Searched for: subject:"Intestinal%5C+Absorption"
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Westerhout, J. (author), van de Steeg, E. (author), Grossouw, D. (author), Zeijdner, E.E. (author), Krul, C.A.M. (author), Verwei, M. (author), Wortelboer, H.M. (author)
A reliable prediction of the oral bioavailability in humans is crucial and of high interest for pharmaceutical and food industry. The predictive value of currently used in silico methods, in vitro cell lines, ex vivo intestinal tissue and/or in vivo animal studies for human intestinal absorption, however, is often insufficient, especially when...
article 2014
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Westerterp, M. (author), de Haan, W. (author), Berbée, J.F.P. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Previous studies have shown that overexpression of human apolipoprotein C-I (apoC-I) results in moderate hypercholesterolemia and severe hypertriglyceridemia in mice in the presence and absence of apoE. We assessed whether physiological endogenous apoC-I levels are sufficient to modulate plasma lipid levels independently of effects of apoE on...
article 2006
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Schutte, M.E. (author), Freidig, A.P. (author), van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), Alink, G.M. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The present study describes the effect of different flavonoids on the absorption of the pro-carcinogen PhIP through Caco-2 monolayers and the development of an in silico model describing this process taking into account passive diffusion and active transport of PhIP. Various flavonoids stimulated the apical to basolateral PhIP transport. Using...
article 2006
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Duivenvoorden, I. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), van Duyvenvoorde, W. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Nieuwenhuizen, W.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: The prevalence of dyslipidemia and obesity resulting from excess energy intake and physical inactivity is increasing. The liver plays a pivotal role in systemic lipid homeostasis. Effective, natural dietary interventions that lower plasma lipids and promote liver health are needed. Objective: Our goal was to determine the effect of...
article 2006
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Finglas, P.M. (author), de Meer, K. (author), Molloy, A. (author), Verhoef, P. (author), Pietrzik, K. (author), Powers, H.J. (author), van der Straeten, D. (author), Jägerstad, M. (author), Varela-Moreiras, G. (author), van Vliet, T. (author), Havenaar, R. (author), Buttriss, J. (author), Wright, A.J.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
In the past decade, the understanding of folate bioavailability, metabolism and related health issues has increased, but several problems remain, including the difficulty of delivering the available knowledge to the populations at risk. Owing to the low compliance of taking folic acid supplements, for example, among women of child-bearing age...
article 2006
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Verwei, M. (author), Freidig, A.P. (author), Havenaar, R. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The nutritional quality of new functional or fortified food products depends on the bioavailability of the nutrient(s) in the human body. Bioavailability is often determined in human intervention studies by measurements of plasma or serum profiles over a certain time period. These studies are time and cost consuming and often appear to lack an...
article 2006
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Goudriaan, J.R. (author), den oer, M.A.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Febbraio, M. (author), Kuipers, F. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
CD36 is involved in high-affinity peripheral FFA uptake. CD36-deficient (cd36-/-) mice exhibit increased plasma FFA and triglyceride (TG) levels. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the cause of the increased plasma TG levels in cd36-/- mice. cd36-/- mice showed no differences in hepatic VLDL-TG production or intestinal [3H]TG uptake...
article 2005
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Verwei, M. (author), van den Berg, H. (author), Havenaar, R. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Milk products are a potential matrix for fortification with synthetic folic acid or natural 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (5-CH 3-H4folate) to enhance the daily folate intake. In milk, folate occurs bound to folatebinding proteins (FBP). Our previous studies with an in vitro gastrointestinal model showed that 70% of the initial FBP...
article 2005
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Venema, K. (author), Vermunt, S.H.F. (author), Brink, E.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
D-Tagatose is partly absorbed in the stomach and small intestine. Most of it is fermented by the large intestinal microbiota. The effect of D-tagatose on the composition of the microbiota and production of short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) was studied in vivo and in vitro. Gastrointestinal (GI) complaints were also studied. The in vivo study was...
article 2005
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Minekus, M. (author), Jelier, M. (author), Xiao, J.-Z. (author), Kondo, S. (author), Iwatsuki, K. (author), Kokubo, S. (author), Bos, M. (author), Dunnewind, B. (author), Havenaar, R. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The Addition of a compound that lowers the intestinal uptake of fat and cholesterol might be an interesting strategy to reduce the risk of vascular disease. Partially hydrolyzed guar gum (PHGG) has been shown to have this effect in healthy volunteers after intake of a yogurt drink with 3 to 6% PHGG. In the present study a yogurt drink with 3%...
article 2005
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Ullmann, U. (author), Haller, J. (author), Bakker, G.C.M. (author), Brink, E.J. (author), Weber, P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A number of studies have shown that tea catechins can inhibit intestinal iron absorption, mostly iron in the nonhaem form. This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 3-periods cross-over study examined the degree of inhibition of nonhaem iron absorption by pure crystalline epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG). The study was designed to show...
