Searched for: subject:"Endotoxins"
(1 - 20 of 25)

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van Duuren-Stuurman, B. (author), Gröllers-Mulderij, M. (author), van de Runstraat, A. (author), Duisterwinkel, A.E. (author), Terwoert, J. (author), Spaan, S. (author)
Objective: Aim of the present study is to investigate the levels of endotoxins on product samples from potatoes, onions, and seeds, representing a relevant part of the agro-food industry in the Netherlands, to gather valuable insights in possibilities for exposure control measures early in the process of industrial processing of these products....
article 2018
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Berbé, J.F.P. (author), Coomans, C.P. (author), Westerterp, M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author)
Timely sensing of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is critical for the host to fight invading Gram-negative bacteria. We recently showed that apolipoprotein CI (apoCI) (apoCI1-57) avidly binds to LPS, involving an LPS-binding motif (apoCI48-54), and thereby enhances the LPS-induced inflammatory response. Our current aim was to further elucidate the...
article 2010
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de Jonge, J.D. (author), Ezendam, J. (author), Knippels, L.M.J. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author), Pieters, R. (author), van Loveren, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Probiotics are claimed to beneficially affect the immune system and their involvement in allergy prevention is being investigated extensively. However, the efficacy of probiotics in allergy prevention remains controversial. We investigated whether the probiotic Lactobacillus casei Shirota (LcS) could modulate the food allergic response against...
article 2008
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Spaan, S. (author), Schinkel, J. (author), Wouters, I.M. (author), Preller, L. (author), Tielemans, E. (author), Nij, E.T. (author), Heederik, D. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objectives: Workers in many industries are exposed to endotoxins, which may cause adverse health effects. In exposure assessment, information about exposure variability is essential. However, variability in exposure has rarely been investigated for biological agents and more specifically for endotoxin. Therefore, variance components and...
article 2008
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Schippers, E.F. (author), Berbée, J.F.P. (author), van Disseldorp, I.M. (author), Versteegh, M.I.M. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), van Dissel, J.T. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: Experimental models show that apolipoprotein CI (apoCI) binds and enhances the inflammatory response to endotoxin. We studied in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass surgery (CPB) and experiencing endotoxemia during reperfusion whether plasma apoCI levels correlate with the inflammatory response and perioperative cytokine...
article 2008
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Spaan, S. (author), Doekes, G. (author), Heederik, D. (author), Thorne, P.S. (author), Wouters, I.M. (author)
The measurement of airborne endotoxins is thus far not standardized. Earlier studies reported higher endotoxin yields when Tween 20 was added to the media used for filter extraction and in the Limulus amebocyte lysate (LAL) assay. This study compared four common media and assessed the effects of Tween during extraction and analysis separately....
article 2008
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Spaan, S. (author), Schinkel, J.M. (author), Wouters, I.M. (author), Preller, E.A. (author), Tjoe Nij, E.I.M. (author), Heederik, D. (author), Tielemans, E.L.J.P. (author), Preller, L. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Endotoxin is a well-known toxin which has been associated with several health effects. Many factors influence airborne endotoxin exposure and can cause high variability in exposure between and within workers. Additionally, since the source of endotoxin exposure - gram-negative bacteria - grow and amplify, exposure variability is thought to be...
article 2007
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Spaan, S. (author), Heederik, D.J.J. (author), Thorne, P.S. (author), Wouters, I.M. (author)
Endotoxin exposure occurs in homes and occupational environments and is known to cause adverse health effects. In order to compare results from different studies and establish standards, airborne endotoxin exposures should be assessed using standardized methods. Although the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) developed guidelines for...
article 2007
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Portengen, L. (author), Preller, L. (author), Tielen, M. (author), Doekes, G. (author), Heederik, D. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Recent studies have reported a low prevalence of atopic sensitization and respiratory allergy in children growing up on farms. Objectives: We sought to evaluate the dose-response relationship between endotoxin and atopic sensitization in adult farmers and to assess the effect on respiratory health outcomes. Methods: Data on endotoxin...
article 2005
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Verhoeckx, K.C.M. (author), Gaspari, M. (author), Bijlsma, S. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), Witkamp, R.F. (author), Doornbos, R.P. (author), Rodenburg, R.J.T. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis (DIGE) in combination with univariate (Student's t-test) and multivariate data analysis, principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) were used to study the anti-inflammatory effects of the β2-adrenergic receptor (β2-AR) agonist zilpaterol. U937...
article 2005
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TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author), Lund, S. (author), Porzgen, P. (author), Mortensen, A.L. (author), Hasseldam, H. (author), Bozyczko-Coyne, D. (author), Morath, S. (author), Hartung, T. (author), Bianchi, M. (author), Ghezzi, P. (author), Bsibsi, M. (author), Dijkstra, S. (author), Leist, M. (author)
CEP-1347 is a potent inhibitor of the mixed lineage kinases (MLKs), a distinct family of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinases (MAPKKK). It blocks the activation of the c-Jun/JNK apoptotic pathway in neurons exposed to various stressors and attenuates neurodegeneration in animal models of Parkinson's disease (PD). Microglial activation...
