Searched for: subject%3A%22Fuel%255C%2Bquality%22
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Hulskotte, J.H.J. (author), Denier van der Gon, H.A.C. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
A methodology is presented to estimate the emissions of ships at berth based on their actual fuel consumption and the fuel quality. Accurate estimates of emissions from ships at berth demand reliable knowledge of the fuel consumption while at berth and associated fuel characteristics. However, assured information about energy use and fuel...
article 2010
Denier van der Gon, H.A.C. (author), Appelman, W. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
Large-scale use of leaded gasoline was an important source of the neurotoxin lead in the European environment. After a sequence of regulations on the allowed gasoline lead content and, eventually, a ban on the use of lead additives in gasoline, road transport was no longer considered a source of atmospheric lead. Currently a discrepancy exists...
article 2009
de Bie, T. (author), Ericsson, M. (author), Rask, P. (author), TNO Wegtransportmiddelen Society of Automotive Engineers (author)
This paper presents a start algorithm that is able to control the air/fuel ratio (AFR) during the cranking phase and immediately hereafter, where the ordinary ?-control is not yet enabled. The control is based on the ion sense principle, which means that a current through the spark plug is measured directly after the spark has disappeared. This...
conference paper 2000