Searched for: subject:"Lung"
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Sweeney, R.E. (author), Langenberg, J.P. (author), Maxwell, D.M. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
A physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PB/PK) model has been developed in advanced computer simulation language (ACSL) to describe blood and tissue concentration-time profiles of the C(±)P(-) stereoisomers of soman after inhalation, subcutaneous and intravenous exposures at low (0.8-1.0 × LD50), medium (2-3 × LD50) and high (6 × LD50) levels...
article 2006
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Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Tielemans, E.L.J.P. (author), Heederik, D. (author), Rubingh, C.M. (author), Dekkers, S. (author), Willems, M.I. (author), Dinant Kroese, E. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
It is generally recognized that human, epidemiological data, if available, are preferred as the starting point for quantitative risk analysis above the use of data from animal studies. Although methods to obtain proper risk estimates from epidemiological data are available, several impediments prevent their widespread application. These...
article 2006
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Weisglas-Kuperus, N. (author), Finken, M.J.J. (author), Keijzer-Veen, M.G. (author), Vrijlandt, E.J.L.E. (author), Hille, E.T.M. (author), de Groot, C.H. (author), Kloosterboer-Boerrigter, H. (author), den Ouden, A.L. (author), Rijpstra, A. (author), Verloove-Vanhorick, S.P. (author), Vogelaar, J.A. (author), Kok, J.H. (author), Ilsen, A. (author), van der Lans, M. (author), Boelen-van der Loo, W.J.C. (author), Lundqvist, T. (author), Heymans, H.S.A. (author), Duiverman, E.J. (author), Geven, W.B. (author), Duiverman, M.L. (author), Geven, L.I. (author), Mulder, A.L.M. (author), Gerver, A. (author), Kollée, L.A.A. (author), Reijmers, L. (author), Sonnemans, R. (author), Wit, J.M. (author), Dekker, F.W. (author), Wiesglas-Kuperus, N. (author), van der Heijden, A.J. (author), van Goudoever, J.B. (author), van Weissenbruch, M.M. (author), Cranendonk, A. (author), Delemarre-van de Waal, H.A. (author), de Groot, L. (author), Samsom, J.F. (author), de Vries, L.S. (author), Rademaker, K.J. (author), Moerman, E. (author), Voogsgeerd, M. (author), de Kleine, M.J.K. (author), Andriessen, P. (author), Dielissen-van Helvoirt, C.C.M. (author), Mohamed, I. (author), van Straaten, H.L.M. (author), Baerts, W. (author), Veneklaas Slots-Kloosterboer, G.W. (author), Tuller-Pikkemaat, E.M.J. (author), Ens-Dokkum, M.H. (author), van Steenbrugge, G.J. (author)
Infants born very prematurely are at greater risk of neurosensory handicaps and developmental problems than are term born children. Premature birth, intrauterine growth retardation, and the combination of both, may also be risk factors for physical disease in adulthood. As this aspect has been little studied so far, we looked into its first...
article 2006
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Valstar, D.L. (author), Schijf, M.A. (author), Arts, J.H.E. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), Nijkamp, F.P. (author), Storm, G. (author), Bloksma, N. (author), Henricks, P.A.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Occupational exposure to low molecular weight chemicals, like trimellitic anhydride (TMA), can result in occupational asthma. Alveolar macrophages (AMs) are among the first cells to encounter these inhaled compounds and were previously shown to affect TMA-induced asthma-like symptoms in the Brown Norway rat (Valstar et al., Toxicol. Appl....
article 2006
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Cho, E. (author), Hunter, D.J. (author), Spiegelman, D. (author), Albanes, D. (author), Beeson, W.L. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Colditz, G.A. (author), Feskanich, D. (author), Folsom, A.R. (author), Fraser, G.E. (author), Freudenheim, J.L. (author), Giovannucci, E. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Graham, S. (author), Miller, A.B. (author), Rohan, T.E. (author), Sellers, T.A. (author), Virtamo, J. (author), Willett, W.C. (author), Smith-Warner, S.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Intakes of vitamins A, C and E and folate have been hypothesized to reduce lung cancer risk. We examined these associations in a pooled analysis of the primary data from 8 prospective studies from North America and Europe. Baseline vitamin intake was assessed using a validated food-frequency questionnaire, in each study. We calculated study...
