Searched for: subject%3A%22Human%255C%2Bexperiment%22
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Huysmans, M.A. (author), Hoozemans, M.J.M. (author), van der Beek, A.J. (author), de Looze, M.P. (author), van Dieën, J.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
It has been suggested that fatigue affects proprioception and consequently movement accuracy, the effects of which may be counteracted by increased muscle activity. To determine the effects of fatigue on tracking performance and muscle activity in the M. extensor carpi radialis (ECR), 11 female participants performed a 2-min tracking task with a...
article 2008
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Hughes, L.A.E. (author), Arts, I.C.W. (author), Ambergen, T. (author), Brants, H.A.M. (author), Dagnelie, P.C. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Weijenberg, M.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Dietary flavonoids are suggested to have antiobesity effects. Prospective evidence of an association between flavonoids and body mass index (BMI) is lacking in general populations. Objective: We assessed this association between 3 flavonoid subgroups and BMI over a 14-y period in 4280 men and women aged 55-69 y at baseline from the...
article 2008
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Joosen, M. (author), Sluiter, J. (author), Joling, C. (author), Frings-Dresen, M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objectives: Complaints of prolonged fatigue are considered as a major health problem, as it can affect daily functioning and may lead to work disability. To increase knowledge about the effectiveness of interventions focussing on fatigued patients, a study was designed to evaluate an established training programme for patients with prolonged...
article 2008
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Joosten, M.M. (author), Beulens, J.W.J. (author), Kersten, S. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author)
Aims/hypothesis: To determine whether 6 weeks of daily, moderate alcohol consumption increases expression of the gene encoding adiponectin (ADIPOQ) and plasma levels of the protein, and improves insulin sensitivity in postmenopausal women. Methods: In a randomised, open-label, crossover trial conducted in the Netherlands, 36 apparently healthy...
article 2008
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Hissink, A.M. (author), Krüse, J. (author), Kulig, B.M. (author), Verwei, M. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Salmon, F. (author), Leenheers, L.H. (author), Owen, D.E. (author), Lammers, J.H.C.M. (author), Freidig, A.P. (author), McKee, R.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
As part of a project designed to develop a framework for extrapolating acute central nervous system (CNS) effects of hydrocarbon solvents in animals to humans, experimental studies were conducted in rats and human volunteers in which acute CNS effects were measured and toxicokinetic data were collected. A complex hydrocarbon solvent, white...
article 2007
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Tielemans, E. (author), Bretveld, R. (author), Schinkel, J. (author), de Wendel van - Joode, B. (author), Kromhout, H. (author), Gerritsen-Ebben, R. (author), Roeleveld, N. (author), Preller, L. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The aim of this study was to assess exposure to pesticides for a longitudinal epidemiological study on adverse reproduction effects among greenhouse workers. Detailed information on pesticide use among greenhouse workers was obtained on a monthly basis through self-administered questionnaires and subsequent workplace surveys. Questionnaires were...
article 2007
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de Vries, S.I. (author), Bakker, I. (author), van Mechelen, W. (author), Hopman-Rock, M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Purpose. To examine the association between children's physical activity and factors of the built environment. Design. Cross-sectional study. Setting. Ten neighborhoods in six cities in the Netherlands. Subjects. Four hundred twenty-two children (age range, 6-11 years; 49% male). Measures. Physical activity diary, neighborhood observations, and...
article 2007
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Lammers, J.H.C.M. (author), Emmen, H.H. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Hoogendijk, E.M.G. (author), McKee, R.H. (author), Owen, D.E. (author), Kulig, B.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
To evaluate the neurobehavioral effects of hydrocarbon solvents and to establish a working model for extrapolating animal test data to humans, studies were conducted which involved inhalation exposure of rats and humans to white spirit (WS). The specific objectives of these studies were to evaluate the behavioral effects of exposure to WS in...
article 2007
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Tenjarla, S. (author), Romasanta, V. (author), Zeijdner, E. (author), Villa, R. (author), Moro, L. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
5-Aminosalicylate (5-ASA; mesalamine) is the current first-line treatment for mild to moderate ulcerative colitis, a chronic inflammatory condition that most commonly affects the distal part of the colon. MMX™ mesalamine (Lialda™ [US]; Mezavant™ XL [UK and Ireland]; Mezavant™ [elsewhere]; Shire Pharmaceuticals Inc., Wayne, Pa, under license from...
