Searched for: subject:"Fungi"
(1 - 20 of 77)

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Botschuijver, S. (author), Welting, O. (author), Levin, E. (author), Maria-Ferreira, D. (author), Koch, E. (author), Montijn, R.C. (author), Seppen, J. (author), Hakvoort, T.B.M. (author), Schuren, F.H.J. (author), de Jonge, W.J. (author), van den Wijngaard, R.M. (author)
Background: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common gastrointestinal disorder associated with altered gastrointestinal microflora and increased nociception to colonic distension. This visceral hypersensitivity can be reversed in our rat maternal separation model by fungicides. Menthacarin® is a proprietary combination of essential oils from...
article 2018
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Botschuijver, S. (author), Roeselers, G. (author), Levin, E. (author), Jonkers, D.M. (author), Welting, O. (author), Heinsbroek, S.E.M. (author), de Weerd, H.H. (author), Boekhout, T. (author), Fornai, M. (author), Masclee, A.A. (author), Schuren, F.H.J. (author), de Jonge, W.J. (author), Seppen, J. (author), van den Wijngaard, R.M. (author)
Background & Aims Visceral hypersensitivity is one feature of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Bacterial dysbiosis might be involved in the activation of nociceptive sensory pathways, but there have been few studies of the role of the mycobiome (the fungal microbiome) in the development of IBS. We analyzed intestinal mycobiomes of patients with...
article 2017
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Segers, F.J.J. (author), van Laarhoven, K.A. (author), Huinink, H.P. (author), Adan, O.C.G. (author), Wösten, H.A.B. (author), Dijksterhuis, J. (author)
Indoor fungi cause damage in houses and are a potential threat to human health. Indoor fungal growth requires water, for which the terms water activity (aw) and relative humidity (RH) are used. The ability of the fungi Aspergillus niger, Cladosporium halotolerans, and Penicillium rubens at different developmental stages to survive changes in aw...
article 2016
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Zune, Q. (author), Delepierre, A. (author), Gofflot, S. (author), Bauwens, J. (author), Twizere, J.C. (author), Punt, P.J. (author), Francis, F. (author), Toye, D. (author), Bawin, T. (author), Delvigne, F. (author)
Fungal biofilm is known to promote the excretion of secondary metabolites in accordance with solid-staterelated physiological mechanisms. This work is based on the comparative analysis of classical submerged fermentation with a fungal biofilmreactor for the production of a Gla::green fluorescent protein (GFP) fusion protein by Aspergillus oryzae...
article 2015
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Gruben, B.S. (author), Zhou, M. (author), Wiebenga, A. (author), Ballering, J. (author), Overkamp, K.M. (author), Punt, P.J. (author), de Vries, R.P. (author)
The genome of the filamentous fungus Aspergillus niger is rich in genes encoding pectinases, a broad class of enzymes that have been extensively studied due to their use in industrial applications. The sequencing of the A. niger genome provided more knowledge concerning the individual pectinolytic genes, but little is known about the regulatory...
article 2014
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Rumbold, K. (author), van Buijsen, H.J.J. (author), Gray, V.M. (author), van Groenestijn, J.W. (author), Overkamp, K.M. (author), Slomp, R.S. (author), van der Werf, M.J. (author), Punt, P.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Increasingly lignocellulosic biomass hydrolysates are used as the feedstock for industrial fermentations. These biomass hydrolysates consist of complex mixtures of different fermentable sugars, but also contain inhibitors and salts that affect the performance of the productgenerating microbes. The performance of six industrially relevant...
article 2010
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Yuan, X.-L. (author), van der Kaaij, R.M. (author), van den Hondel, C.A.M.J.J. (author), Punt, P.J. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), Ram, A.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The filamentous ascomycete Aspergillus niger is well known for its ability to produce a large variety of enzymes for the degradation of plant polysaccharide material. A major carbon and energy source for this soil fungus is starch, which can be degraded by the concerted action of α-amylase, glucoamylase and α-glucosidase enzymes, members of the...
article 2008
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Damveld, R.A. (author), Franken, A. (author), Arentshorst, M. (author), Punt, P.J. (author), Klis, F.M. (author), van den Hondel, C.A.M.J.J. (author), Ram, A.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
To identify cell wall biosynthetic genes in filamentous fungi and thus potential targets for the discovery of new antifungals, we developed a novel screening method for cell wall mutants. It is based on our earlier observation that the Aspergillus niger agsA gene, which encodes a putative a-glucan synthase, is strongly induced in response to...
article 2008
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Prenafeta-Boldú, F.X. (author), Illa, J. (author), van Groenestijn, J.W. (author), Flotats, X. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), KvL (author)
The biodegradation of toluene was studied in two lab-scale air biofilters operated in parallel, packed respectively with perlite granules (PEG) and polyurethane foam cubes (PUC) and inoculated with the same toluene-degrading fungus. Differences on the material pore size, from micrometres in PEG to millimetres in PUC, were responsible for...
