Searched for: subject:"Homocysteine"
(1 - 14 of 14)
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van Vliet, T. (author), Jacobs, R.G.J.M. (author), de Deckere, E. (author), van den Berg, H. (author), de Bree, A. (author), van der Put, N.M.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: To determine the effect of folic acid, vitamin B6 and B12 fortified spreads on the blood concentrations of these vitamins and homocysteine. Design and setting: A 6-week randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, parallel trial carried out in a clinical research center. Subjects: One hundred and fifty healthy volunteers (50% males...
article 2007
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Smulders, Y.M. (author), Smith, D.E.C. (author), Kok, R.M. (author), Teerlink, T. (author), Gellekink, H. (author), Vaes, W.H.J. (author), Stehouwer, C.D.A. (author), Jakobs, C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Red blood cells (RBCs) represent a storage pool for folate. In contrast to plasma, RBC folate can appear in different biochemical isoforms. So far, only the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 677 TT genotype has been identified as a determinant of RBC folate vitamer distribution. Objective: The purpose of this study is to...
article 2007
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Verhoef, P. (author), van Vliet, T. (author), Olthof, M.R. (author), Katan, M.B. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: A high plasma concentration of total homocysteine (tHcy) is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. A high protein intake and hence a high intake of methionine-the sole dietary precursor of homocysteine-may raise plasma tHcy concentrations. Objectives: We studied whether high intake of protein increases plasma...
article 2005
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de Jong, R.J. (author), Verwei, M. (author), West, C.E. (author), van Vliet, T. (author), Siebelink, E. (author), van den Berg, H. (author), Castenmiller, J.J.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate whether milk fortified with folic acid enhances the folate status of humans and whether the presence of folate-binding proteins (FBP) in pasteurised milk affects the bioavailability of folic acid from fortified milk. In untreated and pasteurised milk, folate occurs bound to FBP, while FBP is ...
article 2005
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Verhoef, P. (author), Steenge, G.R. (author), Boelsma, E. (author), van Vliet, T. (author), Olthof, M.R. (author), Katan, M.B. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Background: A high plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) concentration is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The increase in tHcy induced by methionine, the sole dietary precursor of homocysteine, might be modulated by other amino acids present in dietary proteins. Objectives: Our objectives were to compare the postprandial effect of free and...
article 2004
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Witte, D.R. (author), Broekmans, W.M.R. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), Klöpping-Ketelaars, I.A.A. (author), van Poppel, G. (author), Bots, M.L. (author), Kluft, C. (author), Princen, J.M.G. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO TNO Voeding (author)
Background: Flow mediated dilatation (FMD) of the brachial artery and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM-1) are measures of distinct functions of the endothelium, reflecting nitric oxide (NO)-mediated and pro-inflammatory status, respectively. The comparative value of the two measures in relation to cardiovascular risk is unknown....
article 2003
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Olthof, M.R. (author), van Vliet, T. (author), Boelsma, E. (author), Verhoef, P. (author)
High plasma homocysteine is a risk for cardiovascular disease and can be lowered through supplementation with 6 g/d of betaine. However, dietary intake of betaine is ∼0.5-2 g/d. Therefore, we investigated whether betaine supplementation in the range of dietary intake lowers plasma homocysteine concentrations in healthy adults. Four groups of 19...
article 2003
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Steenge, G.R. (author), Verhoef, P. (author), Katan, M.B. (author)
Elevated levels of plasma total homocysteine are associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular disease. Betaine and 5-methyltetrahydrofolate can remethylate homocysteine into methionine via independent reactions. We determined the effect of daily betaine supplementation, compared with both folic acid and placebo, on plasma concentrations of...
article 2003
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Verhoef, P. (author), Pasman, W.J. (author), van Vliet, T. (author), Urgert, R. (author), Katan, M.B. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO TNO Voeding (author)
Background: A high plasma total homocysteine concentration is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Consumption of unfiltered or filtered coffee raises total homocysteine concentrations in healthy volunteers. The responsible compound, however, is unknown. Objective: The objective was to determine whether caffeine explains the...
article 2002
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Vermeulen, E.G.J. (author), Niessen, H.W.M. (author), Bogels, M. (author), Stehouwer, C.D.A. (author), Rauwerda, J.A. (author), van Hinsbergh, V.W.M. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
The aim of this study was to determine whether the morphology of the muscular femoral artery in patients with atherosclerosis and hyperhomocysteinemia differs from that of atherosclerotic vessels from patients with normal homocysteine levels. Whole-vessel biopsies of the superficial femoral artery were taken from patients with symptomatic...
article 2001
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van der Gaag, M.S. (author), Ubbink, J.B. (author), Sillanaukee, P. (author), Nikkari, S. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Serum homocysteine increases after moderate consumption of red wine and spirits, but not after moderate consumption of beer. Vitamin B6 in beer seems to prevent the alcohol-induced rise in serum homocysteine. Chemicals/CAS: Homocysteine, 454-28-4; Pyridoxine, 65-23-6
article 2000
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Becker, A. (author), van Hinsbergh, V.W.M. (author), Kostense, P.J. (author), Jager, A. (author), Dekker, J.M. (author), Nijpels, G. (author), Heine, R.J. (author), Bouter, L.M. (author), Stehouwer, C.D.A. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Background: Hyperhomocysteinaemia may constitute an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, but it is still unclear by which pathophysiological mechanisms homocysteine (tHcy) may promote atherothrombosis. The aim of this study was firstly to examine whether tHcy is associated with endothelial dysfunction, increased adherence of...
article 2000
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Broekmans, W.M.R. (author), Klöpping-Ketelaars, I.A.A. (author), Schuurman, C.R.W.C. (author), Verhagen, H. (author), van den Berg, H. (author), Kok, F.J. (author), van Poppel, G. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Observational epidemiologic studies have shown that a high consumption of fruits and vegetables is associated with a decreased risk of chronic diseases. Little is known about the bioavailability of constituents from vegetables and fruits and the effect of these constituents on markers for disease risk. Currently, the recommendation is to...
article 2000
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de Jong, S.C. (author), Stehouwer, C.D.A. (author), van den Berg, M. (author), Vischer, U.M. (author), Rauwerda, J.A. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Hyperhomocysteinemia is associated with severe, premature atherosclerosis and thromboembolism. The mechanisms involved in the atherogenic and thrombotic complications of hyperhomocysteinemia are not understood. It has been suggested that hyperhomocysteinemia predisposes to atherosclerosis by injuring the vascular endothelium. Whether...
article 1997
Searched for: subject:"Homocysteine"
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