Searched for: subject:"Marine%5C+environment"
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Mikunda, T. (author), Dixon, T. (author)
The London Protocol (1996) is a global agreement to promote the protection of the marine environment by prohibiting the dumping of wastes and other matter into the sea. Under the Protocol all dumping is prohibited, with the exception of a limited number of selected wastes on the so-called "reverse list", which can be considered for dumping. In...
conference paper 2017
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Erbe, C. (author), Ainslie, M.A. (author), de Jong, C.A.F. (author), Racca, R. (author), Stocker, M. (author)
As concern about anthropogenic noise and its impacts on marine fauna is increasing around the globe, data are being compared across populations, species, noise sources, geographic regions, and time. However, much of the raw and processed data are not comparable due to differences in measurement methodology, analysis and reporting, and a lack of...
conference paper 2016
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Sertlek, H.O. (author), Aarts, G. (author), Brasseur, S. (author), Slabbekoorn, H. (author), ten Cate, C. (author), von Benda-Beckmann, A.M. (author), Ainslie, M.A. (author)
The European Union requires member states to achieve or maintain good environmental status for their marine territorial waters and explicitly mentions potentially adverse effects of underwater sound. In this study, we focused on producing maps of underwater sound from various natural and anthropogenic origins in the Dutch North Sea. The source...
bookPart 2016
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Dekeling, R. (author), Tasker, M. (author), Ainslie, M. (author), Andersson, M. (author), André, M. (author), Borsani, F. (author), Brensing, K. (author), Castellote, M. (author), Dalen, J. (author), Folegot, T. (author), van der Graaf, S. (author), Leaper, R. (author), Liebschner, A. (author), Pajala, J. (author), Robinson, S. (author), Sigray, P. (author), Sutton, G. (author), Thomsen, F. (author), Werner, S. (author), Wittekind, D. (author), Young, J.V. (author)
The European Marine Strategy Framework Directive requires European member states to develop strategies for their marine waters leading to programs of measures that achieve or maintain good environmental status (GES) in all European seas by 2020. An essential step toward reaching GES is the establishment of monitoring programs, enabling the state...
conference paper 2016
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van Eijk, A.M.J. (author)
The Advanced Navy Aerosol Model provides a quick and simple method to estimate aerosol properties in the maritime atmosphere using standard meteorological parameters
article 2012
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Ligthart, T.N. (author), Jongbloed, R.H. (author), Tamis, J.E. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
Background, aim and scope: The environmental impact of building products made from heavy metals has been a topic of discussion for some years. This was fuelled by results of life cycle assessments (LCAs), where the emission of heavy metals strongly effected the results. An issue was that the characterisation factors of the Centre for...
article 2010
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Hultin, K.A.H. (author), Nilsson, E.D. (author), Krejci, R. (author), Mrtensson, E.M. (author), Ehn, M. (author), Hagström, Å. (author), de Leeuw, G. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
Bubbles bursting from whitecaps are considered to be the most effective mechanism for particulate matter to be ejected into the atmosphere from the Earth's oceans. To realistically predict the climate effect of marine aerosols, global climate models require process-based understanding of particle formation from bubble bursting. During a cruise...
article 2010
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van Eijk, A.M.J. (author), Degache, M.A.C. (author), de Lange, D.J.J. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Efficient military operations require insight in the capabilities of the available sensor package to reliably assess the operational theatre, as well as insight in the adversary’s capabilities to do the same. This paper presents the EOSTAR model suite, an end-to-end approach to assess the performance of electro-optical sensor systems in an...
conference paper 2010
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Schoemaker, R.M. (author), Schleijpen, H.M.A. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
The protection of ships against infrared guided missiles is a concern for modern naval forces. The vulnerability of ships can be reduced by applying countermeasures such as infrared decoys and infrared signature reduction. This paper will present a set of simulation tools which can be used for assessing the effectiveness of these measures. The...
conference paper 2010
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van Eijk, A.M.J. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Electro-optical sensors detect the radiation emitted and/or reflected by objects. Outside the laboratory, where the distance between sensor and object may become large, the intervening atmosphere interacts with the radiation while it propagates to the sensor. The major propagation effects are (1) macroscopic refraction effects, (2) turbulence ...
