Searched for: subject%3A%22Intestine%255C%2Bflora%22
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Griffiths, J.C. (author), de Vries, J. (author), McBurney, M.I. (author), Wopereis, S. (author), Serttas, S. (author), Marsman, D.S. (author)
Commonly, it is the end of life when our health is deteriorating, that many will make drastic lifestyle changes to improve their quality of life. However, it is increasingly recognized that bringing good health-promoting behaviors into practice as early in life as possible has the most significant impact across the maximal healthspan. The WHO...
article 2020
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Atukunda, P. (author), Muhoozi, G.K.M. (author), van den Broek, T.J. (author), Kort, R. (author), Diep, L.M. (author), Kaaya, A.N. (author), Iversen, P.O. (author), Westerberg, A.C. (author)
Background Undernutrition impairs child development outcomes and growth. In this follow-up study of an open cluster-randomized intervention trial we examined the effects of an education package delivered to mothers in rural Uganda on their children's development, growth and gut microbiota at 36 months of age. Methods The parental trial included...
article 2019
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Botschuijver, S. (author), Welting, O. (author), Levin, E. (author), Maria-Ferreira, D. (author), Koch, E. (author), Montijn, R.C. (author), Seppen, J. (author), Hakvoort, T.B.M. (author), Schuren, F.H.J. (author), de Jonge, W.J. (author), van den Wijngaard, R.M. (author)
Background: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common gastrointestinal disorder associated with altered gastrointestinal microflora and increased nociception to colonic distension. This visceral hypersensitivity can be reversed in our rat maternal separation model by fungicides. Menthacarin® is a proprietary combination of essential oils from...
article 2018
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Aguirre, M. (author), Venema, K. (author)
Recently, a great deal of interest has been expressed regarding strategies to tackle worldwide obesity because of its accelerated wide spread accompanied with numerous negative effects on health and high costs. Obesity has been traditionally associated with an imbalance in energy consumed when compared to energy expenditure. However, growing...
article 2015
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Sybesma, W. (author), Kort, R. (author), Lee, Y.K. (author)
We describe factors promoting the exploration of locally sourced probiotics, targeting local populations to balance human needs and market opportunities. This would be particularly beneficial for people in developing countries, who generally lack access to affordable probiotics and are often exposed to poor hygiene conditions, toxic compounds,...
article 2015
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Minihane, A.M. (author), Vinoy, S. (author), Russell, W.R. (author), Baka, A. (author), Roche, H.M. (author), Tuohy, K.M. (author), Teeling, J.L. (author), Blaak, E.E. (author), Fenech, M. (author), Vauzour, D. (author), McArdle, H.J. (author), Kremer, B.H.A. (author), Sterkman, L. (author), Vafeiadou, K. (author), Benedetti, M.M. (author), Williams, C.M. (author), Calder, P.C. (author)
The importance of chronic low-grade inflammation in the pathology of numerous age-related chronic conditions is now clear. An unresolved inflammatory response is likely to be involved from the early stages of disease development. The present position paper is the most recent in a series produced by the International Life Sciences Institute's...
article 2015
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Aguirre, M. (author), Ramiro-Garcia, J. (author), Koenen, M.E. (author), Venema, K. (author)
This study investigated the stability and the activity of the microbiota from a single and a pool of donors in the TNO in vitro model of the colon (TIM-2 system). Our findings demonstrate the suitability of the preparation of a pool of fecal sample to be used for fermentation experiments. Chemicals/CAS: isobutyric acid, 5711-69-3, 79-31-2;...
article 2014
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Lukovac, S. (author), Belzer, C. (author), Pellis, L. (author), Keijser, B.J. (author), de Vos, W.M. (author), Montijn, R.C. (author), Roeselers, G. (author)
The gut microbiota is essential for numerous aspects of human health. However, the underlying mechanisms of many host-microbiota interactions remain unclear. The aim of this study was to characterize effects of the microbiota on host epithelium using a novel ex vivo model based on mouse ileal organoids. We have explored the transcriptional...
article 2014
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Akhnikh, S. (author), Engelberts, A.C. (author), van Sleuwen, B.E. (author), L’ Hoir, M.P. (author), Benninga, M.A. (author)
Excessive crying, often described as infantile colic, is the cause of 10% to 20% of all early pediatrician visits of infants aged 2 weeks to 3 months. Although usually benign and selflimiting, excessive crying is associated with parental exhaustion and stress. However, and underlying organic cause is found in less than 5% of these infants. In...
article 2014
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Ladirat, S.E. (author), Schoterman, M.H.C. (author), Rahaoui, H. (author), Mars, M. (author), Schuren, F.H.J. (author), Gruppen, H. (author), Nauta, A. (author), Schols, H.A. (author)
In the present double-blind, randomised, parallel intervention study, the effects of the intake of galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) on the gut microbiota of twelve healthy adult subjects (aged 18-45 years with a normal BMI (18-25 kg/m2)) receiving amoxicillin (AMX) treatment were determined. All the subjects were treated with AMX (375 mg; three...
