Searched for: subject%3A%22Manual%22
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de Looze, M.P. (author), Urlings, I.J.M. (author), Vink, P. (author), van Rhijn, J.W. (author), Miedema, M.C. (author), Bronkhorst, R.E. (author), van der Grinten, M.P. (author)
Lifting, carrying, pushing and pulling at work are assumed to be related to increased risks of musculoskeletal injury, mainly in the low back and shoulder region. The implementation of products to reduce the physical load in heavy work is a well-known strategy to attack this problem. The success of these products depends not only on the product...
article 2001
document
Meulenbroek, R.G.J. (author), Rosenbaum, D.A. (author), Jansen, C. (author), Vaughan, J. (author), Vogt, S. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
Studies of human prehension have revealed characteristic patterns of grasping kinematics. We sought to gain insight into the determinants of those patterns by means of a computer simulation and accompanying behavioral experiment concerning multijoint, planar grasping behavior. The simulation was based on a recent theory of posture-based motion...
article 2001
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Kerstholt, J.H. (author), Passenier, P.O. (author)
Automation has changed the role of human operators from direct manual control to supervision. Their main task is to monitor whether system performance remains within pre-specified ranges and intervention is only required in unusual situations. One of the consequences is a loss of situation awareness, which significantly affects performance in...
article 2000
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Kuijer, P. (author), Frings-Dresen, M. (author), de Looze, M.P. (author), Visser, B. (author), van der Beek, A. (author), Arbeid (author)
City officials from Haarlem, a Dutch city in which one of the first scientific studies on the workload of refuse collectors was performed, wanted to compare the work situation and physical workload in 1997 with the results of a study performed in Haarlem in 1985 and with the results of a national study conducted in 1993. Depending on the results...
article 2000
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de Looze, M.P. (author), van Rhijn, G. (author), Tuinzaad, B. (author), van Deursen, J. (author)
Manufacturers of manually assembled products are more and more forced to improve the flow of assembly orders together with a more efficient employment, in order to meet increasing demands on short delivery times, high product variety, good quality and low manufacturing costs. At the same time, the human factor is increasingly important, for a...
conference paper 2000
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TNO Biomedical Instrumentation (author), Jellema, W.T. (author), Groeneveld, A.B.Johan (author), van Goudoever, J. (author), Wesseling, K.H. (author), Westerhof, N. (author), Lubbers, M.J. (author), Kesecioglu, J. (author), van Lieshout, J.J. (author)
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to investigate the hemodynamic changes induced by intermittent manual lung hyperinflation (MHI) and to assess if these changes are adverse enough to warrant prohibition of MHI as a routine procedure in the care of patients with septic shock. DESIGN: The study's design was experimental prospective....
article 2000
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van Erp, J.B.F. (author), Oving, A.B. (author)
This paper presents an overview of several studies conducted for the Royal Netherlands Navy on the human-machine interface for steering Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) and controlling their remote cameras. While manual control is preferable for specific tasks, the operator misses critical sensory information, such as proprioceptive feedback on...
conference paper 1999
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Nederlands instituut voor praeventieve gezondheidszorg TNO (author), Vogels, T. (author), Verrips, G.H.W. (author), Koopman, H.M. (author), Theunissen, N.C.M. (author), Fekkes, M. (author), Kamphuis, R.P. (author)
TERMS OF USE TAPQOL, TACQOL AND TAAQOL questionnaires and related materials on our website, including manuals, normative data and syntaxes come free of charge. No registration is needed. This goes for use by non- or not-for-profit parties. For-profit users need to contact us and negotiate a fee.
book 1999
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TNO Technische Menskunde (author), Korteling, J.E. (author), Oving, A.B. (author), van Emmerik, M.L. (author), van Erp, J.B.F. (author)
A six degree of freedom (DOF) hand controller is a device that can be used for the simulta-neous control of multiple axes. Multi-axis control may be problematic as a consequence of interference i.e., the control of a certain DOF affects the simultaneous control of another. This was investigated in an experiment in which a compensatory tracking...
report 1997
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Buïel, E.F.T. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
A space manipulator is a lightweight robotic arm mounted on a space station or a spacecraft. If the manipulator is manually controlled from a remote location (teleoperation), the human operator can only see its movements in the pictures from the cameras mounted on the manipulator and the pictures from the cameras installed in the neighbourhood...
conference paper 1996
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Andries, F. (author), Kompier, M.A.J. (author), Smulders, P.G.W. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
A secondary analysis was performed on a large scale cross-sectional survey (n = 12,500) by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. The analysis investigates (1) 'strain', i.e. whether or not employees in 12 European Union (EU) member states considered their health or safety to be at risk because of their...
article 1996
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TNO Human Factors Research Institute (author), van Erp, J.B.F. (author), Oving, A.B. (author), Korteling, J.E. (author)
Subjects have certain expectations about the mapping of motion directions of the control device on those of the controlled object on the accompanying display. When the actual mapping is according to this expectation, the relation is compatible. Compared to less compatible or even incompatible relations, less training is required, reaction times...
report 1996
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Heus, R. (author), Daanen, H.A.M. (author), Havenith, G. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
Hands are important instruments in daily life. Without hands man is hardly able to function independently. Proper functioning of the hands is determined by several physiological parameters. These physiological parameters in turn are influenced by environmental factors. In this view of the literature, physiological processes in manual dexterity...
article 1995
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TNO Technische Menskunde (author), Korteling, J.E. (author), van Breda, L. (author)
According to the new mission of the Royal Netherlands Army, supervision and peacekeeping operations in unknown areas and areas of difficult access become increasingly prominent. In this connection, it is supposed that because of the huge number of potential applications and the rapid technological developments in the area of semi-autonomous...
report 1994
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TNO Technische Menskunde (author), Korteling, J.E. (author), van der Borg, W. (author)
With the rapid development of automatic control techniques a central question is how the division of labor between the human operator and the automaton should be optimally distributed. In this connection, the present study focussed on an intelligent, semi-autonomous, interface for a camera operator of a simulated Unmanned Air Vehicle (UAV). This...
report 1994
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