Searched for: subject:"Feces"
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Botschuijver, S. (author), Roeselers, G. (author), Levin, E. (author), Jonkers, D.M. (author), Welting, O. (author), Heinsbroek, S.E.M. (author), de Weerd, H.H. (author), Boekhout, T. (author), Fornai, M. (author), Masclee, A.A. (author), Schuren, F.H.J. (author), de Jonge, W.J. (author), Seppen, J. (author), van den Wijngaard, R.M. (author)
Background & Aims Visceral hypersensitivity is one feature of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Bacterial dysbiosis might be involved in the activation of nociceptive sensory pathways, but there have been few studies of the role of the mycobiome (the fungal microbiome) in the development of IBS. We analyzed intestinal mycobiomes of patients with...
article 2017
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Fiamoncini, J. (author), Yiorkas, A.M. (author), Gedrich, K. (author), Rundle, M. (author), Alsters, S.I. (author), Roeselers, G. (author), van den Broek, T.J. (author), Clavel, T. (author), Lagkouvardos, I. (author), Wopereis, S. (author), Frost, G. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Blakemore, A.I. (author), Daniel, H. (author)
Bile acids (BA) are signaling molecules with a wide range of biological effects, also identified among the most responsive plasma metabolites in the postprandial state. We here describe this response to different dietary challenges and report on key determinants linked to its interindividual variability. Healthy men and women (n = 72, 62 ± 8 yr,...
article 2017
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Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Tel, S.L. (author), Hemmes, M.A. (author), Langenkamp-Brand, A. (author), Grossouw, D. (author), Jansen, H.T. (author), de Bie, B.T.H.J. (author)
Background: Worldwide obesity has nearly doubled since 1980 and is a leading risk for global deaths, profoundly affecting morbidity, mortality, health-care costs, and professional and personal quality of life. Treatment of obesity and its consequences include lifestyle intervention, pharmacotherapy, and bariatric surgery. Polyglucosamines have...
article 2016
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Aguirre, M. (author), Venema, K. (author)
article 2015
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Aguirre, M. (author), Venema, K. (author)
Recently, a great deal of interest has been expressed regarding strategies to tackle worldwide obesity because of its accelerated wide spread accompanied with numerous negative effects on health and high costs. Obesity has been traditionally associated with an imbalance in energy consumed when compared to energy expenditure. However, growing...
article 2015
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Aguirre, M. (author), Ramiro-Garcia, J. (author), Koenen, M.E. (author), Venema, K. (author)
This study investigated the stability and the activity of the microbiota from a single and a pool of donors in the TNO in vitro model of the colon (TIM-2 system). Our findings demonstrate the suitability of the preparation of a pool of fecal sample to be used for fermentation experiments. Chemicals/CAS: isobutyric acid, 5711-69-3, 79-31-2;...
article 2014
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Ladirat, S.E. (author), Schoterman, M.H.C. (author), Rahaoui, H. (author), Mars, M. (author), Schuren, F.H.J. (author), Gruppen, H. (author), Nauta, A. (author), Schols, H.A. (author)
In the present double-blind, randomised, parallel intervention study, the effects of the intake of galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) on the gut microbiota of twelve healthy adult subjects (aged 18-45 years with a normal BMI (18-25 kg/m2)) receiving amoxicillin (AMX) treatment were determined. All the subjects were treated with AMX (375 mg; three...
article 2014
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Beltman, M. (author), Kamphuis, M. (author)
article 2013
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Kamphuis, M. (author), van Leerdam, F.J.M. (author), Wierenga-van der Hoeven, C.J. (author), Bulk-Bunschoten, A.W.W. (author), Deurloo, J.A. (author), Beltman, M. (author)
De JGZ kan voorlichting geven over zindelijkheid aan ouders en kinderen en zindelijkheidsproblemen signaleren en begeleiden. Doel van deze richtlijn is het uniform, tijdig en correct signaleren, verwijzen en begeleiden van kinderen met zindelijkheidsproblemen door de JGZ. Ook kan de JGZ een rol spelen in de voorlichting aan de omgeving van het...
report 2011
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Kramer, A.J.W. (author), Broerse, A. (author), Kamphuis, M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
report 2010
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Klaassens, E.S. (author), Boesten, R.J. (author), Haarman, M. (author), Knol, J. (author), Schuren, F.H. (author), Vaughan, E.E. (author), de Vos, W.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Although their exact function remains enigmatic, bifidobacteria are among the first colonizers of the newborn infant gut and further develop into abundant communities, notably in response to diet. Therefore, the transcriptional responses of bifidobacteria in rapidly processed fecal samples from young infants that were fed either breast milk or a...
