Searched for: subject%3A%22Industrial%255C%2Bhygiene%22
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Douwes, M. (author), Könemann, R. (author), Hoozemans, M. (author), Kuijer, P. (author), Vermeulen, H. (author)
conference paper 2019
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Koivisto, A.J. (author), Kling, K.I. (author), Fonseca, A.S. (author), Brostrøm Bluhme, A. (author), Moreman, M. (author), Yu, M. (author), Costa, A.L. (author), Giovanni, B. (author), Ortelli, S. (author), Fransman, W. (author), Vogel, U. (author), Jensen, K.A. (author)
Nanoscale TiO2 (nTiO2) is manufactured in high volumes and is of potential concern in occupational health. Here, we measured workers exposure levels while ceramic honeycombs were dip coated with liquid photoactive nanoparticle suspension and dried with an air blade. The measured nTiO2 concentration levels were used to assess process specific...
article 2018
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Marquart, H. (author), Franken, R. (author), Goede, H. (author), Fransman, W. (author), Schinkel, J. (author)
The ECETOC TRA model (presently version 3.1) is often used to estimate worker inhalation and dermal exposure in regulatory risk assessment. The dermal model in ECETOC TRA has not yet been validated by comparison with independent measured exposure levels. This was the goal of the present study. Measured exposure levels and relevant contextual...
article 2017
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Friesen, M.C. (author), Wheeler, D.C. (author), Vermeulen, R. (author), Locke, S.J. (author), Zaebst, D.D. (author), Koutros, S. (author), Pronk, A. (author), Colt, J.S. (author), Baris, D. (author), Karagas, M.R. (author), Malats, N. (author), Schwenn, M. (author), Johnson, A. (author), Armenti, K.R. (author), Rothman, N. (author), Stewart, P.A. (author), Kogevinas, M. (author), Silverman, D.T. (author)
Objectives: To efficiently and reproducibly assess occupational diesel exhaust exposure in a Spanish case-control study, we examined the utility of applying decision rules that had been extracted from expert estimates and questionnaire response patterns using classification tree (CT) models from a similar US study. Methods: First, previously...
article 2016
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Savolainen, K. (author), Pylkkänen, L. (author), Norppa, H. (author), Falck, G. (author), Lindberg, H. (author), Tuomi, T. (author), Vippola, M. (author), Alenius, H. (author), Hämeri, K. (author), Koivisto, J. (author), Brouwer, D. (author), Mark, D. (author), Bard, D. (author), Berges, M. (author), Jankowska, E. (author), Posniak, M. (author), Farmer, P. (author), Singh, R. (author), Krombach, F. (author), Bihari, P. (author), Kasper, G. (author), Seipenbusch, M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The significance of engineered nanomaterials (ENM) and nanotechnologies grows rapidly. Nanotechnology applications may have a positive marked impact on many aspects of on human every day life, for example by providing means for the production of clean energy and pure drinking water. Hundreds of consumer nano-based products are already on the...
article 2010
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Fransman, W. (author), Schinkel, J. (author), Meijster, T. (author), van Hemmen, J. (author), Tielemans, E. (author), Goede, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objectives: This paper describes the development and evaluation of an evidence database on the effectiveness of risk management measures (RMMs) to control inhalation exposure. This database is referred to as Exposure Control Efficacy Library (ECEL). Methods: A comprehensive review of scientific journals in the occupational hygiene field was...
article 2008
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Hertsenberg, S. (author), Brouwer, D. (author), Lurvink, M. (author), Rubingh, C. (author), Rijnders, E. (author), Tielemans, E. (author)
Self-assessment of exposure (SAE) refers to any exposure assessment methodology wherein the worker takes an active role in establishing his or her exposure status. The objective of this study was to investigate the reliability and feasibility of SAE approaches among shoe repair workers collecting exposure data over a 3 month period. This study...
article 2007
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Brouwer, D.H. (author), Links, I.H.M. (author), de Vreede, S.A.F. (author), Christopher, Y. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A simulated workplace study was conducted to investigate the relation between inhalation exposure and dustiness determined with a rotating drum dustiness tester. Three powders were used in the study, i.e. magnesium stearate, representing a very dusty powder, and aluminium oxide and calcium carbonate, representing low and very low dusty powders,...
article 2006
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Warren, N.D. (author), Marquart, H. (author), Christopher, Y. (author), Laitinen, J. (author), van Hemmen, J.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The regulatory risk assessment of chemicals requires the estimation of occupational dermal exposure. Until recently, the models used were either based on limited data or were specific to a particular class of chemical or application. The EU project RISKOFDERM has gathered a considerable number of new measurements of dermal exposure together with...
