Searched for: subject:"Leptin"
(1 - 10 of 10)
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Vis, D.J. (author), Westerhuis, J.A. (author), Hoefsloot, H.C.J. (author), Roelfsema, F. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), Hendriks, M.M.W.B. (author), Smilde, A.K. (author)
Relations among hormone serum concentrations are complex and depend on various factors, including gender, age, body mass index, diurnal rhythms and secretion stochastics. Therefore, endocrine deviations from healthy homeostasis are not easily detected or understood. A generic method is presented for detecting regulatory relations between...
article 2014
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Coomans, C.P. (author), Geerling, J.J. (author), Guigas, B. (author), van den Hoek, A.M. (author), Parlevliet, E.T. (author), Ouwens, D.M. (author), Pijl, H. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Insulin signaling in the central nervous system (CNS) is required for the inhibitory effect of insulin on glucose production. Our aim was to determine whether the CNS is also involved in the stimulatory effect of circulating insulin on the tissue-specific retention of fatty acid (FA) from plasma. In wild-type mice, hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic...
article 2011
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Al-Lahham, S.H. (author), Roelofsen, H. (author), Priebe, M. (author), Weening, D. (author), Dijkstra, M. (author), Hoek, A. (author), Rezaee, F. (author), Venema, K. (author), Vonk, R.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background Dietary fibre (DF) has been shown to be protective for the development of obesity, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Short-chain fatty acids, produced by colonic fermentation of DF might mediate this beneficial effect. Adipose tissue plays a key role in the regulation of energy homeostasis, therefore, we investigated the...
article 2010
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Geert Heidema, A. (author), Thissen, U. (author), Boer, J.M.A. (author), Bouwman, F.G. (author), Feskens, E.J.M. (author), Mariman, E.C.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
In this study, we applied the multivariate statistical tool Partial Least Squares (PLS) to analyze the relative importance of 83 plasma proteins in relation to coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality and the intermediate end points body mass index, HDL-cholesterol and total cholesterol. From a Dutch monitoring project for cardiovascular disease...
article 2009
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Beulens, J.W.J. (author), de Zoete, E.C. (author), Kok, F.J. (author), Schaafsma, G. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: Moderate alcohol consumption is associated with a decreased risk of type II diabetes. This study investigates the effect of moderate alcohol consumption on adipokines and insulin sensitivity. Subjects: Twenty healthy, lean (body mass index (BMI) 18.5-25 kg/m2; n=11) or overweight (BMI>27 kg/m2; n=9) men (18-25 years). Methods: Three...
article 2008
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van den Hoek, A.M. (author), Teusink, B. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Pijl, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Obese humans are often insulin- and leptin resistant. Since leptin can affect glucose metabolism, it is conceivable that a lack of leptin signal transduction contributes to insulin resistance. It remains unclear whether leptin affects glucose metabolism via peripheral and/or central mechanistic routes. In the present study, we aimed: (i) to...
article 2008
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Blom, W.A.M. (author), Mars, M. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), de Groot, L.C.P.G.M. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), Kok, F.J. (author), de Graaf, C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: To study the role of ghrelin as a hunger signal during energy restriction and to test the hypothesis that changes in fasting leptin concentrations during energy restriction are associated with changes in fasting ghrelin concentrations. Research Methods and Procedures: Thirty-five healthy, lean men (23 ± 3 years of age; BMI: 22.3 ±1.6...
article 2006
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Gray, S.L. (author), Dalla Nora, E. (author), Grosse, J. (author), Manieri, M. (author), Stoeger, T. (author), Medina-Gomez, G. (author), Burling, K. (author), Wattler, S. (author), Russ, A. (author), Yeo, G.S.H. (author), Chatterjee, V.K. (author), O'Rahilly, S. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Cinti, S. (author), Vidal-Puig, A. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)γ is a key transcription factor facilitating fat deposition in adipose tissue through its proadipogenic and lipogenic actions. Human patients with dominant-negative mutations in PPARγ display lipodystrophy and extreme insulin resistance. For this reason it was completely unexpected that mice...
article 2006
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Blom, W.A.M. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), de Graaf, C. (author), Kok, F.J. (author), Schaafsma, G. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Ghrelin plays an important role in the regulation of food intake. Little is known about how ghrelin concentrations are modified by dietary factors. Objective: We examined the effects of both amount and type of carbohydrate on ghrelin concentrations and all correlations among the variables ghrelin, glucose, insulin, leptin, and all 4...
article 2005
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de Graaf, C. (author), Blom, W.A.M. (author), Smeets, P.A.M. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
This review's objective is to give a critical summary of studies that focused on physiologic measures relating to subjectively rated appetite, actual food intake, or both. Biomarkers of satiation and satiety may be used as a tool for assessing the satiating efficiency of foods and for understanding the regulation of food intake and energy...
article 2004
Searched for: subject:"Leptin"
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