article 2007
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Hueber-Becker, F. (author), Nohynek, G.J. (author), Dufour, E.K. (author), Meuling, W.J.A. (author), de Bie, A.T.H.J. (author), Toutain, H. (author), Bolt, H.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
We monitored the exposure of hairdressers to oxidative hair dyes for 6 working days under controlled conditions. Eighteen professional hairdressers (3/day) coloured hairdresser's training heads bearing natural human hair (hair length: approximately 30 cm) for 6 h/working day with a dark-shade oxidative hair dye containing 2% [14C]-para...
article 2007
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Cawello, W. (author), Wolff, H.M. (author), Meuling, W.J.A. (author), Horstmann, R. (author), Braun, M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background and objective: The dopamine agonist rotigotine has been formulated in a silicone-based transdermal system for once-daily administration. The objective of the present study was to characterise the mass balance of rotigotine in humans after administration of a single transdermal patch containing radiolabelled [14C]rotigotine and to...
article 2007
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Mert, A. (author), Bles, W. (author), Nooij, S.A.E. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Introduction: In motion sickness desensitization programs, the motion sickness provocative stimulus is often a forward bending of the trunk on a rotating chair, inducing Coriolis effects. Since respiratory relaxation techniques are applied successfully in these courses, we investigated whether these repetitive trunk movements by themselves may...
article 2007
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Buijs, P.C. (author), van Dijk, F.J.H. (author), Evers, M. (author), van de Klink, J.J.L. (author), Anema, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Increasingly, workers have psychological work-related complaints, endangering their work ability and causing considerable economic losses. Many employees consult their general practitioner (GP). He, however, often pays insufficient attention to work-relatedness or to coordination with occupational physicians (OPs). Appropriate guidelines are...
article 2007
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Bongaerts, B.W.C. (author), de Goeij, A.F.P.M. (author), de Vogel, S. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Weijenberg, M.P. (author)
High alcohol consumption is related to colorectal cancer (CRC). Our objective was to study associations between alcohol consumption and risk of CRC according to characteristics of aetiological pathways: the chromosomal instability (CIN) and the microsatellite instability (MIN) pathway. We classified CIN+ tumours (tumours with either a truncating...
article 2007
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Robitail, S. (author), Simeoni, M.-C. (author), Erhart, M. (author), Ravens-Sieberer, U. (author), Bruil, J. (author), Auquier, P. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Purpose: The KIDSCREEN project aims to develop a European cross-cultural generic self-administered Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) instrument for children and adolescents. Proxy measures HRQoL should be a useful and practical alternative to assess children's HRQoL. The KIDSCREEN pilot study involved 3988 children and 2526 child-proxy...
article 2006
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de Lange, M. (author), de Geus, E.J.C. (author), Kluft, C. (author), Meijer, P. (author), van Doornen, L.J.P. (author), Boomsma, D.I. (author), Snieder, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Differences in genetic influence on death from CHD between males and females have been reported. Haemostatic factors have consistently been associated with risk for coronary heart disease (CHD), but sex differences in genetic architecture have not been studied. This study in middle-aged twins investigates whether there are sex differences in...
article 2006
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Huysmans, M.A. (author), de Looze, M.P. (author), Hoozemans, M.J.M. (author), van der Beek, A.J. (author), van Dieën, J.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The study was designed to determine the effect of joystick handle size and (display-control) gain at two levels of required task precision on performance and physical load on crane operators. Eight experienced crane operators performed a simulated crane operation task on a computer by use of a joystick with either a short or a large handle. The...
article 2006
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de Korte, E.M. (author), van Lingen, P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A comparative, experimental study with repeated measures has been conducted to evaluate the effect of the use of speech recognition on working postures, productivity and the perception of user friendliness. Fifteen subjects performed a standardised task, first with keyboard and mouse and, after a six week training period, with speech recognition...
article 2006
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van Erk, M.J. (author), Blom, W.A.M. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Application of transcriptomics technology in human nutrition intervention studies would allow for genome-wide screening of the effects of specific diets or nutrients and result in biomarker profiles. Objective: The aim was to evaluate the potential of gene expression profiling in blood cells collected in a human intervention study...
article 2006
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Gao, K. (author), Xu, A. (author), Krul, C.A.M. (author), Venema, K. (author), Liu, Y. (author), Niu, Y. (author), Lu, J. (author), Bensoussan, L. (author), Seeram, N.P. (author), Heber, D. (author), Henning, S.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Dietary flavonoids are poorly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Colonic bacteria convert flavonoids into smaller phenolic acids (PA), which can be absorbed into the circulation and may contribute to the chemopreventive activity of the parent compounds. The purpose of our study was to determine whether flavonoids from green and black tea ...
article 2006
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