Searched for: subject:"Eating"
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Oosterman, J.E. (author), Wopereis, S. (author), Kalsbeek, A. (author)
Obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D) have become a global health concern. The prevalence of obesity and T2D is significantly higher in shift workers compared to people working regular hours. An accepted hypothesis is that the increased risk for metabolic health problems arises from aberrantly timed eating behavior, that is, eating out of synchrony...
article 2020
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Fallaize, R. (author), Livingstone, K.M. (author), Celis-Morales, C. (author), Macready, A.L. (author), San-Cristobal, R. (author), Navas-Carretero, S. (author), Marsaux, C.F.M. (author), O’Donovan, C.B. (author), Kolossa, S. (author), Moschonis, G. (author), Walsh, M.C. (author), Gibney, E.R. (author), Brennan, L. (author), Bouwman, J. (author), Manios, Y. (author), Jarosz, M. (author), Martinez, J.A. (author), Daniel, H. (author), Saris, W.H.M. (author), Gundersen, T.E. (author), Drevon, C.A. (author), Gibney, M.J. (author), Mathers, J.C. (author), Lovegrove, J.A. (author)
Diet-quality scores (DQS), which are developed across the globe, are used to define adherence to specific eating patterns and have been associated with risk of coronary heart disease and type-II diabetes. We explored the association between five diet-quality scores (Healthy Eating Index, HEI; Alternate Healthy Eating Index, AHEI; MedDietScore,...
article 2018
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Meiland, F.J.M. (author), Hattink, B.J.J. (author), Overmars-Marx, T. (author), de Boer, M.E. (author), Jedlitschka, A. (author), Ebben, P.W.G. (author), Stalpers-Croeze, I.I.N.W. (author), Flick, S. (author), van der Leeuw, J. (author), Karkowski, I.P. (author), Dröes, R.M. (author)
Background: In the European Rosetta project three separate, previously developed, ICT systems were improved and integrated to create one modular system that helps community-dwelling people with mild cognitive impairment and dementia in different stages of the disease. The system aims to support them in daily functioning, monitor (deviations from...
article 2014
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Aschbacher, K. (author), Rodriguez-Fernandez, M. (author), van Wietmarschen, H. (author), Tomiyama, A. (author), Jain, S. (author), Epel, E. (author), Doyle III, F.J. (author), van der Greef, J. (author)
Glucocorticoids contribute to obesity and metabolic syndrome; however, the mechanisms are unclear, and prognostic measures are unavailable. A systems level understanding of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) -leptin axis may reveal novel insights. Eighteen obese premenopausal women provided blood samples every 10 min over 24 h, which were...
article 2014
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Gubbels, J.S. (author), Kremers, S.P. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), de Vries, N.K. (author), Thijs, C. (author)
Background: This study identified lifestyle patterns by examining the clustering of eating routines (e.g. eating together as a family, having the television on during meals, duration of meals) and various activity-related behaviors (i.e. physical activity (PA) and sedentary screen-based behavior) in 5-year-old children, as well as the...
article 2012
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Zijlstra, N. (author), Bukman, A.J. (author), Mars, M. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), Ruijschop, R.M.A.J. (author), de Graaf, C. (author)
Eating rate and bite size are important factors affecting food intake, and we hypothesise the underlying role of oral sensory exposure in this. However, the latter currently lacks objective measuring parameters, but an interesting measure could be the extent of in vivo retro-nasal aroma release. Second, the literature is ambiguous about...
article 2011
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Gubbels, J.S. (author), Thijs, C. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), van Buuren, S. (author), Kremers, S.P.J. (author)
Objectives. The mechanisms underlying the protective effect of breast-feeding on the development of childhood overweight are unclear. This study examines the association of breast-feeding with weight gain in the first year, and body mass index (BMI) and overweight up to 4 years. In addition, we examine possible mechanisms of this effect (i.e.,...
article 2011
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Schouten, L.J. (author), van Dijk, B.A.C. (author), Lumey, L. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author)
Dietary energy restriction may protect against cancer. In parts of the Netherlands, mostly in larger cities, periods of chronically impaired nutrition and even severe famine (Hunger Winter 1944-1945) existed during the 1930s and World War II (1940-1945). We studied the association between energy restriction during childhood and early adulthood...
