Searched for: subject:"Drug%5C+blood%5C+level"
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Raaphorst, R.M. (author), Savolainen, H. (author), Cantore, M. (author), van de Steeg, E. (author), van Waarde, A. (author), Colabufo, N.A. (author), Elsinga, P.H. (author), Lammertsma, A.A. (author), Windhorst, A.D. (author), Luurtsema, G. (author)
Positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in the blood-brain barrier can be important in neurological diseases where P-gp is affected, such as Alzheimer’s disease. Radiotracers used in the imaging studies are present at very small, nanomolar, concentration, whereas in vitro assays where these tracers are characterized,...
article 2017
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Ripken, D. (author), van der Wielen, N. (author), van der Meulen, J. (author), Schuurman, T. (author), Witkamp, R.F. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), Koopmans, S.J. (author)
The vagal nerve and gut hormones CCK and GLP-1 play important roles in the control of food intake. However, it is not clear to what extent CCK and GLP-1 increase satiation by stimulating receptors located on abdominal vagal nerve endings or via receptors located elsewhere. This study aimed to further explore the relative contribution of the...
article 2015
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Garner, C.R. (author), Park, K.B. (author), French, N.S. (author), Earnshaw, C. (author), Schipani, A. (author), Selby, A.M. (author), Byrne, L. (author), Siner, S. (author), Crawley, F.P. (author), Vaes, W.H.J. (author), van Duijn, E. (author), de ligt, R. (author), Varendi, H. (author), Lass, J. (author), Grynkiewicz, G. (author), Maruszak, W. (author), Turner, M.A. (author)
Aims The aims of the study were to compare [14C]-paracetamol ([14C]-PARA) paediatric pharmacokinetics (PK) after administration mixed in a therapeutic dose or an isolated microdose and to develop further and validate accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) bioanalysis in the 0-2 year old age group. Methods [14C]-PARA concentrations in 10-15 μl...
article 2015
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van Mierlo, G.J.D. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Wouters, D. (author), Wolbink, G.J. (author), Hart, M.H.L. (author), Rispens, T. (author), Ganderup, N.C. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), Aarden, L. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author)
Immunogenicity is a major issue of concern for monoclonal antibodies used in human diseases and is by default mainly determined in non-human primates (NHP), as target molecules are considered most similar in NHP compared to human. In this manuscript the predictive value of immunogenicity testing in minipigs for human safety is evaluated, as the...
article 2014
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Mooij, M.G. (author), van Duijn, E. (author), Knibbe, C.A.J. (author), Windhorst, A.D. (author), Hendrikse, N.H. (author), Vaes, W.H.J. (author), Spaans, E. (author), Fabriek, B.O. (author), Sandman, H. (author), Grossouw, D. (author), Hanff, L.M. (author), Janssen, P.J.J.M. (author), Koch, B.C.P. (author), Tibboel, D. (author), de Wildt, S.N. (author)
Results: Ten infants (aged 0.1–83.1 months) were included; one was excluded as he vomited shortly after administration. In nine patients, [14C]AAP and metabolites in blood samples were detectable at expected concentrations: median (range) maximum concentration (Cmax) [14C]AAP 1.68 (0.75–4.76) ng/L, [14C]AAP-Glu 0.88 (0.34–1.55) ng/L, and [14C...
article 2014
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Kleemann, R. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), Morrison, M. (author), Zadelaar, A.S.M. (author), van Erk, M.J. (author), Wielinga, P.Y. (author), Kooistra, T. (author)
Objective: Polyphenols such as quercetin may exert several beneficial effects, including those resulting from anti-inflammatory activities, but their impact on cardiovascular health is debated. We investigated the effect of quercetin on cardiovascular risk markers including human C-reactive protein (CRP) and on atherosclerosis using transgenic...
article 2011
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Schoonen, W.G.E.J. (author), Kloks, C.P.A.M. (author), Ploemen, J.P.H.T.M. (author), Horbach, G.J. (author), Smit, M.J. (author), Zandberg, P. (author), Mellema, J.R. (author), van Zuylen, C.T. (author), Tas, A.C. (author), van Nesselrooij, J.H.J. (author), Vogels, J.T.W.E. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy of rat urine in combination with pattern recognition analysis was evaluated for early noninvasive detection of toxicity of investigational chemical entities. Bromobenzene (B) and paracetamol (P) were administered at five single oral dosages between 2 and 500 mg/kg and between 6 and 1800 mg/kg,...
article 2007
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Sitruk-Ware, R.L. (author), Menard, J. (author), Rad, M. (author), Burggraaf, J. (author), de Kam, M.L. (author), Tokay, B.A. (author), Sivin, I. (author), Kluft, C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: We evaluated the effects of a new combined hormonal contraceptive vaginal ring (CVR) delivering the nonandrogenic progestin Nestorone® (NES) and ethinyl estradiol (EE) on several key estrogen-sensitive hepatic proteins that may be markers for the risk of arterial or venous disease events and on blood pressure (BP). Because the...
article 2007
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Schoonen, W.G.E.J. (author), Kloks, C.P.A.M. (author), Ploemen, J.-P.H.T.M. (author), Smit, M.J. (author), Zandberg, P. (author), Horbach, G.J. (author), Mellema, J.-R. (author), van Zuylen, C.T. (author), Tas, A.C. (author), van Nesselrooij, J.H.J. (author), Vogels, J.T.W.E. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A procedure of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) urinalysis using pattern recognition is proposed for early detection of toxicity of investigational compounds in rats. The method is applied to detect toxicity upon administration of 13 toxic reference compounds and one nontoxic control compound (mianserine) in rats. The toxic compounds are...
