Searched for: subject%3A%22Human%255C%2Bexperiment%22
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Selberherr, E. (author), Grau, J.H. (author), Meixner, M. (author), Liere, K. (author), Ercolini, D. (author), de Filippo, C. (author), Caderni, G. (author), Brigidi, P. (author), Turroni, S. (author)
The core microbiome, which refers to a set of consistent microbial features across populations, is of major interest in microbiome research and has been addressed by numerous studies. Understanding the core microbiome can help identify elements that lead to dysbiosis, and lead to treatments for microbiome-related health states. However, defining...
article 2022
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van Verseveld, M.D.A. (author), Fekkes, M. (author), Fukkink, R.G. (author), Oostdam, R.J. (author)
This study investigates the effectiveness of the PRIMA antibullying program for elementary education using a cluster-randomized trial with two experimental conditions (with and without student lessons) and a control group. Students of 31 schools participated in the study (N = 3,135; Mage = 10 years). Multilevel regression analyses demonstrated...
article 2021
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Alvarez, C.M. (author), Ligthart, T. (author)
PurposeThis literature review aims to present the current methodologies that have been developed to perform a social life cycle assessment (sLCA) and to display the main differences among them. In addition to that, to identify the nexus between sLCA and circular economy (CE) and to what extent this life cycle technique has been involved within...
article 2021
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Keemink, A.Q.L. (author), Brug, T.J.H. (author), van Asseldonk, E.H.F. (author), Wu, A.R. (author), van der Kooij, H. (author)
Active prosthetic and orthotic devices have the potential to increase quality of life for individuals with impaired mobility. However, more research into human-like control methods is needed to create seamless interaction between device and user. In forward simulations the reflex-based neuromuscular model (RNM) by Song and Geyer shows promising...
article 2021
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Liu, Y. (author), Toet, A. (author), Krone, T. (author), van Stokkum, R. (author), Eijsman, S. (author), van Erp, J.B.F. (author)
The affective appraisal of odors is known to depend on their intensity (I), familiarity (F), detection threshold (T), and on the baseline affective state of the observer. However, the exact nature of these relations is still largely unknown. We therefore performed an observer experiment in which participants (N = 52) smelled 40 different odors ...
article 2020
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Perini, F. (author), Powell, T. (author), Watt, S.J. (author), Downing, P.E. (author)
The brain must interpret sensory input from diverse receptor systems to estimate object properties. Much has been learned about the brain mechanisms behind these processes in vision, but our understanding of haptic perception remains less clear. Here we examined haptic judgments of object size, which require integrating multiple cutaneous and...
article 2020
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Michaud, P.A. (author), Visser, A. (author), Vervoort, J.P.M. (author), Kocken, P. (author), Reijneveld, S.A. (author), Blair, M. (author), Rigby, M. (author), Weber, M. (author), Jansen, D. (author)
Background and objectives Adolescent sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) are of particular relevance given their potential short-term or long-term health consequences. This study evaluates recommendations and policies regarding access to care in this area in 31 European countries (European Union (EU) plus Iceland, Norway and...
article 2020
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Bakhuys Roozeboom, M.C. (author), Schelvis, R.M.C. (author), Houtman, I.L.D. (author), Wiezer, N.M. (author), Bongers, P.M. (author)
BACKGROUND: Work stress is an important problem among employees in education in the Netherlands. The present study aims to investigate the effects of a participatory organizational level work stress prevention approach to reduce (quantitative) job demands, increase resources (i.e. autonomy, supervisor and coworker support) and to reduce work...
article 2020
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Offerhaus, P. (author), Jans, S (author), Hukkelhoven, C. (author), de Vries, R. (author), Nieuwenhuijze, M. (author)
Background: The maternity care system in the Netherlands is well known for its support of community-based midwifery. However, regular midwifery practices typically do not offer caseload midwifery care - one-to-one continuity of care throughout pregnancy and birth. Because we know very little about the outcomes for women receiving caseload care...
article 2020
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Schoen, E.D. (author), Wopereis, S. (author)
BACKGROUND: Parallel intervention studies involving volunteers usually require a procedure to allocate the subjects to study-arms. Statistical models to evaluate the different outcomes of the study-arms will include study-arm as a factor along with any covariate that might affect the results. To ensure that the effects of the covariates are...
