Searched for: subject:"Electrophoresis%2C%5C+Polyacrylamide%5C+Gel"
(1 - 20 of 40)

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Weijers, M. (author), Broersen, K. (author), Barneveld, P.A. (author), Cohen Stuart, M.A. (author), Hamer, R.J. (author), de Jongh, H.H.J. (author), Visschers, R.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The effect of ovalbumin net charge on aggregate morphology and visual properties was investigated using chromatography, electrophoresis, electron microscopy, and turbidity measurements. A range of differently charged ovalbumin variants (net charge ranging from -1 to -26 at pH 7) was produced using chemical engineering. With increasing net charge...
article 2008
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de Jonge, J.D. (author), Knippels, L.M.J. (author), Ezendam, J. (author), Odink, J. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author), van Loveren, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
This report describes the further development of a peanut allergy model in Brown Norway (BN) rats and in particular the importance of allergen-free breeding of the laboratory animals for the allergen to be used. For this purpose BN rats were bred for 3 generations on soy- and peanut-free feed since it is known that the legumes peanut and soy are...
article 2007
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van Noort, J.M. (author), Verbeek, R. (author), Meilof, J.F. (author), Polman, C.H. (author), Amor, S. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Human T-cell responses to the stress protein alpha B-crystallin in multiple sclerosis (MS)-affected brain samples are dominant when compared to other myelin antigens. The establishment of the apparent autoimmune repertoire against this antigen has been suggested to involve cross-priming during viral infection. Yet, another possibility would be...
article 2006
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Broersen, K. (author), van Teeffelen, A.M.M. (author), Vries, A. (author), Voragen, A.G.J. (author), Hamer, R.J. (author), de Jongh, H.H.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The aim of this work is to evaluate the impact of sulfhydryl groups on ovalbumin aggregation and gelation. Ovalbumin was chemically modified to add sulfhydryl groups in various degrees. The rate of aggregation was not affected by the introduction of sulfhydryl groups, and disulfide bond formation was preceded by physical interactions. Hence,...
article 2006
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van Boxtel, E.L. (author), van Beers, M.M.C. (author), Koppelman, S.J. (author), van den Broek, L.A.M. (author), Gruppen, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Ara h 1, a major peanut allergen, is known as a stable trimeric protein. Nevertheless, upon purification of native Ara h 1 from peanuts using only size exclusion chromatography, the allergen appeared to exist in an oligomeric structure, rather than as a trimeric structure. The oligomeric structure was independent of the salt concentration...
article 2006
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van Boxtel, E.L. (author), van Koningsveld, G.A. (author), Koppelman, S.J. (author), van den Broek, L.A.M. (author), Voragen, A.G.J. (author), Gruppen, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A new, fast, large-scale purification method for Ber e 1, the major allergen from Brazil nuts, using expanded bed adsorption (EBA) chromatography, is presented. Using EBA, crude extracts can be applied to a fluidized column, which allows the unhindered passage of particulate impurities, thereby avoiding time-consuming centrifugation or...
article 2006
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Bildt, M.M. (author), Snoek-van Beurden, A.M.P. (author), de Groot, J. (author), van El, B. (author), Kuijpers-Jagtman, A.M. (author), van den Hoff, J.W. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Background and Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of chemically modified tetracyclines (CMTs) on the production of gelatinases [matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and -9] by human periodontal ligament (PDL) cells, and on the activity of recombinant gelatinases. Material and Methods: Human PDL cells were cultured...
article 2006
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O'Kane, F.E. (author), Happe, R.P. (author), Vereijken, J.M. (author), Gruppen, H. (author), van Boekel, M.A.J.S. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Vicilin, a major globulin protein of pea that has been described as "extremely heterogeneous in terms of its polypeptide composition", was extracted from pea flour under alkaline conditions and subsequently fractionated by salt under acid conditions. This procedure induced the separation of vicilin into two fractions, which, after purification,...
article 2004
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Koppelman, S.J. (author), Knol, E.F. (author), Vlooswijk, R.A.A. (author), Wensing, M. (author), Knulst, A.C. (author), Hefle, S.L. (author), Gruppen, H. (author), Piersma, S. (author)
Background: Peanut allergen Ara h 3 has been the subject of investigation for the last few years. The reported data strongly depend on recombinant Ara h 3, since a purification protocol for Ara h 3 from peanuts was not available. Methods: Peanut allergen Ara h 3 (glycinin), was purified and its posttranslational processing was investigated. Its...
article 2003
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Yi, X. (author), Conesa, A. (author), Punt, P.J. (author), Hager, L.P. (author)
Site-directed mutagenesis has been used to investigate the role of glutamic acid 183 in chloroperoxidase catalysis. Based on the x-ray crystallographic structure of chloroperoxidase, Glu-183 is postulated to function on distal side of the heme prosthetic group as an acid-base catalyst in facilitating the reaction between the peroxidase and...
