, R. (author), van Loveren, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Other factors than the allergen itself may be of importance in the development of food allergy. This report describes the influence of the immunosuppressive compound bis(tributyltin)oxide (TBTO), present in the food chain, on the development of food allergy to peanut or ovalbumin in Brown Norway (BN) rats. To study these effects BN rats were...
article 2007
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Forsén, L. (author), Sandvig, S. (author), Schuller, A. (author), Søgaard, A.J. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Objectives: To investigate compliance with hip protector use. Design: Observational prospective study. Setting: 19 nursing homes (1040 beds). Subjects: All residents during an 18 month period were included in this study. Intervention: Hip protectors were introduced as a regular part of health care service for all residents. Residents at high...
article 2004
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van der Meulen, M.J. (author), Koopmans, T.P.F. (author), Pietersen, H.S. (author), Nederlands Instituut voor Toegepaste Geowetenschappen TNO (author)
The present contribution is an inventory of the construction raw materials policy and supply practices in The Netherlands, Belgium, North Rhine-Westphalia, Lower Saxony, Great Britain, Norway and Denmark. The work has been commissioned by the Dutch government in order to benchmark its domestic provision and the governing mineral planning policy....
article 2003
Searched for: subject:"Norway"
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