article 2005
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Izeboud, C.A. (author), Hoebe, K.H.N. (author), Grootendorst, A.F. (author), Nijmeijer, S.M. (author), van Miert, A.S. (author), Witkamp, R.F. (author), Rodenburg, R.J.T. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Objective and Design: To investigate the effects of β2- adrenoceptor (β2-AR) stimulation on endotoxin-induced liver damage and systemic cytokine levels in rats. Subjects: Standard male Wistar rats. Treatment: A disease-model of lipolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute systemic inflammation was used. The β2-selective AR agonist clenbuterol was...
article 2004
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Hoebe, K.H.N. (author), Witkamp, R.F. (author), Fink-Gremmels, J. (author), van Miert, A.S.J.P.A.M. (author), Monshouwer, M. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
This study focuses on the importance of direct contact between Kupffer cells (KCs) and hepatocytes (HCs) during the hepatic inflammatory response using an in vitro approach. The lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory response in monocultures of porcine HCs and KCs were compared with cocultures prepared either with direct contact between...
article 2001
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van den Berg, R.J.B.H.N. (author), Noort, D. (author), Milder-Enacache, E.S. (author), van der Marel, G.A. (author), van Boom, J.H. (author), Benschop, H.P. (author), Prins Maurits Laboratorium TNO (author)
In order to develop a generic treatment for infections with Gram- negative bacteria, we developed a synthesis of 2-acylamino-deoxynojirimycin derivatives (17, 18, 19 and 20), which will be used as haptens for raising catalytic antibodies capable of hydrolyzing the interglycosidic bond in the lipid A moiety of endotoxins. A key intermediate in...
article 1999
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van Rozendaal, B.A.W.M. (author), van de Lest, C.H.A. (author), van Eijk, M. (author), van Golde, L.M.G. (author), Voorhout, W.F. (author), van Helden, H.P.M. (author), Haagsman, H.P. (author)
Collectins are carbohydrate binding proteins that are implicated in innate host defense. The lung collectins, surfactant proteins A and D (SP-A and SP-D), bind a variety of pathogens in vitro and influence phagocytosis by alveolar macrophages. In this report we show that SP-D binds endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide, LPS) in vivo in a rat model of...
article 1999
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van Leeuwen, R.T.J. (author), Quax, P.H.A. (author), Tippins, J.R. (author), Antoniw, J.W. (author), Andreotti, F. (author), Maseri, A. (author), Kluft, C. (author), Sperti, G. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Background: Lipopolysaccharide (endotoxin) has been shown to increase the expression of plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1) in the vessel wall. Endotoxin is known to increase PAI-1 production in endothelial cells, but its action on smooth muscle cells (SMCs) is presently not clear. In this study we determined the effect of endotoxin...
article 1996
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Emeis, J.E. (author), Hoekzema, R. (author), de Vos, A.F. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
In experimental animals and humans, intravenous (IV) injection of endotoxin induces large increases in circulating plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1), a major inhibitor of blood fibrinolysis. A similar increase is seen after the injection of interleukin-1 (IL-1) or of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), suggesting that these cytokines...
article 1995
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Padro, T. (author), Quax, P.H.A. (author), van den Hoogen, C.M. (author), Roholl, P. (author), Verheijen, J.H. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Plasminogen activator (PA) and PA inhibitor (PAI) antigen, activity, and mRNA were analyzed in the three layers of rat aorta, and the effect of endotoxin on PA and PAI was studied. All PA activity in aorta was identified as tissue-type PA (TPA) activity; no urokinase-type PA was detected. In the tunica adventitia TPA activity, TPA antigen, and...
article 1994
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Emeis, J.J. (author), van den Hoogen, C.M. (author), Gaubius Laboratory IVVO-TNO, P.O. Box 430, 2300 AK Leiden, Netherlands Instituut voor verouderings- en vaatziekten onderzoek TNO (author)
Pharmacological modulation of the in vivo induction of plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1) synthesis was studied in rats using the induction of PAI-1 by endotoxin as a model system. Both the cyclooxygenase inhibitors acetylsalicylic acid and indomethacin enhanced PAI-1 induction. The combined cyclooxygenase-lipoxygenase inhibitor,...
article 1992
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Gaubius Instituut TNO (author), Quax, P.H.A. (author), van den Hoogen, M. (author), Verheijen, J.H. (author), Padro, T. (author), Zeheb, R. (author), Gelehrter, T.D. (author), van Berkel, T.J.C. (author), Kuiper, J. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author)
The tissue-specific distribution of tissue-type and urokinase-type plasminogen activator (t-PA and u-PA) and their inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) was analyzed at mRNA level in five major rat organ tissues. t-PA mRNA was detected in lung, kidney, heart, and liver. u-PA mRNA was detected in kidney and lung. Presence of PA mRNA correlated with the...
article 1990
Searched for: subject:"Endotoxins"
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