article 2003
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Wolken, W.A.M. (author), van Loo, W.J.V. (author), Tramper, J. (author), van der Werf, M.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
A novel lyase, combining hydratase and aldolase activity, that converts citral into methylheptenone and acetaldehyde, was purified from spores of Penicillium digitatum. Remarkably, citral lyase activity was induced 118-fold by incubating nongerminating spores with the substrate, citral. This cofactor independent hydratase/aldolase, was purified...
article 2002
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Smit, E. (author), Oling, F. (author), Demel, R. (author), Martinez, B. (author), Pouwels, P.H. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Lactobacillus acidophilus, like many other bacteria, harbors a surface layer consisting of a protein (SA-protein) of 43 kDa. SA-protein could be readily extracted and crystallized in vitro into large crystalline patches on lipid monolayers with a net negative charge but not on lipids with a net neutral charge. Reconstruction of the S-layer from...
article 2001
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van den Berg, R. (author), Haenen, G.R.M.M. (author), van den Berg, H. (author), Bast, A. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
There is increasing interest in the involvement of transcription factors, such as of the transcription factor NF-κB (nuclear factor-κB), in the pathogenesis of various diseases. NF-κB is involved in the control of the transcription of a variety of cellular genes that regulate the inflammatory response by the production of cytokines, chemokines,...
article 2001
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Holtman, W.L. (author), Roberts, M.R. (author), Wang, M. (author)
Recently, we have demonstrated by two different methods that lipoxgenases (LOXs) and 14-3-3 proteins form interactions in barley embryos [Holtman, Roberts, Oppedijk, Testerink, van Zeijl and Wang (2000) FEBS Lett. 474, 48-52]. It was shown by both co-immunoprecipitations and surface-plasmon resonance experiments that 13-LOX, but not 9-LOX, forms...
article 2000
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van Zeijl, M.J. (author), Testerink, C. (author), Kijne, J.W. (author), Wang, M. (author)
Expression and post-translational modification of barley 14-3-3 isoforms, 14-3-3A, 14-3-3B and 14-3-3C, were investigated using isoform-specific antibodies. Although all three isoforms were shown to be present in the cytosolic, the nuclear and the microsomal cell fractions, differences in post-translational modification were identified for the...
article 2000
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Knippels, L.M.J. (author), van der Kleij, H.P.M. (author), Koppelman, S.J. (author), Houben, G.F. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author), Felius, A.A. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Background: No adequate enteral sensitization models are available to study food allergy and the allergenicity of food proteins. To further validate an enteral brown Norway (BN) rat sensitization model under development, we studied specific protein recognition to determine whether a comparable pattern of proteins is recognized by the rat immune...
article 2000
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Martínez, B. (author), Fernández, M. (author), Suárez, J.E. (author), Rodríguez, A. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Synthesis of lactococcin 972 is plasmid-encoded. An operon composed of two genes that encode pre-bacteriocin and a putative immunity protein has been identified. The first gene encodes a 91-residue polypeptide that is exported via a sec-dependent system to give the mature 66-aa bacteriocin. The immunity protein is a 563-residue polypeptide with...
article 1999
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van Gemeren, I.A. (author), Beijersbergen, A. (author), van den Hondel, C.A.M.J.J. (author), Verrips, C.T. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Several cutinase variants derived by molecular modelling and site- directed mutagenesis of a cutinase gene from Fusarium solani pisi are poorly secreted by Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The majority of these variants are successfully produced by the filamentous fungus Aspergillus awamori. However, the L51S and T179Y mutations caused reductions in...
article 1998
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Aktypis, A. (author), Kalantzopoulos, G. (author), Huis in't Veld, J.H.J. (author), ten Brink, B. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
ACA-DC 0040 produced an antimicrobial agent, which was named thermophilin T, active against several lactic acid bacteria strains of different species and food spoilage bacteria, such as Clostridium sporogenes C22/10 and Cl. tyrobutyricum NCDO-1754. The crude antimicrobial compound is sensitive to proteolytic enzymes and α-amylase, heat-stable ...
article 1998
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Arts, J. (author), Herr, I. (author), Lansink, M. (author), Angel, P. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) gene expression in human endothelial cells and HeLa cells is stimulated by the protein kinase C activator phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) at the level of transcription. To study the mechanism of transcriptional regulation, we have characterized a segment of the t-PA gene extending from -135 to +100...
article 1997
Searched for: subject:"Electrophoresis%2C%5C+Polyacrylamide%5C+Gel"
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