Searched for: subject:"Exoskeletons"
(1 - 20 of 20)
document
de Vries, A.W. (author), de Looze, M.P. (author), Krause, F. (author)
Positive effects of arm support exoskeletons in reducing the shoulder load, have been reported mainly from laboratory studies. However, for exoskeletons to provide worker support in practice, they need to be accepted as well. Therefore, it is necessary to obtain insight into the user experience and attitude towards exoskeleton use, in relevant...
bookPart 2022
document
Brouwer, N.P. (author), Tabasi, A. (author), Moya-Esteban, A. (author), Sartori, M. (author), van Dijk, W. (author), Kingma, I. (author), van Dieen, J.H. (author)
The effectiveness of exoskeletons could be enhanced by incorporating low back muscle fatigue estimates in their control. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether low back muscle fatigue can be estimated using the spectral content of trunk extensor muscle high-density EMG (HDEMG) by considering the motor unit action potential...
bookPart 2022
document
Tabasi, A. (author), Lazzaroi, M. (author), Brouwer, N.P. (author), Kingma, I. (author), van Dijk, W. (author), de Looze, M.P. (author), Toxiri, S. (author), Ortiz, J. (author), van Dieen, J.H. (author)
Estimation of low-back load can be used to determine the assistance to be provided by an actuated back-support exoskeleton. To this end, an EMG-driven muscle model and a regression model can be implemented. The goal of the regression model is to reduce the number of required sensors for load estimation. Both models need to be calibrated. This...
bookPart 2022
document
Kingma, B.R.M. (author), Koopmans, A.S. (author), de Looze, M.P. (author), van Dieen, J.H. (author)
To evaluate the biomechanical effect of exoskeletons during lifting, three studies were performed to compare spine compression during lifting without and with three exoskeletons (Laevo, Robo-Mate, SPEXOR). In these studies, participants (11, 10 and 10, respectively) lifted boxes (10, 15 and 10 kg, respectively) from ankle height. Spine...
bookPart 2022
document
de Looze, M. (author), de Vries, A. (author), Krause, F. (author), Baltrusch, S. (author)
Determination of the effectivity, usability and acceptance of an exoskeleton for a specific job requires a three-stage approach in which we get a first impression of its usefulness and potential fit (field observation), in which we measure the work load reducing effect (controlled experiment), and in which we measure use and acceptance,...
conference paper 2022
document
de Vries, A.W. (author), Krause, F. (author), de Looze, M. (author)
The supportive effect of arm-support exoskeletons has been mainly studied for single postures or movements. The aim of this study is to analyse the effect of such an exoskeleton on shoulder muscle activity and perceived exertion, in six tasks of plasterers, each including multiple arm movements. The tasks of ‘applying gypsum’, ‘screeding’ and ...
article 2021
document
Koopman, A.S. (author), Naf, M. (author), Baltrusch, S.J. (author), Kingma, I. (author), Rodriguez-Guerrero, C. (author), Babic, J. (author), de Looze, M.P. (author), van Dieën, J.H. (author)
The number one cause of disability in the world is low-back pain, with mechanical loading as one of the major risk factors. To reduce mechanical loading, exoskeletons have been introduced in the workplace. Substantial reductions in back muscle activity were found when using the exoskeleton during static bending and manual materials handling....
article 2020
document
Tabasi, A. (author), Kingma, I. (author), de Looze, M.P. (author), van Dijk, W. (author), Koopman, A.S. (author), van Dieën, J.H. (author)
Back support exoskeletons are designed to prevent work-related low-back pain by reducing mechanical loading. For actuated exoskeletons, support based on moments actively produced by the trunk muscles appears a viable approach. The moment can be estimated by a biomechanical model. However, one of the main challenges here is the feasibility of...
article 2020
document
Koopman, A.S. (author), Kingma, I. (author), de Looze, M.P. (author), van Dieën, J.H. (author)
Low-back pain is the number one cause of disability in the world, with mechanical loading as one of the major risk factors. Exoskeletons have been introduced in the workplace to reduce low back loading. During static forward bending, exoskeletons have been shown to reduce back muscle activity by 10% to 40%. However, effects during dynamic...
article 2020
document
de Vries, A.W. (author), Murphy, M. (author), Könemann, R. (author), Kingma, I. (author), de Looze, M. (author)
Occupational Applications. Our study quantified the extent of support provided by a passive arm-support exoskeleton throughout a range of postures. Mechanical support generated by the arm-support exoskeleton (SkelEx, Rotterdam, The Netherlands) that we tested clearly reaches its maximum at elevation angles ranging from 60° to 120°, where the...