article 2005
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Fox, T.E. (author), van den Heuvel, E.G.H.M. (author), Atherton, C.A. (author), Dainty, J.R. (author), Lewis, D.J. (author), Langford, N.J. (author), Crews, H.M. (author), Luten, J.B. (author), Lorentzen, M. (author), Sieling, F.W. (author), van Aken-Schneyder, P. (author), Hoek, M. (author), Kotterman, M.J.J. (author), van Dael, P. (author), Firweather-Tail, S.J. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Objective: To measure the bioavailability of selenium from cooked and raw fish in humans by estimating and comparing apparent absorption and retention of selenium in biosynthetically labelled fish with labelled selenate and biosynthetically labelled selenium in brewers yeast. Design: The intervention study was a parallel, randomised, reference...
article 2004
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Avantaggiato, G. (author), Havenaar, R. (author), Visconti, A. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
In vitro screening of 14 adsorbent materials, including some commercial products used to detoxify Fusarium-mycotoxins, were tested in the pH range of 3-8 for deoxynivalenol (DON)- and nivalenol (NIV)-binding ability. Only activated carbon showed to be effective with binding capacities of 35.1 μmol and 8.8 μmol DON and NIV/g adsorbent,...
article 2004
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van Ommen, B. (author), de Bie, A.T.H.J. (author), Bär, A. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The absorption, disposition, metabolism, and excretion of uniformly 14C-labeled α-cyclodextrin (14C-α-CD) was examined in four separate experiments with Wistar rats. In Experiment 1, 14C-α-CD (25μCi, 50mg/kg bw) was administered intravenously to four male and four female conventional rats. In Experiment 2, 14C-α-CD (25μCi, 200mg/kg bw) was given...
article 2004
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van den Heuvel, E.G.H.M. (author), Wils, D. (author), Pasman, W.J. (author), Bakker, M. (author), Saniez, M.-H. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Objective: To determine the tolerance of increasing dosages of an incompletely hydrolysed and/or incompletely absorbed food dextrin coming from wheat starch, NUTRIOSE®FB, at daily levels of 10 and 15 g up to 60 and 80 g, respectively. Design: A randomized, double-blind, multiple dose, placebo-controlled, combined crossover and parallel trial....
article 2004
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van Nuenen, M.H.M.C. (author), Meyer, P.D. (author), Venema, K. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The influence of inulins with different average degree of polymerization (ranging from 3 to 25) on the metabolic activity of the human colonic microbiota with or without the addition of Clostridium difficile was investigated in vitro. The in vitro system used was a dynamic, computer-controlled model that simulates the conditions of the proximal...
article 2003
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Tryfonidou, M.A. (author), Holl, M.S. (author), Stevenhagen, J.J. (author), Buurman, C.J. (author), Deluca, H.F. (author), Oosterlaken-Dijksterhuis, M.A. (author), van den Brom, W.E. (author), van Leeuwen, J.P.T.M. (author), Hazewinkel, H.A.W. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO TNO Voeding (author)
The effects of excessive non-toxic dietary Vitamin D3 supplementation on Ca homeostasis with specific effects on endochondral ossification and skeletal remodeling were investigated in a group of growing Great Dane dogs supplemented with cholecalciferol (Vitamin D3; HVitD) versus a control group (CVitD) (1350 μg versus 11.4 μg Vitamin D3 per...
article 2003
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Oomen, A.G. (author), Tolls, J. (author), Sips, A.J.A.M. (author), Groten, J.P. (author)
Children might be exposed substantially to contaminants such as lead via soil ingestion. In risk assessment of soil contaminants there is a need for information on oral bioavailability of soilborne lead. Oral bioavailability can be seen as the result of four steps: (1) soil ingestion; (2) mobilization from soil during digestion, i.e.,...
article 2003
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Avantaggiato, G. (author), Havenaar, R. (author), Visconti, A. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
A novel approach is presented herein to study the intestinal absorption of mycotoxins by using a laboratory model that mimics the metabolic processes of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract of healthy pigs. This model was used to evaluate the small-intestinal absorption of zearalenone from contaminated wheat (4.1 mg/kg) and the effectiveness of...
article 2003
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Stahl, W. (author), van den Berg, H. (author), Arthur, J. (author), Bast, A. (author), Dainty, J. (author), Faulks, R.M. (author), Gärtner, C. (author), Haenen, G. (author), Hollman, P. (author), Holst, B. (author), Kelly, F.J. (author), Cristina Polidori, M. (author), Rice-Evans, C. (author), Southon, S. (author), van Vliet, T. (author), Viña-Ribes, J. (author), Williamson, G. (author), Astley, S.B. (author)
article 2002
Searched for: subject:"Intestinal%5C+Absorption"
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