Searched for: subject:"Lung"
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Bluyssen, P.M. (author), Alblas, M.J. (author), Tuinman, I.L. (author)
In the last decade, studies on indoor air pollution suggest a link between exposure to indoor particulate matter and compounds, in particular ultrafine particles and secondary organic aerosols, and several health effects. The mechanisms of how those complex mixtures relate to health effects are still not fully understood. In vitro testing, i.e.,...
article 2013
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Khedoe, P.P.S.J. (author), Wong, M.C. (author), Wagenaar, G.T.M. (author), Plomp, J.J. (author), van Eck, M. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Hiemstra, P.S. (author), Berbée, J.F.P. (author)
Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by pulmonary inflammation, airways obstruction and emphysema, and is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, the contribution of these individual COPD components to this increased risk is unknown. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the...
article 2013
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Blaauboer, M.E. (author), Smit, T.H. (author), Hanemaaijer, R. (author), Stoop, R. (author), Everts, V. (author)
In lung fibrosis tissue architecture and function is severely hampered by myofibroblasts due to excessive deposition of extracellular matrix and tissue contraction. Myofibroblasts differentiate from fibroblasts under the influence of transforming growth factor (TGF) β<sub>1</sub> but this process is also controlled mechanically by cytoskeletal...
article 2011
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Kälin, S. (author), Amstutz, B. (author), Gastaldelli, M. (author), Wolfrum, N. (author), Boucke, K. (author), Havenga, M. (author), DiGennaro, F. (author), Liska, N. (author), Hemmi, S. (author), Greber, U.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Human adenovirus serotype 35 (HAdV-35; here referred to as Ad35) causes kidney and urinary tract infections and infects respiratory organs of immunocompromised individuals. Unlike other adenoviruses, Ad35 has a low seroprevalence, which makes Ad35-based vectors promising candidates for gene therapy. Ad35 utilizes CD46 and integrins as receptors...
article 2010
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Preller, L. (author), van den Bosch, L.M.C. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Kauppinen, T. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objectives: The lung cancer carcinogenicity of crystalline silica dust remains the subject of discussion. Epidemiological evidence is based on occupational cohort studies and population-based case-control studies. The aim of this study was to assess associations between male lung cancer risk and silica exposure in a population-based cohort study...
article 2010
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Stinn, W. (author), Arts, J.H.E. (author), Buettner, A. (author), Duistermaat, E. (author), Janssens, K. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), Haussmann, H.-J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Knowledge on mechanisms of smoking-induced tumorigenesis and on active smoke constituents may improve the development and evaluation of chemopreventive and therapeutic interventions, early diagnostic markers, and new and potentially reduced-risk tobacco products. A suitable laboratory animal disease model of mainstream cigarette smoke inhalation...
article 2010
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Pronk, A. (author), Preller, L. (author), Doekes, G. (author), Wouters, I.M. (author), Rooijackers, J. (author), Lammers, J.-W. (author), Heederik, D. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Associations have been observed between exposure to isocyanates, consisting mainly of oligomers, and respiratory symptoms and isocyanate specific sensitisation in spray painters. The aim of the present study was to assess associations between isocyanate exposure and more objective respiratory effect measures such as bronchial hyperresponsiveness...
article 2009
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Mert, A. (author), Klöpping-Ketelaars, I. (author), Bles, W. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Motion sickness incidence (MSI) for vertical sinusoidal motion reaches a maximum at 0.167 Hz. Normal breathing frequency is close to this frequency. There is some evidence for synchronization of breathing with this stimulus frequency. If this enforced breathing takes place over a larger frequency range (0.05-0.8 Hz) and whether this contributes...
article 2009
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Hogervorst, J.G.F. (author), Schouten, L.J. (author), Konings, E.J.M. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background : Acrylamide is a probable human carcinogen that is present in several heat-treated foods. In epidemiological studies, positive associations between dietary acrylamide intake and the risks of endometrial, ovarian, estrogen receptor-positive breast, and renal cell cancers have been observed. The association between dietary acrylamide...
article 2009
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Kuper, C.F. (author), Heijne, W.H. (author), Dansen, M. (author), Verhoeckx, K.C. (author), Boorsma, A. (author), Radonjic, M. (author), Bruijntjes, J. (author), Stierum, R. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Arts, J.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
To contribute to the hazard identification of low molecular weight (LMW) respiratory allergens, respiratory allergy induced by trimellitic anhydride (TMA) was characterized by whole genome analysis of lung tissue and blood proteomics in Brown Norway rats. Dermal sensitization (50% and 25% w/v) with TMA and an inhalation challenge of 15 mg/m(3)...
