Searched for: subject:"Lung"
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van der Voort, M.M. (author), Holm, K.B. (author), Kummer, P.O. (author), Teland, J.A. (author), van Doormaal, J.C.A.M. (author), Dijkers, H.P.A. (author)
An important blast injury mechanism is the rupture of the lungs and the gastrointestinal tract. In explosives safety studies and threat analysis the empirical model of Bowen is often used to quantify this mechanism. The original model predicts the lethality for a person in front of a reflecting surface caused by simple Friedlander blast waves....
article 2016
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Mutlu, E. (author), Nash, D.G. (author), King, C. (author), Krantz, T.Q. (author), Preston, W.T. (author), Kooter, I.M. (author), Higuchi, M. (author), DeMarini, D. (author), Linak, W.P. (author), Ian Gilmour, M. (author)
Biodiesel made from the transesterification of plant- and animal-derived oils is an important alternative fuel source for diesel engines. Although numerous studies have reported health effects associated with petroleum diesel emissions, information on biodiesel emissions are more limited. To this end, a program at the U.S. EPA assessed health...
article 2015
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Pronk, A. (author), Preller, L. (author), Doekes, G. (author), Wouters, I.M. (author), Rooijackers, J. (author), Lammers, J.-W. (author), Heederik, D. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Associations have been observed between exposure to isocyanates, consisting mainly of oligomers, and respiratory symptoms and isocyanate specific sensitisation in spray painters. The aim of the present study was to assess associations between isocyanate exposure and more objective respiratory effect measures such as bronchial hyperresponsiveness...
article 2009
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Kuper, C.F. (author), Heijne, W.H. (author), Dansen, M. (author), Verhoeckx, K.C. (author), Boorsma, A. (author), Radonjic, M. (author), Bruijntjes, J. (author), Stierum, R. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Arts, J.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
To contribute to the hazard identification of low molecular weight (LMW) respiratory allergens, respiratory allergy induced by trimellitic anhydride (TMA) was characterized by whole genome analysis of lung tissue and blood proteomics in Brown Norway rats. Dermal sensitization (50% and 25% w/v) with TMA and an inhalation challenge of 15 mg/m(3)...
article 2008
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Arts, J.H.E. (author), Schijf, M.A. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Irritant-induced inflammation of the airways may aggravate respiratory allergy induced by chemical respiratory allergens. Therefore, the effect of airway irritation by synthetic amorphous silica (SAS) on respiratory allergy to trimellitic anhydride (TMA) was studied. Brown Norway (BN) rats were topically sensitized on day 0 and on day 7,...
article 2008
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Kuper, C.F. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), Boorsma, A. (author), Schijf, M.A. (author), Prinsen, M. (author), Bruijntjes, J.P. (author), Bloksma, N. (author), Arts, J.H.E. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
All LMW respiratory allergens known to date can also induce skin allergy in test animals. The question here was if in turn skin allergens can induce allergy in the respiratory tract. Respiratory allergy was tested in Th2-prone Brown Norway (BN) rats by dermal sensitization with the contact allergen dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB; 1%, day 0; 0.5%,...
article 2008
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Punt, A. (author), Freidig, A.P. (author), Delatour, T. (author), Scholz, G. (author), Boersma, M.G. (author), Schilter, B. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The present study defines a physiologically based biokinetic (PBBK) model for the alkenylbenzene estragole in rat based on in vitro metabolic parameters determined using relevant tissue fractions, in silico derived partition coefficients, and physiological parameters derived from the literature. The model consists of eight compartments including...
article 2008
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Valstar, D.L. (author), Schijf, M.A. (author), Nijkamp, F.P. (author), Storm, G. (author), Arts, J.H.E. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), Bloksma, N. (author), Henricks, P.A.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Occupational exposure to low molecular weight chemicals, like trimellitic anhydride (TMA), can result in occupational asthma. Alveolar macrophages (AMs) are among the first cells to encounter inhaled compounds. These cells can produce many different mediators that have a putative role in asthma. In this study, we examined the role of AMs in lung...
article 2006
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de Boer, V.C.J. (author), van Schothorst, E.M. (author), Dihal, A.A. (author), van der Woude, H. (author), Arts, I.C.W. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Hollman, P.C.H. (author), Keijer, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Dietary quercetin intake is suggested to be health promoting, but this assumption is mainly based on mechanistic studies performed in vitro. Previously, we identified rat lung as a quercetin target tissue. To assess relevant in vivo health effects of quercetin, we analyzed mechanisms of effect in rat lungs of a chronic (41 weeks) 1% quercetin...
article 2006
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Ploemen, J.P.H.T.M. (author), Kelder, J. (author), Hafmans, T. (author), van de Sandt, H. (author), van Burgsteden, J.A. (author), Salemink, P.J.M. (author), van Esch, E. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Several cationic amphiphilic compounds are known to induce phospholipidosis, a condition primarily characterized by excessive accumulation of phospholipids in different cell types, giving the affected cells a finely foamy appearance. Excessive storage of lamellar membranous intralysosomal inclusion bodies is the hallmark for phospholipidosis on...
