Searched for: subject:"Etiology"
(1 - 20 of 21)

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Maasland, D.H.E. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Kremer, B. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Schouten, L.J. (author)
There is limited prospective data on the relationship between consumption of vegetables and fruits and the risk of head-neck cancer (HNC) subtypes [i.e., oral cavity cancer (OCC), oro-/hypopharyngeal cancer (OHPC) and laryngeal cancer (LC)]. Therefore, we investigated these associations within the Netherlands Cohort Study, in which 120,852...
article 2015
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Maasland, D.H.E. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Kremer, S.H.A. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Schouten, L.J. (author)
Background: Prospective data on alcohol consumption, cigarette smoking and risk of head-neck cancer (HNC) subtypes, i.e. oral cavity cancer (OCC), oro-/hypopharyngeal cancer (OHPC), and laryngeal cancer (LC), are limited. We investigated these associations within the second largest prospective study on this topic so far, the Netherlands Cohort...
article 2014
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Männistö, S. (author), Yaun, S.S. (author), Hunter, D.J. (author), Spiegelman, D. (author), Adami, H.O. (author), Albanes, D. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Buring, J.E. (author), Cerhan, J.R. (author), Colditz, G.A. (author), Freudenheim, J.L. (author), Fuchs, C.S. (author), Giovannucci, E. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Harnack, L. (author), Leitzmann, M. (author), McCullough, M.L. (author), Miller, A.B. (author), Rohan, T.E. (author), Schatzkin, A. (author), Virtamo, J. (author), Willett, W.C. (author), Wolk, A. (author), Zhang, S.M. (author), Smith-Warner, S.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Dietary carotenoids have been hypothesized to protect against epithelial cancers. The authors analyzed the associations between intakes of specific carotenoids (alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, beta-cryptoxanthin, lutein + zeaxanthin, and lycopene) and risk of colorectal cancer using the primary data from 11 cohort studies carried out in North...
article 2007
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Scharstuhl, A. (author), Schewe, B. (author), Benz, K. (author), Gaissmaier, C. (author), Bühring, H.J. (author), Stoop, R. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a multifactorial disease strongly correlated with history of joint trauma, joint dysplasia, and advanced age. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are promising cells for biological cartilage regeneration. Conflicting data have been published concerning the availability of MSCs from the iliac crest, depending on age and overall...
article 2007
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Zeegers, M.P. (author), Selen, R.F.M. (author), Kleinjans, J.C.S. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objectives: N-nitroso compounds, endogenously formed from nitrate-derived nitrite, are suspected to be important bladder carcinogens. However, the association between nitrate exposure from food or drinking water and bladder cancer has not been substantially investigated in epidemiologic studies. Methods: We evaluated the associations between...
article 2006
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Kummeling, I. (author), Thijs, C. (author), Penders, J. (author), Snijders, B.E.P. (author), Stelma, F. (author), Reimerink, J. (author), Koopmans, M. (author), Dagnelie, P.C. (author), Huber, M. (author), Jansen, M.C.J.F. (author), de Bie, R. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven TNO Voeding (author)
The aim of the KOALA Birth Cohort Study in the Netherlands is to identify factors that influence the clinical expression of atopic disease with a main focus on lifestyle (e.g., anthroposophy, vaccinations, antibiotics, dietary habits, breastfeeding and breast milk composition, intestinal microflora composition, infections during the first year...
article 2005
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Mommers, M. (author), Schouten, L.J. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
BACKGROUND. To the authors' knowledge, only a few prospective studies to date have investigated the correlation between vegetable and fruit consumption and the risk of ovarian carcinoma and their results have been inconclusive. METHODS. Vegetable and fruit intake was assessed in relation to ovarian carcinoma, among 62,573 postmenopausal women...
article 2005
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Schouten, L.J. (author), Zeegers, M.P.A. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Objective: To study alcohol consumption in relation to ovarian cancer risk in a prospective cohort study. Methods: The Netherlands Cohort Study on diet and cancer was initiated in 1986. A self-administered questionnaire on dietary habits and other risk factors for cancer was completed by 62,573 postmenopausal women. Follow-up for cancer was...
article 2004
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Janssen, W.H. (author), Wierda, M. (author), van der Horst, A.R.A. (author)
This paper sets out by identifying five plausible stages in the automation of the road traffic system, ranging from the introduction of part systems that support specific task components (navigation, collision avoidance) to full automation of roads and vehicles. It is then attempted to predict how drivers will respond to each successive stage of...