article 2011
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Zijlstra, N. (author), Mars, M. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), de Graaf, C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
This study explored the effect of texture differences on satiation (ad libitum food intake) in 3 pairs of solid foods. Test products were specially developed luncheon meat, meat replacers and sweets. Each food consisted of a " hard" and " soft" version, expected to lead to different eating rates and consequently to differences in oral sensory...
article 2010
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Hogenkamp, P.S. (author), Mars, M. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), de Graaf, C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: An important question in the regulation of energy intake is whether dietary learning of energy content depends on the food's characteristics, such as texture. Texture might affect the duration of sensory exposure and eating rate. Objective: The objective was to investigate whether a long sensory exposure, due to differences in means...
article 2010
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van Strien, T. (author), Herman, C.P. (author), Verheijden, M.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
This study examined which individuals in particular are susceptible or resistant to develop overweight in our current obesogenic environment. A cross-sectional study was conducted in a sample of 1342 people representative of the general population in the Netherlands. Overweight-level (normal body weight ≥ 17.5 BMI [weight in kilograms/height in...
article 2009
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Mars, M. (author), Hogenkamp, P.S. (author), Gosses, A.M. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), de Graaf, C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A higher viscosity of a food leads to a longer orosensory stimulation. This may facilitate the learned association between sensory signals and metabolic consequences. In the current study we investigated the effect of viscosity on learned satiation. In two intervention groups a low viscosity (LV) yogurt (n = 24) and a high viscosity (HV) yogurt ...
article 2009
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Zijlstra, N. (author), de Wijk, R.A. (author), Mars, M. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), de Graaf, C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
article 2009
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Ehlert, K.A. (author), Beumer, C.W.E. (author), Groot, M.C.E. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A comprehensive migration database was established for bisphenol A from polycarbonate baby bottles into water during exposure to microwave heating. Eighteen different brands of polycarbonate baby bottles sold in Europe were collected. Initial residual content of bisphenol A and migration after microwave heating were determined. Residual content...
article 2008
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Kruizinga, A.G. (author), Briggs, D. (author), Crevel, R.W.R. (author), Knulst, A.C. (author), Bosch, L.M.C.v.d. (author), Houben, G.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), KvL (author)
Previously, TNO developed a probabilistic model to predict the likelihood of an allergic reaction, resulting in a quantitative assessment of the risk associated with unintended exposure to food allergens. The likelihood is estimated by including in the model the proportion of the population who is allergic, the proportion consuming the food and...
article 2008
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Hogervorst, J.G. (author), Schouten, L.J. (author), Konings, E.J. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Acrylamide, a probable human carcinogen, was recently detected in various heat-treated carbohydrate-rich foods. Epidemiologic studies on the relation with cancer have been few and largely negative. Objective: We aimed to prospectively examine the association between dietary acrylamide intake and renal cell, bladder, and prostate...
article 2008
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de Wijk, R.A. (author), Zijlstra, N. (author), Mars, M. (author), de Graaf, C. (author), Prinz, J.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Two studies investigated the effect of a food's viscosity on bite size, bite effort and food intake using a standardized protocol in which subjects sipped through a straw every 20 s for a period of 15 min from one of two products, a chocolate-flavored dairy drink and a chocolate-flavored dairy semi-solid, matched for energy density. In the first...
article 2008
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Blum, R. (author), Kiy, T. (author), Waalkens-Berendsen, I. (author), Wong, A.W. (author), Roberts, A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Polyunsaturated fatty acids, including docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), are natural constituents of the human diet. DHA-algal oil is produced through the use of the marine protist, Ulkenia sp. The reproductive toxicity of DHA-algal oil was assessed in a one-generation study. Rats were provided diets containing DHA-algal oil at concentrations of 1.5,...
article 2007
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van Erk, M.J. (author), Blom, W.A.M. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Application of transcriptomics technology in human nutrition intervention studies would allow for genome-wide screening of the effects of specific diets or nutrients and result in biomarker profiles. Objective: The aim was to evaluate the potential of gene expression profiling in blood cells collected in a human intervention study...
article 2006
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Blom, W.A.M. (author), Mars, M. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), de Groot, L.C.P.G.M. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), Kok, F.J. (author), de Graaf, C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: To study the role of ghrelin as a hunger signal during energy restriction and to test the hypothesis that changes in fasting leptin concentrations during energy restriction are associated with changes in fasting ghrelin concentrations. Research Methods and Procedures: Thirty-five healthy, lean men (23 ± 3 years of age; BMI: 22.3 ±1.6...
article 2006
Searched for: subject:"Eating"
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