Searched for: subject:"NAMs"
(1 - 7 of 7)
document
Rovida, C. (author), Escher, S.E. (author), Herzler, M. (author), Bennekou, S.H. (author), Kamp, H. (author), Kroese, D.E. (author), Maslankiewicz, L. (author), Moné, M.J. (author), Patlewicz, G. (author), Sipes, N. (author), van Aerts, L. (author), White, A. (author), Yamada, T. (author), van de Water, B. (author)
The use of new approach methodologies (NAMs) in support of read-across (RAx) approaches for regulatory purposes is a main goal of the EU-ToxRisk project. To bring this forward, EU-ToxRisk partners convened a workshop in close collaboration with regulatory representatives from key organizations including European regulatory agencies, such as the...
article 2021
document
Sewell, F. (author), Strupp, C. (author), van der Laan, J.W. (author), Wolf, D.C. (author), Wolterink, G. (author), Woutersen, R. (author), Zvonar, Z. (author), Heusinkveld, H. (author), Braakhuis, H. (author)
Currently the only methods for non-genotoxic carcinogenic hazard assessment accepted by most regulatory authorities are lifetime carcinogenicity studies. However, these involve the use of large numbers of animals and the relevance of their predictive power and results has been scientifically challenged. With increased availability of innovative...
article 2020
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Kusmierczyk-Michulec, J.T. (author), van Eijk, A.M.J. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
The Advanced Navy Aerosol model (ANAM), being a modified version of the Navy Aerosol Model (NAM), is a wellknown engineering tool providing a quick and reasonable estimate of the aerosol extinction in the marine near-surface environment on the basis of simple meteorological input data. The original NAM consists of 3 lognormal distributions,...
conference paper 2009
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van Eijk, A.M.J. (author), Cohen, L.H. (author), Navarro, L.J. (author), de Leeuw, G. (author), TNO Fysisch en Elektronisch Laboratorium (author)
An extensive data set of aerosol vertical concentration profiles (height range 0.5-15 meters, diameter range 10-75 micron), acquired with the Rotorod3 device at various geographical locations has been statistically analyzed. The analysis supplied a parameterization for the 4th (large particle) lognormal mode in the Advanced Navy Aerosol Model ...
conference paper 2003
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Piazzola, J. (author), van Eijk, A.M.J. (author), de Leeuw, G. (author), TNO Fysisch en Elektronisch Laboratorium (author)
The performance assessment of electro-optical (EO) systems with propagation prediction codes requires accurate atmospheric models. The model that is most frequently used for the prediction of aerosols and their effect on extinction in the marine atmosphere is the U.S. Navy aerosol model (NAM) (Gathman, 1983). The NAM was developed for open ocean...
article 2000
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Leeuw, G. (author), Eijk, A.M. (author), Noordhuis, G.R. (author), Fysisch en Elektronisch Laboratorium TNO (author)
An analysis is presented of aerosol particle size distributions measured over the North Atlantic and extinction coefficients derived from these data. Two empirical models, an aerosol model and an extinction model, are formulated in terms of simple meteorological parameters (wind speed, relative humidity, air temperature and sea temperature). The...
conference paper 1993
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de Leeuw, G. (author), Kunz, G.J. (author), Fysisch en Elektronisch Laboratorium TNO (author)
NOVAM, the Naval Oceanic Vertical Aerosol Model, has been developed to predict the nonuniform and nonlogarithmic extinction profiles that are often observed in the marine atmospheric boundary layer. The kernel of NOVAM is the Navy Aerosol Model (NAM) that calculates the aerosol size distribution at 10 m ASL from meteorological parameters. The...
conference paper 1992
Searched for: subject:"NAMs"
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