Searched for: subject:"Explosions"
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de Dominicis, L. (author), Bouma, H. (author), Toivonen, S. (author), Stifini, C. (author), Villani, M.L. (author), de Nicola, A. (author), van Rooijen, A.L. (author), Baan, J. (author), Peltola, J. (author), Lämsä, A. (author), Räsänen, P. (author)
conference paper 2021
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Space Propulsion and Custom Energetics (SPaCE) is a product team within TNO’s Energetic Materials department. The multidisciplinary SPaCE team is specialized in innovative space propulsion and pyrotechnic product development and testing. It has all the necessary resources and qualifications to assist governments and companies in the aerospace...
other 2021
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li Piani, T. (author), Weerheijm, J. (author), Peroni, M. (author), Koene, L. (author), Krabbenborg, D. (author), Solomos, G. (author), Sluys, L.J. (author)
This paper presents the results of an experimental research aimed at assessing the material performance of adobe bricks in compression for a wide range of induced strain rates, from statics to high velocity impact. Adobe connotes a traditional masonry whose bricks are made of sundried soil mixtures possibly reinforced with natural fibres and...
article 2020
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Müller, R.A.J. (author), von Benda-Beckmann, A.M. (author), Halvorsen, M.B. (author), Ainslie, M.A. (author)
Regulations for underwater anthropogenic noise are typically formulated in terms of peak sound pressure, root-mean-square sound pressure, and (weighted or unweighted) sound exposure. Sound effect studies on humans and other terrestrial mammals suggest that in addition to these metrics, the impulsiveness of sound (often quantified by its kurtosis...
article 2020
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Zebregs, M. (author), Mayer, A.E.H.J. (author), van der Heijden, A.E.D.M. (author)
In this comparative study, a solid composite, AN/HTPB-based propellant was prepared by conventional processing in a mechanical mixer and by applying an advanced processing technique relying on resonant acoustic mixing (RAM). After curing of the propellants, cross-sections were prepared and characterized by scanning electron microscopy. Also the...
article 2020
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Bezemer, K. (author), McLennan, L. (author), van Duin, L. (author), Kuijpers, C.J. (author), Koeberg, M. (author), van den Elshout, J.J.M.H. (author), van der Heijden, A.E.D.M. (author), Busby, T. (author), Yevdokimov, A. (author), Schoenmakers, P. (author), Smith, J. (author), Oxley, J. (author), van Asten, A. (author)
Erythritol tetranitrate (ETN) was prepared independently by two research groups from the USA and the Netherlands. The partially nitrated impurities present in ETN were studied using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry to address the ultimate challenge in forensic explosives investigations, i.e., providing chemical and tactical information on...
article 2020
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Bezemer, K. (author), McLennan, L. (author), Hessels, R. (author), Schoorl, J. (author), van den Elshout, J.J.M.H. (author), van der Heijden, A.E.D.M. (author), Hulsbergen, A. (author), Koeberg, M. (author), Busby, T. (author), Yevdokimov, A. (author), Rijke, E. (author), Schoenmakers, P. (author), Smith, J. (author), Oxley, J. (author), van Asten, A. (author)
In this follow-up study the collaboration between two research groups from the USA and the Netherlands was continued to expand the framework of chemical attribution for the homemade explosive erythritol tetranitrate (ETN). Isotope ratio mass spectrometry (IRMS) analysis was performed to predict possible links between ETN samples and its...
article 2020
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Illing, B. (author), Westhoven, M. (author), Gaspers, B. (author), Smets, N. (author), Bruggemann, B. (author), Mathew, T. (author)
Despite advances regarding autonomous functionality for robots, teleoperation remains a means for performing delicate tasks in safety critical contexts like explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) and ambiguous environments. Immersive stereoscopic displays have been proposed and developed in this regard, but bring about their own specific problems, e...
conference paper 2020
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Bouma, R.H.B. (author), Griffiths, T.T. (author), Tuukkanen, I.M. (author)
To ensure safety and reliability, it is important that the explosives and other materials used in munitions do not interact adversely either physically or chemically. Data obtained by heat flow calorimetry on nitrocellulose-based propellants have been reviewed with the aim of identifying improved chemical compatibility assessment criteria. It...
article 2019
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Philippens, M.M.G.M.M. (author), Ouellet, S. (author)
bookPart 2019
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de Heer, P.B.U.L. (author), de Reus, N.M. (author), Tealdi, L. (author), Kerbusch, P.J.M. (author)
The density, diversity, connectedness and scale of urban environments make military operations challenging. This paper shows that different artificial intelligence techniques can be combined to provide the commander with various form of intelligence augmentation and to support the decision making process. A warfare model has been developed where...