article 2014
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Belzer, C. (author), Gerber, G.K. (author), Roeselers, G. (author), Delaney, M. (author), DuBois, A. (author), Liu, Q. (author), Belavusava, V. (author), Yeliseyev, V. (author), Houseman, A. (author), Onderdonk, A. (author), Cavanaugh, C. (author), Bry, L. (author)
Longitudinal studies of the microbiota are important for discovering changes in microbial communities that affect the host. The complexity of these ecosystems requires rigorous integrated experimental and computational methods to identify temporal signatures that promote physiologic or pathophysiologic responses in vivo. Employing a murine model...
article 2014
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Reimer, R.A. (author), Maathuis, A.J.H. (author), Venema, K. (author), Lyon, M.R. (author), Gahler, R.J. (author), Wood, S. (author)
Many of the health benefits associated with dietary fiber are attributed to their fermentation by microbiota and production of short chain fatty acids (SCFA). The aim of this study was to investigate the fermentability of the functional fiber PolyGlyopleX® (PGX®) in vitro. A validated dynamic, computer-controlled in vitro system simulating the...
article 2014
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Aguirre, M. (author), Jonkers, D.M.A.E. (author), Troost, F.J. (author), Roeselers, G. (author), Venema, K. (author)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of galacto-oligosaccharides, lactulose, apple fiber and sugar beet pectin on the composition and activity of human colonic microbiota of lean and obese healthy subjects using an in vitro model of the proximal colon: TIM-2. Substrate fermentation was assessed by measuring the production of short...
article 2014
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Boesten, R.J. (author), Schuren, F.H.J. (author), de Vos, W.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A genomic DNA-based microarray was constructed containing over 6000 randomly cloned genomic fragments of approximately 1-2 kb from six mammalian intestinal Bifidobacterium spp. including B. adolescentis, B. animalis, B. bifidum, B. catenulatum, B. longum and B. pseudolongum. This Bifidobacterium Mixed-Species (BMS) microarray was used to...
article 2009
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de Graaf, A.A. (author), Venema, K. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The importance of the human large intestine for nutrition, health, and disease, is becoming increasingly realized. There are numerous indications of a distinct role for the gut in such important issues as immune disorders and obesity-linked diseases. Research on this long-neglected organ, which is colonized by a myriad of bacteria, is a rapidly...
conference paper 2008
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Marco, M.L. (author), Pavan, S. (author), Kleerebezem, M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The possibility that certain microorganisms might be beneficial to human health is highlighted by the numerous consumer products containing probiotic bacteria. Probiotics are typically administered in food that, following entry into the gastro-intestinal tract, results in measurable health-promoting effects. Although there is a growing list of...
article 2006
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Kummeling, I. (author), Thijs, C. (author), Penders, J. (author), Snijders, B.E.P. (author), Stelma, F. (author), Reimerink, J. (author), Koopmans, M. (author), Dagnelie, P.C. (author), Huber, M. (author), Jansen, M.C.J.F. (author), de Bie, R. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven TNO Voeding (author)
The aim of the KOALA Birth Cohort Study in the Netherlands is to identify factors that influence the clinical expression of atopic disease with a main focus on lifestyle (e.g., anthroposophy, vaccinations, antibiotics, dietary habits, breastfeeding and breast milk composition, intestinal microflora composition, infections during the first year...
article 2005
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van Ommen, B. (author), de Bie, A.T.H.J. (author), Bär, A. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The absorption, disposition, metabolism, and excretion of uniformly 14C-labeled α-cyclodextrin (14C-α-CD) was examined in four separate experiments with Wistar rats. In Experiment 1, 14C-α-CD (25μCi, 50mg/kg bw) was administered intravenously to four male and four female conventional rats. In Experiment 2, 14C-α-CD (25μCi, 200mg/kg bw) was given...
article 2004
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Nieuwenhuizen, W.F. (author), Pieters, R.H.H. (author), Knippels, L.M.J. (author), Jansen, M.C.J.F. (author), Koppelman, S.J. (author)
Coeliac disease is a T-cell-mediated autoimmune disease of the small intestine that is induced by ingestion of gluten proteins from wheat, barley, or rye. We postulate that Candida albicans is a trigger in the onset of coeliac disease. The virulence factor of C albicans - hyphal wall protein 1 (HWP1) - contains aminoacid sequences that are...
article 2003
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TNO BIBRA (author), Edwards, C.A. (author), Rumney, C. (author), Davies, M. (author), Parrett, A.M. (author), Dore, J. (author), Martin, F. (author), Schmitt, J. (author), Stahl, B. (author), Norin, E. (author), Midtvedt, T. (author), Rowland, I.R. (author), Heavey, P. (author), Köhler, H. (author), Stocks, B. (author), Schroten, H. (author)
Objectives: Bacterial colonization of the infant gut may have important influences on the development of gastrointestinal, respiratory, and allergic disease. Early diet is a major determinant of the gut microflora. It is very difficult to carry out studies in human infants that can investigate the interaction of diet, flora, and mucosa. In this...
article 2003
Searched for: subject%3A%22Intestine%255C%2Bflora%22
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