article 2007
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Markus, C.R. (author), Jonkman, L.M. (author), Lammers, J.H.C.M. (author), Deutz, N.E.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Brain serotonin function has been implicated in the control of sleep and sleep related memory dysfunctions are attributed to deficient brain serotonin activity. Depletion of the serotonin precursor tryptophan reduces brain serotonin function and is found to cause sleep abnormalities and cognitive decline. We hypothesized that enhancing pre-sleep...
article 2006
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Lina, B. (author), Korte, H. (author), Nyman, L. (author), Unkila, M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Plant lignan 7-hydroxymatairesinol (7-HMR) is a novel precursor of the mammalian lignan enterolactone. A 13 week toxicity study at dietary levels of 0, 0.25, 1, and 4% (w/w) of potassium acetate complex of 7-HMR (HMRlignan) was conducted in the Wistar rat. These dietary levels resulted in an average daily intake of 160, 640, and 2600 mg...
article 2005
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van Wendel de Joode, B. (author), Tielemans, E. (author), Vermeulen, R. (author), Wegh, H. (author), Kromhout, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Charcoal cloth pads have been used to assess volatile chemicals on the skin in a laboratory setting; however, they have not yet been applied to measure dermal exposure in occupational settings. This study aimed at evaluating whether charcoal pads can be used to assess dermal exposure to benzene and toluene in workers of a petrochemical plant....
article 2005
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Treijtel, N. (author), Barendregt, A. (author), Freidig, A.P. (author), Blaauboer, B.J. (author), van Eijkeren, J.C.H. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
An alternative approach is introduced in determining the in vitro intrinsic clearance of slowly metabolized compounds. The long-term sandwich rat hepatocyte culture was exploited, allowing for sufficient substrate depletion to obtain a reliable clearance estimation; in its physiology, it resembles the in vivo liver, thus allowing in vivo...
article 2004
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Schellen, A. (author), Ooms, B. (author), van de Lagemaat, D. (author), Vreeken, R. (author), van Dongen, W.D. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
A generic method was developed for the fast determination of a wide range of drugs in serum or plasma. The methodology comprises generic solid-phase extraction, on-line coupled to gradient HPLC with tandem mass spectrometric detection (SPE-LC-MS/MS). The individual components of the SPE-LC-MS/MS system were optimized in an integrated approach to...
article 2003
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Lu, K.Q. (author), Brenneman, S. (author), Burns Jr., R. (author), Vink, A. (author), Gaines, E. (author), Haake, A. (author), Gaspari, A. (author)
Background: Thalidomide is an anti-inflammatory pharmacologic agent that has been utilized as a therapy for a number of dermatologic diseases. Its anti-inflammatory properties have been attributed to its ability to antagonize tumor necrosis factor-alfa (TNF-α) production by monocytes. However, its mechanism of action in the skin is not known....
article 2003
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Hoeijmakers, M. (author), Janszen, B. (author), Coert, A. (author), Horspool, L. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the pharmacokinetics of oestriol in plasma in the dog after repeated oral administration of oestriol tablets, a preparation intended for the treatment of urinary incontinence in the bitch. The study was performed in six healthy, entire, adult female beagle dogs. The bitches were treated once daily...
article 2003
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Poelmans, S. (author), de Wasch, K. (author), de Brabander, H.F. (author), van de Wiele, M. (author), Courtheyn, D. (author), van Ginkel, L.A. (author), Sterk, S.S. (author), Delahaut, Ph. (author), Dubois, M. (author), Schilt, R. (author), Nielen, M. (author), Vercammen, J. (author), Impens, S. (author), Stephany, R. (author), Hamoir, T. (author), Pottie, G. (author), van Poucke, C. (author), van Peteghem, C. (author)
In sports doping, as well in man as in horseracing, stanozolol (Stan) was abused and became the subject of metabolism research. Also in veterinary practice, stanozolol became an important misused anabolic steroid. Like most other anabolic steroids, stanozolol has poor gas chromatographic behavior. It is difficult to detect in urine, because of...
article 2002
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Brok, H.P.M. (author), Tekoppele, J.M. (author), Hakimi, J. (author), Kerwin, J.A. (author), Nijenhuist, E.M. (author), de Groot, C.W. (author), Bontrop, R.E. (author), Hart 't, B.A. (author), Gaubius Instituut (author)
CIA in the rhesus monkey is an autoimmune-based polyarthritis with inflammation and erosion of synovial joints that shares various features with human rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The close phylogenetic relationship between man and rhesus monkey makes the model very suitable for preclinical safety and efficacy testing of new therapeutics with...
article 2001
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Visser, J. (author), Graffelman, W. (author), Blauw, B. (author), Haspels, I. (author), Lentjes, E. (author), de Kloet, R. (author), Nagelkerken, L. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Several causes have been held responsible for the chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), including an altered hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal gland (HPA)-axis activity, viral infections and a reduced Th1 activity. Therefore, it was investigated whether the regulation of IL-10 is different in CFS. LPS-induced cytokine secretion in whole blood cultures...
article 2001
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Emmen, H.H. (author), Hoogendijk, E.M.G. (author), Klöpping-Ketelaars, W.A.A. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Duistermaat, E. (author), Ravensberg, J.C. (author), Alexander, D.J. (author), Borkhataria, D. (author), Rusch, G.M. (author), Schmit, B. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
HFC 134a (1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane) and HFC 227 (1,1,1,2,3,3,3-heptafluoropropane) are used to replace chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) in refrigerant and aerosol applications, including medical use in metered-dose inhalers. Production and consumption of CFCs are being phased out under the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer....
article 2000
Searched for: subject:"Drug%5C+blood%5C+level"
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