conference paper 2019
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van de Wouw, D.W.J.M. (author), ter Haar, F.B. (author), Dubbelman, G. (author), de With, P.H.N. (author)
We propose a real-time change detection system to be used as a vehicle-mounted early-warning system for indicators of improvised explosive devices. Within the context of military route clearance, the system automatically detects suspicious changes in the environment with respect to a previous patrol. For this purpose, historical images of the...
article 2019
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Straathof, M.H. (author), van Driel, C.A. (author), den Otter, J.H. (author), van Lingen, J.N.J. (author), Heinsius1, J. (author), Isenia, J. (author), Rijnders, B. (author)
In recent years, the amount of research being performed in the field of additive manufacturing of energetic materials has increased tremendously. Many institutions across the globe are developing new materials and techniques for 3D-printing of propellants, thermites, explosives, etc. Groven and Metzger [1] provide an excellent overview of recent...
conference paper 2019
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Scholtes, J.H.G. (author)
For fragment impact and sympathetic reaction calculations, a variety of empirical and simple 1D-shock models have been developed. Some of these, like the Walker-Wasley or the Cook-Haskins-James model, use a simple critical energy criterion. The empirical Jacobs-Roslund model has a large database and is well-known in the explosive community for...
conference paper 2019
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Ciammaruchi, L. (author), Oliveira, R. (author), Charas, A. (author), von Hauff, E. (author), Polino, G. (author), Brunetti, F. (author), Hansson, R. (author), Moons, E. (author), Krassas, M. (author), Kakavelakis, G. (author), Kymakis, E. (author), Sánchez, J.G. (author), Ferre-Borrull, J. (author), Marsal, L.F. (author), Züfle, S. (author), Fluhr, D. (author), Roesch, R. (author), Faber, T. (author), Schubert, U.S. (author), Hoppe, H. (author), Bakker, N.J. (author), Veenstra, S.C. (author), Zanotti, G. (author), Katz, E.A. (author), Apilo, P. (author), Romero, B. (author), Tumay, T.A. (author), Parlak, E. (author), Stagno, L.M. (author), Turkovic, V. (author), Rubahn, H.G. (author), Madsen, M. (author), Kažukauskas, V. (author), Tanenbaum, D.M. (author), Shanmugam, S. (author), Galagan, Y. (author)
This work is part of the interlaboratory collaboration to study the stability of organic solar cells containing PCDTBT polymer as a donor material. The varieties of the OPV devices with different device architectures, electrode materials, encapsulation, and device dimensions were prepared by seven research laboratories. Sets of identical devices...
article 2018
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Pereira, L.F. (author), Weerheijm, J. (author), Sluys, L.J. (author)
Although many aspects of the fracturing process of concrete are now well understood and successfully simulated with various models, it is still very difficult to properly simulate the different failure mechanisms observed in a concrete structure induced by ballistic impact. In this paper, an enhanced version of the effective-rate-dependent...
article 2018
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van 't Hof, C. (author), van Erkel, A.G. (author), Pape, G. (author)
An analytical model is developed for analysis of the dynamic elastic-plastic response of structural stiffened panels (e.g. bulkheads) due to blast. The model accounts for pinned boundaries and panel aspect ratios in the range of 1 – 5. Both the short span and long span deflection shapes are accounted for, as well as stiffeners in both directions...
conference paper 2018
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Verolme, E.K. (author), van der Voort, M.M. (author), Smits, R. (author), Weerheijm, J. (author), Koh, Y.H. (author), Kang, K.W. (author)
There is limited knowledge on deriving the strength of an explosion based on the observed explosion effects. Existing methods are based primarily on the effects of blast overpressure on surrounding structures. Window breakage and structural damage are well studied and are widely used to derive most probable explosion strengths. Other explosive...
article 2018
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Longbottom, A. (author), Verreault, J. (author), Cargill, S. (author), Milne, A. (author)
Many explosives are fuel rich and on detonation produce excess hydrocarbon species that may subsequently burn with oxygen in the surrounding air. This process is known as afterburning and takes place on relatively long timescales compared to detonation. An example is TNT which releases more than twice as much energy from afterburning as it does...
conference paper 2018
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Dijkers, H.P.A. (author), Hooijmeijer, P.A. (author)
Ammunition transshipments are a key part of the logistical operations of the armed forces and are often executed via ships. These transshipments pose a risk to the people present in the area surrounding the harbor, where the loading/unloading of the ship takes place. A method is presented to perform a quantitative risk assessment of such...
conference paper 2018
Searched for: subject:"Explosions"
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