Searched for: subject:"Endopeptidases"
(1 - 20 of 20)
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van Leeuwen, H.C. (author), Roelofs, D. (author), Corver, J. (author), Hensbergen, P. (author)
Pro-Pro-endopeptidases (PPEP, EC 3.4.24.89) are secreted, zinc metalloproteases that have the unusual capacity to cleave a peptide bond between two prolines, a bond that is generally less sensitive to proteolytic cleavage. Two well studied members of the family are PPEP-1 and PPEP-2, produced by Clostridioides difficile, a human pathogen, and...
article 2021
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Mulder, S.D. (author), van der Flier, W.M. (author), Verheijen, J.H. (author), Mulder, C. (author), Scheltens, P. (author), Blankenstein, M.A. (author), Hack, C.E. (author), Veerhuis, R. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Several studies have shown that reduced amyloid-β 1-42 (Aβ {42}) and increased tau levels in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) reflect increased Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology in the brain. β-site APP cleaving enzyme (BACE1) is thought to be the major β-secretase involved in Aβ production in the brain, and therefore we investigated the relation...
article 2010
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Abdul-Hussien, H. (author), Hanemaaijer, R. (author), Verheijen, J.H. (author), van Bockel, J.H. (author), Geelkerken, R.H. (author), Lindeman, J.H.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is thought to play a central role in abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) initiation. Doxycycline, a tetracycline analogue, has direct MMP-9-inhibiting properties in vitro, and it effectively suppresses AAA development in rodents. Observed inhibition of AAA progression, and contradictory findings in...
article 2009
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TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author), Tuin, A.W. (author), Mol, M.A.E. (author), van den Berg, R.M. (author), Fidder, A. (author), van der Marel, G.A. (author), Overkleeft, H.S. (author), Noort, D. (author)
Elucidation of noncholinesterase protein targets of organophosphates, and nerve agents in particular, may reveal additional mechanisms for their high toxicity as well as clues for novel therapeutic approaches toward intoxications with these agents. Within this framework, we here describe the synthesis of the activity-based probe 3, which...
article 2009
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Mitea, C. (author), Havenaar, R. (author), Wouter Drijfhout, J. (author), Edens, L. (author), Dekking, L. (author), Koning, F. (author), Dekking, E.H.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Coeliac disease is caused by an immune response to gluten. As gluten proteins are proline rich they are resistant to enzymatic digestion in the gastrointestinal tract, a property that probably contributes to the immunogenic nature of gluten. Aims: This study determined the efficiency of gluten degradation by a post-proline cutting...
article 2008
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van Hinsbergh, V.W.M. (author), Engelse, M.A. (author), Quax, P.H.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Pericellular proteases play an important role in angiogenesis and vasculogenesis. They comprise (membrane-type) matrix metalloproteinases [(MT-)MMPs], serine proteases, cysteine cathepsins, and membrane-bound aminopeptidases. Specific inhibitors regulate them. Major roles in initiating angiogenesis have been attributed to MT1-matrix...
article 2006
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Lindeman, J.H.N. (author), Hanemaaijer, R. (author), Mulder, A. (author), Dijkstra, P.D.S. (author), Szuhai, K. (author), Bromme, D. (author), Verheijen, J.H. (author), Hogendoorn, P.C.W. (author)
Giant cell tumor (GCT) of bone is a neoplasm of bone characterized by a localized osteolytic lesion. The nature of GCT is an enigma and the cell type(s) and protease(s) responsible for the extensive localized clinicoradiological osteolysis remain unresolved. We evaluated protease expression and cellular distribution of the proteolytic machinery...
article 2004
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Rijken, D.C. (author), Barrett-Bergshoeff, M.M. (author), Jie, A.F.H. (author), Criscuoli, M. (author), Sakharov, D.V. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Amediplase (K2tu-PA) is a hybrid plasminogen activator, consisting of the kringle 2 domain of alteplase and the protease domain of urokinase. The objective of this study was to determine the in vitro clot penetration of amediplase in relation to its fibrin binding and to compare the properties with those of alteplase. The clot lysis activity of...
article 2004
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Punt, P.J. (author), Drint-Kuijvenhoven, A. (author), Lokman, B.C. (author), Spencer, J.A. (author), Jeenes, D. (author), Archer, D.A. (author), van den Hondel, C.A.M.J.J. (author)
We have characterized growth and protein processing characteristics of Aspergillus niger strains carrying a disrupted allele of the previously cloned and characterized kexB gene [Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66 (2000) 363] encoding a furin-type endoprotease. Deletion of the single-copy gene confirms it to be non-essential but disruptant strains...
article 2003
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Ronday, H.K. (author), van der Laan, W.H. (author), Tak, P.P. (author), de Roos, J.A.D.M. (author), Bank, R.A. (author), Tekoppele, J.M. (author), Froelich, C.J. (author), Hack, C.E. (author), Hogendoorn, P.C.W. (author), Breedveld, F.C. (author), Verheijen, J.H. (author), Gaubius Instituut (author)
Objective. To investigate the cartilage-degrading capacity of granzyme B and the presence of granzyme B-positive cells at sites of erosion in the rheumatoid synovium. Methods. Granzyme B was added to [3H]proline/[35S]sulphate-labelled cartilage matrices and to cartilage explants. Proteoglycan degradation was assessed by the release of 35S and...
