Searched for: subject:"Monitoring"
(1 - 11 of 11)
document
Noort, D. (author), Fidder, A. (author), Degenhardt-Langelaan, C.E.A.M. (author), Hulst, A.G. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
The persistence in rats of sulfur mustard adducts to albumin and hemoglobin was studied in vivo after exposure (intravenously; 0.3 mg/kg; approximately 0.1 LD50) of rats to sulfur mustard. The albumin adduct (S-HETE)Cys-Pro-Tyr was detectable up to 7 days after the exposure, while the adduct to the N-terminal valine in hemoglobin was still...
article 2008
document
Noort, D. (author), van Zuylen, A. (author), Fidder, A. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Hulst, A.G. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Biomonitoring of exposure to the insecticide permethrin is usually performed by analysis of its urinary metabolites 3-phenoxybenzoic acid (3-PBA) or cis/trans-3-(2,2-dichlorovinyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (Cl2CA). We are engaged in the development of a methodology to assess the cumulative internal dose of exposure to...
article 2008
document
Damsten, M.C. (author), Commandeur, J.N.M. (author), Fidder, A. (author), Hulst, A.G. (author), Touw, D. (author), Noort, D. (author), Vermeulen, N.P.E. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Covalent binding of reactive electrophilic intermediates to proteins is considered to play an important role in the processes leading to adverse drug reactions and idiosyncratic drug reactions. Consequently, both for the discovery and the development of new drugs, there is a great interest in sensitive methodologies that enable the detection of...
article 2007
document
Noort, D. (author), Fidder, A. (author), van der Schans, M.J. (author), Hulst, A.G. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
We present a generic mass spectrometric method to verify exposure to organophosphates, based on the chemical conversion of the phosphylated peptides obtained after pepsin digestion of human butyrylcholinesterase (HuBuChE) to a common precursor peptide. After exposure of plasma to various organophosphates (nerve agents, pesticides), HuBuChE was...
article 2006
document
Noort, D. (author), Fidder, A. (author), Hulst, A.G. (author), Prins Maurits Laboratorium TNO (author)
article 2003
document
Noort, D. (author), Hulst, A.G. (author), Jansen, R. (author), Prins Maurits Laboratorium TNO (author)
Covalent binding of various clinically important nitrogen mustards to the cysteine-34 residue of human serum albumin, in vitro and in vivo, is demonstrated. A rapid method for detection of these adducts is presented, based on liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry analysis of the adducted tripeptide Cys*-Pro-Phe after digestion of the...
article 2002
document
Noort, D. (author), Benschop, H.P. (author), Black, R.M. (author), Prins Maurits Laboratorium TNO (author)
In this report an overview of the methods currently available for detection of exposure to a number of chemical warfare agents (CWA), i.e., sulfur mustard, lewisite and nerve agents, is presented. Such methods can be applied for various purposes, e.g., diagnosis and dosimetry of exposure of casualties, confirmation of nonexposure, verification...
article 2002
document
Fidder, A. (author), Hulst, A.G. (author), Noort, D. (author), de Ruiter, R. (author), van der Schans, M.J. (author), Benschop, H.P. (author), Langenberg, J.P. (author), Prins Maurits Laboratorium TNO (author)
In this paper a novel and general procedure is presented for detection of organophosphate-inhibited human butyrylcholinesterase (HuBuChE), which is based on electrospray tandem mass spectrometric analysis of phosphylated nonapeptides obtained after pepsin digestion of the enzyme. The utility of this method is exemplified by the positive analysis...
article 2002
document
Noort, D. (author), Hulst, A.G. (author), Fidder, A. (author), van Gurp, R.A. (author), de Jong, L.P.A. (author), Benschop, H.P. (author), Prins Maurits Laboratorium TNO (author)
The development of procedures for retrospective detection and quantitation of exposure to phosgene, based on adducts to hemoglobin and albumin, is described. Upon incubation of human blood with [14C]phosgene (0-750 μM), a significant part of radioactivity (0-13%) became associated with globin and albumin. Upon Pronase digestion of globin, one of...
article 2000
document
Fidder, A. (author), Noort, D. (author), Hulst, A.G. (author), de Jong, L.P.A. (author), Benschop, H.P. (author), Prins Maurits Laboratorium TNO (author)
The development of a procedure for retrospective detection and quantitation of exposure to the arsenical dichloro(2-chlorovinyl)arsine (lewisite; L1) has been initiated. Upon incubation of human blood with [14C]L1 (20 nM-0.2 mM) in vitro, more than 90% of the total radioactivity was found in the erythrocytes and 25-50% of the radioactivity...
article 2000
document
Noort, D. (author), Hulst, A.G. (author), Platenburg, D.H.J.M. (author), Polhuijs, M. (author), Benschop, H.P. (author), Prins Maurits Laboratorium TNO (author)
A convenient and rapid micro-anion exchange liquid chromatography (LC) tandem electrospray mass spectrometry (MS) procedure was developed for quantitative analysis in serum of O-isopropyl methylphosphonic acid (IMPA), the hydrolysis product of the nerve agent sarin. The mass spectrometric procedure involves negative or positive ion electrospray...
article 1998
Searched for: subject:"Monitoring"
(1 - 11 of 11)