Searched for: subject:"Drug%5C+metabolite"
(1 - 12 of 12)
document
Mooij, M.G. (author), van Duijn, E. (author), Knibbe, C.A.J. (author), Windhorst, A.D. (author), Hendrikse, N.H. (author), Vaes, W.H.J. (author), Spaans, E. (author), Fabriek, B.O. (author), Sandman, H. (author), Grossouw, D. (author), Hanff, L.M. (author), Janssen, P.J.J.M. (author), Koch, B.C.P. (author), Tibboel, D. (author), de Wildt, S.N. (author)
Results: Ten infants (aged 0.1–83.1 months) were included; one was excluded as he vomited shortly after administration. In nine patients, [14C]AAP and metabolites in blood samples were detectable at expected concentrations: median (range) maximum concentration (Cmax) [14C]AAP 1.68 (0.75–4.76) ng/L, [14C]AAP-Glu 0.88 (0.34–1.55) ng/L, and [14C...
article 2014
document
Treijtel, N. (author), Eijkeren, J.C.H.v. (author), Nijmeijer, S. (author), van der Greef de - Sandt, I.C.J. (author), Freidig, A.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The metabolism and active transport of ritonavir and saquinavir were studied using sandwich-cultured rat hepatoyctes and rat liver microsomes. For ritonavir four comparable metabolites were observed in the sandwich-culture and in microsomes. For saquinavir eight metabolites were observed in sandwich-culture and 14 different metabolites in...
article 2009
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Koek, M.M. (author), Muilwijk, B. (author), van Stee, L.L.P. (author), Hankemeier, T. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
article 2008
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Kienhuis, A.S. (author), Wortelboer, H.M. (author), Hoflack, J.C. (author), Moonen, E.J. (author), Kleinjans, J.C.S. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), van Delft, J.H.M. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Sandwich-cultured primary rat hepatocytes are often used as an in vitro model in toxicology and pharmacology. However, loss of liver-specific functions, in particular, the decline of cytochrome P450 (P450) enzyme activity, limits the value of this model for prediction of in vivo toxicity. In this study, we investigated whether a hepatic in vitro...
article 2006
document
Le Bizec, B. (author), Courant, F. (author), Gaudin, I. (author), Bichon, E. (author), Destrez, B. (author), Schilt, R. (author), Draisci, R. (author), Monteau, F. (author), André, F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Boldenone is an androgenic steroid that improves the growth and food conversion in food producing animals. In most countries worldwide, this anabolic steroid is forbidden for meat production. Until recently, the control of its illegal use was based either on 17β-boldenone or 17α-boldenone (its main metabolite in cattle) identification in edible...
article 2006
document
van der Greef, J. (author), Adourian, A. (author), Muntendam, P. (author), McBurney, R.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Too few drug discovery projects generate a marketed drug product, often because preclinical studies fail to predict the clinical experience with a drug candidate. Improving the success of preclinical-to-clinical translation is of paramount importance in optimizing the pharmaceutical value chain. Here, we advance the case for a molecular systems...
article 2006
document
Chang, W.T. (author), Thissen, U. (author), Ehlert, K.A. (author), Koek, M.M. (author), Jellema, R.H. (author), Hankemeier, T. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), Wang, M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven TNO Voeding (author)
Metabolite profiling in combination with multivariate statistics is a sophisticated method for quality assessment of natural products. For the development of a quality control strategy in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), we have measured the metabolite fingerprints of Rehmannia glutinosa by GC-MS. Plants were grown under different climate and...
article 2006
document
Lina, B. (author), Korte, H. (author), Nyman, L. (author), Unkila, M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Plant lignan 7-hydroxymatairesinol (7-HMR) is a novel precursor of the mammalian lignan enterolactone. A 13 week toxicity study at dietary levels of 0, 0.25, 1, and 4% (w/w) of potassium acetate complex of 7-HMR (HMRlignan) was conducted in the Wistar rat. These dietary levels resulted in an average daily intake of 160, 640, and 2600 mg...
article 2005
document
Wortelboer, H.M. (author), Usta, M. (author), van Zanden, J.J. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
To study the possible interplay between glutathione metabolism of and MRP inhibition by thiol reactive compounds, the interactions of a series of α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compounds with multidrug resistance proteins 1 and 2 (MRP1/ABCC1 and MRP2/ABCC2) were studied. α,β-Unsaturated carbonyl compounds react with glutathione, and therefore either...
article 2005
document
de Bie, A.T.H.J. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Bär, A. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The absorption, disposition, metabolism, and excretion of 14C-labeled γ-cyclodextrin ([14C]γ-CD) was examined in four separate experiments with Wistar rats. In experiment 1, [14C]γ-CD (25 μCi, 600 mg/kg body wt) was administered intravenously to four male and four female conventional rats. In experiment 2, [14C]γ- CD (25 μCi, 1000 mg/kg body wt)...
article 1998
document
van Puymbroeck, M. (author), Kuilman, M.E.M. (author), Maas, R.F.M. (author), Witkamp, R.F. (author), Leyssens, L. (author), van der Zande, D.J.M. (author), Gelan, J. (author), Raus, J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
17α-Boldenone (17α-BOL) and/or 17β-boldenone (17β-BOL) appear occasionally in fecal matter of cattle. In addition to 17α-BOL, a whole array of boldenone related substances can be found in the same samples. In vitro experiments with microsomal liver preparations and isolated hepatocytes combined with the excretion profiles found in urine and...
article 1998
document
van der Greef, J. (author), Leegwater, D.C. (author)
A technique for the detection of biotransformation products of xenobiotics in crude urine extracts by field desorption mass spectrometric profile analysis is described. The method comprises determination of peak profiles of a series of blank and test samples using low resolution field desorption mass spectrometry, comparison of averaged peak...
article 1983
Searched for: subject:"Drug%5C+metabolite"
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