article 2001
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Caspers, M.P.M. (author), Lok, F. (author), Sinjorgo, K.M.C. (author), van Zeijl, M. (author), Nielsen, K.A. (author), Cameron-Mills, V. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
We have identified the major endo-β-l,4-xylanase (XYN-1) in the aleurone of germinating barley grain, and show that it is expressed as a precursor of Mr 61 500 with both N- and C-terminal propeptides. XYN-1 is synthesized as an inactive enzyme in the cytoplasm, and only becomes active at a late stage of germination when the aleurone ceases to...
article 2001
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Fischer, M. (author), Kofod, L.V. (author), Schols, H.A. (author), Piersma, S.R. (author), Gruppen, H. (author), Voragen, A.G.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
To study the incomplete enzymatic extractability of proteins and carbohydrates of thermally treated soybean meals, one unheated and three heat-treated soybean meals were produced. To obtain truly enzyme-resistant material, the meals were extracted by a repeated hydrolysis procedure using excessive concentrations of different combinations of...
article 2001
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Raussens, V. (author), de Jongh, H. (author), Pézolet, M. (author), Ruysschaert, J.-M. (author), Goormaghtigh, E. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Models of P-type ATPase predict that membrane-embedded fragments represent about 20% of the protein and adopt an all-α-helical structure. While this prediction was confirmed for the Ca2+ -ATPase [Corbalan-Garcia, S., Teruel, J., Villalain, J. and Gomez-Fernandez, J. (1994) Biochemistry 33, 8247-8254], it is at odds with recent experimental...
article 1998
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Gee, J.M. (author), Wal, J.M. (author), Miller, K. (author), Atkinson, H. (author), Grigoriadou, F. (author), Wijnands, M.V.W. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author), Wortley, G. (author), Johnson, I.T. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The ability of saponins and glycoalkaloids to permeabilise the mammalian intestinal barrier has been previously demonstrated in vitro, leading to the hypothesis that membranolytic saponins may facilitate transfer to the tissues of otherwise excluded macromolecules. An enhanced uptake of, for instance, potentially allergenic species from the...
article 1997
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Arts, J. (author), Herr, I. (author), Lansink, M. (author), Angel, P. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) gene expression in human endothelial cells and HeLa cells is stimulated by the protein kinase C activator phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) at the level of transcription. To study the mechanism of transcriptional regulation, we have characterized a segment of the t-PA gene extending from -135 to +100...
article 1997
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Bos, R. (author), van Leuven, C.J.M. (author), Stolk, J. (author), Hiemstra, P.S. (author), Ronday, H.K. (author), Nieuwenhuizen, W. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Upon stimulation, polymorphonuclear leucocytes (PMNs) release potent serine proteases, i.e. elastase, cathepsin C and proteinase 3, which contribute to the degradation of tissue and plasma components. Here, we describe the development of a plasma test to assess PMN-mediated fibrinogenolysis as a biochemical marker for actual PMN-derived...
article 1997
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Gaubius Instituut TNO (author), Verheijen, J.H. (author), Nieuwenbroek, N.M.E. (author), Beekman, B. (author), Hanemaaijer, R. (author), Verspaget, H.W. (author), Ronday, K.H. (author), Bakker, A.H.F. (author)
We describe a new principle for assessment of the activity of proteolytic enzymes of all classes and show the application of this principle for the quantitative assay of bacterial collagenase and human matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Central to this new principle is the presence of a proenzyme that can be activated into an active enzyme by a...
article 1997
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van 't Hof, R. (author), de Kruijff, B. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
In order to get insight into the functioning of transit sequences in chloroplast protein transport, the import of the full-length transit peptide of ferredoxin (trfd) was investigated. trfd rapidly associated with chloroplasts under import conditions and becomes protected against externally added proteases. Import of radiolabeled trfd is...
article 1995
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Mattern, I.E. (author), van Noort, J.M. (author), van den Berg, P. (author), Archer, D.B. (author), Roberts, I.N. (author), van den Hondel, C.A.M.J.J. (author), Medisch Biologisch Laboratorium TNO (author)
In the present study, the extracellular protease activity in a strain of the filamentous fungus Aspergillus niger was investigated and mutant strains deficient in the production of extracellular proteases were isolated. The major protease, which is responsible for 80-85% of the total activity, is aspergillopepsin A, a protein of ca. 43 kDa, the...
article 1992
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van Noort, J.M. (author), van den Berg, P. (author), Mattern, I.E. (author), Medisch Biologisch Laboratorium TNO (author)
A method for the visualization of individual proteases within a complex biological sample is described. In a single chromatographic step, proteases can be separated from other biomolecules by selective binding to immobilized bacitracin, a peptide antibiotic. Following desorption, proteases may be separated by SDS-polyacrylamide gel...
article 1991
Searched for: subject:"Endopeptidases"
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