Searched for: subject:"Glutathione"
(1 - 20 of 79)

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Hurst, R. (author), Collings, R. (author), Harvey, L.J. (author), King, M. (author), Hooper, L. (author), Bouwman, J. (author), Gurinovic, M. (author), Fairweather-Tait, S.J. (author)
Current reference values for selenium, an essential micronutrient, are based on the intake of selenium that is required to achieve maximal glutathione peroxidase activity in plasma or erythrocytes. In order to assess the evidence of relevance to setting dietary reference values for selenium, the EURRECA Network of Excellence focused on...
article 2013
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van de Briel, R.J. (author), Pennings, J.L.A. (author), Baken, K.A. (author), Pronk, T.E. (author), Boorsma, A. (author), Gottschalk, R. (author), van Loveren, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Many chemicals can induce allergic contact dermatitis. Because evaluation of skin sensitizing potential by animal testing is prohibited for cosmetics, and screening of many chemicals is required within Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals, urgent need exists for predictive in vitro assays to identify contact...
article 2010
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Wopereis, S. (author), de Rubingh, C.M. (author), van Erk, M.J. (author), Verheij, E.R. (author), van Vliet, T. (author), Cnubben, N.H. (author), Smilde, A.K. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Hendriks, H.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of overweight is increasing globally and has become a serious health problem. Low-grade chronic inflammation in overweight subjects is thought to play an important role in disease development. Novel tools to understand these processes are needed. Metabolic profiling is one such tool that can provide novel insights into...
article 2009
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Vermeulen, M. (author), Boerboom, A.M.M.J.F. (author), Blankvoort, B.M.G. (author), Aarts, J.M.M.J.G. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Vaes, W.H.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Isothiocyanates are electrophiles that are able to induce phase II biotransformation enzyme gene expression via an electrophile-responsive element (EpRE) in the gene regulatory region. To study the potency of different isothiocyanates to induce the expression of EpRE-regulated genes, a Hepa-1c1c7 luciferase reporter cell line was exposed to...
article 2009
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Smits, K.M. (author), Schouten, L.J. (author), van Dijk, B.A.C. (author), van Houwelingen, K. (author), van de Hulsbergen-Kaa, C.A. (author), Kiemeney, L.A.L.M. (author), van Houwelingen, K. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Oosterwijk, E. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Metabolic gene polymorphisms have previously been suggested as risk factors for renal cell carcinoma (RCC). These polymorphisms are involved in activation or detoxification of carcinogens in cigarette smoke which is another RCC risk factor. We evaluated gene-environment interactions between CYP1A1, GSTμ1 and smoking in a large population-based...
article 2008
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Dihal, A.A. (author), van der Woude, H. (author), Hendriksen, P.J.M. (author), Charif, H. (author), Dekker, L.J. (author), IJsselstijn, L. (author), de Boer, V.C.J. (author), Alink, G.M. (author), Burgers, P.C. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Woutersen, R.A. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), KvL (author)
Quercetin has been shown to act as an anticarcinogen in experimental colorectal cancer (CRC). The aim of the present study was to characterize transcriptome and proteome changes occurring in the distal colon mucosa of rats supplemented with 10 g quercetin/kg diet for 11 wk. Transcriptome data analyzed with Gene Set Enrichment Analysis showed...
article 2008
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Stierum, R. (author), Conesa, A. (author), Heijne, W. (author), Ommen, B.v. (author), Junker, K. (author), Scott, M.P. (author), Price, R.J. (author), Meredith, C. (author), Lake, B.G. (author), Groten, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), KvL (author)
Transcriptomics was performed to gain insight into mechanisms of food additives butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), curcumin (CC), propyl gallate (PG), and thiabendazole (TB), additives for which interactions in the liver can not be excluded. Additives were administered in diets for 28 days to Sprague-Dawley rats and cDNA microarray experiments were...
article 2008
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Wortelboer, H.M. (author), Balvers, M.G.J. (author), Usta, M. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The interactions of three heavy metal-containing compounds, cisplatin (CDDP), arsenic trioxide (As2O3), and mercury dichloride (HgCl2), with the multidrug resistance transporters MRP1 and MRP2 and the involvement of glutathione (GSH)-related processes herein were investigated. In Madin-Darby canine kidney cells stably expressing MRP1 or MRP2,...
article 2008
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Usta, M. (author), Wortelboer, H.M. (author), Vervoort, J. (author), Boersma, M.G. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Curcumin, an α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compound, reacts with glutathione, leading to the formation of two monoglutathionyl curcumin conjugates. In the present study, the structures of both glutathione conjugates of curcumin were identified by LC-MS and one- and two-dimensional 1H NMR analysis, and their formation in incubations with human...
article 2007
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Joost, H.G. (author), Gibney, M.J. (author), Cashman, K.D. (author), Görman, U. (author), Hesketh, J.E. (author), Mueller, M. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Williams, C.M. (author), Mathers, J.C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Personalised, genotype-based nutrition is a concept that links genotyping with specific nutritional advice in order to improve the prevention of nutrition-associated, chronic diseases. This review describes the current scientific basis of the concept and discusses its problems. There is convincing evidence that variant genes may indeed determine...