article 2008
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Beelen, R. (author), Hoek, G. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Fischer, P. (author), Schouten, L.J. (author), Jerrett, M. (author), Hughes, E. (author), Armstrong, B. (author), Brunekreef, B. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Several studies have found an effect on mortality of between-city contrasts in long-term exposure to air pollution. The effect of within-city contrasts is still poorly understood. Objectives: We studied the association between long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution and mortality in a Dutch cohort. Methods: We used data...
article 2008
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Zeegers, M.P. (author), Schouten, L.J. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Familial clustering of cancer is expected to occur at practically all anatomical sites. However, few studies have had sufficient size to investigate different sites simultaneously and with adjustment for confounders. We evaluated familial clustering in the Netherlands Cohort Study in which 120,852 men and women, aged 55-69 years in 1986 were...
article 2008
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Arts, J.H.E. (author), Schijf, M.A. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Irritant-induced inflammation of the airways may aggravate respiratory allergy induced by chemical respiratory allergens. Therefore, the effect of airway irritation by synthetic amorphous silica (SAS) on respiratory allergy to trimellitic anhydride (TMA) was studied. Brown Norway (BN) rats were topically sensitized on day 0 and on day 7,...
article 2008
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Kuper, C.F. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), Boorsma, A. (author), Schijf, M.A. (author), Prinsen, M. (author), Bruijntjes, J.P. (author), Bloksma, N. (author), Arts, J.H.E. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
All LMW respiratory allergens known to date can also induce skin allergy in test animals. The question here was if in turn skin allergens can induce allergy in the respiratory tract. Respiratory allergy was tested in Th2-prone Brown Norway (BN) rats by dermal sensitization with the contact allergen dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB; 1%, day 0; 0.5%,...
article 2008
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Punt, A. (author), Freidig, A.P. (author), Delatour, T. (author), Scholz, G. (author), Boersma, M.G. (author), Schilter, B. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The present study defines a physiologically based biokinetic (PBBK) model for the alkenylbenzene estragole in rat based on in vitro metabolic parameters determined using relevant tissue fractions, in silico derived partition coefficients, and physiological parameters derived from the literature. The model consists of eight compartments including...
article 2008
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Beelen, R. (author), Hoek, G. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Fischer, P. (author), Schouten, L.J. (author), Armstrong, B. (author), Brunekreef, B. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Most studies on the association between lung cancer and air pollution have investigated mortality. There have been few studies of lung cancer incidence. Methods: We used data from the ongoing Netherlands Cohort Study on Diet and Cancer for 114,378 subjects with follow-up from September 1986 to December 1997. Exposure to black smoke,...
article 2008
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Rusch, G.M. (author), Bowden, A.M. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Arts, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The objectives of this study were to examine the respiratory irritancy of boron trifluoride (BF3) and fluorosulfonic acid (FSA) following acute inhalation exposure. Testing was conducted using groups of 10 male and 10 female rats (BF3) or groups of 6 male rats (FSA). Rats were exposed for a single 4-h period (BF3) or a single 1-h period (FSA)...
article 2008
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Preller, L. (author), Balder, H.F. (author), Tielemans, E. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objectives: To assess male lung cancer risks for industrial sectors in the Netherlands and to estimate the proportion of lung cancer attributed to working in specific industrial sectors. Methods: Associations were studied among men aged 55-69 years (n = 58 279) from the prospective Netherlands Cohort Study. 1920 incident lung cancer cases were...
article 2008
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Hissink, A.M. (author), Krüse, J. (author), Kulig, B.M. (author), Verwei, M. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Salmon, F. (author), Leenheers, L.H. (author), Owen, D.E. (author), Lammers, J.H.C.M. (author), Freidig, A.P. (author), McKee, R.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
As part of a project designed to develop a framework for extrapolating acute central nervous system (CNS) effects of hydrocarbon solvents in animals to humans, experimental studies were conducted in rats and human volunteers in which acute CNS effects were measured and toxicokinetic data were collected. A complex hydrocarbon solvent, white...
article 2007
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Pronk, A. (author), Preller, L. (author), Raulf-Heimsoth, M. (author), Jonkers, I.C.L. (author), Lammers, J.-W. (author), Wouters, I.M. (author), Doekes, G. (author), Wisnewski, A.V. (author), Heederik, D. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Rationale: Associations between oligomeric isocyanate exposure, sensitization, and respiratory disease have received little attention, despite the extensive use of isocyanate oligomers. Objectives: To investigate exposure-response relationships of respiratory symptoms and sensitization in a large population occupationally exposed to isocyanate...
article 2007
Searched for: subject:"Lung"
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