Searched for: subject:"Ethanol"
(1 - 20 of 40)

Pages

document
Willems, R. (author), Willems, F. (author), Deen, N. (author), Somers, B. (author)
The understanding of reactivity controlled compression ignition has greatly improved throughout recent years. While its potential for extremely low NOx and soot emissions has been confirmed numerous times, there remain some ambiguities about the ability of this concept to attain very high efficiency. Now that increasingly stringent CO2...
article 2020
document
Seykens, X. (author), Bekdemir, C. (author), Han, J. (author), Willems, R. (author), van Hal, J. (author)
This paper focusses on the application of bioalcohols (ethanol and butanol) derived from seaweed in Heavy-Duty (HD) Compression Ignition (CI) combustion engines. Seaweed-based fuels do not claim land and are not in competition with the food chain. Currently, the application of high octane bioalcohols is limited to Spark Ignition (SI) engines....
conference paper 2020
document
Oliveira, C.C.N. (author), Rochedo, P.R.R. (author), Bhardwaj, R. (author), Worrell, E. (author), Szklo, A. (author)
The urgency with which the world economy needs to be decarbonized could lead to the emergence of regions with the capacity to produce renewable feedstock such as biomass. The competitiveness of these regions could result from their ability to produce high value-added chemicals at the lowest cost. The biomass embodied in a chemical product could...
article 2019
document
Schrieks, I.C. (author), Heil, A.L. (author), Hendriks, H.F. (author), Mukamal, K.J. (author), Beulens, J.W. (author)
OBJECTIVE: Moderate alcohol consumption is associated with a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes. This reduced risk might be explained by improved insulin sensitivity or improved glycemic status, but results of intervention studies on this relation are inconsistent. The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of...
article 2015
document
Roa Engel, C.A. (author), ter Horst, J.H. (author), Pieterse, M. (author), van der Wielen, L.A.M. (author), Straathof, A.J.J. (author)
Fumaric acid is a dicarboxylic acid applied in food industry and in some polymers. Currently, its fermentative production from renewable resources is receiving much attention, and crystallization is used to recover it. To determine the window of operation for crystallization from multicomponent fermentation mixtures, the aqueous solubilities of...
article 2013
document
Tonk, E.C.M. (author), de Groot, D.M.G. (author), Wolterbeek, A.P.M. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author), Waalkens-Berendsen, I.D.H. (author), Piersma, A.H. (author), van Loveren, H. (author)
The susceptibility of developing immune system to chemical disruption warrants the assessment of immune parameters in reproductive and developmental testing protocols. In this study, a wide range of immune endpoints was included in an extended one-generation reproduction toxicity study (EOGRTS) design to determine the relative sensitivity of...
article 2013
document
Heinen, M.M. (author), Verhage, B.A.J. (author), Schouten, L.J. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Schouten, H.C. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author)
Results from epidemiological studies suggest that alcohol drinkers have a decreased risk of lymphoid neoplasms, whereas results for myeloid neoplasms are inconsistent. However, most of these studies have used retrospective data. We examined prospectively whether alcohol consumption decreases the risk of both lymphoid and myeloid neoplasms,...
article 2013
document
van Groenestijn, J.W. (author), Abubackar, H.N. (author), Veiga, M.C. (author), Kennes, C. (author)
Production of bioethanol from cellulosic biomass plays an important role to support energy policies. To produce cellulosic ethanol via fermentation it is required to first break the lignocellulosic complex. Numerous technologies for such pretreatment are under development or in a pilot plant stage. Saccharomyces cerevisiae or other...
bookPart 2013
document
de Esch, C. (author), van der Linde, H. (author), Slieker, R. (author), Willemsen, R. (author), Wolterbeek, A. (author), Woutersen, R. (author), de Groot, D. (author)
Several characteristics warrant the zebrafish a refining animal model for toxicity testing in rodents, thereby contributing to the 3R principles (Replacement, Reduction, and Refinement) in animal testing, e.g. its small size, ease of obtaining a high number of progeny, external fertilization, transparency and rapid development of the embryo, and...
article 2012
document
van Groenestijn, J.W. (author), Slomp, R.S. (author)
High concentrations of substrate and product are important for the economy of second-generation bioethanol production. By a dilute acid thermal pretreatment of large pieces of relatively dry wheat straw using a novel rapid heating method, followed by fed-batch preliquefaction with hydrolytic enzymes, a subsequent simultaneous saccharification...
article 2011
document
van Leeuwen, S.S. (author), Kralj, S. (author), Eeuwema, W. (author), Gerwig, G.J. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), Kamerling, J.P. (author)