article 2006
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Preller, L. (author), Burstyn, I. (author), de Pater, N. (author), Kromhout, H. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Objectives: To determine which exposure metrics are sufficient to characterize 'peak' inhalation exposure to organic solvents (OS) during spraying operations. Methods: Personal exposure measurements (n = 27; duration 5-159 min) were collected during application of paints, primers, resins and glues in 15 companies. A MiniRAE Photolonization...
article 2004
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Warren, N. (author), Goede, H.A. (author), Tijssen, S.C.H.A. (author), Oppl, R. (author), Schipper, H.J. (author), van Hemmen, J.J. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
This paper describes the derivation of default task-based dermal exposure values for use in a risk assessment toolkit for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). A set of separately determined dermal exposure modifiers have been applied to published studies of dermal exposure to obtain 'normalized' dermal exposure data sets. These data sets...
article 2003
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Oppl, R. (author), Kalberlah, F. (author), Evans, P.G. (author), van Hemmen, J.J. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The European Research project RISKOFDERM (QLK4-CT-1999-01107) has two major goals. One is the development of a conceptual model for dermal risk assessment for regulatory purposes, such as the registration of new chemicals. The other goal is to develop a simple-to-use toolkit for assessment and management of health risks from occupational dermal...
article 2003
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TNO Voeding (author), Tielemans, E. (author), Christopher, Y. (author), Marquart, H. (author), Groenewold, M. (author), van Hemmen, J. (author)
In a recent issue of this journal, Money and Margary (2002) proposed some thoughtful guidelines for exposure assessment in regulatory risk assessment. Their structured approach acknowledges that currently available exposure data are of very variable quality (Northage and Marquart, 2001). We firmly underline their plea for a hierarchy in...
article 2002
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Cherrie, J.W. (author), Brouwer, D.H. (author), Roff, M. (author), Vermeulen, R. (author), Kromhout, H. (author)
Fluorescent tracers provide a way of simultaneously assessing the mass of a contaminant hazardous substance on the surface of the skin of a worker and the area of skin exposed. These parameters, along with the duration of exposure and the estimated contaminant concentration in the skin contamination layer, can be used to calculate the likely...
article 2000
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Kuijer, P. (author), Frings-Dresen, M. (author), de Looze, M.P. (author), Visser, B. (author), van der Beek, A. (author), Arbeid (author)
City officials from Haarlem, a Dutch city in which one of the first scientific studies on the workload of refuse collectors was performed, wanted to compare the work situation and physical workload in 1997 with the results of a study performed in Haarlem in 1985 and with the results of a national study conducted in 1993. Depending on the results...
article 2000
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Brouwer, D.H. (author), Lansink, C.M. (author), Cherrie, J.W. (author), van Hemmen, J.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The range of dermal exposure to non-volatile compounds during spray painting was studied in a semi-experimental study involving three enterprises and 12 painters. A fluorescent tracer was added to the paint and deposition of the tracer on clothing and uncovered parts of the skin was assessed using video imaging and processing techniques. A...
article 2000
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de Jong, A.M. (author), Vink, P. (author)
A step-by-step approach to better work, aimed at reducing the physical workload of glaziers, is evaluated. In three small-sized companies mechanical aids were developed with strong commitment from management. Glaziers from these three companies prioritized problems, selected solutions and tested the solutions. A steering group with...
article 2000
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Kromhout, H. (author), Hoek, F. (author), Uitterhoeve, R. (author), Huijbers, R. (author), Overmars, R.F. (author), Anzion, R. (author), Vermeulen, R. (author)
Dermal exposure to anti-neoplastic drugs has been suggested as a potentially important route of exposure of hospital workers. Three small-scale workplace surveys were carried out in several hospitals focusing on contamination by leakage from IV infusion systems; contamination by spilled urine of patients treated with anti-neoplastic drugs and...
article 2000
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Bierman, E.P.B. (author), Brouwer, D.H. (author), van Hemmen, J.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Knowledge of the level of exposure is important for health risk estimation and risk management. Recently, the occurrence of dermal exposure in many situations has been recognized and estimated to be relevant for worker health. Dermal exposure measurement techniques are therefore needed and several approaches have been taken to assess this type...
article 1998
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Braam, I.T.J. (author), van Dormolen, M. (author), Frings-Dresen, M.H.W. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
An investigation was conducted in five companies in the distribution branch. These companies were divided into three different working systems, i.e., highly mechanized (HM), moderately mechanized (MM), and slightly mechanized (SM). The three systems differed in logistics and kind of appliances used. The purpose of this study was to compare the...
article 1996
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