article 2020
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Hoevenaars, F.P.M. (author), Berendsen, C.M.M. (author), Pasman, W.J. (author), van den Broek, T.J. (author), Barrat, E. (author), de Hoogh, I.M. (author), Wopereis, S. (author)
In public health initiatives, generic nutrition advice (GNA) from national guidelines has a limited effect on food-intake improvement. Personalized nutrition advice (PNA) may enable dietary behavior change. A monocentric, randomized, parallel, controlled clinical trial was performed in males (n = 55) and females (n = 100) aged 25 to 70 years....
article 2020
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Yang, C. (author), Hawwash, D. (author), de Baets, B. (author), Bouwman, J. (author), Lachat, C. (author)
Robust recommendations for healthy diets and nutrition require careful synthesis of available evidence. Given the increasing volume of research articles generated, the retrieval and synthesis of evidence are increasingly becoming laborious and time-consuming. Information technology could help to reduce workload for humans. To guide supervised...
article 2020
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Verlinden, D.A. (author), Schuller, A.A. (author), Verrips, G.H.W. (author), Reijneveld, S.A. (author)
Young children rely on their parents with respect to oral health routines. However, parental knowledge on this topic is often insufficient. Well-child care may be an excellent route to reach parents because almost all of them attend. To evaluate the effectiveness of an 8.5 min web-based film about oral health, provided by well-child care, a non...
article 2020
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Kuiper, O.X. (author), Bos, J.E. (author), Diels, C. (author), Cammaerts, K. (author)
We investigated whether motion sickness analogous to carsickness can be studied in a moving base simulator, despite the limited motion envelope. Importantly, to avoid simulator sickness, vision outside the simulator cabin was restricted. Participants (N = 16) were exposed blindfolded to 15-min lateral sinusoidal motion at 0.2 Hz and 0.35 Hz on...
article 2019
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Kartaram, S. (author), Mensink, M. (author), Teunis, M. (author), Schoen, E. (author), Witte, G. (author), Janssen Duijghuijsen, L. (author), Verschuren, M. (author), Mohrmann, K. (author), M'Rabet, L. (author), Knipping, K. (author), Wittink, H. (author), van Helvoort, A. (author), Garssen, J. (author), Witkamp, R. (author), Pieters, R. (author), van Norren, K. (author)
Background & aims: Plasma citrulline concentration is considered to be a marker for enterocyte metabolic mass and to reflect its reduction as may occur during intestinal dysfunction. Strenuous exercise can act as a stressor to induce small intestinal injury. Our previous studies suggest that this comprises the intestinal ability to produce...
article 2019
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Pannebakker, N.M. (author), Fleuren, M.A.H. (author), Vlasblom, E. (author), Numans, M.E. (author), Reijneveld, S.A. (author), Kocken, P.L. (author)
Background: The aim of this study is to understand the determinants of adherence to wrap-around care (WAC) by professional care providers working in child and family services. WAC is a care coordination method targeting families with complex needs. The core components of WAC involve activating family members and the social network, integrating...
article 2019
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Huijs, J.J.J.M. (author), Houtman, I.L.D. (author), Taris, T.W. (author), Blonk, R.W.B. (author)
Background The present study aimed to investigate the effects of a stepwise, bottom-up participatory program with a tailor-made intervention process addressing the level of mental retirement in a sample of Dutch employees. Mental retirement refers to feelings of being disconnected from your work and your organization. Prevention of mental...
article 2019
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de Lijster, G.P.A. (author), Kok, G. (author), Kocken, P.L. (author)
Background. The development of school-based programs for preventing adolescent sexual harassment often lacks an evidence-based approach and use of proper theories. Appropriate stakeholders are often not involved in the development process. To help improve this process, we used the Intervention Mapping framework to retrospectively evaluate the...
article 2019
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Huijs, J.J.J.M. (author), Houtman, I.L.D. (author), Blonk, R.W.B. (author)
Background. The aim of this study is to develop a new measure for the concept of mental retirement and test the construct validity of the measure. Employees who are ‘mentally retired’ are present at their work physically, but have already said their goodbyes mentally. Mental retirement has a three-factor structure: developmental proactivity,...
article 2019
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Bottenheft, C. (author), Oprins, E.A.P.B. (author), Houden, M.M.J. (author), Meeuwsen, T. (author), Valk, P.J.L. (author)
BACKGROUND: Royal Netherlands Air Force (RNLAF) helicopter aircrew get Helicopter Underwater Egress Training (HUET) using a Modular Egress Training Simulator (METS™) in order to be prepared for escaping the aircraft when ditching into water. In the current situation the retraining intervals are only chosen on an arbitrary basis for different...
article 2019
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