article 2006
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Oudshoorn, J.H. (author), Lecluse, A.L.Y. (author), van den Berg, R. (author), Vaes, W.H.J. (author), van der Laag, J. (author), Houwen, R.H.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
OBJECTIVES: Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is an effective lipophilic antioxidant and protects against lipid peroxidation by scavenging radicals. Patients with cystic fibrosis generally have fat malabsorption; thus, we hypothesized that overall plasma CoQ10 concentration in pediatric patients with cystic fibrosis might be diminished. Because these...
article 2006
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Verhaagh, S. (author), de Jong, E. (author), Goudsmit, J. (author), Lecollinet, S. (author), Gillissen, G. (author), de Vries, M. (author), van Leuven, K. (author), Que, I. (author), Ouwehand, K. (author), Mintardjo, R. (author), Weverling, G.J. (author), Radošević, K. (author), Richardson, J. (author), Eloit, M. (author), Lowik, C. (author), Quax, P. (author), Havenga, M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Wild-type strains of mice do not express CD46, a high-affinity receptor for human group B adenoviruses including type 35. Therefore, studies performed to date in mice using replication-incompetent Ad35 (rAd35) vaccine carriers may underestimate potency or result in altered vector distribution. Here, it is reported that CD46 transgenic mice (MYII...
article 2006
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Kremer, A.M. (author), Pal, T.M. (author), Keimpema, A.R.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objectives: The aim was to gain insight into work experiences and problems of subjects with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) to develop more effective guidelines for preventing work disability and work loss. Methods: A total of 617 patients aged 45-60, recruited from pulmonary outpatient clinics and general practices, completed a...
article 2006
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Valstar, D.L. (author), Schijf, M.A. (author), Nijkamp, F.P. (author), Storm, G. (author), Arts, J.H.E. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), Bloksma, N. (author), Henricks, P.A.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Occupational exposure to low molecular weight chemicals, like trimellitic anhydride (TMA), can result in occupational asthma. Alveolar macrophages (AMs) are among the first cells to encounter inhaled compounds. These cells can produce many different mediators that have a putative role in asthma. In this study, we examined the role of AMs in lung...
article 2006
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de Boer, V.C.J. (author), van Schothorst, E.M. (author), Dihal, A.A. (author), van der Woude, H. (author), Arts, I.C.W. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Hollman, P.C.H. (author), Keijer, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Dietary quercetin intake is suggested to be health promoting, but this assumption is mainly based on mechanistic studies performed in vitro. Previously, we identified rat lung as a quercetin target tissue. To assess relevant in vivo health effects of quercetin, we analyzed mechanisms of effect in rat lungs of a chronic (41 weeks) 1% quercetin...
article 2006
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Schaafsma, G. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Loss of muscle mass as a consequence of changes in protein metabolism during periods of catabolic stress is a serious complication in a variety of conditions. These conditions are weight loss programs, sarcopenia in the elderly and several clinical states. It appears from many studies that improved protein nutrition by ingestion of high-quality...
article 2006
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Portengen, L. (author), Preller, L. (author), Tielen, M. (author), Doekes, G. (author), Heederik, D. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Recent studies have reported a low prevalence of atopic sensitization and respiratory allergy in children growing up on farms. Objectives: We sought to evaluate the dose-response relationship between endotoxin and atopic sensitization in adult farmers and to assess the effect on respiratory health outcomes. Methods: Data on endotoxin...
article 2005
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Tjoe Nij, E. (author), Heederik, D. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the magnitude of the silicosis and cancer risk among construction workers. Methods: In 1998, 1335 of 4173 invited construction workers with expected high cumulative exposure to quartz were studied for early signs of silicosis. In 2002 the study was repeated for 96 persons. Exposure measurements...
