Searched for: subject:"Drug%5C+metabolism"
(1 - 20 of 34)

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Wegler, C. (author), Gaugaz, F.Z. (author), Andersson, T.B. (author), Wiśniewski, J.R. (author), Busch, D. (author), Gröer, C. (author), Oswald, S. (author), Norén, A. (author), Weiss, F. (author), Hammer, H.S. (author), Joos, T.O. (author), Poetz, O. (author), Achour, B. (author), Rostami-Hodjegan, A. (author), van de Steeg, E. (author), Wortelboer, H.M. (author), Artursson, P. (author)
Many different methods are used for mass-spectrometry-based protein quantification in pharmacokinetics and systems pharmacology. It has not been established to what extent the results from these various methods are comparable. Here, we compared six different mass spectrometry-based proteomics methods by measuring the expression of clinically...
article 2017
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Mooij, M.G. (author), van Duijn, E. (author), Knibbe, C.A.J. (author), Windhorst, A.D. (author), Hendrikse, N.H. (author), Vaes, W.H.J. (author), Spaans, E. (author), Fabriek, B.O. (author), Sandman, H. (author), Grossouw, D. (author), Hanff, L.M. (author), Janssen, P.J.J.M. (author), Koch, B.C.P. (author), Tibboel, D. (author), de Wildt, S.N. (author)
Results: Ten infants (aged 0.1–83.1 months) were included; one was excluded as he vomited shortly after administration. In nine patients, [14C]AAP and metabolites in blood samples were detectable at expected concentrations: median (range) maximum concentration (Cmax) [14C]AAP 1.68 (0.75–4.76) ng/L, [14C]AAP-Glu 0.88 (0.34–1.55) ng/L, and [14C...
article 2014
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Treijtel, N. (author), Eijkeren, J.C.H.v. (author), Nijmeijer, S. (author), van der Greef de - Sandt, I.C.J. (author), Freidig, A.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The metabolism and active transport of ritonavir and saquinavir were studied using sandwich-cultured rat hepatoyctes and rat liver microsomes. For ritonavir four comparable metabolites were observed in the sandwich-culture and in microsomes. For saquinavir eight metabolites were observed in sandwich-culture and 14 different metabolites in...
article 2009
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Angelova, N. (author), Kong, H.-W. (author), van de Heijden, R. (author), Yang, S.-Y. (author), Choi, Y.H. (author), Kim, H.K. (author), Wang, M. (author), Hankemeier, T. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), Xu, G. (author), Verpoorte, R. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
This review summarises the most recent developments in ginseng analysis, in particular the novel approaches in sample pre-treatment and the use of high-performance liquid-chromatography-mass spectrometry. The review also presents novel data on analysing ginseng extracts by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and high-resolution mass...
article 2008
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Stierum, R. (author), Conesa, A. (author), Heijne, W. (author), Ommen, B.v. (author), Junker, K. (author), Scott, M.P. (author), Price, R.J. (author), Meredith, C. (author), Lake, B.G. (author), Groten, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), KvL (author)
Transcriptomics was performed to gain insight into mechanisms of food additives butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), curcumin (CC), propyl gallate (PG), and thiabendazole (TB), additives for which interactions in the liver can not be excluded. Additives were administered in diets for 28 days to Sprague-Dawley rats and cDNA microarray experiments were...
article 2008
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Cawello, W. (author), Wolff, H.M. (author), Meuling, W.J.A. (author), Horstmann, R. (author), Braun, M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background and objective: The dopamine agonist rotigotine has been formulated in a silicone-based transdermal system for once-daily administration. The objective of the present study was to characterise the mass balance of rotigotine in humans after administration of a single transdermal patch containing radiolabelled [14C]rotigotine and to...
article 2007
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Kienhuis, A.S. (author), Wortelboer, H.M. (author), Hoflack, J.C. (author), Moonen, E.J. (author), Kleinjans, J.C.S. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), van Delft, J.H.M. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Sandwich-cultured primary rat hepatocytes are often used as an in vitro model in toxicology and pharmacology. However, loss of liver-specific functions, in particular, the decline of cytochrome P450 (P450) enzyme activity, limits the value of this model for prediction of in vivo toxicity. In this study, we investigated whether a hepatic in vitro...
article 2006
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Le Bizec, B. (author), Courant, F. (author), Gaudin, I. (author), Bichon, E. (author), Destrez, B. (author), Schilt, R. (author), Draisci, R. (author), Monteau, F. (author), André, F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Boldenone is an androgenic steroid that improves the growth and food conversion in food producing animals. In most countries worldwide, this anabolic steroid is forbidden for meat production. Until recently, the control of its illegal use was based either on 17β-boldenone or 17α-boldenone (its main metabolite in cattle) identification in edible...
article 2006
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van den Akker-van Marle, M.E. (author), Gurwitz, D. (author), Detmar, S.B. (author), Enzing, C.M. (author), Hopkins, M.M. (author), Gutierrez De Mesa, E. (author), Ibarreta, D. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Only a few studies have addressed the cost-effectiveness of pharmacogenetics interventions in healthcare. Lack of health economics data on aspects of pharmacogenetics is perceived as one of the barriers hindering its implementation for improving drug safety. Thus, a recent Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS) study, entitled ...
article 2006
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Wortelboer, H.M. (author), Usta, M. (author), van Zanden, J.J. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
To study the possible interplay between glutathione metabolism of and MRP inhibition by thiol reactive compounds, the interactions of a series of α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compounds with multidrug resistance proteins 1 and 2 (MRP1/ABCC1 and MRP2/ABCC2) were studied. α,β-Unsaturated carbonyl compounds react with glutathione, and therefore either...
