Searched for: subject:"Interventions"
(1 - 20 of 201)

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Rompelberg, C.J.M. (author), Vogels, J.T.W.E. (author), de Vogel, N. (author), Bruijntjes-Rozier, G.C.D.M. (author), Stenhuis, W.H. (author), Bogaards, J.J.P. (author), Verhagen, H. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
1. In order to study the antigenotoxic potential of eugenol in humans, ten healthy non-smoking males ingested a daily amount of 150 mg eugenol or the placebo for seven consecutive days. After a washout period of one week, groups ingesting eugenol or the placebo were crossed and received the other treatment for seven consecutive days. 2. On days...
article 1996
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van Buuren, S. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
This paper describes a method for finding optimal transformations for analyzing time series by autoregressive models. 'Optimal' implies that the agreement between the autoregressive model and the transformed data is maximal. Such transformations help 1) to increase the model fit, and 2) to analyze categorical time series. The method uses an...
article 1996
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Weststrate, J.A. (author), van het Hof, K.H. (author), van den Berg, H. (author), te Velthuis-te-Wierik, E.J.M. (author), de Graaf, C. (author), Zimmermanns, N.J.H. (author), Westerterp, K.R. (author), Westerterp-Plantenga, M.S. (author), van de Verboeket-Venne, W.P.H.G. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Objectives: To compare the effects of free access to reduced fat products or their full fat equivalents on fat and energy intake, body weight, plasma lipids and fat-soluble antioxidants concentrations and haemostasis variables. Design: A multicentre open randomised controlled trial in which intervention and control groups were followed in...
article 1998
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Pasman, W.J. (author), Saris, W.H.M. (author), Westerterp-Plantenga, M.S. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Objective: To obtain predictors of weight maintenance after a weight-loss intervention. Research Methods and Procedures: An overall analysis of data from two-long intervention studies [n = 67 women; age: 37.9±1.0 years; body weight (BW): 87.0±1.2 kg; body mass index: 32.1±0.5 kg·m-2; % body fat: 42.4±0.5%]. Subjects were measured before a very...
article 1999
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Woutersen, R.A. (author), Wolterbeek, A.P.M. (author), Appel, M.J. (author), van den Berg, H. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Feron, V.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The safety of β-carotene was reassessed by evaluating the relevant literature on the beneficial and adverse effects of β-carotene on cancer and, in particular, by evaluating the results of toxicity studies. β- Carotene appeared neither genotoxic nor reprotoxic or teratogenic, and no signs of organ toxicity have been found in subacute, subchronic...
article 1999
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van der Gaag, M.S. (author), van Tol, A. (author), Scheek, L.M. (author), James, R.W. (author), Urgert, R. (author), Schaafsma, G. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Moderate alcohol consumption is associated with a reduced risk of coronary heart disease. Part of this inverse association may be explained by its effects on HDL. Paraoxonase, an HDL-associated enzyme, has been suggested to protect against LDL oxidation. We examined the effects of moderate consumption of red wine, beer and spirits in comparison...
article 1999
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Fleuren, M. (author), van der Meulen, M. (author), Wijkel, D. (author)
Objective - To assess the relative contribution of patient and care provider characteristics to the adherence of general practitioners (GPs) and midwives to two specific recommendations in the Dutch national guidelines on imminent miscarriage. The study focused on performing physical examinations at the first contact and making a follow up...
article 2000
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Bemelmans, W.J.E. (author), Broer, J. (author), de Vries, J.H.M. (author), Hulshof, K.F.A.M. (author), May, J.F. (author), Meyboom-de Jong, B. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Objective: To investigate the impact of intensive group education on the Mediterranean diet on dietary intake and serum total cholesterol after 16 and 52 weeks, compared to a posted leaflet with the Dutch nutritional guidelines, in the context of primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Design: Controlled comparison study of an...
article 2000
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Sakharov, D.V. (author), Hekkenberg, R.T. (author), Rijken, D.C. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
High-frequency ultrasound has been shown to accelerate enzymatic fibrinolysis. One of the supposed mechanisms of this effect is the enhancement of mass transport by acoustic streaming, i.e., ultrasound-induced macroscopic flow around the clot. In this study, which is aimed at further elucidating the mechanisms of the acceleration of fibrinolysis...
article 2000
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de Smet, B.J.G.L. (author), de Kleijn, D. (author), Hanemaaijer, R. (author), Verheijen, J.H. (author), Robertus, L. (author), van der Helm, Y.J.M. (author), Borst, C. (author), Post, M.J. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Background - Arterial remodeling after balloon angioplasty has been recognized as a major determinant of restenosis. Perturbation of collagen metabolism might be important. After balloon injury, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression is upregulated. We investigated the effect of Batimastat, a nonspecific MMP inhibitor, on late lumen loss,...