article 1995
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D'Angelo, A. (author), Kluft, C. (author), Verheijen, J.H. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
In nine patients with non-malignant diseases undergoing major upper abdominal surgery, the mechanism of the postoperative fibrinolytic shut-down was investigated because of its potential significance for postoperative deep vein thrombosis by employing new and specific methods for assessing and stimulating the fibrinolytic system. The shut-down...
article 1985
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Reynders, J.B.J. (author), Immel, H.R. (author), Scherrenberg, P.M. (author), Feron, V.J. (author), Beems, R.B. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en voeding TNO (author)
Two groups of male and female Syrian golden hamsters, of which the trachea was severely injured by electrocoagulation, received 6 weekly intratracheal instillations of benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) + ferric oxide in saline or saline alone. Two comparable groups of hamsters were similarly treated but had an undamaged trachea. The experiment was terminated...
article 1985
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Kuper, C.F. (author), Bloksma, N. (author), Bruyntjes, J.P. (author), Hofhuis, F.M. (author), Wolferink, G. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO (author)
The effect of intravenously injected endotoxin on inflammatory cells within solid Meth A tumours was studied and central hyperaemia, necrosis and early collapse were observed macroscopically at 4, 24 and 48 h, respectively. The effects were studied in semithin sections and cytocentrifuge preparations of the tumours. The inflammatory cell...
article 1985
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Kroes, R. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en voeding TNO (author)
Short-term tests designed to detect possible carcinogenicity have been extensively refined during the last years. Presently, many more or less simple and convenient systems are available to detect mutations, chromosome effects, DNA damage, and malignant transformation. Although their relevance to carcinogenicity is often reasonably good,...
article 1983
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Reuzel, P.G.J. (author), Feron, V.J. (author), Spit, B.J. (author), Beems, R.B. (author), Kroes, R. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en voeding TNO (author)
Cofactors involved in respiratory tract carcinogenesis were studied in Syrian golden hamster or in rats using benzo(a)pyrene as the carcinogenic agent. These factors included severe tissue tissue damage induced by electro-coagulation, glass fibers administered by intratracheal instillation, acetaldehyde as irritant vapor, food restriction, and...
article 1983
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van Hinsbergh, V.W.M. (author), Havekes, L. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), van Corven, E. (author), Scheffer, M. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Binding and metabolism of low density lipoprotein (LDL) and acetylated LDL were examined in endothelial cells from human umbilical cord arteries and veins. Both high and low affinity LDL interactions were observed. High affinity LDL binding and catabolism were increased five- to sevenfold after preincubation for 18 hours in LPDS containing...
article 1983
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Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en voeding TNO (author), van Dokkum, W. (author), de Boer, B.C.J. (author), van Faassen, A. (author), Pikaar, N.A. (author), Hermus, R.J.J. (author)
We suggest that a lower faecal pH may be correlated with a lower mortality of large-bowel cancer and that faecal pH should always be considered in epidemiological studies on the role of diet in colon carcinogenesis.
article 1983
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Zelle, B. (author), Berends, F. (author), Lohman, P.H.M. (author), Medisch Biologisch Laboratorium TNO (author)
The xeroderma pignemtosum fibroblast strains XP2RO, complementation group E, and XP23OS, group F were compared with normal human primary fibroblasts UV. regard to repair of damage induced by 254-nn UV> In XP2RO cells, repair DNA synthesis, measured by autoradiography (unscheduled DNA synthesis = UDS), was about 50% of the value found in normal...
article 1980
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Wade, M.H. (author), Lohman, P.H.M. (author), Medisch Biologisch Laboratorium TNO (author)
The role of the pyrimidine dimer in cell killing, DNA synthesis and repair has been studied by utilizing the light-requiring DNA-repair mechanism of photo-reactivation in UV-irradiated chicken-embryo fibroblasts. Survival, as measured by colony-forming ability at 41??C, is increased in cells left in the light. The initial inhibition of DNA...
article 1980
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Reynolds, R.J. (author), Natarajan, A.T. (author), Lohman, P.H.M. (author), Medisch Biologisch Laboratorium TNO (author)
Chemicals/CAS: endonuclease, 9055-11-2; Endonucleases, EC 3.1.
article 1979
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Knook, D.L. (author), Instituut voor experimentele gerontologie TNO (author)
Ageing is associated with declines in the functional capacities of several organs. General causes for the decline can be divided into: 1. intrinsic cellular causes and 2. extracellular causes, e.g., changes in blood circulation and distribution. For the first group of causes, there is evidence for a decrease in the numbers of long-lived cells in...
article 1978
Searched for: subject:"Etiology"
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