Searched for: subject:"Innate%5C+immunity"
(1 - 17 of 17)
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Offringa, A. (author), Montijn, R. (author), Singh, S. (author), Paul, M. (author), Pinto, Y.M. (author), Pinto-Sietsma, S.J. (author)
The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic is a healthcare crisis caused by insufficient knowledge applicable to effectively combat the virus. Therefore, different scientific discovery strategies need to be connected, to generate a rational treatment which can be made available as rapidly as possible. This relies on a solid theoretical understanding of the...
article 2020
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van Eijk, M. (author), Hillaire, M.L.B. (author), Rimmelzwaan, G.F. (author), Rynkiewicz, M.J. (author), White, M.R. (author), Hartshorn, K.L. (author), Hessing, M. (author), Koolmees, P.A. (author), Tersteeg, M.H. (author), van Es, M.H. (author), Meijerhof, T. (author), Huckriede, A. (author), Haagsman, H.P. (author)
Innate immunity is critical in the early containment of influenza A virus (IAV) infection and surfactant protein D (SP-D) plays a crucial role in innate defense against IAV in the lungs. Multivalent lectin-mediated interactions of SP-D with IAVs result in viral aggregation, reduced epithelial infection, and enhanced IAV clearance by phagocytic...
article 2019
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Tans, R. (author), van Diepen, J.A. (author), Bijlsma, S. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), Suppers, A. (author), Stienstra, R. (author), Wevers, R.A. (author), Tack, C.J. (author), Gloerich, J. (author), van Gool, A.J. (author)
Background: Overweight and obesity can lead to adipose tissue inflammation, which causes insulin resistance and on the long-term type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). The inflammatory changes of obese-adipose tissue are characterized by macrophage infiltration and activation, but validated circulating biomarkers for adipose tissue inflammation for...
article 2019
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Kuper, C.F. (author), van Bilsen, J. (author), Wijnands, M.V.W. (author)
The thoracic cavities receive increasing attention in toxicology, because inhaled fibers and (nano)particles can reach these cavities and challenge the local lymphoid tissues. The thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities are controlled by the serosal immune system with its special, loosely organized lymphoid clusters, namely the fat-associated...
article 2018
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Aguirre, M. (author), Venema, K. (author)
Recently, a great deal of interest has been expressed regarding strategies to tackle worldwide obesity because of its accelerated wide spread accompanied with numerous negative effects on health and high costs. Obesity has been traditionally associated with an imbalance in energy consumed when compared to energy expenditure. However, growing...
article 2015
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Mariman, R. (author), Tielen, F. (author), Koning, F. (author), Nagelkerken, L. (author)
Background: Probiotic bacteria may render mice resistant to the development of various inflammatory and infectious diseases. Objective: This study aimed to identify mechanisms by which probiotic bacteria may influence intestinal immune homeostasis in noninflammatory conditions. Methods: The effect of VSL#3, a mixture of 8 probiotic bacteria, on...
article 2015
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Raiten, D.J. (author), Sakr Ashour, F.A. (author), Ross, A.C. (author), Meydani, S.N. (author), Dawson, H.D. (author), Stephensen, C.B. (author), Brabin, B.J. (author), Suchdev, P.S. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Ahluwalia, N. (author), Ahmed, T. (author), Allen, L. (author), Beck, M. (author), Blanchard, H. (author), Brindle, E. (author), Brown, K. (author), Calder, P. (author), Checkley, W. (author), Claycombe, K. (author), Coles, C. (author), Esamai, F. (author), Friis, H. (author), Gardner, E. (author), Grinspoon, S. (author), Guerrant, R. (author), Hellerstein, M. (author), Hunt, J. (author), King, J. (author), Klasing, K. (author), Kramer, B. (author), Koski, K. (author), Northrop-Clewes, C. (author), Pfeiffer, C. (author), Prentice, A. (author), Ramirez-Zea, M. (author), van Rheenan, P. (author), Rink, L. (author), Srinivasa, S. (author), Benn, C.S. (author), Stephensen, C. (author), Suchdev, P. (author), Sullivan, K. (author), Thurnham, D. (author), Varadhan, R. (author), Van Der Ven, A. (author), Walston, J. (author), Xia, J. (author)
An increasing recognition has emerged of the complexities of the global health agenda-specifically, the collision of infections and noncommunicable diseases and the dual burden of over- and undernutrition. Of particular practical concern are both 1) the need for a better understanding of the bidirectional relations between nutritional status and...
article 2015
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Tonk, E.C.M. (author), de Groot, D.M.G. (author), Wolterbeek, A.P.M. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author), Waalkens-Berendsen, I.D.H. (author), Piersma, A.H. (author), van Loveren, H. (author)
The susceptibility of developing immune system to chemical disruption warrants the assessment of immune parameters in reproductive and developmental testing protocols. In this study, a wide range of immune endpoints was included in an extended one-generation reproduction toxicity study (EOGRTS) design to determine the relative sensitivity of...
