Searched for: subject:"Monitoring"
(1 - 10 of 10)
document
Schinkel, J. (author), Fransman, W. (author), Heussen, H. (author), Kromhout, H. (author), Marquart, H. (author), Tielemans, E. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objectives: For regulatory risk assessment under REACH a tiered approach is proposed in which the first tier models should provide a conservative exposure estimate that can discriminate between scenarios which are of concern and those which are not. The Stoffenmanager is mentioned as a first tier approach in the REACH guidance. In an attempt to...
article 2010
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Tielemans, E. (author), Schneider, T. (author), Goede, H. (author), Tischer, M. (author), Warren, N. (author), Kromhout, H. (author), van Tongeren, M. (author), van Hemmen, J. (author), Cherrie, J.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The present paper proposes a source-receptor model to schematically describe inhalation exposure to help understand the complex processes leading to inhalation of hazardous substances. The model considers a stepwise transfer of a contaminant from the source to the receptor. The conceptual model is constructed using three components, i.e. (i) the...
article 2008
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Tielemans, E. (author), Bretveld, R. (author), Schinkel, J. (author), de Wendel van - Joode, B. (author), Kromhout, H. (author), Gerritsen-Ebben, R. (author), Roeleveld, N. (author), Preller, L. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The aim of this study was to assess exposure to pesticides for a longitudinal epidemiological study on adverse reproduction effects among greenhouse workers. Detailed information on pesticide use among greenhouse workers was obtained on a monthly basis through self-administered questionnaires and subsequent workplace surveys. Questionnaires were...
article 2007
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van Wendel de Joode, B. (author), Vermeulen, R. (author), van Hemmen, J.J. (author), Fransman, W. (author), Kromhout, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: The authors recently developed a Dermal Exposure Assessment Method (DREAM), an observational semiquantitative method to assess dermal exposures by systematically evaluating exposure determinants using pre-assigned default values. Aim: To explore the accuracy of the DREAM method by comparing its estimates with quantitative dermal...
article 2005
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van Wendel de Joode, B. (author), Tielemans, E. (author), Vermeulen, R. (author), Wegh, H. (author), Kromhout, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Charcoal cloth pads have been used to assess volatile chemicals on the skin in a laboratory setting; however, they have not yet been applied to measure dermal exposure in occupational settings. This study aimed at evaluating whether charcoal pads can be used to assess dermal exposure to benzene and toluene in workers of a petrochemical plant....
article 2005
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Preller, L. (author), Burstyn, I. (author), de Pater, N. (author), Kromhout, H. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Objectives: To determine which exposure metrics are sufficient to characterize 'peak' inhalation exposure to organic solvents (OS) during spraying operations. Methods: Personal exposure measurements (n = 27; duration 5-159 min) were collected during application of paints, primers, resins and glues in 15 companies. A MiniRAE Photolonization...
article 2004
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Kromhout, H. (author), Fransman, W. (author), Vermeulen, R. (author), Roff, M. (author), van Hemmen, J.J. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Introduction: The RISKOFDERM project collected task-based estimates of potential dermal exposure from a wide range of industries and services from around Europe. A formal statistical analysis was carried out to explore the main components of variability in dermal exposure levels. The central research question was to what extent dermal exposure...
article 2004
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Meijster, T. (author), Burstyn, I. (author), van Wendel de Joode, B. (author), Posthumus, M.A. (author), Kromhout, H. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The goal of this study was to monitor emission of chemicals at a factory where plastics products were fabricated by a new robotic (impregnated tape winding) production process. Stationary and personal air measurements were taken to determine which chemicals were released and at what concentrations. Principal component analyses (PCA) and linear...
article 2004
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Cherrie, J.W. (author), Brouwer, D.H. (author), Roff, M. (author), Vermeulen, R. (author), Kromhout, H. (author)
Fluorescent tracers provide a way of simultaneously assessing the mass of a contaminant hazardous substance on the surface of the skin of a worker and the area of skin exposed. These parameters, along with the duration of exposure and the estimated contaminant concentration in the skin contamination layer, can be used to calculate the likely...
article 2000
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Kromhout, H. (author), Hoek, F. (author), Uitterhoeve, R. (author), Huijbers, R. (author), Overmars, R.F. (author), Anzion, R. (author), Vermeulen, R. (author)
Dermal exposure to anti-neoplastic drugs has been suggested as a potentially important route of exposure of hospital workers. Three small-scale workplace surveys were carried out in several hospitals focusing on contamination by leakage from IV infusion systems; contamination by spilled urine of patients treated with anti-neoplastic drugs and...
article 2000
Searched for: subject:"Monitoring"
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