article 2000
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Sierevogel, M.J. (author), Pasterkamp, G. (author), Velema, E. (author), de Jaegere, P.P.T. (author), de Smet, B.J.G.L. (author), Verheijen, J.H. (author), de Kleijn, D.P.V. (author), Borst, C. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Background - Inhibition of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity after balloon angioplasty by intraperitoneal injection of batimastat reduces late lumen loss by inhibition of constrictive remodeling. In the present study, we investigated whether the oral MMP inhibitor marimastat inhibits constrictive remodeling in favor of neutral or expansive...
article 2001
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Hopman-Rock, M. (author), Westhoff, M.H. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
The Aging Well and Healthily (AWH) program consists of health education by peers and low-intensity exercise. It was evaluated via a small randomized controlled trial and a community intervention trial involving older adults in the Netherlands. Reasons stated for participation were to exercise (35%), to acquire information about health (28%), and...
article 2002
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Proper, K.I. (author), Staal, B.J. (author), Hildebrandt, V.H. (author), van der Beek, A.J. (author), van Mechelen, W. (author), TNO Arbeid (author)
This paper systematically reviews the literature on the effectiveness of physical activity programs at worksites with respect to work-related outcomes. A computerized literature search, a reference search, and a manual search of personal databases were performed using the following inclusion criteria: randomized controlled or controlled trial,...
article 2002
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Elferink-Stinkens, P.M. (author), Brand, R. (author), Amelink-Verburg, M.P. (author), Merkus, J.M.W.M (author), Ouden, A.L den (author), Hemel, O.J.S van (author)
The project 'Obstetric Peer Review Interventions' (Verloskundige Onderlinge Kwaliteitsspiegeling Interventies, VOKSINT) was set-up in The Netherlands in 1994. It provided annual comparison data (quality ranking, league tables) for secondary care obstetric departments adjusted for population differences, based on the data registered in the...
article 2002
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van den Heuvel, S.G. (author), de Looze, M.P. (author), Hildebrandt, V.H. (author), Thé, K.H. (author), TNO Arbeid (author)
Objectives. This study evaluated the effects on work-related neck and upper-limb disorders among computer workers stimulated (by a software program) to take regular breaks and perform physical exercises. Possible effects on sick leave and productivity were studied as well. Methods. A randomized controlled design was used with cluster...
article 2003
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Olthof, M.R. (author), van Vliet, T. (author), Boelsma, E. (author), Verhoef, P. (author)
High plasma homocysteine is a risk for cardiovascular disease and can be lowered through supplementation with 6 g/d of betaine. However, dietary intake of betaine is ∼0.5-2 g/d. Therefore, we investigated whether betaine supplementation in the range of dietary intake lowers plasma homocysteine concentrations in healthy adults. Four groups of 19...
article 2003
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Proper, K.I. (author), Koning, M. (author), van der Beek, A.J. (author), Hildebrandt, V.H. (author), Bosscher, R.J. (author), van Mechelen, W. (author)
Objective: To critically review the literature with respect to the effectiveness of worksite physical activity programs on physical activity, physical fitness, and health. Data Sources: A search for relevant English-written papers published between 1980 and 2000 was conducted using MEDLINE, EMBASE, Sportdiscus, CINAHL, and Psychlit. The key...
article 2003
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Steenge, G.R. (author), Verhoef, P. (author), Katan, M.B. (author)
Elevated levels of plasma total homocysteine are associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular disease. Betaine and 5-methyltetrahydrofolate can remethylate homocysteine into methionine via independent reactions. We determined the effect of daily betaine supplementation, compared with both folic acid and placebo, on plasma concentrations of...
article 2003
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Forsén, L. (author), Arstad, C. (author), Sandvig, S. (author), Schuller, A. (author), Røed, U. (author), Søgaard, A.J. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Aims: This study was undertaken to estimate the effect of hip protectors on the incidence of hip fracture when introduced into nursing homes as a regular part of the healthcare for all residents. Methods: A pre-test/test design was used. The pre-intervention period lasted 18 months from May 1996. The intervention period lasted 18 months from May...
article 2003
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van der Jagt, K. (author), Tielemans, E. (author), Links, I. (author), Brouwer, D. (author), van Hemmen, J. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
This study assessed the effectiveness of a custom fit personal protective equipment (PPE) program aimed at reducing occupational exposure to pesticides. The intervention study was carried out on 15 pest control operators (PCOs) during mixing/loading and application of chlorpyrifos. Each worker was measured twice; first while the worker used PPE...
article 2004
Searched for: subject:"Interventions"
(1 - 20 of 201)

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