article 2008
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Karnaukhova, E. (author), Ophir, Y. (author), Trinh, L. (author), Dalal, N. (author), Punt, P.J. (author), Golding, B. (author), Shiloach, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Human α1-proteinase inhibitor (α1-PI), also known as antitrypsin, is the most abundant serine protease inhibitor (serpin) in plasma. Its deficiency is associated with development of progressive, ultimately fatal emphysema. Currently in the United States, α1-PI is available for replacement therapy as an FDA licensed plasma-derived (pd...
article 2007
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van der Kaaij, R.M. (author), Janeček, Š. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Currently known fungal α-amylases are well-characterized extracellular enzymes that are classified into glycoside hydrolase subfamily GH13_1. This study describes the identification, and phylogenetic and biochemical analysis of novel intracellular fungal α-amylases. The phylogenetic analysis shows that they cluster in the recently identified...
article 2007
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Verdoes, J.C. (author), Punt, P.J. (author), Burlingame, R. (author), Bartels, J. (author), van Dijk, R. (author), Slump, E. (author), Meens, M. (author), Joosten, R. (author), Emalfarb, M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A self-replicating vector was designed that enables the construction of complex libraries in the fungus Chiysosporium lucknowense. The circular vector is linearized in vivo and results in a transformation frequency up to 13,000 transformants/ug ofplasmid DNA. Upon prolonged cultivation of the transformants in liquid medium, the linearized vector...
article 2007
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Yuan, X.L. (author), Goosen, C. (author), Kools, H. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), van den Hondel, C.A.M.J.J. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), Ram, A.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
As a soil fungus, Aspergillus niger can metabolize a wide variety of carbon sources, employing sets of enzymes able to degrade plant-derived polysaccharides. In this study the genome sequence of A. niger strain CBS 513.88 was surveyed, to analyse the gene/enzyme network involved in utilization of the plant storage polymer inulin, and of sucrose,...
article 2006
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Meijster, T. (author), Tielemans, E. (author), de Pater, N. (author), Heederik, D. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Introduction: Recent studies have shown that even low exposure levels to flour dust and related allergens can cause severe respiratory symptoms. In The Netherlands the Dutch government and responsible branch organizations [from bakeries (traditional & industrial), flour mills and bakery ingredient producers] signed a covenant to reduce exposure...
article 2006
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Bogdanovic, J. (author), Koets, M. (author), Sander, I. (author), Wouters, I. (author), Meijster, T. (author), Heederik, D. (author), van Amerongen, A. (author), Doekes, G. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Occupational allergen exposure assessment usually requires airborne dust sampling at the worksite followed by dust extraction and enzyme immunoassay (EIA) analysis at the laboratory. Use of semiquantitative lateral flow immunoassays (LFIAs) may allow a more rapid detection procedure with direct on-site demonstration of a bioallergen...
article 2006
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Weenink, X.O. (author), Punt, P.J. (author), van den Hondel, C.A.M.J.J. (author), Ram, A.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Although filamentous fungi have a unique property of secreting a large amount of homologous extracellular proteins, the use of filamentous fungi as hosts for the production of heterologous proteins is limited because of the low production levels that are generally reached. Here, we report a general screening method for the isolation of mutants...
article 2006
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te Biesebeke, R. (author), Boussier, A. (author), van Biezen, N. (author), van den Hondel, C.A.M.J.J. (author), Punt, P.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Filamentous growth of Aspergillus oryzae on solid cereal substrates involves secretion of substrate converting enzymes and a solid substrate specific polarised hyphal growth phenotype. To identify proteins produced under these specific conditions, the extracts of A. oryzae grown on wheat-based media were analysed using N-terminal sequence...
article 2006
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Gusakov, A.V. (author), Sinitsyn, A.P. (author), Salanovich, T.N. (author), Bukhtojarov, F.E. (author), Markov, A.V. (author), Ustinov, B.B. (author), Zeijl, C.V. (author), Punt, P. (author), Burlingame, R. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Two forms of cellobiohydrolase I (CBH I, Cel7A) were purified from the culture ultrafiltrate of a mutant strain of the fungus Chrysosporium lucknowense, an industrial producer of cellulases and hemicellulases. The enzymes had different molecular masses (52 and 65 kDa, SDS-PAGE data) but the same pI (4.5). Peptide sequencing showed that a single...
article 2005
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Damveld, R.A. (author), Arentshorst, M. (author), Franken, A. (author), van Kuyk, P.A. (author), Klis, F.M. (author), van den Hondel, C.A.M.J.J. (author), Ram, A.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
In Aspergillus niger, the genes coding for glutamine:fructose-6-phosphate amidotransferase (gfaA) and α-1,3-glucan synthase (agsA) are induced in response to cell wall stress. In silico analysis of the promoter region of the two genes revealed the presence of putative DNA binding sites for transcription factors involved in stress responses,...
article 2005
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te Biesebeke, R. (author), Record, E. (author), van Biezen, N. (author), Heerikhuisen, M. (author), Franken, A. (author), Punt, P.J. (author), van den Hondel, C.A.M.J.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
To study the relation between the number of hyphal tips and protein secretion during growth on a solid substrate, we have constructed two mutant strains of Aspergillus oryzae with increased hyphal branching. We have analysed hydrolytic enzyme activities during growth on wheat kernels (WK) of A. oryzae strains carrying the disrupted allele of the...
article 2005
Searched for: subject:"Fungi"
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