conference paper 2010
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Strijbosch, V. (author), Schwering, P.B.W. (author), Kemp, R. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
In de Golf van Aden nabij de kust van Somalië vaart een bootje richting Hr.Ms. Evertsen die op dat moment net buiten de territoriale wateren patrouilleert. Door het slechte weer en de afstand van enkele kilometers kunnen de operators lastig zien om wat voor vaartuig het gaat. Zijn het piraten of is het gewoon een vissersbootje? Dragen de...
article 2009
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Kusmierczyk-Michulec, J.T. (author), van Eijk, A.M.J. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
The Advanced Navy Aerosol model (ANAM), being a modified version of the Navy Aerosol Model (NAM), is a wellknown engineering tool providing a quick and reasonable estimate of the aerosol extinction in the marine near-surface environment on the basis of simple meteorological input data. The original NAM consists of 3 lognormal distributions,...
conference paper 2009
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Donders, T.H. (author), Weijers, J.W.H. (author), Munsterman, D.K. (author), Kloosterboer-van Hoeve, M.L. (author), Buckles, L.K. (author), Pancost, R.D. (author), Schouten, S. (author), Sinninghe Damsté, J.S. (author), Brinkhuis, H. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
A palynological and organic geochemical record from a shallow marine paleoenvironmental setting in SE Netherlands documents the coupled marine and terrestrial climate evolution from the late Burdigalian (∼ 17 Ma) through the early Zanclean (∼ 4.5 Ma). Proxy climate records show several coeval variations in both relative sea surface (deduced from...
article 2009
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Smit, M.G.D. (author), Bechmann, R.K. (author), Hendriks, A.J. (author), Skadsheim, A. (author), Larsen, B.K. (author), Baussant, T. (author), Bamber, S. (author), Sannei, S. (author), TNO Industrie en Techniek (author)
Biomarkers are widely used to measure environmental impacts on marine species. For many biomarkers, it is not clear how the signal levels relate to effects on the whole organism. This paper shows how species sensitivity distributions (SSDs) can be applied to evaluate multiple biomarker responses in species assemblages. To our knowledge, the...
article 2009
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Lam, F.P.A. (author), Benders, F.P.A. (author), Robert, M.K. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Detailed information and a fundamental understanding of the marine environment will make the difference in operating effective and responsible for-naval puposes.
article 2007
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Polder, R.B. (author), de Rooij, M.R. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
This article presents a series of investigations on six concrete structures along the North Sea coast in The Netherlands. They had ages between 18 and 41 years and most of them were made using Blast Furnace Slag cement. Visual inspections showed corrosion damage in only one structure, related to relatively low cover depths. All structures showed...
article 2005
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Schouten, A. (author), Mol, H. (author), Hamwijk, C. (author), Ravensberg, J.C. (author), Schmidt, K. (author), Kugler, M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A straightforward method based on GC-MS was developed to determine the booster biocide dichlofluanid and its metabolite DMSA in sediment and water. Special attention was paid to conservation of samples, conversion of dichlofluanid to DMSA during analysis and the effect dichlofluanid-containing paint particles might have on the analysis results....
article 2005
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Kunz, G.J. (author), Bekman, H.H.P.T. (author), Benoist, K.W. (author), Cohen, L.H. (author), van den Heuvel, J.C. (author), Putten, F.J.M. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiigheid (author)
Small maritime targets, e.g., periscope tubes, jet skies, swimmers and small boats, are potential threats for naval ships under many conditions, but are difficult to detect with current radar systems due to their limited radar cross section and the presence of sea clutter. On the other hand, applications of lidar systems have shown that the...
conference paper 2005
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Passchier, S. (author), Kleinhans, M.G. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
[1] This paper aims to investigate the distribution and stability of large-scale bed forms in response to storm and fair-weather conditions in a shallow marine environment. Multibeam and side-scan sonar data off the Dutch coast (median grain size 0.25-0.35 mm) were collected to monitor sand waves (λ = 100-800 m) and superimposed megaripples (λ =...
article 2005
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Bakker, D.P. (author), Busscher, H.J. (author), van Zanten, J. (author), de Vries, J. (author), Klijnstra, J.W. (author), van der Mei, H.C. (author), TNO Industrie (author)
Many studies have shown relationships of substratum hydrophobicity, charge or roughness with bacterial adhesion, although bacterial adhesion is governed by interplay of different physico-chemical properties and multiple regression analysis would be more suitable to reveal mechanisms of bacterial adhesion. The formation of a conditioning film of...
bookPart 2004
Searched for: subject:"Marine%5C+environment"
(1 - 20 of 28)

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