article 2007
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Boerboom, A.M.J.F. (author), Vermeulen, M. (author), van der Woude, H. (author), Bremer, B.I. (author), Lee-Hilz, Y.Y. (author), Kampman, E. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Aarts, J.M.M.J.G. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The electrophile-responsive element (EpRE) is a transcriptional enhancer involved in cancer-chemoprotective gene expression modulation by certain food components. Two stably transfected luciferase reporter cell lines were developed, EpRE(hNQO1)-LUX and EpRE(mGST-Ya)-LUX, based on EpRE sequences from the human NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase ...
article 2006
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Schaafsma, G. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Loss of muscle mass as a consequence of changes in protein metabolism during periods of catabolic stress is a serious complication in a variety of conditions. These conditions are weight loss programs, sarcopenia in the elderly and several clinical states. It appears from many studies that improved protein nutrition by ingestion of high-quality...
article 2006
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Heijne, W.H.M. (author), Jonker, D. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Benzene is an industrial chemical, component of automobile exhaust and cigarette smoke. After hepatic bioactivation benzene induces bone marrow, blood and hepatic toxicity. Using a toxicogenomics approach this study analysed the effects of benzene at three dose levels on gene expression in the liver after 28 daily doses. NMR based metabolomics...
article 2005
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Lüchtenborg, M. (author), Weijenberg, M.P. (author), Kampman, E. (author), van Muijen, G.N. (author), Roemen, G.M.J.M. (author), Zeegers, M.P.A. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van't Veer, P. (author), de Goeij, A.F.P.M. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The contribution of cigarette smoking to sporadic colorectal cancer may differ according to molecular aspects of the tumor or according to glutathione S-transferase M1 (GSTM1) or glutathione S-transferase T1 (GSTT1) genotype. In the prospective Netherlands Cohort Study on Diet and Cancer, adjusted incidence rate ratios for 1986-1993 were...
article 2005
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Wortelboer, H.M. (author), Usta, M. (author), van Zanden, J.J. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
To study the possible interplay between glutathione metabolism of and MRP inhibition by thiol reactive compounds, the interactions of a series of α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compounds with multidrug resistance proteins 1 and 2 (MRP1/ABCC1 and MRP2/ABCC2) were studied. α,β-Unsaturated carbonyl compounds react with glutathione, and therefore either...
article 2005
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van Zanden, J.J. (author), Geraets, L. (author), Wortelboer, H.M. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The objective of this study was to investigate the structural requirements necessary for inhibition of glutathione S-transferase P1-1 (GSTP1-1) and GS-X pump (MRP1 and MRP2) activity by structurally related flavonoids, in GSTP1-1 transfected MCF7 cells (pMTG5). The results reveal that GSTP1-1 activity in MCF7 pMTG5 cells can be inhibited by some...
article 2004
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Kohli, E. (author), Gaspari, M. (author), Raj, H.G. (author), Parmar, V.S. (author), Sharma, S.K. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), Kumari, R. (author), Gupta, G. (author), Khurana, P. (author), Tyagi, Y.K. (author), Watterson, A.C. (author), Olsen, C.E. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The purification and characterization of the buffalo liver microsomal transacetylase (TAase) catalyzing the transfer of acetyl groups from a model acetoxy drug: 7,8-diacetoxy-4-methylcoumarin (DAMC) to GST3-3 has been described here. The enzyme was routinely assayed using DAMC and cytosolic GST as the substrates and was partially purified from...
article 2004
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Heijne, W.H.M. (author), Slitt, A.L. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), Klaassen, C.D. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Rats were exposed to three levels of bromobenzene, sampled at 6, 24, and 48 h, and liver gene expression profiles were determined to identify dose and time-related changes. Expression of many genes changed transiently, and dependent on the dose. Few changes were identified after 6 h, but many genes were differentially expressed after 24 h, while...
article 2004
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Price, R.J. (author), Scott, M.P. (author), Walters, D.G. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), Meredith, C. (author), Lake, B.G. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The effect of thiabendazole (TB) on some rat hepatic xenobiotic metabolising enzymes has been investigated. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed control diet or diets containing 102-5188 ppm TB for 28 days. As a positive control for induction of hepatic xenobiotic metabolism, rats were also fed diets containing 1457 and 10,155 ppm butylated...
article 2004
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Heijne, W.H.M. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), Slijper, M. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), van Ommen, B. (author)
Toxicogenomics is a novel approach integrating the expression analysis of thousands of genes (transcriptomics) or proteins (proteomics) with classical methods in toxicology. Effects at the molecular level are related to pathophysiological changes of the organisms, enabling detailed comparison of mechanisms and early detection and prediction of...
article 2003
Searched for: subject:"Glutathione"
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