article 2013
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van Dijk, A. (author), Molhoek, E.M. (author), Bikker, F.J. (author), Yu, P.L. (author), Veldhuizen, E.J.A. (author), Haagsman, H.P. (author)
The broad-spectrum defense system based on host defense peptides (HDPs) is evolutionary very old and many invertebrates rely on this system for protection from bacterial infections. However, in vertebrates the system remained important in spite of the superposition of a very sophisticated adaptive immune system. The cathelicidins comprise a...
article 2011
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van Noort, J.M. (author), Bsibsi, M. (author), Gerritsen, W.H. (author), van der Valk, P. (author), Bajramovic, J.J. (author), Steinman, L. (author), Amor, S. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
We present the first comparative analysis of serum immunoglobulinG reactivity profiles against the full spectrum of human myelin-associated proteins in multiple sclerosis patients and healthy control subjects. In both groups, serum antibodies display a consistent and prominent reaction to αB-crystallin (CRYAB) versus other myelin proteins. As an...
article 2010
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End, C. (author), Bikker, F.J. (author), Renner, M. (author), Bergmann, G. (author), Lyer, S. (author), Blaich, S. (author), Hudler, M. (author), Helmke, B. (author), Gassler, N. (author), Autschbach, F. (author), Ligtenberg, A.J.M. (author), Benner, A. (author), Holmskov, U. (author), Schirmacher, P. (author), Nieuw Amerongen, A.V. (author), Rosenstiel, P. (author), Sina, C. (author), Franke, A. (author), Hafner, M. (author), Kioschis, P. (author), Schreiber, S. (author), Poustka, A. (author), Mollenhauer, J. (author)
Deleted in malignant brain tumors 1 (DMBT1) is a secreted glycoprotein displaying a broad bacterial-binding spectrum. Recent functional and genetic studies linked DMBT1 to the suppression of LPS-induced TLR4-mediated NF-kappaB activation and to the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease. Here, we aimed at unraveling the molecular basis of its function...
article 2009
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de Graaf, A.A. (author), Venema, K. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The importance of the human large intestine for nutrition, health, and disease, is becoming increasingly realized. There are numerous indications of a distinct role for the gut in such important issues as immune disorders and obesity-linked diseases. Research on this long-neglected organ, which is colonized by a myriad of bacteria, is a rapidly...
conference paper 2008
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Zuiderwijk-Sick, E.A. (author), van der Putten, C. (author), Bsibsi, M. (author), Deuzing, I.P. (author), de Boer, W. (author), Persoon-Deen, C. (author), Kondova, I. (author), Boven, L.A. (author), van Noort, J.M. (author), 't Hart, B.A. (author), Amor, S. (author), Bajramovic, J.J. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Activated microglia are found in a variety of neuroinflammatory disorders where they have attributed roles as effector as well as antigen-presenting cells (APC). Critical determinants for the multifaceted role of microglia are the differentiation potential of microglia and their mode of activation. In this study, we have investigated the effects...
article 2007
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Oude Nijhuis, M.M. (author), van Keulen, J.K. (author), Pasterkamp, G. (author), Quax, P.H. (author), de Kleijn, D.P.V. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Innate immunity is the first line of defence against invading micro-organisms. The family of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) recognizes pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) that are carried by the invading micro-organisms. Infectious pathogens have been implicated to play an important role in atherosclerosis. Nowadays, evidence is...
article 2007
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van Wijk, F. (author), Knippels, L. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Immediately after birth the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract, which represents the greatest body surface area exposed to the outside environment, is confronted with a large variety of foreign antigens. The immune system of the intestine now has to meet the task of discriminating between pathogens and harmless antigens, such as food proteins...
article 2007
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Hartgers, F.C. (author), Smits, H.H. (author), van der Kleij, D. (author), Yazdanbakhsh, M. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Helminth infections have profound effects on the immune system. Here, recent insights in the molecular interactions between schistosomes and the host are described with respect to adaptive but also with respect to innate immune responses. Furthermore, the different mechanisms of immune hyporesponsiveness are depicted with emphasis on regulatory...
article 2006
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Peschel, A. (author), Jack, R.W. (author), Otto, M. (author), Collins, L.V. (author), Staubitz, P. (author), Nicholson, G. (author), Kalbacher, H. (author), Nieuwenhuizen, W.F. (author), Jung, G. (author), Tarkowski, A. (author), van Kessel, K.P.M. (author), van Strijp, J.A.G. (author)
Defensins, antimicrobial peptides of the innate immune system, protect human mucosal epithelia and skin against microbial infections and are produced in large amounts by neutrophils. The bacterial pathogen Staphylococcus aureus is insensitive to defensins by virtue of an unknown resistance mechanism. We describe a novel staphylococcal gene, mprF...
article 2001
Searched for: subject:"Innate%5C+immunity"
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