article 2004
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Arts, J.H.E. (author), de Koning, M.W. (author), Bloksma, N. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The present study investigated whether airway responses of sensitized rats to trimellitic anhydride (TMA) were concentration dependent and whether these were related to irritation by TMA. Groups of BN and Wistar rats were sensitized by two dermal applications of TMA (50% w/v, followed by 25% w/v in vehicle). Controls received vehicle (acetone...
article 2004
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van Helden, H.P.M. (author), Kuijpers, W.C. (author), Diemel, R.V. (author)
The purpose of the present study was to investigate: (1) the acute effects of sulfur mustard on airway, lung, and surface tension of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALfluid) in guinea pigs following intratracheal (i.t.) exposure to 1LD50 of an aerosolized solution of sulfur mustard in saline, and (2) the therapeutic efficacy of i.t....
article 2004
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van Helden, H.P.M. (author), van de Meent, D. (author), Oostdijk, J.P. (author), Joosen, M.J.A. (author), van Esch, J.H.M. (author), Hammer, A.H. (author), Diemel, R.V. (author)
Airborne exposure to lung-toxic agents may damage the lung surfactant system and epithelial and endothelial cells, resulting in a life-threatening pulmonary edema that is known to be refractory to treatment. The aim of this study was to investigate in rats (1) the respiratory injury caused by nose-only exposure to perfluoroisobutene (PFIB), and ...
article 2004
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Bergers, W.W.A. (author), van de Meent-van der Horst, D. (author), Joosen, M.J.A. (author)
A technique for measurement of respiration-based lung deposition of an aerosol was investigated and subsequently applied in a pilot study with a marmoset monkey. The technique consisted of an aerosol exposure system for a marmoset using a face mask and a previously constructed monkey chair, a method for recovery of fluorescent dextrane from lung...
article 2004
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Arts, J.H.E. (author), Bloksma, N. (author), Leusink-Muis, T. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author)
Occupational exposure to low-molecular-weight (LMW) allergens such as acid anhydrides can result in occupational asthma, an allergic disease characterized by episodic airway obstruction, airways inflammation, and non specific airways hyperresponsiveness. Since LMW irritants can provoke rather similar effects and since most, if not all, LMW...
article 2003
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Cassee, F.R. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Duistermaat, E. (author), Freijer, J.J. (author), Geerse, E.K.B. (author), Marijnissen, J.C.M. (author), Arts, J.H.E. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO (author)
The relative importance of the three particulate matter (PM) size fractions in ambient air, i.e. coarse (2.5-10 μm), fine (0.1-2.5 μm) and ultrafine (< 0.1 μm) fractions, on the induction of adverse health effects is still unknown. Moreover, there is no straightforward relationship between ambient concentration levels, exposure (external dose)...
article 2002
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Cassee, F.R. (author), Arts, J.H.E. (author), Fokkens, P.H.B. (author), Spoor, S.M. (author), Boere, A.J.F. (author), van Bree, L. (author), Dormans, J.A.M.A. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
In the present study the effects of a 3-day inhalation exposure to model compounds for ambient particulate matter were investigated: ammonium bisulfate, ammonium ferrosulfate, and ammonium nitrate, all components of the secondary aerosol fraction of ambient particulate matter (PM), and carbon black (CB, model aerosol for primary PM). The...
article 2002
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van Zijverden, M. (author), de Haar, C. (author), van Beelen, A. (author), van Loveren, H. (author), Penninks, A. (author), Pieters, R. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Some particulate matter is known to affect human health, yet the mechanism(s) by which it acts is largely unknown. One of the factors that may play a role in the immune- stimulating activity of particles is binding of allergen to particles. This may turn the particles into allergen carriers, resulting in antigen deposition within the altered...
article 2001
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Arts, J.H.E. (author), de Koning, M.W. (author), Bloksma, N. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Several acid anhydrides are known for their sensitizing and irritative properties. Since both irritation and respiratory allergy can cause changes of lung function, proper testing of allergen-dependent effects on the respiratory tract requires knowledge of the respiratory irritant effects. To study the latter effects, groups of female Brown...
article 2001
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Theunissen, N.C.M. (author), Veen, S. (author), Fekkes, M. (author), Koopman, H.M. (author), Zwinderman, K.A.H. (author), Brugman, E. (author), Wit, J.M. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
The relationship of preterm birth to health-related quality of life (HRQoL) was examined for children aged 1 to 4 years. Three gestational age groups with a NICU history were selected, <32 weeks (n=65), 32 to 36 weeks (n=41),≥37 weeks (n=54), and a reference group from the open population (n=50). The main instrument was the TNO-AZL Preschool...
article 2001
Searched for: subject:"Lung"
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