Searched for: subject:"Lung"
(1 - 20 of 34)

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Eeftens, M. (author), Hoek, G. (author), Gruzieva, O. (author), Mölter, A. (author), Agius, R. (author), Beelen, R. (author), Brunekreef, B. (author), Custovic, A. (author), Cyrys, J. (author), Fuertes, E. (author), Heinrich, J. (author), Hoffmann, B. (author), De Hoogh, K. (author), Jedynska, A. (author), Keuken, M. (author), Klümper, C. (author), Kooter, I. (author), Krämer, U. (author), Korek, M. (author), Koppelman, G.H. (author), Kuhlbusch, T.A.J. (author), Simpson, A. (author), Smit, H.A. (author), Tsai, M.Y. (author), Wang, M. (author), Wolf, K. (author), Pershagen, G. (author), Gehring, U. (author)
BACKGROUND: Negative effects of long-term exposure to particulate matter (PM) on lung function have been shown repeatedly. Spatial differences in the composition and toxicity of PM may explain differences in observed effect sizes between studies. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter study in 5 European birth cohorts - BAMSE (Sweden), GINIplus and...
article 2014
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Kälin, S. (author), Amstutz, B. (author), Gastaldelli, M. (author), Wolfrum, N. (author), Boucke, K. (author), Havenga, M. (author), DiGennaro, F. (author), Liska, N. (author), Hemmi, S. (author), Greber, U.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Human adenovirus serotype 35 (HAdV-35; here referred to as Ad35) causes kidney and urinary tract infections and infects respiratory organs of immunocompromised individuals. Unlike other adenoviruses, Ad35 has a low seroprevalence, which makes Ad35-based vectors promising candidates for gene therapy. Ad35 utilizes CD46 and integrins as receptors...
article 2010
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Preller, L. (author), van den Bosch, L.M.C. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Kauppinen, T. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objectives: The lung cancer carcinogenicity of crystalline silica dust remains the subject of discussion. Epidemiological evidence is based on occupational cohort studies and population-based case-control studies. The aim of this study was to assess associations between male lung cancer risk and silica exposure in a population-based cohort study...
article 2010
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Pronk, A. (author), Preller, L. (author), Doekes, G. (author), Wouters, I.M. (author), Rooijackers, J. (author), Lammers, J.-W. (author), Heederik, D. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Associations have been observed between exposure to isocyanates, consisting mainly of oligomers, and respiratory symptoms and isocyanate specific sensitisation in spray painters. The aim of the present study was to assess associations between isocyanate exposure and more objective respiratory effect measures such as bronchial hyperresponsiveness...
article 2009
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Zeegers, M.P. (author), Schouten, L.J. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Familial clustering of cancer is expected to occur at practically all anatomical sites. However, few studies have had sufficient size to investigate different sites simultaneously and with adjustment for confounders. We evaluated familial clustering in the Netherlands Cohort Study in which 120,852 men and women, aged 55-69 years in 1986 were...
article 2008
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Arts, J.H.E. (author), Schijf, M.A. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Irritant-induced inflammation of the airways may aggravate respiratory allergy induced by chemical respiratory allergens. Therefore, the effect of airway irritation by synthetic amorphous silica (SAS) on respiratory allergy to trimellitic anhydride (TMA) was studied. Brown Norway (BN) rats were topically sensitized on day 0 and on day 7,...
article 2008
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Kuper, C.F. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), Boorsma, A. (author), Schijf, M.A. (author), Prinsen, M. (author), Bruijntjes, J.P. (author), Bloksma, N. (author), Arts, J.H.E. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
All LMW respiratory allergens known to date can also induce skin allergy in test animals. The question here was if in turn skin allergens can induce allergy in the respiratory tract. Respiratory allergy was tested in Th2-prone Brown Norway (BN) rats by dermal sensitization with the contact allergen dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB; 1%, day 0; 0.5%,...
article 2008
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Beelen, R. (author), Hoek, G. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Fischer, P. (author), Schouten, L.J. (author), Armstrong, B. (author), Brunekreef, B. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Most studies on the association between lung cancer and air pollution have investigated mortality. There have been few studies of lung cancer incidence. Methods: We used data from the ongoing Netherlands Cohort Study on Diet and Cancer for 114,378 subjects with follow-up from September 1986 to December 1997. Exposure to black smoke,...
article 2008
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Rusch, G.M. (author), Bowden, A.M. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Arts, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The objectives of this study were to examine the respiratory irritancy of boron trifluoride (BF3) and fluorosulfonic acid (FSA) following acute inhalation exposure. Testing was conducted using groups of 10 male and 10 female rats (BF3) or groups of 6 male rats (FSA). Rats were exposed for a single 4-h period (BF3) or a single 1-h period (FSA)...
article 2008
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Preller, L. (author), Balder, H.F. (author), Tielemans, E. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objectives: To assess male lung cancer risks for industrial sectors in the Netherlands and to estimate the proportion of lung cancer attributed to working in specific industrial sectors. Methods: Associations were studied among men aged 55-69 years (n = 58 279) from the prospective Netherlands Cohort Study. 1920 incident lung cancer cases were...