article 2005
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Vrijlandt, E.J.L.E. (author), Gerritsen, J. (author), Boezen, H.M. (author), Duiverman, E.J. (author), Hille, E.T.M. (author), de Groot, C.H. (author), Kloosterboer-Boerrigter, H. (author), den Ouden, A.L. (author), Rijpstra, A. (author), Verloove-Vanhorick, S.P. (author), Vogelaar, J.A. (author), Kok, J.H. (author), Ilsen, A. (author), van der Lans, M. (author), van der Boelen - Loo, W.J.C. (author), Lundqvist, T. (author), Heymans, H.S.A. (author), Geven, W.B. (author), Duiverman, M.L. (author), Geven, L.I. (author), Mulder, A.L.M. (author), Gerver, A. (author), Kollée, L.A.A. (author), Reijmers, L. (author), Sonnemans, R. (author), Wit, J.M. (author), Dekker, F.W. (author), Finken, M.J.J. (author), Weisglas-Kuperus, N. (author), Keijzer-Veen, M.G. (author), van der Heijden, A.J. (author), van Goudoever, J.B. (author), van Weissenbruch, M.M. (author), Cranendonk, A. (author), van de Delemarre - Waal, H.A. (author), de Groot, L. (author), Samsom, J.F. (author), de Vries, L.S. (author), Rademaker, K.J. (author), Moerman, E. (author), Voogsgeerd, M. (author), de Kleine, M.J.K. (author), Andriessen, P. (author), van Dielissen - Helvoirt, C.C.M. (author), Mohamed, I. (author), van Straaten, H.L.M. (author), Baerts, W. (author), Veneklaas Slots-Kloosterboer, G.W. (author), Tuller-Pikkemaat, E.M.J. (author), Ens-Dokkum, M.H. (author), van Steenbrugge, G.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: To study the prevalence of respiratory and atopic symptoms in (young) adults born prematurely, differences between those who did and did not develop Bronchopulmonary Disease (BPD) at neonatal age and differences in respiratory health between males and females. Methods: Design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: Nation wide follow-up...
article 2005
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Balder, H.F. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The objective of this article was to study the association between dietary patterns and lung cancer incidence in the Netherlands Cohort Study on Diet and Cancer. The baseline measurement of this prospective case cohort study that was completed by 58,279 men in 1986 included a self-administered questionnaire on dietary intake, smoking habits, and...
article 2005
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de Boer, V.C.J. (author), Dihal, A.A. (author), van der Woude, H. (author), Arts, I.C.W. (author), Wolffram, S. (author), Alink, G.M. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Keijer, J. (author), Hollman, P.C.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Quercetin is a dietary polyphenolic compound with potentially beneficial effects on health. Claims that quercetin has biological effects are based mainly on in vitro studies with quercetin aglycone. However, quercetin is rapidly metabolized, and we have little knowledge of its availability to tissues. To assess the long-term tissue distribution...
article 2005
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Freudenheim, J.L. (author), Ritz, J. (author), Smith-Warner, S.A. (author), Albanes, D. (author), Bandera, E.V. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Colditz, G. (author), Feskanich, D. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Harnack, L. (author), Miller, A.B. (author), Rimm, E. (author), Rohan, T.E. (author), Sellers, T.A. (author), Virtamo, J. (author), Willett, W.C. (author), Hunter, D.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Although smoking is the primary cause of lung cancer, much is unknown about lung cancer etiology, including risk determinants for nonsmokers and modifying factors for smokers. Objective: We hypothesized that alcohol consumption contributes to lung cancer risk. Design: We conducted a pooled analysis using standardized exposure and...
article 2005
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Heederik, D. (author), Pronk, A. (author), Doekes, G. (author), Bobbeldijk, I. (author), Preller, L. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Isocyanate allergy and asthma is an important respiratory disease in most industrialized countries. Little information about its importance is available for the Netherlands. A baseline survey, part of a larger longitudinal epidemiological survey, shows that exposure to mainly HDI monomers and oligomers is present. The respiratory symptoms...
article 2005
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Willems, J.H.B.M. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Various symptoms can arise during a stay in high altitude areas (above 2500 m), such as tissue hypoxia and in particular pulmonary and brain oedema. Patients with existing health problems can expect to develop more complaints or more severe complaints at an earlier stage. For a number of these patients a stay in high altitude areas should be...
article 2004
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Männistö, S. (author), Smith-Warner, S.A. (author), Spiegelman, D. (author), Albanes, D. (author), Anderson, K. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Cerhan, J.R. (author), Colditz, G. (author), Feskanich, D. (author), Freudenheim, J.L. (author), Giovannucci, E. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Graham, S. (author), Miller, A.B. (author), Rohan, T.E. (author), Virtamo, J. (author), Willett, W.C. (author), Hunter, D.J. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Intervention trials with supplemental β-carotene have observed either no effect or a harmful effect on lung cancer risk. Because food composition databases for specific carotenoids have only become available recently, epidemiological evidence relating usual dietary levels of these carotenoids with lung cancer risk is limited. We analyzed the...
article 2004
Searched for: subject:"Lung"
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