article 2005
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Heijne, W.H.M. (author), Slitt, A.L. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), Klaassen, C.D. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Rats were exposed to three levels of bromobenzene, sampled at 6, 24, and 48 h, and liver gene expression profiles were determined to identify dose and time-related changes. Expression of many genes changed transiently, and dependent on the dose. Few changes were identified after 6 h, but many genes were differentially expressed after 24 h, while...
article 2004
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Renwick, A.B. (author), Ball, S.E. (author), Tredger, J.M. (author), Price, R.J. (author), Walters, D.G. (author), Kao, J. (author), Scatina, J.A. (author), Lake, B.G. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The effect of cimetidine on the metabolism of zaleplon (ZAL) in human liver subcellular fractions and precision-cut liver slices was investigated. 2. ZAL was metabolized to a number of products including 5-oxo-ZAL (M2), which is known to be formed by aldehyde oxidase, N-desethyl-ZAL (DZAL), which is known to be formed by CYP3A forms, and N...
article 2002
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Poelmans, S. (author), de Wasch, K. (author), de Brabander, H.F. (author), van de Wiele, M. (author), Courtheyn, D. (author), van Ginkel, L.A. (author), Sterk, S.S. (author), Delahaut, Ph. (author), Dubois, M. (author), Schilt, R. (author), Nielen, M. (author), Vercammen, J. (author), Impens, S. (author), Stephany, R. (author), Hamoir, T. (author), Pottie, G. (author), van Poucke, C. (author), van Peteghem, C. (author)
In sports doping, as well in man as in horseracing, stanozolol (Stan) was abused and became the subject of metabolism research. Also in veterinary practice, stanozolol became an important misused anabolic steroid. Like most other anabolic steroids, stanozolol has poor gas chromatographic behavior. It is difficult to detect in urine, because of...
article 2002
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van Puymbroeck, M. (author), Kuilman, M.E.M. (author), Maas, R.F.M. (author), Witkamp, R.F. (author), Leyssens, L. (author), van Miert, A.S.J.P.A.M. (author), Hendriks, L. (author), van der Zande, D.J.M. (author), Adriaensens, P. (author), Jacobs, M.-P. (author), Raus, J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The metabolism of the illegal growth promoter ethylestrenol (EES) was evaluated in bovine liver cells and subcellular fractions of bovine liver preparations. Incubations with bovine microsomal preparations revealed that EES is extensively biotransformed into norethandrolone (NE), another illegal growth promoter. Furthermore, incubations of...
article 1999
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de Bie, A.T.H.J. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Bär, A. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The absorption, disposition, metabolism, and excretion of 14C-labeled γ-cyclodextrin ([14C]γ-CD) was examined in four separate experiments with Wistar rats. In experiment 1, [14C]γ-CD (25 μCi, 600 mg/kg body wt) was administered intravenously to four male and four female conventional rats. In experiment 2, [14C]γ- CD (25 μCi, 1000 mg/kg body wt)...
article 1998
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Bessems, J.G.M. (author), de Groot, M.J. (author), Baede, E.J. (author), te Koppele, J.M. (author), Vermeulen, N.P.E. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
1. The formation of free radicals during enzyme catalysed oxidation of eight 3,5-disubstituted analogues of paracetamol (PAR) has been studied. A simple peroxidase system as well as cytochrome P450-containing systems were used. Radicals were detected by electron spin resonance (ESR) on incubation of PAR and 3,5-diCH3-, 3,5-diC2H5-, 3,5-ditC4H9-,...
article 1998
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van Puymbroeck, M. (author), Kuilman, M.E.M. (author), Maas, R.F.M. (author), Witkamp, R.F. (author), Leyssens, T. (author), van der Zande, D.J.M. (author), Gelan, J. (author), Raus, J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Current veterinary residue analysis mainly focuses on the monitoring of residues of the administered parent compound. However, it is possible that larger amounts of metabolites are excreted and that they can have a prolonged excretion period. In order to unravel specific metabolic steps and to identify possible biological markers, two in vitro...
article 1998
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van Puymbroeck, M. (author), Kuilman, M.E.M. (author), Maas, R.F.M. (author), Witkamp, R.F. (author), Leyssens, L. (author), van der Zande, D.J.M. (author), Gelan, J. (author), Raus, J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
17α-Boldenone (17α-BOL) and/or 17β-boldenone (17β-BOL) appear occasionally in fecal matter of cattle. In addition to 17α-BOL, a whole array of boldenone related substances can be found in the same samples. In vitro experiments with microsomal liver preparations and isolated hepatocytes combined with the excretion profiles found in urine and...
article 1998
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Braakhuis, B.J.M. (author), Klaassen, I. (author), van der Leede, B.M. (author), Cloos, J. (author), Brakenhoff, R.H. (author), Copper, M.P. (author), Teerlink, T. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), van der Saag, P.T. (author), Snow, G.B. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Retinoids can reverse potentially premalignant lesions and prevent second primary tumours in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Furthermore, it has been reported that acquired resistance to all-trans retinoic acid (RA) in leukaemia is associated with decreased plasma peak levels, probably the result of enhanced retinoid...
article 1997
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Olinga, P. (author), Groen, K. (author), Hof, I.H. (author), de Kanter, R. (author), Koster, H.J. (author), Leeman, W.R. (author), Rutten, A.A.J.J.L. (author), van Twillert, K. (author), Groothuis, G.M.M. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO TNO Voeding (author)
Precision-cut liver slices are presently used for various research objects, e.g. to study metabolism, transport, and toxicity of xenobiotics. Various incubation systems are presently employed, but a systematic comparison between these incubation systems with respect to preservation of slice function has not been performed yet. Therefore, we...
article 1997
Searched for: subject:"Drug%5C+metabolism"
(1 - 20 of 34)

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