article 2008
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Hissink, A.M. (author), Krüse, J. (author), Kulig, B.M. (author), Verwei, M. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Salmon, F. (author), Leenheers, L.H. (author), Owen, D.E. (author), Lammers, J.H.C.M. (author), Freidig, A.P. (author), McKee, R.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
As part of a project designed to develop a framework for extrapolating acute central nervous system (CNS) effects of hydrocarbon solvents in animals to humans, experimental studies were conducted in rats and human volunteers in which acute CNS effects were measured and toxicokinetic data were collected. A complex hydrocarbon solvent, white...
article 2007
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Pronk, A. (author), Preller, L. (author), Raulf-Heimsoth, M. (author), Jonkers, I.C.L. (author), Lammers, J.-W. (author), Wouters, I.M. (author), Doekes, G. (author), Wisnewski, A.V. (author), Heederik, D. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Rationale: Associations between oligomeric isocyanate exposure, sensitization, and respiratory disease have received little attention, despite the extensive use of isocyanate oligomers. Objectives: To investigate exposure-response relationships of respiratory symptoms and sensitization in a large population occupationally exposed to isocyanate...
article 2007
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Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Tielemans, E.L.J.P. (author), Heederik, D. (author), Rubingh, C.M. (author), Dekkers, S. (author), Willems, M.I. (author), Dinant Kroese, E. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
It is generally recognized that human, epidemiological data, if available, are preferred as the starting point for quantitative risk analysis above the use of data from animal studies. Although methods to obtain proper risk estimates from epidemiological data are available, several impediments prevent their widespread application. These...
article 2006
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Valstar, D.L. (author), Schijf, M.A. (author), Arts, J.H.E. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), Nijkamp, F.P. (author), Storm, G. (author), Bloksma, N. (author), Henricks, P.A.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Occupational exposure to low molecular weight chemicals, like trimellitic anhydride (TMA), can result in occupational asthma. Alveolar macrophages (AMs) are among the first cells to encounter these inhaled compounds and were previously shown to affect TMA-induced asthma-like symptoms in the Brown Norway rat (Valstar et al., Toxicol. Appl....
article 2006
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Oudshoorn, J.H. (author), Lecluse, A.L.Y. (author), van den Berg, R. (author), Vaes, W.H.J. (author), van der Laag, J. (author), Houwen, R.H.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
OBJECTIVES: Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is an effective lipophilic antioxidant and protects against lipid peroxidation by scavenging radicals. Patients with cystic fibrosis generally have fat malabsorption; thus, we hypothesized that overall plasma CoQ10 concentration in pediatric patients with cystic fibrosis might be diminished. Because these...
article 2006
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Valstar, D.L. (author), Schijf, M.A. (author), Nijkamp, F.P. (author), Storm, G. (author), Arts, J.H.E. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), Bloksma, N. (author), Henricks, P.A.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Occupational exposure to low molecular weight chemicals, like trimellitic anhydride (TMA), can result in occupational asthma. Alveolar macrophages (AMs) are among the first cells to encounter inhaled compounds. These cells can produce many different mediators that have a putative role in asthma. In this study, we examined the role of AMs in lung...
article 2006
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de Boer, V.C.J. (author), van Schothorst, E.M. (author), Dihal, A.A. (author), van der Woude, H. (author), Arts, I.C.W. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Hollman, P.C.H. (author), Keijer, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Dietary quercetin intake is suggested to be health promoting, but this assumption is mainly based on mechanistic studies performed in vitro. Previously, we identified rat lung as a quercetin target tissue. To assess relevant in vivo health effects of quercetin, we analyzed mechanisms of effect in rat lungs of a chronic (41 weeks) 1% quercetin...
article 2006
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Portengen, L. (author), Preller, L. (author), Tielen, M. (author), Doekes, G. (author), Heederik, D. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Recent studies have reported a low prevalence of atopic sensitization and respiratory allergy in children growing up on farms. Objectives: We sought to evaluate the dose-response relationship between endotoxin and atopic sensitization in adult farmers and to assess the effect on respiratory health outcomes. Methods: Data on endotoxin...
article 2005
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Balder, H.F. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The objective of this article was to study the association between dietary patterns and lung cancer incidence in the Netherlands Cohort Study on Diet and Cancer. The baseline measurement of this prospective case cohort study that was completed by 58,279 men in 1986 included a self-administered questionnaire on dietary intake, smoking habits, and...
article 2005
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de Boer, V.C.J. (author), Dihal, A.A. (author), van der Woude, H. (author), Arts, I.C.W. (author), Wolffram, S. (author), Alink, G.M. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Keijer, J. (author), Hollman, P.C.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Quercetin is a dietary polyphenolic compound with potentially beneficial effects on health. Claims that quercetin has biological effects are based mainly on in vitro studies with quercetin aglycone. However, quercetin is rapidly metabolized, and we have little knowledge of its availability to tissues. To assess the long-term tissue distribution...
article 2005
Searched for: subject:"Lung"
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