article 2019
document
Koopman, A.S. (author), Toxiri, S. (author), Power, V. (author), Kingma, I. (author), van Dieën, J.H. (author), Ortiz, J. (author), de Looze, M.P. (author)
With mechanical loading as the main risk factor for LBP, exoskeletons (EXO)are designed to reduce the load on the back by taking over part of the moment normally generated by back muscles. The present study investigated the effect of an active exoskeleton, controlled using three different control modes (INCLINATION, EMG & HYBRID), on spinal...
article 2019
document
Koopman, A.S. (author), Kingma, I. (author), Faber, G.S. (author), de Looze, M.P. (author), van Dieën, J.H. (author)
With mechanical loading as the main risk factor for LBP in mind, exoskeletons are designed to reduce the load on the back by taking over a part of the required moment. The present study assessed the effect of a passive exoskeleton on back and abdominal muscle activation, hip and lumbar flexion and on the contribution of both the human and the...
article 2019
document
Huysamen, K. (author), Bosch, T. (author), de Looze, M. (author), Stadler, K.S. (author), Graf, E. (author), O'Sullivan, L.W. (author)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a passive upper body exoskeleton on muscle activity, perceived musculoskeletal effort, local perceived pressure and subjective usability for a static overhead task. Eight participants (4 male, 4 female) held a load (0 kg and 2 kg) three times overhead for a duration of 30 s each, both with and...
article 2018
document
Huysamen, K. (author), de Looze, M.P. (author), Bosch, T. (author), Ortiz, J. (author), Toxin, S. (author), O'Sullivan, L.W. (author)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of an industrial exoskeleton on muscle activity, perceived musculoskeletal effort, measured and perceived contact pressure at the trunk, thighs and shoulders, and subjective usability for simple sagittal plane lifting and lowering conditions. Twelve male participants lifted and lowered a box of 7...
article 2018
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van Diik, W. (author), van de Wijdeven, T. (author), Hölscher, M.M. (author), Barents, R. (author), Könemann, R. (author), Krause, F. (author), Koerhuis, C.L. (author)
The load that is carried in military backpacks has drastically increased over the years. Besides energy expenditure, load carriage increases joint loading which has been associated with an increased risk on injuries, discomfort, and reduced task performance. To support soldiers during load carrying, exoskeletons have been proposed. The use of...
conference paper 2018
document
Toxiri, S. (author), Koopman, A.S. (author), Lazzaroni, M. (author), Ortiz, J. (author), Power, V. (author), de Looze, M.P. (author), O'Sullivan, L. (author), Caldwell, D.G. (author)
Active exoskeletons are potentially more effective and versatile than passive ones, but designing them poses a number of additional challenges. An important open challenge in the field is associated to the assistive strategy, by which the actuation forces are modulated to the user's needs during the physical activity. This paper addresses this...
article 2018
document
de Looze, M.P. (author), Krause, F. (author), O’Sullivan, L.W. (author)
Worldwide, a significant interest in wearable robots or exoskeletons does exist, also from an industrial background. This paper provides an overview of assistive exoskeletons that have specifically been developed for industrial purposes. It discusses their potential in increasing performance and flexibility on one hand and in reducing the...
bookPart 2017
document
de Kruif, B.J. (author), Schmidhauser, E. (author), Stadler, K.S. (author), O'Sullivan, L.W. (author)
The aim of our work is to improve the existing user-exoskeleton models by introducing a simulation architecture that can simulate its dynamic interaction, thereby altering the initial motion of the user. A simulation architecture is developed that uses the musculoskeletal models from OpenSim, and that implements an exoskeleton control algorithm...
article 2017
document
de Looze, M.P. (author), Bosch, T. (author), Krause, F. (author), Stadler, K.S. (author), O'Sullivan, L.W. (author)
The aim of this review was to provide an overview of assistive exoskeletons that have specifically been developed for industrial purposes and to assess the potential effect of these exoskeletons on reduction of physical loading on the body. The search resulted in 40 papers describing 26 different industrial exoskeletons, of which 19 were active ...
article 2016
document
Bosch, T. (author), van Eck, J. (author), Knitel, K. (author), de Looze, M.P. (author)
Exoskeletons may form a new strategy to reduce the risk of developing low back pain in stressful jobs. In the present study we examined the potential of a so-called passive exoskeleton on muscle activity, discomfort and endurance time in prolonged forward-bended working postures.Eighteen subjects performed two tasks: a simulated assembly task...
article 2016
Searched for: subject:"Exoskeletons"
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