Mutagenesis of specific amino acid residues of the glucansucrase (GTF180) enzyme from Lactobacillus reuteri strain 180 yielded 12 mutant enzymes that produced modified exopolysaccharides (mEPSs) from sucrose. Ethanol-precipitated and purified mEPSs were subjected to linkage analysis, Smith degradation analysis, and 1D/2D <sup>1</sup>H NMR...
article 2009
document
Kudryashova, E.V. (author), de Jongh, H.H.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), KvL (author)
The possibility of modulating the mesoscopic properties of food colloidal systems by the dielectric constant is studied by determining the impact of small amounts of ethanol (10%) on the adsorption of egg white ovalbumin onto the air-water interface in the absence and presence of pectin. The adsorption kinetics was monitored using tensiometry....
article 2008
document
Noort, D. (author), Fidder, A. (author), van der Schans, M.J. (author), Hulst, A.G. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
We present a generic mass spectrometric method to verify exposure to organophosphates, based on the chemical conversion of the phosphylated peptides obtained after pepsin digestion of human butyrylcholinesterase (HuBuChE) to a common precursor peptide. After exposure of plasma to various organophosphates (nerve agents, pesticides), HuBuChE was...
article 2006
document
Beulens, J.W.J. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
article 2006
document
McKee, R.H. (author), Lammers, J.H.C.M. (author), Hoogendijk, E.M.G. (author), Emmen, H.H. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Barsotti, D.A. (author), Owen, D.E. (author), Kulig, B.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
As a preliminary step to evaluating the acute neurobehavioral effects of hydrocarbon solvents and to establish a working model for extrapolating animal test data to humans, joint neurobehavioral/toxicokinetic studies were conducted which involved administering ethanol to rats and volunteers. The specific objectives of the present studies were to...
article 2006
document
Beulens, J.W.J. (author), Sierksma, A. (author), Schaafsma, G. (author), Kok, F.J. (author), Struys, E.A. (author), Jakobs, C. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Moderate alcohol consumption is associated with a decreased risk of cardiovascular disease. Because plasma homocysteine (tHcy) is considered an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease and associated with alcohol consumption, the authors investigated the effect of moderate alcohol consumption on kinetics of plasma tHcy...
article 2005
document
Freudenheim, J.L. (author), Ritz, J. (author), Smith-Warner, S.A. (author), Albanes, D. (author), Bandera, E.V. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Colditz, G. (author), Feskanich, D. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Harnack, L. (author), Miller, A.B. (author), Rimm, E. (author), Rohan, T.E. (author), Sellers, T.A. (author), Virtamo, J. (author), Willett, W.C. (author), Hunter, D.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Although smoking is the primary cause of lung cancer, much is unknown about lung cancer etiology, including risk determinants for nonsmokers and modifying factors for smokers. Objective: We hypothesized that alcohol consumption contributes to lung cancer risk. Design: We conducted a pooled analysis using standardized exposure and...
article 2005
document
Gijsbers, J.H.J. (author), Tielemans, E. (author), Brouwer, D.H. (author), van Hemmen, J.J. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Introduction: Limited quantitative information is available on dermal exposure to chemicals during various industrial activities. Therefore, within the scope of the EU-funded RISKOFDERM project, potential dermal exposure was measured during three different tasks: filling, loading and brushing. DEGBE (2-(2-butoxyethoxy)ethanol) was used as a ...
article 2004
document
Sierksma, A. (author), Lebrun, C.E.I. (author), van der Schouw, Y.T. (author), Grobbee, D.E. (author), Lamberts, S.W.J. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), Bots, M.L. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Objective-Moderate alcohol consumption has been postulated to be cardioprotective. Such an effect might be reflected in large-artery properties, such as arterial stiffness and wave reflections. Methods and Results-Three hundred seventy-one healthy postmenopausal women aged 50 to 74 years were sampled from a population-based study. Alcohol intake...
article 2004
document
Markus, C.R. (author), Sierksma, A. (author), Verbeek, C. (author), van Rooijen, J.J.M. (author), Patel, H.J. (author), Brand, A.N. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Brain serotonin (5-HT) synthesis is controlled by nutrients that influence the availability of plasma tryptophan (Trp) as compared with the sum of the other large neutral amino acids (LNAA; Trp:LNAA). Alcohol consumption is found to change mood and performance and this might well be due to alterations in the plasma Trp:LNAA ratio and brain 5-HT....
article 2004
Searched for: subject:"Ethanol"
(1 - 20 of 40)

Pages