article 2009
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van der Hoorn, J.W.A. (author), de Haan, W. (author), Berbée, J.P.P. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Rensen, P.C. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective - Niacin potently decreases plasma triglycerides and LDL-cholesterol. In addition, niacin is the most potent HDL-cholesterol- increasing drug used in the clinic. In the present study, we aimed at elucidation of the mechanism underlying its HDL-raising effect. Methods and Results - InAPOE*3Leiden transgenic mice expressing the human...
article 2008
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He, T. (author), Venema, K. (author), Priebe, M.G. (author), Welling, G.W. (author), Brummer, R.J.M. (author), Vonk, R.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), KvL (author)
Lactose maldigestion and intolerance affect a large part of the world population. The underlying factors of lactose intolerance are not fully understood. In this review, the role of colonic metabolism is discussed, i.e. fermentation of lactose by the colonic microbiota, colonic processing of the fermentation metabolites and how these processes...
article 2008
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Kajikawa, A. (author), Satoh, E. (author), Leer, R.J. (author), Yamamoto, S. (author), Igimi, S. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A recombinant Lactobacillus casei expressing a flagellar antigen from Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis was constructed and evaluated as a mucosal vaccine. Intragastric immunization of the recombinant strain conferred protective immunity against Salmonella infection in mice. This immunization did not result in antigen-specific antibody in...
article 2007
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Pant, N. (author), Hultberg, A. (author), Zhao, Y. (author), Svensson, L. (author), Pan-Hammarström, Q. (author), Johansen, K. (author), Pouwels, P.H. (author), Ruggeri, F.M. (author), Hermans, P. (author), Frenken, L. (author), Borén, T. (author), Marcotte, H. (author), Hammarström, L. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Background. Rotavirus-induced diarrhea poses a worldwide medical problem in causing substantial morbidity and mortality among children in developing countries. We therefore developed a system for passive immunotherapy in which recombinant lactobacilli constitutively express neutralizing variable domain of llama heavy-chain (VHH) antibody...
article 2006
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Fässler, C. (author), Arrigoni, E. (author), Venema, K. (author), Brouns, F. (author), Amadò, R. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The in vitro fermentability of two resistant starch preparations type 2 (RS2) and type 3 (RS3) was investigated using human colonic microbiota. Prior to the fermentation experiments, samples were digested using two in vitro models, a batch (ba) and a dynamic (dy), as well as an in vivo method (il) for RS3. Digestion residues were fermented in...
article 2006
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Pasman, W. (author), Wils, D. (author), Saniez, M.H. (author), Kardinaal, A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven TNO Voeding (author)
Objective: To determine the gastrointestinal (GI) tolerance of NUTRIOSE®FB in men. Design: A randomized, placebo-contro lled, parallel, double-blind study. Setting: The metabolic ward of TNO Quality of Life. Subjects: Forty-eight subjects started the study: 16 men participated in one of the three treatments. Subjects consumed either 22.5 g of...
article 2006
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Duivenvoorden, I. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), van Duyvenvoorde, W. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Nieuwenhuizen, W.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: The prevalence of dyslipidemia and obesity resulting from excess energy intake and physical inactivity is increasing. The liver plays a pivotal role in systemic lipid homeostasis. Effective, natural dietary interventions that lower plasma lipids and promote liver health are needed. Objective: Our goal was to determine the effect of...
article 2006
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van den Heuvel, E.G.H.M. (author), Wils, D. (author), Pasman, W.J. (author), Saniez, M.H. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: It is well documented that fermentation of carbohydrates that escape digestion exert several effects supposed to be beneficial for (colonic) health, including an increase in stool volume, a shorter intestinal transit time, production of short chain fatty acids and a decrease of colonic pH (Kritchevsky 1988). NUTRIOSE®FB is a dextrin...
article 2005
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Delsing, D.J.M. (author), Post, S.M. (author), Groenendijk, M. (author), Solaas, K. (author), van der Boom, H. (author), van Duyvenvoorde, W. (author), de Wit, E.C.M. (author), Bloks, V.W. (author), Kuipers, F. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The present study was designed to investigate the lipid-lowering properties and mechanisms of action of a new HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, rosuvastatin, in female ApoE*3-Leiden transgenic mice. Mice received a high fat/cholesterol (HFC) diet containing either rosuvastatin (O [control], 0.00125%, 0.0025%, or 0.005% [w/w]) or 0.05% (w/w)...
article 2005
Searched for: subject:"Feces"
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